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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Reduction Technique of Recoil Force for Soft Recoil System using Dynamic Behavior
Yoo, Sam-Hyeon ; Lee, Jae-Yeong ; Lee, Jong-Woo ; Jo, Seong-Sik ; Kim, Ju-Hee ; Kim, In-Su ; Lim, Soo-Chul ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 5~11
The future combat system is likely to be studied and developed in terms of enhancing both firepower and mobility simultaneously. Increased firepower often necessitates a heavier firing system. In return, the body of the vehicle needs to be light-weight in order to improve the mobility of the whole system. For this reason, in the areas of weapons systems such as the tank and self-propelled artillery, a number of studies attempting to develop designs that reduce recoil force against the body of the vehicle are being conducted. The current study proposes a tank construction that has a mass-spring-damper system with two degrees of freedom. A tank structure mounted with a specific soft recoil system that was implemented using a soft recoil technique and another tank structure based on a general recoil technique were compared to each other in order to analyze the recoil forces, the displacements of recoil, and the firing intervals when they were firing. MATLAB-Simulink was used as a simulating tool. In addition, the relationship between the movement of the recoil parts and the positions of the recoil latches in each of the two structures were analyzed. The recoil impact power, recoil displacement, firing interval, and so on were derived as functional formulas based on the position of the recoil latch.
Nonlinear Flow-Induced Vibration Analysis of Typical Section in Supersonic and Hypersonic Flows with Angle-of-Attack Effect
Kim, Dong-Hyun ; Kim, Yu-Sung ; Yoon, Myung-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 12~19
In this study, nonlinear flow-induced vibration(flutter) analyses of a 2-DOF launch vehicle airfoil have been conducted in supersonic and hypersonic flow regimes. Advanced aeroelastic analysis system based on computational fluid dynamics and computational structural dynamics is successfully developed and applied to the present analyses. Nonlinear unsteady aerodynamic analyses considering strong shock wave motions are conducted using inviscid Euler equations. Aeroelastic governing equations for the 2-DOF airfoil system is solved by the coupled integration method with interactive CFD and CSD computation procedures. Typical wedge type airfoil shapes with initial angle-of-attacks are considered to investigate the nonlinear flutter characteristics in supersonic(1
5). Also, the comparison of detailed aeroelastic responses are practically presented as numerical results.
Development of the Engagement Control Software Architecture Based on UML 2.0 Model
Yoo, Myong-Hwan ; Bae, Jung-Il ; Shin, Jin-Hwa ; Cho, Kil-Seok ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 20~29
The engagement control software embedded in the weapon control computer of the fire control center for air defense missile system is large-scale real-time software. The use of typical software development methodologies is not appropriate to develop such large-scale embedded software in terms of reusability, reliability, and productivity for the reason that it is significantly complicated, and highly dependent on hardware platforms and developers. In this paper, a model-based software architecture using components based on UML 2.0 for the engagement control software is presented in order to solve these problems. This software architecture is verified using the black-box test, the scenario-based test, and the Ethernet packet monitoring test methods. The results demonstrate that the developed software architecture can be employed to enhance reusability, maintainability, and productivity of large-scale embedded software.
A Development Method for Water Entry Point Selection Algorithm by Detection Probability Analysis
Cho, Sung-Bong ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 30~37
In this paper, Water Entry Point Selection Algorithm(WEPSA) for selecting an optimal Water Entry Point of anti-submarine missiles which maximizes Detection Probability about a given target was investigated. WEPSA is a method which decides the position of an optimal Water Entry Point with calculating the target Detection Probability of a torpedo in the whole domain which centered by the target, performing the Monte-Carlo Simulations which include errors for the target informations and for weapon delivery. We can decide an optimal Water Entry Point of anti-submarine missiles which maximizes Detection Probability about a given target with WEPSA, if we get target informations about target range, target bearing, target speed and target course from Combat Systems.
Study on Analysis Method for Ship's Ferromagnetic Signature using Magnetic Mock-up Model
Yang, Chang-Seob ; Chung, Hyun-Ju ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 38~51
This paper describes research results for the measurement and analysis method of magnetic signatures generated from the ship's magnetic mock-up model. In this paper, we present the theoretical and experimental techniques for the separation of the permanent and the induced magnetic field from the measured magnetic signature of the mock-up model. Also, we describe the prediction method of the induced magnetic field generated from mock-up model using the Magnet s/w, one of the FEM analysis tools for the electro-magnetic field and the magnetic dipole modelling method based on the least square techniques. The proposed modelling and analysis methods can be used for the prediction and the analysis of the static magnetic field generated from the real naval ship as well as the mock-up model.
Variability of Underwater Sound Propagation in the Northern Part of the East Sea
Lim, Se-Han ; Yun, Jae-Yul ; Kim, Yun-Bae ; Nam, Sung-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 52~61
Temporal and spatial variations of sea water largely affect on the pattern of underwater sound propagation. Acoustic environmental changes and their effects on underwater sound propagation in the northern part of the East Sea, which have been poorly studied mainly due to lack of observations, are investigated by analyzing the hydrographic data acquired since 1993. Severe changes in acoustic environments are associated with various physical processes such as deep convection, thermal fronts, and eddies in the northern part of the East Sea. Spatio-temporal variations of sound speed field and the layer of the maximum sound speed are categorized into six typical cases. Using a sound source of 5 kHz, acoustic transmission losses are calculated range-independently for the six typical cases. Significant differences among the patterns of transmission loss in the six cases suggest that a different tactics are required when we operate in the northern part of the East Sea.
A Study on the Gun-Oriented Anti Air Warfare Capability of the Patrol Killer Combat System
Hwang, Kun-Chul ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 62~72
The Gun-Oreinted Anti-Air Warfare(GOAAW) which is still one of the important weapon systems of the vessel like the patrol killer to confront air threats comprises the components of the combat system - Command & Control(C2), Ballistic Calculation Unit, Sensors and Guns. In this paper, the GOAAW process of the patrol killer combat system is analyzed with probability and simulated to evaluate the effectiveness and capability of the GOAAW. As a result of the simulation, the performance measures of the GOAAW are discussed in the functional and operational aspects of the combat system.
Flutter Characteristics and Active Vibration Control of Aircraft Wing with External Store
Kang, Lae-Hyong ; Lee, Seung-Jun ; Lee, In ; Han, Jae-Hung ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 73~80
Modern aircraft are required to carry various external stores mounted at different locations on the wing. Sometimes the attachment of stores to an aircraft wing leads to flutter speed reduction, which is a very severe aeroelastic problem. In order to suppress structural vibration and expand the flutter boundary of the aircraft with stores, it is necessary to investigate the main problems and characteristics of them. In addition, active vibration control may be required because passive vibration isolators show limited capabilities for the various wing/store configuration. In this paper, therefore, the flutter stability to the various wing/store configurations was investigated and active vibration control of wing/store model was performed using a piezoelectric actuator.
Multi-body Dynamic Structural Dynamic Analysis of a Canopy System for Supersonic Fighter Considering Backup Emergency Egress Conditions
Kim, Dong-Hyun ; Kim, Dong-Man ; Kim, Young-Woo ; Yang, Jian-Ming ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 81~87
In this study, analysis of structural design criteria for the canopy actuating device has been conducted considering the aerodynamic breakaway capabilities of jettisonable canopy system. Unsteady aerodynamic loads for the opened canopy configuration at passively controlled jettision mode were computed using CFD method. The general purpose multi-body finite element code, SAMCEF Mecano, is used in the implemented analyses for the passive jettision condition. The recommended altitude and speed of aircraft was suggested as design criteria of aerodynamic breakaway capability of jettisonable canopy system as a bakup egress method when normal canopy jettison sequence malfunctioned. Aerodynamic breakaway condition of jettisonable canopy was also simulated and the fracture load conditions of canopy actuator were investigated.
Fast Automatic Modulation Classification by MDC and kNNC
Park, Cheol-Sun ; Yang, Jong-Won ; Nah, Sun-Phil ; Jang, Won ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 88~96
This paper discusses the fast modulation classifiers capable of classifying both analog and digital modulation signals in wireless communications applications. A total of 7 statistical signal features are extracted and used to classify 9 modulated signals. In this paper, we investigate the performance of the two types of fast modulation classifiers (i.e. 2 nearest neighbor classifiers and 2 minimum distance classifiers) and compare the performance of these classifiers with that of the state of the art for the existing classification methods such as SVM Classifier. Computer simulations indicate good performance on an AWGN channel, even at low signal-to-noise ratios, in case of minimum distance classifiers (MDC for short) and k nearest neighbor classifiers (kNNC for short). Besides a good performance, these type classifiers are considered as ideal candidate to adapt real-time software radio because of their fast modulation classification capability.
A Development of the Virtual Mockup System(ViMS) for a System Design Review of Aircraft
Kim, Cheon-Young ; Park, Young-Keun ; Kim, Sung-Rae ; Kim, Mun-Yeol ; Reu, Tae-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 97~104
In this paper, we have proposed an integrated aircraft development environment which can support virtual design and development for Systems Engineering and IPPD(Integrated Product and Process Development). We have also proposed the ViMS(Virtual Mockup System) which can perform a system design review on an integrated aircraft development environment. The ViMS is an integrated virtual design support system with immersive design review functionality to make a virtual mockup instead of a physical mockup through the virtual reality technology. The functionality of the ViMS consists design data management, design technology, design verification, and design assessment. We have described the detailed development artifact, case studies and conclusions of using the ViMS functionality.
QFD and AHP Studies for Technical and System Requirements of RFID Military Applications
Lee, Chul-Ung ; Kim, Jin-Tae ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 105~115
This study identifies technical barriers and trends on Radio Frequency Identification(RFID) applications for military force, and investigates technical requirements for the RFID implementation on military information systems, based on the preliminary research results from the introductory RFID applications on Ammunition Information System(AIS). We first obtain technical requirements using the Quality Function Deployment(QFD) methods, and identify the areas for research and developments. Furthermore, based on the survey results from military experts and users, we provide the potential application areas for military RFID implementation. Conversely, a technology and research roadmap for RFID in the military system is developed.
Interoperability Assessment Framework for Embedded Software of Weapon Systems
Oh, Haeng-Rok ; Koo, Heung-Seo ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 116~124
As NCW has appeared, the importance of interoperability in modern warfare has been also increased. Korean Defense has constructed and used the Systems Interoperability Test & Evaluation System based on LISI, in order to increase interoperability between Defense Information Systems. However, its evaluating targets are limited to only the information systems, so that it is difficult to apply it to weapon systems. This paper proposes an integrated interoperability assessment framework for korean embedded software of weapon systems based on reviewing the limitations of SITES and the other interoperability assessment models.
The Mechanical Properties Test Results of the Antenna Cover for Hyper Temperature
Kim, Jai-Ha ; Whang, Dong-Kee ; Choe, Dae-Geun ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 125~131
This paper considers the mechanical properties test results of the ceramic fiber reinforced plastic using hyper temperature. These materials were developed to make antenna cover which should not only protect antenna from high temperature and high pressure but also transmit and receive radio frequency for hypersonic missile. So the bending strength tests under the room temperature and the hyper temperature for new materials were done to evaluate of their performances. Also, the conductivity, specific heat, diffusivity and density were tested.
Noise Automatic Gain Control to Stabilize Radar Performance
Kim, Kwan-Sung ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 132~137
The dynamic range of the radar which uses digital signal processors is limited by ADC(Analog-to-Digital Converter). That parameter and ADC loss depend on the noise level of radar receiver. In order to stabilize the performance of radar systems, it is necessary to maintain the noise level constantly. This paper presents the noise AGC(Automatic Gain Control) concept that can keep the noise level constantly and proves that the concept is acceptable through the hardware test and evaluation.
Low Power IR Module Design for Small Arms Using Un-cooled Type Detector
Sung, Gi-Yeul ; Kwak, Dong-Min ; Kwak, Ki-Ho ; Kim, Do-Jong ; Lyou, Joon ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 138~144
This paper introduces the design techniques of an IR module using the 2-D array un-cooled type infrared detector which is applied to the individual combat weapon. Considering the size and weight of the hand carried weapon system, we used a very small-sized detector and applied an adaptive temperature control algorithm so that the operation consumed with low power can be possible. We applied the AR(Auto Regressive) filter to improve the signal-to-noise ratio in a thermal image processing step. We also applied the plateau equalization and boundary enhancement techniques to improve the visibility for human visual system.
A Study of New Filter Gains for the Alpha-beta Tracker
Shin, Sang-Jin ; Oh, Sun-Jin ; Hong, Dong-Hee ; Park, Jin-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 145~151
This paper considers new filter gains for the
tracker which is optimized particularly to minimize the tracking gate size. Optimizing the performance index which is composed of tracking errors due to target maneuver and measurement noise is not different from the existing method to obtain the
gains. However, holding the probability 0.997 that a target exists in the tracking gate and minimizing the gate size produce the new result not similar to the existing
A DLRF(Diode Laser Range Finder) Using the Cumulative Binary Detection Algorithm
Yang, Dong-Won ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 152~159
In this paper, a new design technique on the LRF which is useful for low power laser and a CBDA(Cummulative Binary Detection Algorithm) is proposed. The LD(Laser Diode) and Si-APD(Silicon Avalanche Photo Diode) are used for saving a power. In order to prove the detection range, the Si-APD binary data are accumulated before the range computation and the range finding algorithm. A prototype of the proposed DLRF(Diode Laser Range Finder) system was made and tested. An experimental result shows that the DLRF system have the same detection range using a less power(almost 1/32) than an usual military LRF. The proposed DLRF can be applied to the Unmanned Vehicles, Robot and Future Combat System of a tiny size and a low power LRF.
The Development of High Speed Wavefront Sensor for Diagnosis of Beam Quality of He-Ne Laser
Lee, Young-Cheol ; Lee, Jae-Il ; Kang, Eung-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 160~167
In this paper, we presented the development results of high speed wavefront sensor which is used in diagnosing the beam quality of He-Ne laser for adaptive optics system. The beam quality information of laser in AO system is necessarily required for diagnosing the optical components or correcting the distorted wavefront afterward. According to system requirements, normally, it is requested that there are high precision of measurement and real time processing speed. The developed wavefront sensor in this paper achieved maximum 30Hz of measurement rate and
of measurement precision in RMS. We also applied the developed into an experimental adaptive system and verified the performance of it by correcting the aberrated wavefront with a rate of 30Hz and
/20 precision using the combination of the developed and PID control algorithm.
The Assessment and Characteristics for Indoor Air Quality in Military Barracks
Kim, Suk-Bong ; Jeong, Sang-Jo ; Baek, Sang-Ho ; Kim, Tae-Wook ; Park, Young-Jun ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 168~175
In this study, the Indoor Air Quality(IAQ) in military barracks is evaluated and its characteristics is discussed as well. The military barracks of R.O.K Army are categorized into three types and the IAQ in these individual facilities is measured for 24 hours both in summer and winter. Test results show that the particulate matters(
) and carbon dioxide(
) were the main causes contaminating IAQ in military barracks. While
can be purified by ventilation, adequate facilities have to be installed in case of the new type of combination barracks to remove
. In addition, to improve the living condition of military barracks and to recover IAQ in new combination style barracks which is planned to complete by 2011, a standard or law regulating IAQ in military barracks has to be established.
A Study on Natural Frequencies of a Missile having Split Airframes with Hinged Joints
Kang, Choon-Gil ; Won, Myong-Shik ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 176~184
The missile for this study has shown different natural frequency characteristics depending on the test conditions; natural frequencies obtained from its flight test are higher than those in its ground test. It was found that the hinged joints connecting front airframe to rear one had the nonlinear stiffness and caused the missile to show very complex dynamic characteristics. The angular stiffness at hinged joints was calculated using 3D finite element analysis, and it was verified that there was a highly nonlinear relationship between angular stiffness and external load. Natural frequencies calculated considering the nonlinearity of angular stiffness were nearly the same as test results. Through this study, the dynamic characteristics of a missile having split airframes with hinged joints could be clearly identified and a way of maintaining its natural frequencies consistent was generated.
A Motor Selection Criteria for a Mechatronic System and Its Application to Design a Mine Detection Manipulator for a Multi-Purpose Dog-Horse Robot
Choi, Chang-Hwan ; Jung, Seung-Ho ; Kim, Seok-Hwan ; Lee, Jeong-Yeob ; Choe, Tok-Son ; Chung, Sang-Chul ; Park, Yong-Woon ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 185~194
This paper presents a motor selection technique for a manipulator design that is used in a multipurpose dog-horse robot. Since the dynamics of a manipulator and its servo drives are closely related to each other, it requires a repetitive analysis to determine a suitable motor. In order to simplify this procedure, Straete et al. proposed a simple normalization method to separate the load dependent terms and the motor dependent terms. This technique is adopted in this paper for selecting a motor in designing a manipulator.