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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
The Estimation of the Surface Sidelobe Clutter Distribution for the HPRF Waveform of the M/W Seeker
Kim, Tae-Hyung ; Byun, Young-Jin ; Yi, Jae-Woong ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~7
Tracking and detecting targets by the M/W seeker is affected by the clutter reflecting from the earth's surface. In order to detect the look-down retreating targets, which appear in the sidelobe clutter region, in the M/W seeker of High PRF mode, it is necessary to understand statistical characteristics of the surface sidelobe clutter. Statistical analysis of sidelobe clutter is conducted for several configurations of the surface using data obtained by the CFT (Captive Flight Test) of the M/W seeker in High PRF mode. The probability density function(PDF) fitting is conducted for several configuration and conditions of the surface. PDFs and PDF parameters, which best describe statistical distribution of sidelobe clutter, are estimated.
Robust Ship Wake Search Method in the Target Evasion Environment
Ku, Bon-Hwa ; Lee, Young-Hyun ; Pak, Jung-Min ; Chung, Suk-Moon ; Hong, Woo-Young ; Kim, Woo-Shik ; Lim, Myo-Taeg ; Ko, Han-Seok ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 8~17
This paper proposes robust ship wake search method in the target evasion environment. Moving surface ships generate a long trailing wake in the rear of a surface ship. Wake homing torpedo sensing this wake can detect the surface target and engage it automatically. In wake homing torpedo, wake search method is important element to maximize effectiveness of wake homing torpedo. This paper proposes one-side, two-side and centering mode according to passing wake boundary scenarios. Also, wake deflection angle is deduced by using the principle of deflection angle of acoustic torpedo. The representative experimental results using monte-carlo simulation demonstrate that the searching method using one-side mode is superior to two-side and centering mode in the target evasion environment.
Development of Optimization Method for Anti-Submarine Searching Pattern Using Genetic Algorithm
Kim, Moon-Hwan ; Sur, Joo-No ; Park, Pyung-Jong ; Lim, Se-Han ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 18~23
It is hard to find an operation case using anti-submarine searching pattern(ASSP) developed by Korean navy since Korean navy has begun submarine searching operation. This paper proposes the method to develop hull mount sonar(HMS) based optimal submarine searching pattern by using genetic algorithm. Developing the efficient ASSP based on theory in near sea environment has been demanded for a long time. Submarine searching operation can be executed by using ma ulti-step and multi-layed method. however, In this paper, we propose only HMS based ASSP generation method considering the ocean environment and submarine searching tactics as a step of first research. The genetic algorithm, known as a global opination method, optimizes the parameters affecting efficiency of submarine searching operation. Finally, we confirm the performance of the proposed ASSP by simulation.
A Study on Demagnetization Technique of a Steel Tube using an Anhysteretic Magnetization
Kim, Young-Hak ; Yang, Chang-Seob ; Shin, Kwang-Ho ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 24~28
In this study, we investigated whether the anhysteretic demagnetization process would be applicable to remove a complicated magnetization of a steel tube as a part of the experimental earlier study for a deperming of naval vessel. The magnetic tube used in this study was a 10cm-long and 1cm-diameter steel tube, and magnetized with a E-shape ferrite core to form a nonuniform magnetization in it. In the anhysteretic demagnetization process, a dc magnetic field applied along the longitudinal direction of the tube decreased from
3kA/m to zero-field with the step of
300A/m. At the same time, an ac bias magnetic field with the frequency of 60Hz and the field intensity of 300A/m was excited along the circumstantial direction of the tube. It was found that the anhysteretic process was useful to demagnetize a small-object like a steel tube from the experimental results showing the residual magnetization reduced over 90%.
Realtime Tide and Storm-Surge Computations for the Yellow Sea Using the Parallel Finite Element Model
Byun, Sang-Shin ; Choi, Byung-Ho ; Kim, Kyeong-Ok ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 29~36
Realtime tide and storm-surge computations for the Yellow Sea were conducted using the Parallel Finite Element Model. For these computations a high resolution grid system was constructed with a minimum node interval of loom in Gyeonggi Bay. In the modeling, eight main tidal constituents were analyzed and their results agreed well with the observed data. The realtime tide computation with the eight main tidal constituents and the storm-surge simulation for Typhoon Sarah(1959) were also conducted using parallel computing system of MPI-based LINUX clusters. The result showed a good performance in simulating Typhoon Sarah and reducing the computation time.
Physical Characteristics of Internal Waves and the Effect of Short Depression Internal Wave on Acoustic Transmission in the East Sea
Han, Bong-Wan ; Lim, Se-Han ; Park, Kyeong-Ju ; Kim, Seong-Il ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 37~43
Fluctuations in the ocean are closely related with the underwater acoustic propagation. Internal waves are generated by fluctuation of isopycnal layer in the upper part of the stratified ocean, which are propagated from offshore to coastal area. Physical characteristics of the internal waves existed in the East Sea were derived from the five field experimental data and the ocean monitoring buoy nearshore the mid-east coast of Korea. The dominant periods are appeared in the near-inertial period about
and the short period about a few minutes. The wavelengths of them are
, and the phase speeds are
, respectively The maximum amplitudes are about
. Under the environment of short depression internal wave propagation, the variations of transmission loss field were investigated using an range-dependent acoustic transmission loss model(RAM). The result shows that the large irregular variations of transmission loss caused by progressing the internal wave from offshore toward coast.
A Study of Relationship between Pilot's Spatial Sbility and Unusual Attitude Recovery
Lim, Jin-Hyeuk ; Myung, Roe-Hae ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 44~50
In this study, the relationship between military pilot's spatial ability and unusual attitude recovery was investigate. MRT(Mental Rotation Test) was measured with spatial ability whereas recovery time and error rates were mearsured with respect to 11 unusual attitudes. Eight fighter pilots and eight rear cockpit pilots of F-4E participated in this study. The results showed that MRT response time was significantly correlated with unusual attitude recovery time. The regression equation showed that unusual attitude recovery time was linearly related to MRT response time and could be explained by MRT response time more than 66%. In conclusion, it is recommended that a training is needed to improve the mental rotation ability in a visually restricted environments during maneuvering.
A Study on the Possibility of Airborne Laser Applications to the Korean Missile Defense
Kwon, Yong-Soo ; Park, Eun-Joo ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 51~59
This work describes the possibility of ABL(Airborne Laser) applications to the Korean missile defense. The missile defense system is the multilayered defense system that consists of shooters, sensors and BM/C4I. The ABL is the missile defense system of boost phase. It is placing a high energy, megawatt class chemical oxygen iodine laser and highly sophisticated beam control/fire control and battle management systems on a modified Boeing 747-400F aircraft to detect, track and destroy ballistic missiles in their boost phase of flight. This work analysis the ballistic missile's threat of North Korea and the flight trajectory for the SCUD missile that is cut-off by the ABL. From this analysis the possibility of the ABL applications to the Korean missile defense is presented.
Transition of ACTD by Measuring the Technology Readiness Level
Bae, Yoon-Ho ; Choin, Seok-Cheol ; Moon, Hee-Seung ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 60~69
Recently, request far application of advanced commercial technology to the defense acquisition process, to reduce the budget and shorten development time, has been increased. To accomplish these goals, the Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration(ACTD) is used for the defense acquisition process in Korea. And User Utility Assessment is tested to make a decision for transition to acquisition process. But this process does not include measurement of technology maturity and impacts of interface and interaction among the technologies. In this research, we propose the needs of measurement of TRL and IRL and application of SRL to reduce the risk during development phase, to understand the relations of technologies, and to fulfill the requirement far transition of the ACTD project to system development and demonstration process.
The Development of Evaluation Indicators for the Performance of Defense Core-Technology R&D Projects Using SMR/AHP
Lee, Hyung-Jun ; Kim, Chan-Soo ; Kim, Woo-Je ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 70~79
Currently, the investment on Research and Development(R&D) for defense core technology is continuously increasing to maintain advanced country's R&D level. In accordance with this trend, the national defense R&D investment management system is being more strengthening, and importance of performance evaluation is being emphasized more and more. However, the existing indicators of performance evaluation for defense core technology R&D is limited in efficient management because of the qualitative evaluation items and subjective allocation of points. In this paper, we developed a novel indicator for defense core technology R&D performance evaluation through domestic and foreign related literature and inquiry, brainstorming, and analysis techniques by Stepwise Multiple linear Regression(SMR) and Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP). And we verified effectiveness of proposed indicators of performance evaluation by comparing with the existing evaluation indicators. Our proposed indicators for performance evaluation will create superiority performance on defense R&D fields.
Analysis on MAUP' Effects in Visibility Analysis using GIS
Lee, Joon-Hak ; Kim, Hang-Deuk ; Oh, Kyoung-Doo ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 80~87
The purpose of this study is to analyze the MAUP's effect in visibility analysis using GIS. MAUP normally occurs in the process in terrain spatial analysis including visibility analysis. There are two different types of grid data(based on digital map and Digital Terrain Elevation Data) and 10 different types of areal units are made for modeling, such as
. By analyzing the result, it was possible to observe varying viewshed areas according to different grid cell sizes and the viewshed area did not varied linearly as expected. From a general point of view, smaller unit data map out the real world in more detail, but the results of modeling do not always reach a good conclusion when data are used in modeling for terrain analysis because of the MAUP' effect. The grid cell sizes of 30m or less seems to be adequate for visibility analysis, including terrain analysis considering vegetation heights.
Design and Implementation of Interoperable Adaptor for Simulators Interoperation using IEEE 1516 HLA/RTI
Hong, Jeong-Hee ; Sung, Chang-Ho ; Ahn, Jung-Hyun ; Kim, Tag-Gon ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 88~96
Interoperation between heterogeneous simulators employs definition of standard protocols for data exchange and time synchronization among simulators. The High Level Architecture(HLA) is a specification of common services for such interoperation, which is approved as IEEE standard 1516. This paper presents the design and implementation of an interoperable adaptor which supports development of interoperable simulators under the IEEE 1516 HLA/RTI environment. The adaptor, KHLAAdaptor1516, is implemented as a library form which is linked to HLA-compliant simulators. Design of the adaptor employs a protocol conversion method, the model of which is finite state machine. KHLAAdaptor1516 allows developers to separate interoperable adaptors from stand-alone simulators. The interoperable adaptor manages mapping between HLA services and simulation messages for simulator, This separation increases robustness of a federation and reusability of simulators as well as alleviates much effort and time for maintenance.
The Study of Direction Finding Algorithms for Coherent Multiple Signals in Uniform Circular Array
Park, Cheol-Sun ; Lee, Ho-Joo ; Jang, Won ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 97~105
In this paper, the performance of AP(Alternating Projection) and EM(Expectation Maximization) algorithms is investigated in terms of detection of multiple signals, resolvability of coherent signals and the efficiency of sensor array processing. The basic idea of these algorithms is utilization of relaxation technique of successive 1D maximization to solve a direction finding problem by maximizing the multidimensional likelihood function. It means that the function is maximized over only for a single parameter while the other parameters are fixed at each step of the iteration. According to simulation results, the algorithms showed good performance for both incoherent and coherent multiple signals. Moreover, some advantages are identified for direction finding with very small samples and fast convergence. The performance of AP algorithm is compared with that of EM using multiple criteria such as the number of sensor, SNR, the number of samples, and convergence speed over uniform circular array. It is resulted AP algorithm is superior to EM overally except for one criterion, convergence speed. Especially, for EM algorithm there is no performance difference between incoherent and coherent case. In conclusion, AP and EM are viable and practical alternatives, which can be applied to a direction under due to the resolvability of multi-path signals, reliable performance and no troublesome eigen-decomposition of the sample-covariance matrix.
Development of a SAW based Gyroscope
Oh, Hae-Kwan ; Yun, Sung-Jin ; Lee, Kee-Keun ; Wang, Wen ; Yang, Sang-Sik ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 106~113
This paper presents a surface acoustic wave(SAW) micro-electro-mechanical-systems(MEMS) interdigital transducer (IDT) gyroscope with 80MHz central frequency on a
, which is consisted of a two-port SAW resonator, metallic dots and dual delay lines for the sensor and reference oscillators. Reason for using two delay line oscillators is to extract the gyroscope effect by comparing the resonant frequencies between two oscillators and to compensate the temperature effect. Based on the coupling of modes(COM) simulation, an 80MHz two ports SAW resonator and dual delay line were fabricated and characterized by the network analyzer. Obtained sensitivity was
in the angular rate range of
. Good Linearity and superior directivity were observed.
Navigation Accuracy Improvement of High Dynamic GPS Receiver using Adaptive Kalman Filter
Lee, Ki-Hoon ; Lee, Tae-Gyoo ; Song, Ki-Won ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 114~122
An adaptive Kalman filter is designed as a post-navigation filter to improve the accuracy of GPS receiver's navigation performance in high dynamic environments. Not only the adaptive Kalman filter reduces the large noise error of navigation data which is obtained by least square method, but also the filter is not degraded as normal Kalman filter in high acceleration movements because the system noise is estimated. Also an initialization structure of the filter is desisted in consideration for irregular output condition of navigation data by least squared method such as reacquisition status in GPS receiver. The filter performance is verified by GPS simulator which has the simulation capability of high velocity and acceleration. Finally, a vehicle test including DGPS is executed to conform the real improvement of that filter performance. This filter can be applied to various data measurement systems to improve accuracy in high dynamic conditions besides GPS receiver.
Measurement of Noise and Evaluation of Noise Control Methods for Military Rifle Shooting Ranges
Lee, Sang-Woo ; Kim, Hee-Seok ; Jeong, Sang-Jo ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 123~132
Civil petitions and law suits against the military rifle shooting noise have been increased because many military shooting ranges are located near civilian residential area. In order to solve the noise problems, military have devised various methods. In this study, propagation properties of rifle shot through atmosphere were investigated. The military rifle shooting noise level at 5m from muzzle was between
in all directions. The noise level loom both backward and sideward away from system firing range consisting lines of 8 shooting locations were 90dB, when shots were all fired within 10 seconds. At present some of military bases established sound barriers, muzzle enclosures, silencers, and indoor shooting ranges to reduce noises and these prevention methods can reduce noise by
, respectively. Even though indoor shooting range has the best performance, it requires very expensive construction cost and has short length between target and shooter. In comparison, muzzle enclosure is cheap, but because it is installed in fixed position it can only be used in one shooting position. Therefore a commander should select appropriate methods to reduce military rifle shooting noise considering distance from residential area to the range, mission of military training, budget, etc.