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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
A Concept Study on Efficient Domestic Development of 120mm Self-propelled Mortar System
Kim, Seok ; Kim, Ki-Hoon ; Kim, Seong-Young ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 133~138
A mortar system is able to be fired more rapidly and concentratedly than other field gun systems. A mortar system can be easily manufactured because of its simple structure. It has also been supporting for the fire power of infantry because it can be carried conveniently. But a mortar system has demerits that are the limited firing range, poor accuracy and uncomfortable operability. Korean army plan to be operated rapidly and enlarge battle field in the near future. So weapon systems of Korean army must have longer firing range, automatic laying function and precision firing capability. This study suggests efficient developing concept of 120mm self-propelled mortar system through surveying the technical readiness level of current R&D and manufacturing ability.
A Study on the Prediction of the Remaining Life of the Barrel in Small Arms using Analyzing Dispersion
Kim, Hyun-Jun ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 139~145
This paper includes that there is the way to make the prediction of the remaining life of the barrel in small arms using analyzing dispersion. There are some ways to know the period to change the barrel such as the method of detecting the inner surface directly or inspecting the scratch using the optical sensor. However, it is a more easy way to check the dispersion for soldiers and the directors in a logistics command. Therefore, this study is conducted to focusing on the relation between firing round and dispersion. And the simple equation experimentally derives from pre-tests and analyses. Also, this equation is confirmed through the firing tests during the period of developing K11. In that sense, it can be easily applied to know the period of changing the barrel of small arms in the field army.
A Study on Designing Flash Suppressor for Reducing Muzzle Flash
Lee, Joon-Ho ; Chae, Je-Wook ; Lee, Sung-Bae ; Kim, Hyun-Jun ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 146~151
It is known that muzzle flash can be generated by the reaction between the oxygen in the air and unburned gunpowder contained in the propellant gas if a barrel is not long enough to burn gunpowder fully inside of the barrel. A hugh muzzle flash, which is a characteristic of small arms with short barrel length, disturbs a shooter in aiming at the target at night by making the shooter blind for a while and endangers the shooter's life by revealing firing position to enemies. In addition, the heat of muzzle flash can deteriorate the performance of thermal sights, which are attached to small arms for effective night combat. In this paper, flash suppressors of different shapes were designed for a newly developed 5.56mm caliber rifle with short barrel length and the performance of each flash suppressor to reduce the muzzle flash was compared by on-site test firing. Through the test firing, a highly efficient design of flash suppressor for reducing the muzzle flash was identified. The result of the paper can be referred when designing flash suppressors for small arms with short barrel length.
A Study on the Behavior of Human Right Arm under Impact Condition
Chae, Je-Wook ; Lee, Joon-Ho ; Kim, Hyun-Jun ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 152~158
In this paper, the right arm was modelled by muscle-skeleton elements to obtain the behavior of right arm of human under impact condition, where physical and geometrical properties of human body such as Young's modulus, shear modulus, cross sectional area, length, density, moment of inertia and position were defined. Based on the numerical model of the right arm, the impact response of the right arm was obtained. By the comparison with the experimental results, the model of the right arm was verified.
Design and Performance Analysis of Distributed Detection Systems with Two Passive Sonar Sensors
Kim, Song-Geun ; Do, Joo-Hwan ; Song, Seung-Min ; Hong, Sun-Mog ; Kim, In-Ik ; Oh, Won-Tchon ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 159~169
In this paper, optimum design of distributed detection is considered for a parallel sensor network system consisting of a fusion center and two passive sonar nodes. AND rule and OR rule are employed as the fusion rules of the sensor network. For the fusion rules, it is shown that a threshold rule of each sensor node has uniformly most powerful properties. Optimum threshold for each sensor is investigated that maximizes the probability of detection under the constraint of a specified probability of false alarm. It is also investigated through numerical experiments how signal strength, false alarm probability, and the distance between two sensor nodes affect the system detection performances.
The Implementation of Wireless Communication Test Environment for the Link-K System and Performance Analysis of Multiple Access Protocols
Kwon, Koo-Hyung ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 170~174
This paper describes the wireless communication test environment for the Link-K system and shows the performance analysis of multiple access protocols. The test environment consists of data generator, modem, radio sets, attenuators, and antennas. In case of both CSMA and Roll-Call protocols, throughput performance and delay are measured. And test results are analyzed. The test results would be used for communication performance analysis and network design of Link-K system.
The Design and Implementation of the Data Link System based on the Off-the-shelf Ultra Mobile Personal Computer for Network Centric Warfare(NCW)
Sim, Dong-Sub ; Kim, Ki-Hyung ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 175~181
All of the military aircrafts in Korea Air Force are administered and operated together in the same system regardless of whether they are equipped with the data communication capability or not. The absence of the data communication capability in some of the aircrafts might increase whole kill chain hour at the point of the Network Centric Warfare achievement. Network synergy effects cannot also be desired if the section which is not connected to the network influences to the whole tactical network. Equipping aircrafts with the data communication capability could be done by upgrading the aircrafts, but resulting in high costs and long updating time. This paper is a research about the design and implementation of the UMPC based Data Link System to aircrafts that do not have the data communication capability. The proposed system grafts the UHF-based wireless modem technology and the aircraft flight mission support software onto the off-the-shelf UMPC and GPS system. The employed UHF radio equipment allows communicating tactic data with another aircrafts on the air, the ground control point, and even the Tactical Air Control Party(TACP) control vehicle that achieve missions with aircrafts. It thereby increases such capabilities as navigation aid, situation awareness, quick target identification and attack. We also applied Closed Air Support(CAS) scenarios, which is very close to the real environment, to the experiments of the proposed system. The experimental results show that the proposed system could support the data communication capability effectively and the flight mission at low costs of money and time.
A GPS Receiver Structure for Multi-beamforming
Lee, Geon-Woo ; Lim, Deok-Won ; Lee, Chang-Won ; Park, Chan-Sik ; Hwang, Dong-Hwan ; Lee, Sang-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 182~190
GPS receivers can be disrupted by intentional or unintentional jamming, then it is unable to receive GPS signals and it is impossible to get the correct navigation results. Anti-jamming schemes using array antennas are being studied well due to high performance of those, and the efforts to apply them to GPS receiver are also being done. A GPS receiver structure for a multiple beam-forming scheme among those schemes has been proposed in this paper, and the performance is also compared with that using a general GPS receiver structure. For a general GPS receiver structure, each satellite signal which is formed by a beam-forming scheme is summed to be processed in a part of digital signal processing. For a proposed GPS receiver structure, however, each satellite signal is respectively processed by a designated channel in a part of digital signal processing. Finally, it is confirmed that the proposed GPS receiver structure is superior to a general GPS receiver structure in a point of the carrier to noise power ratio and the navigation accuracy using a software platform.
Calibration of a Korean Weapon Systems Wargame Model
Jung, Kun-Ho ; Yum, Bong-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 191~198
Some of the wargame simulators currently used in the Korean Army were developed by other countries, and do not adequately reflect the Korean Peninsula terrain and weapon systems. This implies that these war game simulators need to be calibrated with respect to the input parameters for properly assessing the effectiveness of the Korean weapon systems. In this paper, AWAM, a wargame simulator, is calibrated in terms of the time-based fighting power(FP). The FP data obtained from the Korea Combat Training Center(KCTC) are used as a reference, and the differences between the AWAM and KCTC FP data are calculated at certain points in time. Then, the Taguchi robust design method is adopted using the probabilities of hitting for the K-2 rifle as controllable input parameters. Two performance characteristics are used. One is the difference between the AWAM and KCTC FP data and the other is the score derived by grouping the difference data. For each case, optimal settings of the probabilities of hitting are determined such that the mean of each characteristic is close to 0 with its dispersion being as small as possible.
Analysis of Infiltration Area using Prediction Model of Infiltration Risk based on Geospatial Information
Shin, Nae-Ho ; Oh, Myoung-Ho ; Choe, Ho-Rim ; Chung, Dong-Yoon ; Lee, Yong-Woong ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 199~205
A simple and effective analysis method is presented for predicting the best infiltration area. Based on geospatial information, numerical estimation barometer for degree of infiltration risk has been derived. The dominant geospatial features influencing infiltration risk have been found to be area altitude, degree of surface gradient, relative direction of surface gradient to the surveillance line, degree of surface gradient repetition, regional forest information. Each feature has been numerically expressed corresponding to the degree of infiltration risk of that area. Four different detection probability maps of infiltration risk for the surveillance area are drawn on the actual map with respect to the numerically expressed five dominant factors of infiltration risks. By combining the four detection probability maps, the complete picture of thr best infiltration area has been drawn. By using the map and the analytic method the effectiveness of surveillance operation can be improved.
Disintegration Mechanism of Ammonium Nitrate Droplets by Melt Spray
Ahn, Jin-Hwan ; Kim, Jae-Kyeong ; Kim, Jun-Hyung ; Koo, Kee-Kahb ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 206~212
The pressurized spray system with nitrogen gas was designed to fabricate the spherical AN(ammonium nitrate) particles. When AN melt was sprayed from a nozzle with equivalent diameter of 0.28mm into an ambient dry air, the ligament breakup mechanism of the molten AN was found to be responsible for the droplet formation(or disintegration) of AN melt. In the experimental range of spray temperature with
and atomization pressure with
, the spherical AN particles with mean diameter of
The Design and Implementation of the Collision Avoidance Warning Function in the Air Traffic Control System
Song, Jin-Oh ; Sim, Dong-Sub ; Kim, Ki-Hyung ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 213~221
An aircraft collision accident is a disaster that causes great losses of inventories and lives. Though a collision avoidance warning function is provided automatically to pilots in the aircrafts by the enhancement of the aircraft capability, achieving fast decision-making to escape a collision situation is a complex and dangerous work for pilots. If an in-flight collision situation is controlled by the air traffic control system which monitors all airplanes in the air, it would be more efficient to prevent in-flight collisions because it can handle the emergency before the pilot's action. In this paper, we develop the collision avoidance warning function in the air traffic control system. Specifically, we design and implement the five stages of the collision avoidance function, and propose a visualization method which could effectively provide the operators with the trajectories and altitudes of the aircrafts in a collision situation. By developing an in-flight collision warning function in the air traffic control system that visualizes flight patterns through the state transition data of in-flight aircrafts on the flight path lines, it can effectively prevent in-flight collisions with traffic alerts. The developed function allows operators to effectively select and control the aircraft in a collision situation by providing the operators with the expected collision time, the relative distance, and the relative altitude while assessing the level of alert, and visualizing the alert information which includes the Attention-Warning-Alert phase via embodying the TCAS standard. With the developed function the air traffic control system could sense an in-flight collision situation before the pilot's decision-making moment.
The Bias Drift Due to Fiber Coil Temperature Variation and the Temperature Compensation in Fiber Optic Gyroscope
Jo, Min-Sik ; Chong, Kyoung-Ho ; Do, Jae-Chul ; Choi, Woo-Seok ; Song, Ki-Won ; Kang, Su-Bong ; Shin, Won-Chul ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 222~227
The bias characteristics due to the changes of temperature and temperature gradient of fiber coil are investigated in fiber-optic gyroscope. The bias performance is degraded with the changes of temperature and temperature gradient of fiber coil. The temperature compensation using both the temperature-dependent bias measurement and the temperature-induced error model of fiber-optic gyroscope improves the bias stability about 3 times as much as the uncompensated original case, which leads to very stable bias performance over the temperature range from
Kinetic Study on the Cationic Polymerization of Glycidyl Azide Monomer(GAM) by Real-Time In-suti IR
Kim, Hyoung-Sug ; Kim, Kwan-Yung ; Kang, Shin-Choon ; Noh, Si-Tae ; Kim, Jin-Seuk ; Yu, Jae-Chul ; Choi, Keun-Bae ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 228~235
We synthesized glycidyl azide monomer(GAM) as a monomer for polymerization of glycidy azide polymer(GAP) which is a promising energetic prepolymer for a plastic-bonded explosive. Using quantitative real-tim in-situ infrared(in-situ IR) spectroscopy, kinetic study on the cationic ring opening polymerization of GAM was carried out. The reaction rate was obtained from monitoring the change of ether C-O stretching band(
) in series IR spectra. The reaction was in accordance with the first-order reaction law for each of reaction temperature at 100/1 mole ratio of [GAM]/[
]. In the ring opening polymerization of GAM, with ratio of [GAM]/[
] to equal 100/1 at various temperature, the activation parameters obtained from the evaluation of kinetic data were
Feasibility Study on Road Bridge Passed by Heavy Equipment Transporter
Kang, Young-Chul ; Lee, Pil-Jae ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 236~247
In Korea, the driving system restriction criteria is strictly applied(gross weight 400kN, axial load 100kN). Especially after the Seoungsu Bridge accident, safety factor has been strictly applied. The Safety factor is applied to the cumulative results for each steps like design, construction, maintenance of the Bridge. Because of it, the bridge is undervalued compared to its capacity. So, this generates loss for both private and military sector(eg. logistical delays, structural damage, etc.). But analyzing data from many existing researches we have confirmed that the military heavy vehicle may pass through the first class bridges. In consequence, this study have focused on determining whether HETS vehicles can pass over the first class bridge, without safety issues, using MIDAS structural analysis program. The results have confirmed that the military heavy vehicle may pass over the bridge.
Study on the Model of Fighter Aircraft Mission Severity for Development of KF-X
Kim, Sug-Ho ; Hwang, Young-Ha ; Shin, Ki-Su ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 2, 2009, Pages 248~257
The aim of this paper is to propose fighter aircraft's mission severity model which can be used as one of key factors for designing a structure and determining design life of KF-X. The mission severity is a quantitative data of flight loads and expressed by Nz(Vertical Load Factor) exceedances or occurrences. The severities of the flight loads depended on the circumstances of the countries which operate fighter aircraft. In this paper we have studied on Nz occurrences/exceedances of ROKAF fighter aircraft to generate mission severity model for the KF-X. The analyses of flight data were accomplished by using the Matlab.