Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
A Study on Data Structure and Processing for Battlefield Information Management
Baek, Joo-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 5~11
In digital warfare, communications between combat vehicles should be managed and synchronized in order to ensure the survivability of vehicles. Embedded battle management systems is designed to share battle information with combat vehicles in real-time. In this study, the details of embedded battle management systems which are successfully implemented in combat vehicles are presented.
A Study on Improvement of Aiming Ability using Disturbance Measurement in the Ground Military Vehicle
Yoo, Jin-Ho ; Park, Byung-Hun ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 12~20
The aiming ability is a key to improve the accuracy performance of the gun pointing system in the ground military vehicle. This paper describes the new detection method of chatter vibration using disturbance acceleration in the pointing structure. In order to analysis the vibration trends of the pointing system occurred while the vehicle driving, acceleration data obtained from vehicle was processed by using data processing algorithm with moving average and Hilbert transform. The specific mode constants of acceleration were obtained from various disturbances. Vehicle velocity, road condition and property of pointing structure were considered as factors which make the change of vibration trend in vehicle dynamics. Finally, back propagation neural networks have been applied to the pattern recognition of the classification of vibration signal in various driving conditions. Results of signal processing were compared with other condition result and analysed.
Human Operator Modeling and Input Command Shaping Design for Manual Target Tracking System
Lee, Seok-Jae ; Lyou, Joon ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 21~30
A practical method to design the input shaping which generates control command is proposed in this paper, We suggest an experimental technique considering human operator's target tracking error to improve aiming accuracy which significantly affects hit probability. It is known that stabilization performance is one of the most important factors for ground combat vehicle system. In particular, stabilization error of the manual target tracking system mounted on moving vehicle directly affects hit probability. To reduce this error, we applied input command shaping method using preprocessing filtering and functional curve fitting. First of all, we construct the human operator model to consider effects of human operator on our system. Input shaping curve is divided into several regions to get rid of the above problems and to improve the system performance. At example design part, we chose three steps of functional command curve and determine the parameters of the function by the proposed design method. In order to verify the proposed design method, we carried out the experiments with real plant of a fighting vehicle.
A ballistic lead-computation method to improve firing accuracy of army combat vehicles
Jeoun, Young-Mi ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 31~37
This paper presents a ballistic lead-computation method which utilizes automatic video tracking, tracking assistance and roll uncoupling. The method is able to improve the firing accuracy of army fighting vehicles such as main battle tanks. In the experiment, the efficiency of the proposed method is evaluated by an error analysis in real operating environment. The proposed method has been applied to the fire control system of a military vehicle and proved through the development test of the vehicle.
Design of a Control Display Unit for Commercial Inertial Navigation Systems
Hwang, Dong-Hwan ; Kim, Jeong-Won ; Shin, Dae-Sik ; Lee, Sang-Jeong ; Park, Yong-Woon ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 38~46
This paper proposes a design method of a CDU(Control Display Unit) for commercial INS(Inertial Navigation Systems). In order to guarantee reusability and extendability, the design method is based on the class programming of the Windows operating system. Since the CDU has abstracted functions and variables, it can be interfaced with any INS. It is also easy to extend the designed functions using inheritance and polymorphism of the class. In order to show usefulness of the CDU, it has been implemented for the H-726 INS.
Unsteady Separation Simulation of Missile by Using Moving Grid
Kang, Kyoung-Tai ; Lee, Bok-Jik ; Ahn, Chang-Soo ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 47~52
Missile staging and airframe separation simulation were performed by using a numerical technique for simulating the dynamics of multiple moving bodies. A 6DOF model is fully integrated into the CFD solution procedure to determine the body dynamics. Chimera grid technique offered efficient CFD simulation of multiple moving bodies. Through this simulation the safety of deployed staging and airframe separation mechanism was verified.
Robust Missile Autopilot Design using Dynamic Inversion and PI Control
Cho, Sung-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 53~60
This paper presents a robust nonlinear autopilot design method based on dynamic inversion and PI(Proportional-Integral) control law. The new controller structure which is different from previous work is composed of classical linear PI control law and nonlinear fast dynamic inversion. A pitch axis model of highly maneuverable missiles and a linearized model for designing Pl controller are presented. The performance of proposed method is illustrated via nonlinear simulations including aerodynamic uncertainties and actuator dynamics.
A Study on Real Time Asynchronous Data Duplication Method for the Combat System
Lee, Jae-Sung ; Ryu, Jon-Ha ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 61~68
In a naval combat system, the information processing node is a key functional equipment and performs major combat management functions including control sensor and weapon systems. Therefore, a failure of one of the node causes fatal impacts on overall combat system capability. There were many methodologies to enhance system availability by reducing the impact of system failure like a fault tolerant method. This paper proposes a fault tolerant mechanism for information processing node using a replication algorithm with hardware duplication. The mechanism is designed as a generic algorithm and does not require any special hardware. Therefore all applications in combat system can use this functionality. The asynchronous characteristic of this mechanism provides the capability to adapt this algorithm to the module which has low performance hardware.
An Assessment for Anti-piercing Designs of RC Slabs against Small Caliber Bullets
Kim, Suk-Bong ; Kang, Young-Chul ; Lee, Jong-Chan ; Baek, Sang-Ho ; Park, Young-Jun ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 69~75
So far, anti-piercing depths for concrete slabs have been determined using Conventional Weapon's Effects Program(CONWEP) that was developed by the U. S. Army's Corps of Engineering. However, it has been suggested by a number of field officers that the values computed by CONWEP tend to be too high for protective facilities used in small military units and that indiscriminate application of these values to such facilities would lead to uneconomical penetration-proof designs. In this study, gunshots onto RC slabs were carried out using KM80 bullets in order to measure the piercing depths. The observed depths and the depths offered by the CONWEP system differed greatly from each other by up to 119 centimeters. Based on the depth values obtained through this experiment, we have proposed a new equation to calculate effective anti-piercing depths for RC slabs against small caliber bullets.
The Research of the HERO Test and Evaluation Technique
Shin, Seung-Je ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 76~83
This report presents the test technique using optic thermal sensor for the HERO evaluation of equipment installed EED. The calibration method of EED-thermal sensor assembly is explained by relation between the current in bridge wire and voltage in thermal sensor. And the HERO test and evaluation method is indicated based on MIL-STD-464A and MIL-STD-331C. The safety and reliability levels of EED-thermal sensor assembly are evaluated when exposed in the electromagnetic environment.
Research of the EMI Test Methods for a Surveillance Radar Subsystem Against the Intermodulation and Undesired Signals
Lee, Jin-Ho ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 84~89
MIL-STD-461E, EMI military standard for the equipment and subsystems, requires reception characteristic tests to verify the susceptibility of a receiver against the jntermodulation and spurious signals. Because the CS103 and CS104 of MIL-STD-461E show the test configuration of the equipment unit like a traditional receiver, it is possible to verify the susceptibility only for the reception signal through analog filters. However, at present when software programming techniques make a progress, the CS103 and CS104 tests need to evaluate the reception signal of the subsystem which includes both the digital filtering effects and analog filter characteristics. These test and evaluation techniques applied to a surveillance radar subsystem. This paper researched the EMI test methods in order to confirm feasibility of these test and evaluation techniques. Also the test results are compared and analyzed.
A Construction Scheme of Next Generation Wire Communication System by using Long-reach WDM-PON
Kim, Min-Hwan ; Lee, Sang-Mook ; Lee, Chang-Hee ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 90~99
We demonstrate an 80km-reach 64-channel DWDM-PON based on wavelength-locked F-P LDs by changing the position of the C-band BLS for upstream channels from the CO to the RN. It mitigates the necessity of the high power C-band BLS and its handling problems. It also reduces back scattering induced penalty. We obtained less than
PLRs in all 128channels through 80km SMF. We also demonstrate a 240km-reach DWDM-PON based on wavelength-locked F-P LDs by adding a bidirectional erbium-doped fiber amplifier(EDFA). We show packet-loss-free transmission in all 128channels at 125 Mb/s per channel over 240km SMF We report the detuning effect of arrayed waveguide gratings(AWGs) and crosstalk effect in the implemented system. We Propose an architecture of a next generation defense wire communication system with the demonstrated long-reach DWDM-PON.
Performance Comparison of OFDM and FMT Systems under Jamming Environment
Kim, Jong-Mann ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 100~106
In this paper, the performance of OFDM(Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) and FMT(Filtered Multi-tone) Systems is compared under jamming environment. Two systems are multi-carrier systems to improve data rates. Through the comparison of two systems under jamming environment, the characteristics and strong/weak points of each system are analyzed.
Study on the Reliability Analysis for Fault-Tolerant Dual Ethernet
Kim, Hyun-Sil ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 107~114
This paper describes the Petri Net(PN) model for reliability analysis of fault-tolerant dual Ethernet which Is applied in Naval Combat System. The network for Naval Combat System performs failure detection and auto path recovery by handling redundant path in case of temporary link failure. After studying the behavior of this kind of network, the reliability analysis model is proposed using stochastic Petri Net and continuous-time Markov chains. Finally, the numerical result is analyzed according to changing the failure rate and the recover rate of link.
Impact Analysis of the Processor Alteration on Embedded Computer
Kim, Hyung-Moon ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 115~125
The ubiquitous embedded computers are firmly established as the basic electronic component of design that control military systems. Such applications can be found everywhere in the field of military system. A embedded computer is required to redesign when system needs performance upgrade or production-state of processor is NRND or EOL. This paper describes a scheme about impact analysis of designing processor alteration on embedded computer. In this case, hardware architecture and interrupt source of target system must be considered. Also, performance and throughput of that must be analyzed.
Digital Control of Automatic Gun Systems Incorporating an Intermittently Rotating Chamber
Lim, S.C. ; Kim, K.K. ; Shim, J.S. ; Kil, S.J. ; Kim, H.C. ; Lee, G.H. ; Cha, G.U. ; Cho, C.K. ; Hong, S.K. ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 126~133
Lately, there exist growing demands to increase the firepower of mid-calibre automatic guns despite spatial limitations of armament. In this context, ammunitions of simple cylindrical shape are considered so advantageous that associated automatic guns are under development incorporating an intermittently rotating chamber mechanism. In this paper, relevant subsystems for such guns are to be described, and a digital controller to automate the entire system as well. Via dynamic simulations it proves to function well being able to drive the chamber at any constant speed up to 200spm, which is merely limited by the recoil performance. It is remarkable that the system synchronization idea in use is applicable to any other multi-actuator systems that should operate on the basis of event rather than time.
A Study on the Improvement of DMSMS Management for Weapon Systems
Choi, Seok-Cheol ; Lee, Kyung-Rok ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 134~141
The DMSMS(Diminishing Manufacturing Sources and Material Shortage) can occur in every weapon systems and especially, this phenomenon frequently occurs in electronic parts. But we have no DMSMS-related directives, guidelines, regulations and activities, so we have some difficulties in operating weapon systems. In this paper, we review the reality of DMSMS in our weapon systems and then suggest effective alternatives to reduce the risk of DMSMS for weapon systems.
A Key Distribution Protocol based on ECC
Lee, Jun ; Kim, In-Taek ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 142~147
In this paper we suggest a key distribution protocol based on ECC. This could be apply to multi connection to a sensitive system on a computer network. SSL based on RSA is generally used as a key distribution protocol. By reducing two times encryption/decryption procedures to one time and using ECC algorithm this protocol is faster than SSL. Analyzing the key distribution time on a normal PC experiment, we show that this could be practically used in real world without a hardware implementation.
Real-time Processing for Target of Opportunity Positioning of Counter-fire with Scan-line Algorithm
Jeon, Gi-Yoon ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 148~151
The CF(Counter-fire) is neutralizing enemy's all command control systems and fire support elements. It will weaken a battle continuous ability and an intension to fight. At the beginning of the CF is obtaining locations of targets using various detection assets. CF command center processes acquired target information and send it to attacking equipments. The targets are classified into two classes, preplanned target and target of opportunity The target of opportunity is potential threaten, so it needs to take a immediate and exact process for determining location of target of opportunity. This paper proposes the real-time processing algorithm for offensive weapons to strike target of opportunity, and presents the result of its performance.
Fabrication of High Performance and Low Power Readout Integrated Circuit for
Kim, Chi-Yeon ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 152~159
This paper describes the design, fabrication, and measurement of ROIC(ReadOut Integrated Circuit) for
IRFPA(InfraRed Focal Plane Array). A ROIC plays an important role that transfer photocurrent generated in a detector device to thermal image system. Recently, the high performance and low power ROIC adding various functions is being required. According to this requirement, the design of ROIC focuses on 7MHz or more pixel rate, low power dissipation, anti-blooming, multi-channel output mode, image reversal, various windowing, and frame CDS(Correlated Double Sampling). The designed ROIC was fabricated using
double-poly triple-metal Si CMOS process. ROIC function factors work normally, and the power dissipation of ROIC is 33mW and 90.5mW at 7.5MHz pixel rate in the 1-channel and 4-channel operation, respectively.
The Effect Analysis and Correction of Phase errors by Satellite Attitude Errors using the FSA for the Spotlight SAR Processing
Shim, Sang-Heun ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 160~169
In this paper, we have described and simulated the effect analysis and correction of phase errors in the SAR rawdata induced by satellite attitude errors such as drift, jitter. This simulation is based on the FSA(Frequency Scaling Algorithm) for high resolution image formation of the Spotlight SAR. Phase errors produce the degradation of SAR image quality such as loss of resolution, geometric distortion, loss of contrast, spurious targets, and decrease in SNR. To resolve this problem, this paper presents method for correction of phase errors using the PGA(Phase Gradient Algorithm) in connection with the FSA. Several results of the phase errors correction are presented for Spotlight SAR rawdata.
Optimal Disposition of Direction Finder using EM Wave Propagation Analysis
Yang, Jong-Won ; Choi, Jun-Ho ; Kwon, Do-Baeg ; Kang, Hee-Seog ; Park, Cheol-Sun ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 170~179
This paper introduces the optimal disposition of direction finder using EM(Electro-magnetic) wave propagation analysis which is based on LR(Longley-Rice) propagation model and the characteristics of direction finder, emitter and terrain. Initial model is simulated and modified to minimize propagation error as a result of the field trials. Proposed analysis used line-of-sight analysis and mountain-top extraction algorithm to optimize the disposition in the assigned area and the result can be displayed in the 3D map in order of the percentage coverage for direction finding possibility area.
Mosaicking Techniques of Aerial Photographs using the RANSAC Algorithm
Lim, In-Geun ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 180~187
In this paper, we propose an automatic method which combines two or more images acquired by camera on the air-vehicle into a larger image mosaics. The shift, scaling, rotation factors between two images can be calculated by using the correspondences between the points of the images. In order to estimate these factors, we find the relative positions of two images with respect to each other by using the SIFT descriptor and the RANSAC algorithm. After estimating the factors, the images can be merged into a single image mosaic by warping the target image. To avoid seams when mosaics are constructed from overlapped images, we apply the average gray level value of points within a overlapped zone. We have tested our proposed method on various image sets and have confirmed that our method produced good result subjectively.
Enhancement of Airfoil Post-Stall Characteristics via a Jet Blowing
Lee, Ki-Young ; Chung, Heong-Seok ; Cho, Dong-Hyun ; Sohn, Myong-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 2007, Pages 188~197
Active flow control, in the form of steady and unsteady momentum injection via jet blowing was studied. A jet was obtained by pressing a plenum inside the airfoil and ejecting flow out of a thin slot. The normal and drag forces were measured with leading edge or trailing edge blowing Jet and compared with the results obtained with no blowing. The blowing jet has been shown to improve the aerodynamic performance of the airfoil. The steady jet proved more effective than pulsating jet in these experimental conditions. Furthermore for the case of leading edge steady blowing jet, the alleviation of non-linearity in the normal force curve slope can be seen at higher angles of attack. No effective trailing edge jet was observed in this highly separated flow. This shows that the stall control is highly depends on the characteristics of the boundary layer near the jet slot.