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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Ginseng Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Ginseng
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Dec 1984
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Jun 1984
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The Effect of Ginseng Saponin Fraction on the Absorption of Vitamin E.
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 8, issue 2, 1984, Pages 75~81
The effect of the saponin fraction extracted from Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer on the absorption of
-tocopherol in rat has been investigated and realized that the saponin fraction stimulated not only the absorption of
-tocopherol (1.5-2 times that of control) but also its transport and excretion.
-tocopherol is known to be transported mainly in the form of
-lipoprotein but the present study showed that the
-tocopherol was transported in the form of albumin bound or micellar structure as well.
Root Characters and Freguency of Multi-stem Ginseng
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 8, issue 2, 1984, Pages 82~90
The Present study was undertaken to obtain the basic information on the development of multistem varieties of ginseng. The root weight per plant of multi-stem ginseng was hi燥or than that of single stem ginseng, and it was found that the greater variance due to the growing area was clear in the frequency of multistem plant. The broad heritability estimate for the number of steams was lower with the increase of the age of ginseng. The number of stems per plant was positively correlated with the number of branch roots, number of dormancy buds, and root weight. However, the root diameter was negatively correlated with the number of stems is per plant. Based on path analysis, the number of branch roots and dormancy buds showed the maximum indirect positive effects on the number of stems.
Studies on the Nonstarchy Polysaccharides of Korean Ginseng, Punux ginseng C. A. Meyer 1. Cotent and Composition of dietary fober, hemicellulose, cellulose, lignin and pectin.
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 8, issue 2, 1984, Pages 91~104
This study was conducted to investigate the characteristics of nonstarchy polysaccharides in Korean ginseng, (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer). The results obtained are as follows. 1. The total sugar content of ginseng roots were decreased with increasing the cultural period. On the other hand, the crude fiber content was increased with that of the ginseng leaves or stems. But the crude fiber in root was much less than that of leaves and stems. 2. The dietary fiber content of ginseng root on 5 years old was 14.20% as neutral detergent fiber, 9.08% as acid detergent fiber, hemicellulose 5.12%, cellulose 7.98% and lignin of 1.10%, respectively. 3. Much more pectin was found in ginseng roots which was cultivated for shooter Period. And it was contained much more in the root than in the leaves and stems. 4. ginseng hemicellulose content in root was 5% to 10%. It was decreased with increasing: cultivated period. Hemicellulose was constituted of xylose, arabinose, glucose, rhamnose and xylose of these sugars was the predominant. 5. X-ray diffraction Pattern of ginseng cellulose showed maximum intensity at tile interplanar angle of 4.1
Studies on the Nonstarchy Polysaccharides of Korean Ginseng, Panax ginseng, C. A. Meyer II. Physicochemical propertie of pectic substances
Min, Gyeong-Chan ; Jo, Jae-Seon ; Kim, Eun-Su ;
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 8, issue 2, 1984, Pages 105~113
This study was conducted to investigate chemical and physical characteristics of pectin in Korean ginseng plant. The results obtained are as follows: 1, The molecular weight of the pectin in ginseng plant was in the range of 1.1-2.4x 104 and athydrouronic acid content in the pectin was 97.98%. 2. The intrinsic viscosity of pectin as well as apparent visosity of the pectin in the roots were increased with cultural period. 3. The IR spectra of ginseng pectin showed the OH stretch, C-H bending vibration and the vibration of ester group carboxyl. 4. Sugars present in galacturonic acid, glucose, arbinose, xylose, galactose and rhamnose.
Studies on the Physicochemical Properties of Korean Ginseng (Panax ginseng, C.M. Meyer) Root Starch 1. Starch Cantent and General Feachures
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 8, issue 2, 1984, Pages 114~123
This study was conducted to investigated the morphology and distribution of starch granule in ginseng root. The results obtained are as follows; The starch contents of main and lateral ginseng 1
cot were 23-32% and 14-16%, respectively, and it was varied significantly with growing season, namely 15-37% in Summer (May to August) and 3-6% in Winter (November to March). Thus the starch content of ginseng root was different depending on the portien of ginseng root and growing seasons, but a significant difference was not observed by a growing period of ginseng. The starch granules showed nearly round or oval shape having the diameter 2-8
and their size were increased with a growing period of ginseng. The crystalline structure of starch granules was found to be B-type by X-ray diffraction study.
Physico Chemical Properties of Korean Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) Root Starch II. Chemical Properties of the Starch
Kim, Hae-Jung ; Jo, Jae-Seon ; Yu, Yeong-Jin ;
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 8, issue 2, 1984, Pages 124~134
Ginseng root starch, prepared by conventional method, contained crude lipid of 0.5%, crude protein of 0.4%, crude mineral of 0.17% and phosphorous of 12.5mg% as noncarbohydrate constituents. The amylose content of ginseng root starch picked in Summer (May to August) and Winter (November to March) was 32-35% and 15-20%, respectively, and it was decreased with a growing preiod of ginseng. The blue value, alkali number and ferricyanide number of the starch were 0.14-0.17, 8.50 and 0.781, respectively. The molecular weight of amylose in the starch was estimated to be 1.27-7.95
105 by means of periodate oxidation, and the degree of branching and glucose unit per segment of amylopectin were 3.50-3.53% and 28.3-28.5, respectively, The starch content of ginseng root was decreased when dried under sunlight and stored at 5
for twenty days. In contrast, sucrose content in the root was increased from 3.8% in fresh state to 11.5% during storage at the above condition. In the other hand, starch was converted to maltose by heating at temperature above 70
Physicochemical properties of Korean Ginseng (panax ginseng, C.A. meyer) Root Starch 3. Physical properties of the starch
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 8, issue 2, 1984, Pages 135~152
Solubility and degree of swelling of the starch were about 15% and 30%, respectively when the starch in agueous solution was heated at 90
for 30minutes. The starch showed no singnificant differences in the degree of swelling and soblubility with a growing period of ginseng. The starch was begun gelatinize at 50-55
and completed at 65-70
by the amy tical methods of X-ray diffraction, disappearance of crystalinity. Brabender angly lographic analysis and amylase digestion test. The maximum and minimum peak viscosities of 10% starch solution were 5.500 B.U and 1960 B.U, respectively. The starch showed no significant differences in pasting temperature, maximum and minimum viscosities on amylogram with a growing period of ginseng. The intrinsic viscosities of the starch and amylose were 0.54 and 1.5-1.9, respectively.
Astudy on the Anticancer Activies of Lipid Soluble Ginseng Extract and Ginseng Sapongin DErivatives Against Some Cancer Cells
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 8, issue 2, 1984, Pages 153~166
The anticancer activities of petroleum ether extract of Panax ginseng root(crude GX) and its partially purified fraction from silicic acid column chromatography (7:3 GX) were studied with Sarcoma 180(S-180) or Walker carcinosarcoma 256 (Walker 256) in vivo and with L1210 leukemic lympocyte in vitro. Potential cytotoxic activities of the crude GX and against L1210 cells were compared with those of 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) and saponin derivatives (Panax-diol, Panax-triol, Diol saponin, Triol saponin) in vitro. In order to observe the physiological effects of the crude GX and 7:3 GX on the animals with cancer, hemoglobin(Hb), red blood cell(R.B.C) and white blood cell after treatment with each GX in comparison with corresponding control groups, respectively. The anticancer effects of the crude GX and 7:3 GX were estimated by measuring the survival time of S-180 bearing mice after treatment with them. The experimental results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. The one unit of cytotoxic activity against L1210 cells was equivalent to 2.54
of the crude GX and 7:3 GX per ml of culture medium, respectively. 2. The cytotoxic activities of Panax-diol, Panax=triol, Diol saponin and triol saponin against L1210 cells were not detected. 3. The anticancer activities of 5-FU against L1210, S-180 and Walker 256 were very effective in vivo and vitro tests. 4. The significantly increased W.B.C values of mice after inoculation with S-180 cells were reduced to normal range by the crude GX treatment. 5. The significantly decreased Hb values of rats after inoculation with Walker 256 were recovered to normal range by oral administration of the crude GX. 6. The survival times of mice inoculated with S-180 cells were extended about 1.5 to 2 times by the 7:3 GX treatment compared with their control group.
Quality Evaluation of Fresh ginseng by Soft X-ray and iodine Test.
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 8, issue 2, 1984, Pages 167~171
Soft X-ray is useful to identify the quality of fresh ginseng causing the inside cavity or white pan of red ginseng. The portion of low mass density identified by the difference in absorption of soft X-ray showed lower dry matter density and less or no response to iodine test indicating less accumulation or excess consumption of starch. The inside white part of red ginseng absorbed less X-ray than the normal part did. Probability for identification of the inside cavity or white at fresh ginseng was rather high (80-90%) in screen observation than f'3m reading and seemed to be increased further by using the developed screen and with training. The inside white of red ginseng appeared to be due to starch deficiency. Dry matter density appeared to be better than fresh weight density for the quality criterion.
Saponins in Leaf and Stem of Gynostemma pentaphyllum
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 8, issue 2, 1984, Pages 172~177
Saponins in leaf and stem of Gynostemma pentaphyllum that was collected from Jeju Island were extracted by the method for ginseng saponin. Comparison by overlapping chromatogram(HPLC) of pentaphyllum on that of ginseng and cochromatogram and ginseng although ginsenoside Rg2, Rg1 and Rf might be in common with rare possibility. It seems to be little difference in the kind of saponin glycosides between leaf and stem of pentaphyllum. Saponin content in leaf of pentaphyllum was higher than in stem, and much higher than those in ginseng. The kind of saponin glycoside in pentaphyllum appeared to be less than 22 and greater than those in ginseng. There was almost no change in saponins of pentaphyllum in methanol for 3 years at room temperature.
Effects of Plant Age and Cultural Conditions on Leaf Shape of Korean Ginseng
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 8, issue 2, 1984, Pages 178~183
This study was conducted to know the influence of plant age and cultural conditions such as plant population density and light intensity under the shading on the leaf shape of panax ginseng. The result obtained were as follows; 1) Leaf length(L)/maximum width(W) was no difference with different age of over 3-over 3year old plant, but that of 1 or 2-yearold was smaller than those of over 3-year old. The values of L/W showed in the order of 2 or 4,3, 1 or 5 leaflet. 2) Ratios of leaflet area to leaf area were 32.0% in leaflet 3, from 209.% to 27.9% in leaflet 2 or 4, and from 6.5% to 7.1% in leaflet 1 or 5. 3) The coefficients of variability for L/W and ratio of leaflet area to leaf area of leaflet 3 were smallest among leaflets. 4) There were significant differences between largest and smallest leaflet 3, leaf areas and ratio of leaflet 3 area to leaf area in same plant. 5) LW and ratio of leaflet 3 area to leaf area were not affected by plant population density. 6) It showed a tendency that the L/W was increased with increasing the light transmittance rate (LTR). The ratio of leaflet 3 area to leaf area of ginseng grown under 20% LTR was not different comparing to that of plant grown under 5% LTR, but it was significantly increased in plant grown at 100% LTR.