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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Ginseng Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Ginseng
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Nov 1983
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Jun 1983
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The Effect of Panax Ginseng on the Some Components of Rat by Alternating the Diet.
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 7, issue 1, 1983, Pages 1~12
This study was divised to observe the effects of ginseng on the body components of Sprague-Dowley Albino male rats by alternating the diet. Just weaned rats (130 heads, weighing(83
4g) were fed with each stock diets supplemented with 0.5, 1.0 or 3.0% ginseng powder for 4 weeks or 8 weeks, and after that fed with stock diet only for 8 or 4 weeks. Compared with the each corresponding group which was fed with ginseng control diet, the protein, total lipid, total cholesterol and free cholesterol contains in serum, liver and aorta of them were determined. The results obtained was summarized as follows ; Protein and total lipid contents of the rat were decreased, caused by the alternating diets, but total cholesterol and free cholesterol contents were increased in the serum, protein and free cholesterol contents increased, conversely total lipid contents decreased in the liver, and in aorta total lipid and total cholesterol contents decreased, In the view of the above results, it can be seen that the alternating diet (stock diet after feeding with ginseng diet) has an influence on the body components of rat.
A Study on the change of body components in rat fed diets supplemented with the leaf or trunk of Panax ginseng.
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 7, issue 1, 1983, Pages 13~22
This study was conducted to observe the nutritoinal effect of the diets supplemented with the leaf or trunk of ginseng in rats. The male albino rats (110 heads), Sprague-Dowley strain weighing 75g to 79g, were used as the experimental animals. And twelve kinds of animal diets were prepared. The animals were divided into twelve diet groups and maintained with corresponding diet for 40 days, and then sacrificed. After sacrificing the animals, the contents of some chemical components in some organs and serum were analyzed. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1) The lipid contents of the liver in the experimental diet groups added ginseng steamed leaf or trunk were significantly lower than those in the control group. And the cholesterol contents of liver in the diet groups supplemented with ginseng steamed 4% leaf and 2% trunk were very significantly lower than those in the control group. 2) The total protein contents of serum in each experimental diet group supplemented with ginseng steamed leaf or trunk were lower than those in the control group, but not significant. 3) The glucose contents of serum in each experimental diet group supplemented with ginseng steamed leaf or trunk were lower than those in the control group, especially, those in experimental group added ginseng steamed 4% trunk were significantly lower than those in the control group. 4) The lipid contents of serum in the experimental diet groups added ginseng steamed 4% leaf and 2% trunk were significantly lower than those in the control group. The cholesterol of serum in the experimental diet groups added ginseng steamed leaf and 2% trunk were significantly lower those in the control group. 5) The ratios of
-lipoprotein fraction in each experimental diet group were over than those in the group. but not significant.
Absorption Rate of Nutrients in the Diets supplemented with the Leaf or Trunk of Panax Ginseng in Rat
Kim, Seong-Mi ; Hwang, U-Ik ; Kim, Sang-Sun ;
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 7, issue 1, 1983, Pages 23~36
This study was devised to observe the nutritional effects of the diets supplemented with the leaf or trunk in rats. The male albino rats (110 heads), Sprague-Dowley strain weighing 75g to 79g, were used as the experimental aninl mils. The animals were divided into twelve diet groups and maintained with corresponding diet for 40 days, and then sacrificed. The growth rate, the consumption and efficiency ratios of the food and protein, the absorption rates of carbohydrate, lipid and protein, and the utilization rates of energy were determined during the feeding term. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1) The growth rate, the consumption and efficiency ratios of the food and protein in each experimental diet group added ginseng steamed leaf or trunk were higher than those in experimental group A which has the diet supplemented with ginseng raw leaf of trunk. 2) The absorption rates of the carbohydrate were above 96%, higher than those or the control group, But those of fat, protein and the utilization rate of energy in each experimental diet group were generally lower than those in the control group.
Effect of Root- Knot Nematode Infection on Ginseng Growth of Inorganic Nutrients in Ginseng Roots.
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 7, issue 1, 1983, Pages 37~43
Effect of root-knot nematode (Meloidigyne sp.) 1 infection on the growth and quantity of the inorganic substances in 6 year-old ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) was investigated. Naturally infected 6 year-old ginseng roots were grouped into 3 such as healthy, moderate, and heavy according to the degree of the nematode infection. The roots were sampled in the middle of October, 1980 for chemical analysis. Growth of roots in terms of fresh weight, dry weight, length and diameter was greatly reduced by the nematode infection. The content of inorganic substances was different among the various parts of ginseng roots and according to gall index. Phosphorous and nitrogen contents of the healthy ginseng roots were tend to higher than those of the infected ones, whereas calcium was high in infected roots in the order of heavy, moderate, and healthy. Content of the other inorganic substances was highest in the moderately infected roots, and lowest in the heavy one.
Free sugar distribution in ginseng plant and change of it's content in the root with dehydration
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 7, issue 1, 1983, Pages 44~50
This study was conducted to investigate distribution of free sugas in the ginseng plant and change of free sugar content in dried ginseng with various drying conditions. The results obtained are as follows: 1. The total free sugar content is about 1% in the root and about 2% in the upland portions. Sucrose which accounts 80% in those free sugars, is 0.91% in main body 0.90% in raw ginseng, 0.74% in latheral root, 0.67% in head, 0.57% in skin, 0.64% in leaves, and 0.35% in steins. 2. Sucrose content is 3.3~4.6% in the ginseng root dried at temperature of 3
and 0.5 ~ 1% in the root dried it at temperature of 50-9
. 3. Maltose was not present in fresh ginseng or dried ginseng which was dried under the t, but it was produced dried at the temperature above 5
, it was 0.5% at 5
, 1.49 %. at 7
, and 4.03% at 9
, respectively. This sugar Height be produced by endogenous saccharifying enzymes.
Effect of 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid and Kinetin on Peroxidase Isoenzymes in Ginseng(Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) Callus Cultures
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 7, issue 1, 1983, Pages 52~62
This study was undertaken to investigate the influence of kinetin and 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid on the rate of growth, the contents of RNA, DNA, and protein. And also the effect of plant growth regulator on isoperoxidases in callus derived from root (root-callus) and petiole (petiolecallus) was investigated. The rate of growth in petiole-callus was higher than the rootcallus at 0.1 mg/l kinetin and 1mgfl 2,4-D. At 1mgll kinetic, the rate of growth increased, but at high concentration the rate of growth decreased fast. The contents of RNA, DNA and protein also increased, but it did not coincide with the increase of the growth rate of callus. The isoperoxidases of callus grown at various amounts of 2,4-D and kinetic occurred in an almost fashion, but those of root-callus appeared different from those of petiole-callus
Effect of Triol Fraction of Ginseng Saponin on Filamentous Formation through Reduction in C-AMP Concentration in Bacillus subtizis.
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 7, issue 1, 1983, Pages 63~67
Bacillus subtilis grown on medium containing 0.1% trios fraction, 0.005% sodium deoxycholate, and 0.05% taurocholate respectively was shown to grow as filamentous form and contain 2.3 x 10-5M, 1 x 10-5M, and 2.3
10-5M of intracellular C-AMP, respectively. The concentration was 3 or 4 times lower than that of the control. But concentrations of extracellula: C-AMP were similar to that of the control. Such decrease in C-AMP concentration was shown to parallel with decrease in autolysin activity indicating 40% and 20% lower activity of Bacillus subtilis grown on medium containing 0.05% and 0. l% triol fraction respectively than that of the control, The activity was also shown to be in inverse proportion with the formation of filament .
Effect of Ginseng Saponin on the Protein Biosynthesis of E. coli Cells
Go, Ji-Hun ; Lee, Hui-Bong ; Ju, Chung-No ;
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 7, issue 1, 1983, Pages 68~73
E. coli (K-12 W1485) was grown in M9 minimal medium containing ginseng saponin (10-3%-2%) and found that the cells grew most rapidly in the presence of 10-1% saponin. The cells, harvested at the early exponential phase, were transferred to the minimal medium containing 10-1% saponin plus 14C-labelled saponin (0.03
Ci) and the incubation was continued at 37
for 20 minutes and the cells were fractionated into the outermembrane, innermembrane and cytosol fraction. Radioactivity data showed that the most radioactivity was detected in the innermembrane. The activity of succinate dehydrogenase of the cells grown in the above saponin medium was significantly higher than that of the cells grown in ordinary minimal medium. No significant difference of the glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity was observed between the two groups. It was also found that the saponin stimulated glucose uptake and biosynthisis of lipids and proteins of the cells. Incorporation of 14C-leucine into the protein fraction of the cell was also accelerated.
Effect of Soil Moisture on Partition of Mineral Nutrients in Panax ginseng
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 7, issue 1, 1983, Pages 74~79
Effect of soil moisture on content and partition of mineral nutients in panax ginseng (2 years old) was investigated. Similarity was found between N and p, Ca and Mg, K and Fe. Mn and Zn were quite different each other and from others. Nutrient partition was affected more by nutrient content than by dry matter. Under suboptimal moisture condition partition to shoot was inhibited in order of Mg, Zn, Ca, Mg, N and P while accelerated in odor of Fe. K and Mn. Under supraoptimal moisture condition Partition to shoot was inhibited in order of Zn, Fe, K, and Ca, while accelerated in order of Mg, N, Mn and p.
Effects of Ginseng Saponin on the Regu lately Properties of Malate Dehydrogenase from Pigeon Breast Muscle
Kim, Du-Ha ; Sin, Mun-Hui ; Hong, Sun-Geun ;
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 7, issue 1, 1983, Pages 80~87
In an endeavour to elucidate effects of ginseng on some characteristics of enzymes, malate dehydrogenase (EC 220.127.116.11) was chosen as a model enzyme and effects of ginseng saponin on the enzyme such as optimum pH, product inhibition, optimum temperature and the activity was investigated. The product inhibition by NADH-a reaction product of the enzyme-was increased 33% by 0.3% ginseng saponin. And the optimum pH of the enzyme was 8.3 but in the presence of 0.3% ginseng saponin it increased to 8.5. The enzyme activity and the optimum temperature was not affected by ginseng saponin in the concentration of 1.0% and 0.3%, respectively. In this work, the possibility of contribution of ginseng saponin to the adaptogen activity is suggested; Potentiation of the regulatory activity of an enzyme may contribute to the normalization of the physiological state and consequently may increase the nonspecific resistance of an organism.
Stabilizing Effect of Ginseng Saponin and Water Extract on Malate Dehydrogenase from Pigeon Breast Muscle
Kim, Du-Ha ; Sin, Mun-Hui ; Hong, Sun-Geun ;
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 7, issue 1, 1983, Pages 88~93
Studies were carried out to elucidate the protein stabilizing effect of ginseng. Malate dehydrogenase (EC 18.104.22.168) was used as a protein and the rate constant of the enzyme inactivation was determined under the heat denaturation condition. There was an optimum pH for the enzyme stability, the rate constant of the enzyme inactivation was minimum at BH 8.8. The rate constant was increased at lower and higher pH regions than the optimum pH. The inactivation reaction followed the Arrehnius law and the activation energy was measured as 36.8kcal/mole. The reaction rate was not affected by the enzyme concentration and thus it was assumed to be unimolecular first order reaction. The water extract of red ginseng decreased the rate constant of Malate dehydrogenate under heat inactivation condition to stabilize the enzyme activity. Purified ginseng saponin also stabilized the enzyme against heat inactivation.