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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Ginseng Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Ginseng
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Dec 1980
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Jun 1980
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Studies on the Effect of korean Ginseng Components on Acetic acid Fermentation. [I]
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 4, issue 2, 1980, Pages 121~132
In order to study the effect of Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) components on acetic acid fermentation, ginseng extracts, sucrose, total can de saponins were added to the basal niedium respectively and surface culture was carried out at 30
. Lag ime, total acidity of the fermentation broth inhibitors and the degrees of inhibition were determined in tile course of fermentation . 1. Acetic acid fermentation was not inhibited by the addition of less than 1.93% of sucrose but the degree of inhibition was increased slightly by the addition of sucrose more than that. 2. Ginseng extract inhibited acetic acid fermentation slightly, and the degree of inhibition was similar to that of sucrose. Lag time was about 72 hours when a 20% of ginseng extract was added to the basal medium while that of the control was 22hours. 3. The free saponins inhibited acetic acid fermentation considerably, and the degree of inhibition of the saponins was about 400 folds of that of ginseng extracts. An increase of total acidity of the broth which contained 2.905% of the saponins was not observed even after one month. 4. It was presumed that some other components except saponins and sucrose in ginseng extracts counter the inbition effect of saponins on acetic acid fermentation
Studies on the Effect of Korean Ginseng Components on Acetic acid Fermentation. [II]
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 4, issue 2, 1980, Pages 133~145
In order to find out the inhibitors of acetic acid fermentation in Korean ginseng (Panax Sin son C. A. Meyer), total aglycone, panaxadiol, panaxadiol, oleanolic acid and
-sitosterol were added to the basal medium, respectively, and a surface culture was carried out at 30
. The results were as follows: 1 . Saponins lost their activity to inhibit the acetic acid fermentation by hydrolysis. 2 Panaxadiol inhibited slightly, and the degree of inhibition was about 1/300 of that of free saponins. 3. Panaxadiol and oleanolic acid inhibited silighly similar to total aglycone. 4. Acetic acid fermentation was stimulated at the early stage when
-sitosterol was added to the media below the level of 0.000815%. But the fermentation was inhibited when media contained it more than that media 5. An over-oxidation of acetic acid was observed when the media contained total aglycone. panaxadiol, panaxatriol, oleanolic acid and
-sitosterol, respectively, while the media which contained sucrose, ginseng extracts ginseng saponins was shown not to be over-oxidized.
The Effects of Defatted Punux ginseng on the Growth and Some Components in Rat.
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 4, issue 2, 1980, Pages 146~164
In this paper it was attempted to observe the effect of defatted panax ginseng supplement of the growth rate, feed and protein efficiency ratios, and the contents of cholesterol, total lipid and protein in the serum, liver and aorta in Sprague-Dowley Albino male rat (weighing 83
4 g). Seven kinds of experimental diets were prepared as follows : Stock (control) diet, ginseng control diets supplemented with 0.5, 1.0 and 3.0% of ginseng powder to the stock diet, and defatted ginseng Powder diets supplemented with 0.5, 1.0 and 3.0% of defatted ginseng powder to the stock diet. .All diets contained same level of lipid and protein, respectively. The results obtained are as follows : 1. The growth rate in the feeding group of 0.5% defatted ginseng powder diet for 16week were higher than other diet groups. 2. Feed and Protein efficiency in 0.5% defatted ginseng group showed similar tendency to that in body growth rate. 3. The total cholesterol contents in the serum of 0.5% defatted ginseng Powder diet
group showed the tendency to decrease gradually for 4 to 12 weeks, maintaining higher level than other groups. The free cholesterol contents in the serum of defatted ginseng powder diet group in 8 the and 16th weeks were higher than all ginseng control diet group. The total and free cholesterol contents in the liver of all defatted ginseng diet groups in 16th week were higher than hose of all ginseng control groups. The total cholesterol content at 12h week and the free cholesterol content at 16th week i n the aorta of all defatted ginseng diet groups were lower than those of ginseng control groups, respectively. 4. The total lipid contents in the serum of 1.0 and 3.0% defatted ginseng diet groups at 2nd to I2th weeks were lower than other groups, and those in the liver and aorta of all defatted ginseng diet groups at 12th weeks were lower than those of ginseng control diet groups. 5. The protein contents of the serum and aorta were continuously increased throughout whole experimental period in all experimental groups. The protein content of the liver of all groups were decreased at 2nd week and after then no change was observed.
Color Evaluation of Red GinBeng Extract and its Charges during teat treatment
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 4, issue 2, 1980, Pages 165~174
The concentrated red ginseng extract (RGE) which was prepared from water extract of red ginseng tails was investigated for its changes in color intensity, sugar contents and during storage at various temperatures. In order to evaluate the color of RCE, a spectrophotometric measurement in ultraviolet and visible range was applied. The concentrated RGE was divided into three fractions of aqueous, butanol and benzene layers. It was found that : (1) Increase in RCE color during heat treatment was considered to be due to nonezymatic browning reaction. Water soluble layer showed approximately 100 times higher color intensity than those of organic solvent layers (2) The RCE stored at 8
showed an increase in fructose and glucose content while a rapid decrease was resulted at 10
. (3) A rapid increase in absorbances at 400 and 460nm was shown at 90 and 10
after an initial induction period and slowed down after 50 hours . (4) A significant relationship was found between decrease in sugar content and increase in color intensity. (5) Absorbance ratio of 400nm/460nm indicated that benzene layer has about two times higher value in violet color than those of butanol and aqueous layers.
Influence of Various Soil CharacteriBtics in GinBeng Field or the Growth and the Yield of Ginseng (Panax gisoseng C. A. Meyer)
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 4, issue 2, 1980, Pages 175~185
A study was made to clarify the topographical. and Physical characteristics of ginseng field in terms of soil science and to find the relationship between soil characteristics and ginseng growth, as well as yield of ginseng roots Forty nine farmer's red ginseng field of ginseng growing area were chosen for this study and investigated for two years. The results obtained were as follow. 1. Ginseng fie1ds with high yield which represent the more than 1.8kg of ginseng root per 3.2m2 were found in soil series of Bancheon, Yeongog, Weongog, etc. whose texture were the clay loam to clay soil. On the other hand, ginseng field with low yield were observed in soil series of seogto whose texture was loamy soil with high content of gravels. 2 Soil of ginseng field with high yield had higher content of clay. silt soil moisture and soil pore as compared with soils of low yields. These soil characteristics were positively correlated with stem length stem diameter and root weight of ginseng plsnt and negatively correlated with rate of missing plant 3. The adequate ranges of soil 3 phase from high yield ginseng field were 40 to 50% of solid Phase, 22 to 35% of liquid phase, 25 to 35% of gaseous phase in top soil and 45 to 55% of solid phase. 28 to 30% of liquid phase. 15 to 20% of gaseous phase in subsoil respectively.
Studies on Phytouthora disease of Panax ginseng C. A Meyer; its causal agent and possible control measures
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 4, issue 2, 1980, Pages 186~193
The causal organism of Phytophthora disease on Panax ginseng Meyer in Korea was isolated and identified as Phytophthora cactorum. It's pathogenicity, etiology, and possible control measures were investigated. Disease symptoms on various parts of ginseng plants were also described The fungus caused seedling and mature plant blight and root rot. Oospores were easily formed on potato dextrose agar and corn meal agar. Oospores, however, were not formed in the diseased root tissues but did in the in footed shoots such as leaves, petioles, and stems and in the inoculated berries.
A case of ten-stem plant in Panax ginseng
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 4, issue 2, 1980, Pages 194~196
Five years old ginseng plant (Panax ginseng) with ten stems from six bud base was found in a ginseng plantation. Stems were emerged even around the rhizome base. Growth status of all stems were poor. The length of some stems was shorter than that of petiole. The shorter the stem length is the longer the petiol length.
Water Physiology of Panax ginseng. 1. Habitat observation. cultural experience, weather factors and characteristics of root and leaf
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 4, issue 2, 1980, Pages 197~221
Habitat observation, cultural experience of old and present plantation, weather factors in relation to crop stand and water physiology of root and leaf were reviewed. According to habitat observation ginseng plants love water but plate wit talus well grow at drained place with high moisture content in air and soil while ginseng plants were not found in dry or wet place. According to cultivation experience ginseng plants require abundant water in nursery and main field but most old planters believe that ginseng plaints are draught-loving thus require little water. The experience that rain especially in summer i.e unfavorable might be due to mechanical damage of leaves arid leaf disease infection, or severe leaf fall which is caused by high air temperature and coinsided with rain. According to crop stand observation in relation to weather factors abunsant water increased each root weight but decreased total yield indicating tile increase of missing root rate. Rain in summer was unfavorable too. Though rain in June was favorable for high yield general experience that cloudy day and rain were unfavorable might be due to low light intensity under shade. Present leading planters also do loot consider the importance of water in main field. Water content is higher in top than in root and highest in central portion of root and in stem of top. For seedling the heavier the weight of root is tile higher the water content while it reveries from two years old. Water potential of intact root appeared to be -2.89 bar suggesting high sensitivity to water environment. Under water stress water content severly decreased only in leaf. Water content of leaf appeared to be 78% for optimum, below 72% for functional damage and 68% for perm anent wilting. Transpiration or curs Principally through stomata in lower side of leaf thus contribution of upper side transpiration decreased with the increase of intensity. Transpiration is greater in the leaves grown under high light intensity. Thus water content is lower with high light inte nsity under field condition indicating that light is probable cause of water stress in field. Transpiration reached maximum at 10K1ut The decrease of transpiration at higher temperature seems to be due to the decrease of stomata aperture caused by water stress. Severe decrease of photosynthesis under water stress seems to be principally due to functional damage which is not caused by high temperature and Partly due to poor CO2 supply. Water potential of leaf appeared to be -16.8 bar suggesting weakness in draught tolerance. Ginseng leaves absorb water under high humidity. Water free space of leaf disc is %mailer than that of soybean leaf and water uptake appears to be more than two steps.