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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Ginseng Research
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Ginseng
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Dec 1994
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Aug 1994
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Apr 1994
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An Experimental Study on the Effect of Immunopotential and the Anticancer Effect of Red Ginseng Extract
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 18, issue 3, 1994, Pages 151~159
To evaluate the anticarcinogenic effect and its mechanism of red ginseng, the mice were treated with red ginseng and received subcutaneous Bl6 melanoma cell line injection on the back. Tumor incidence was same (100%) both in water and red ginseng-treated groups, but tumor production was delayed in red ginseng-treated group. Survival time was somewhat longer in red ginseng-treated group. The histopathological findings were similar in both groups, but lymphocytic infiltration around the tumor and melanin production in the tumor cells were prominent in the red ginseng-treated group. Flow cytometric analysis on T lymphocytes and natural killer cells revealed increased
ratio and increased NK cells in red ginseng-treated group. These results suggest that the anticarcinogenic effect of red ginseng may be exerted by the increased cell-mediated immunity and natural killer cell activity.
Anticarcinogenic Effect of Ginseng Extracts Depending on the Types and Ages Using Yun's Anticarcinogenicity Test(II)
Yun, Taik-Koo ; Lee, Yun-Sil ;
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 18, issue 3, 1994, Pages 160~164
In this study, we investigeated the anticarcinogenicity of various types and ages of ginseng extracts as an extended study using Yun's anticarcinogenicity test. Fresh ginseng at 1.5, 3, 4, 5 and 6 years was dried and powdered. And white ginseng was processed in the same way that of fresh ginseng after removal fo the ginseng cortex and fine root. For red ginsneg, fresh ginseng was steamed and dried. Each ginseng powder was extracted and extracts was freeze dried. Newborn N:GP(S) mice were given a single subcutaneous injection of 0.5 mg of benzo(a)pyrene(BP). Various types and ages of ginseng extracts at 2.5mg/ml were orally administered. All the mice were sacrificed at the 9th week. The following results were obtained. In the dried fresh ginseng extract treated group, the incidence of lung adenoma induced by BP was 63.9% and its incidence was reduced to 48.3%, 52.5%, 51.8%, 47.5% and 44.1% after co-treatment with 1.5, 3, 4, 5 and 6 year-dried fresh ginseng, respectively. The incidence of lung adenoma induced by BP on the white ginseng extract treated group was 41.3% and decreased to 31.0%, 46.0%, 44.0% and 26.5% after co-treatment with 3, 4, 5 and 6 year-white ginseng, respectively. In the red ginseng extract treated group, the incidence of lung adenoma induced by BP was 47.5% and its incidence diminished to 40.7%, 35.0%, 30.1%, 30.0% and 26.3% after co-treatment with 1.5, 3, 4, 5 and 6 year-red ginseng, respectively. From the above results, we concluded that a statistically significant anticarcinogenic effect was observed in extracts of 6 year-dried fresh ginseng, 6 year-white ginseng, and 4, 5 and 6 year-red ginseng and it is suggested that the anticarcinogenicity of ginseng varies according to the types and ages Key words Ginseng extract, types and ages. anticarcinogenic, newborn mice, lung tumor.
The Central Effects of Saponin Components and Polysaccarideg Fraction from Korean Bted Ginseng
Chepurnov, S.A. ; Chepurnova, N.E. ; Park, Jin-Kyu ; Buzinova, E.V. ; Lubimov, I.I. ; Kabanova, N.P. ; Nam, Ki-Yeul ;
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 18, issue 3, 1994, Pages 165~174
To investigate the significant indicators Improving the undisturbed memory in animal behavior, we employed several behavioral methods (learning, relearning in radial maze, and active avoidance) with ginseng components. Results showed that the repeated intranasal administration of
and total saponins from Korean red ginseng induced direct effects on the brain mechanisms in rats, and improved the spatial memory during the learning, relearning and retention in the 12-arm radial maze test. The intranasal treatment of the total saponins also effectively improved the disturbed memory (amnesia) by pentylentetrazole, and simultaneously protected the brain by decreasing the severity of motor epileptic seizures. The intraperitonial administration of polysaccharide fraction of Korean red ginseng could improve avoidance behavior (amount of the total ecapes) in the active-avoidance test. In addition, local changes of the temperature and resistance of skin observed after Rb, administration were suggested to reflect some action of sympathetic nerve Key words Memory, intranasal administration, pentylenetetrazole, Korea red ginseng.
Effects of Antioxidants on the Photosynsthesis and Carbohydrates/Saponin Contents in Panax ginseng Leaves
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 18, issue 3, 1994, Pages 175~181
We studied the folilar wiping effects of antioxidants (ascorbate, glutathione and sodium azide), which effectively inhibited the chlorophyll bleaching or completely recorved the early stage of photosynthesis of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer, on photosynthesis, stomatal resistance, free sugar, starch, and total saponin contents of ginseng under the excess light intensity (45 kLux) during 6 days. Ascorbate and glutathione, endogenous antioxidant, recovered photosynehtsis and stomatal resistance, and reduced the photoinhibition by the excess light intensity (45 kLux) on free sugar, starch and total saponin contents. But sodium azide, exogenous
quencher, showed negative effect. Therefore, we assumed that carbohydrates and saponin metabolisms of ginseng by antioxidants (ascorbate, glutathione) were normal. For the reduction of inhibition by excess light in ginseng a program for the higher activation of antioxidants and antioxidative enzymes in ginseng leaf will be desirable. Key words Antioxidants, ascorbate, glutathione, Photoinhibition, ginseng.
Effect of Shading Net Colors on the Growth and Saponin Content of Korean Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer)
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 18, issue 3, 1994, Pages 182~186
This study was conducted to define the effects of color of polyethylene (P.E.) net shading on the meteorological conditions under the shading growth status, photosynthesis and saponin contents of ginseng plant. Red and blue polyethylene net shading (4 fold) showed a good light intensity of ginseng growth, but red one not only increased air temperature but also resulted in early defoliation. Photosynthetic rate of ginseng leaves was increased in order of red, blue and black shade, Root yield and saponin contents were significantly increased red and blue net as compared with those of common straw shading. Blue color appeared to be most recommendable.
Ultrastructure of Fresh Root Turned into Inside White of Red Ginseng
Cho, Byung-Goo ; Park, Hoon ; Lee, Jun-Seong ;
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 18, issue 3, 1994, Pages 187~190
The pith and xylem parts of fresh root that turned into inside-white during processing for red ginseng was investigated under scanning electron microscope in comparison with the sa31e position of fresh root processed into normal reddening. In the inside-white part starch storage cells remain mostly in vacancy or with small number of starch granules and with large hollow by missing cell membranes between cells. Many starch seed granules appeared on the surface of storage cell wall in the inside-white part. Fresh root sample showed better picture than dried powder.
The Physicochemical Properties of Starch from Inside White Fresh Ginseng
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 18, issue 3, 1994, Pages 191~195
Among many kinds of constituents of ginseng root, starch was the most noticeable component related to inside white in fresh ginseng. The ash of inside white section was higher in content and greenish gray in color. The water binding capacity and ash content of the starch from inside white fresh ginseng were higher than those of starch from normal fresh ginseng, but amylase content was not significantly different. Ash of inside white fresh ginseng starch contained higher in Ca, Mn and Fe content. Complexes of small granular starch and amino acids were rich in swelling power, and solubility by temperature change were similar between inside white fresh ginseng starch and normal one, but the former was more easily swelled than the latter.
홍삼분말과 Maltodextrin 또는 Lactose 이상혼합물의 흡습특성
Kim, Jung-Hye ; Park, Jong-Myeon ; Oh, Hoon-Il ;
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 18, issue 3, 1994, Pages 196~199
A study was designed to investigate the sorption characteristics of binary mixture of red ginseng powder and maltodextrin(DE-17) or lactose stored at various relative humidities ranging from 52% to 93%. At low relative humilities below RH 67%, the sorption equilibrium was easily achieved, whereas at higher relative humidity values over 75%, all of the mixtures tended to absorb moisture continuously with an increase in storage time. A linear equation of log(dw/dt): a log(t)+ log b was found to be valid between the sorption rate and storage time with respect to storage humilities. A linearity was also found between log(1-Aw) and the amount of water absorbed over the Aw range of 0.52∼0.93 and the slope was affected by the kind of sugar added with that of red ginseng powder and maltodextrin mixture being the smallest.
Recent Trend of Import and Export of p. ginseng in Japan
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 18, issue 3, 1994, Pages 200~203
Recent trend of ginseng (p. ginseng) trade in Japan was analyzed. From 1984 white ginseng import increased continuously to 240% while export of red ginseng decreased to 29%. Red ginseng import increased until 1990 and decreased thereafter, resulting in 12% of total import ginseng in 1993 from 47% in 1990. During five years (1989∼1993) white ginseng import from Korea decreased from 44% to 14% of total white ginseng imported while import from China increased. Red ginseng import from China ranged 97 to l00% of total red ginseng and little change was shown during five years. Price of Korean ginseng was higher than that of China by 2.2 times for white and 6.6 times for red. The continuous decrease of Chinese ginseng price might affect import trend. Export price of red ginseng increased continuously and was higher than that of Korean red ginseng (1.95 times) and much higher than import price (20 times in 1993).
Isolation and Physiological Activites of a New Amino Acid Derivative from Korean Red Ginseng
Yukinaga Matsuura ; Yinan Zheng ; Takeshi Takaku ; Kenji Kameda ; Hiromichi Okuda ;
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 18, issue 3, 1994, Pages 204~211
Three unknown ninhydrin positive substances (UK-I, UK-II and UK-III) were detected with an amino acid analyzer in a water extract of Korean red ginseng. One of them (UK-II) was isolated and determined to be maltulosyl arginine (Arg-Fru-Glc) on the basis of chemical and spectroscopic evidence. Another one (VK-III) was identified as Arg-Fru. Maltulosyl arginine, but not Arg-Fru, is a newly identified amino acid derivative. The Korean red ginseng was shown to contain more amount of maltulosyl arginine than the white ginseng. Maltulosyl arginine was found to be produced by the Mallard reaction of maltose with arginine during the heating process involved in preparation of the red ginseng. Maltulosyl arginine was found to inhibit maltase activity. Based on these results, the physiological significance of this new compound is discussed.
Prevention and Therapy of Panax ginseng on The Adverse Actions of Dependence-Liable Drugs
Kim, Hack-Seang ;
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 18, issue 3, 1994, Pages 212~219