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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Ginseng Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Ginseng
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Dec 1979
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Jun 1979
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A Study on the Improvement of Dietary Protein-efficiency by Supplement of the Panax Ginseng-by-products.
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 3, issue 1, 1979, Pages 1~34
Our nation is confronted with the situation that the rice, a principal food, short of some essential amino acids, leads to imbalanced meals insufficient in the nutrient of Protein, to bring many difficulties in the elevation of nutritional state in our nation. While. our country has been produced much amounts of Panax Ginseng roots which has a stimulating effects on the metabolism of protein, lipid and nucleic acids in the body. And the leaf and trunk of Panax Ginseng were also produced a considerable amounts as the by-products. Author believe that these by-products (leaf and trunk) of Panax Ginseng might have some components possessing simillar activity with Panax Ginseng root although the quantity and qualify of the functional components may more or less be different. Therefore, this study was demised to observe the supplemental effect of the Panax Ginseng-by-Products on the dietary protein efficiency and nutritional state of rats. The feeds used for this experiment were rice containing 30% barely, fish four, and the leaf, trunk and small root of the Panax Ginseng, and the contents of the general nutrients including protein, lipid and carbohydrate etc. in each feed were analyzed for the combination of each feed. And, being based on analytical values of Protein in food. fish Pour as Protein source was added were rice containing 30% barely to be include 8.6 to 8.7%, 12%, 15% and 18% of protein. Then 2% of the leaf, trunk or small reef of Panax Ginseng was supplemented into each of above protein diet group, ton 16 kinds of diets were Prepared. The male albino rats from a Pure strain, weighing 70g to 80g. were used for experimental animals. They were maintained with coresponding fist for f and 8 weeks, and the growth rate, consumption of diets and protein, efficiency of feed and Protein in animals were determined. The lipids, proteins and cholesterols in serum and liver were also determined quantitatively after they were sacrificed in coresponding term. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Body weigh of diet group containing 8.6 to 8.7%,12%, and 15% of protein are increased remarkably by supplement of 2% of the leaf or small root of Panax Ginseng in comparison with each of controls. But this tendency could not observed in diet group containing 18eA Proteins. 2. Feed efficiency showed same tendency in comparison with changes of gained body weight. Specially, in each of diets containing 8.7%, 12%, 15% and 18% of Proteins, supplement of the leaf of Panax Ginseng showed the better feed efficiency than supplement of the trunk or small root. 3. In feeding group for 8 weeks, protein efficiency showed worst efficiency in diet containing 18% proteins and showed the best efficiency was the diet group containing 12% Proteins. And the efficiency was improved according to supplement of the leaf of Panax Ginseng. 4. Nitrogen contents in serum and liver did not show large differences each other in all diet groups. But contexts of total cholesterol and 1ipid were decreased markedly in diet groups containing 12%, 15% and 18% of proteins in comparison with diet group containing 8.6% to 8.8% of proteins.
Studies on the Variation of Flowering Date in Korean Ginseng Plants
Choe, Gwang-Tae ; Lee, Jong-Hwa ; Cheon, Seong-Ryong ;
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 3, issue 1, 1979, Pages 35~39
Present studies were carried out to clarify the variation of flowering date in the variants of Korean ginseng Plants. In general, the variation of flowering date of violet-stem variant was found to be mere variable as compared with that of yellow-berry variant. And flowers began to bloom earlier in yellow-berry variant than in violet-stem variant. In violet-stem variant as well as in yellow-berry variant, the flowering date of 5-year old plants was earlier than that of 3- and 4-year old plants. As for the flowering date according to the different lines, the third line was earlier than the first or the fifth line.
Studies on the Extracting Methods of Ginseng Extract and Saponins in Panax Ginseng
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 3, issue 1, 1979, Pages 40~53
In order to investigate the optimal conditions which affects to extraction of ginseng extract and saponin in ginseng extract, experiment was carried out varing with ethanol percentage, extraction time, temperature, sol
vent and Plant Parts. The results art as follows: 1. The amounts of ginseng saponin was increased according to increanation of ethanol Percentage while the amounts of ginseng extract was decreased. 2. The amounts of ginseng extract was increased as the prolongation of extraction time, on the ether hand, ginseng saponin contents increased lentil 40hr. and decreased after that. 3. By the raise of extract temperature, both of the amounts of ginseng saponin and ginseng extract was increased two times and four times. respectively. 4. The total amounts ginseng extract was obtained 22.86u when the water used as the extraction solvent, 11.28% on ethanol and 11.04U on methanol, in the order. and the saponin contents gained when the extraction solvents of water, methanol and ethanol 7.47%, 12.36% and 12.77%, respectively. 5. It showed 9.23% of ginseng extract in epidermis and 8.4% of ginseng saponin in tail Part of raw ginseng and in the case of dried ginseng, ginseng extract and saponin showed the most amounts in epidermis of 18.28% and 19.35%, respectively. 6. The ratio of panaxadiol and panaxatriol contents of ginseng saponin was almost same when it was extracted varing with ethanol percentage and extraction time (duration), and the more alcohol percentage and the longer extraction time increased, the more fractional content of ginseng saponin was extracted.
The Influence of Paaax Ginseng Meal on the Milk Production and Milk Quality of Lactating Milk Cow
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 3, issue 1, 1979, Pages 54~65
To investigate the feeding value of the concentrated feedstuff including the Korean ginseng meal instead of wheat bran, Holstein milk cows were fed by this feedstuff (10kg/day) for 80 days, and the amounts of milk production and quality of milk were checked. The results are as follows: 1. Milk production of cows fed by the concentrated feedstuff including the ginseng meal was increased as averaged as 1.25kg/day compared with those of controlled cows during same period(SA) and before feeding treatment (SB). Significant different of milk production was found between cows treated and cows of SB plot, but there was no significant difference of milk production between cows treated and cows of SA plot. 2. Milk fat content was significantly increased as moth as 0.22%, 0.69% and 0.455% by the feeding of ginseng meal compared with that of SB Plat and that of SA Plot, and as average value, respectively. 3. Solid not fat (SNF) of milk from cows fed by the ginseng meal was also significantly increased as much as 0.845%, 1.339% and 1.0925 tempered with these of cows before treatment (SB) and cows controlled (SA), and as average value, respectively. 4. Specific gravity of milk produced from cows treated was higher as average as 0.0055 than those of controlled plots (SA and SB). Significant difference of specific gravity was found between cows treated and cows of SA plot, but there was no significant difference between tows treated and cods of SB plot. 5. Acidity of milk produced from cows treated was lower as averaged as 0.0045 than those of controlled plots (SA and SB). Significant difference between cows treated and cows of SA plot was found, but there was no significant difference between cows treated and cows treated and cows of SB plot.
Pharmacological Action of Ginseng
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 3, issue 1, 1979, Pages 66~93
Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer, which has been known for more than EWO years. occupies a Particular prince in folk medicine as so called tonic remedy. The pharmacolgical investigations of ginseng, based on the scientific concepts and methodology, have been performed by many researchers through the past 50∼60 years at different parts of the world. The pharmacological action of Panax ginseng compiled from the numerous reports can be summarized as follows: 1. On central nervous system, the effect of Panax ginseng is timulatory in smaller doses and somewhat depressive in larger doses. From the psychopharmacological aspect, ginseng seems to increase the mental efficiency of man. 2. Ginseng has the effect tending to Protect organism from various physical and chemical stresses. 3. The growth and basal metabolic rates of experimental animals are stimulated by ginseng. Ginseng also prolongs the survival time of animals under adverse influences. 4. Increasing the physical and mental efficiency, ginseng postpones the onset of fatigue and increases the working capacities. 5. In the case of the intravenous administration of ginseng, a transitory and slight hypotensive effect is observed. These hypotensive effects seems to include that of a direct action and actions related to the release of histamine and/or serotonin by ginseng. 6. It is Presumed that ginseng lowers the elevated bleed ingar and cholesterol level. 7. Ginseng tends to increase the gastrointestinal motizity and tone 8. It is presumed that ginseng Promotes the iron metabolism and activates the hematopoietic factors. 9. Ginseng tends to stimulate the biosynthesis of nucleic acid and release of histamine and serotonin. 10. The toxicity end adverse reactions of ginseng appear to be nothing that warrants apprehension. 11. Anticancer erects of ginseng seem to be due to indirect action rather than direct action on cancer cell, by improving the host condition 12. Recent clinical trials of ginseng harts obtained sent good results, but Present trial is still limited in its range, so it is necessary to broaden the scope of trial covering many kinds of organs and diseases. From the above, although it appears that substantial advancements have been achieved in the studies on the Pharmacological actions of Panax ginseng there are many discrepancies noticed in the reported data. Furthermore the precise mechanisms of actions of ginseng are sometimes obscure, even unknown in other actions as the students stand now. The main reasons for this are considered to be that even though saponin has been identified at one of the active substances of ginseng, other components have not fully been identified and that the experimental approaches of the investigations varied with different researchers. Thus a thorough analysis of the chemical components and newer standardized concepts and metohds appear to be the pre-requisites for further study of the pharmacolgical effects and mechaisms of Panax ginseng.