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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 13, Issue 3 - May 2010
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
Selecting the target year
A Study of Dynamic Impact Models for Pile-Driver Breech Fatigue Testing System
Cho, Chang-Ki ; Cha, Ki-Up ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 511~519
This paper presents the modeling and validation of a pile-driver breech fatigue testing system model to replicate actual high pressure in a large caliber gun barrel. A hysteresis damping function was incorporated in the nonlinear impact force model. Test of real pile-driver breech fatigue testing system had been performed for model validation. Comparison of the experimental result and model simulation during impact were made. Numerical studies were performed to evaluate how the actual chamber pressure pattern in the live firing of gun barrel was affected by parameters' variation. Some of the parameters simulated included input velocity, damping coefficient and stiffness. As a result, a variety of actual chamber pressure pattern could be reproduced and controlled through current simulation model.
Kill Probability Analysis Based on the Relation between Final Angle of Attack and Impact Angle of a Guided Anti-tank Missile
Jeong, Dong-Gil ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 520~527
The kill probability of a missile depends on guidance error, warhead performance, and etc. In this paper, we analyzed the kill probability of anti-tank missile in a new approach. Under the condition that the missile hit the target, we studied the effect of angle of attack and impact angle. High impact angle increase the probability that the missile hits the upper armour which is relatively weaker, while high angle of attack at the impact instant decreases the effectiveness of the jet induced by the warhead. We proposed a way to increase the capability of penetration by analyzing the interrelation between impact angle and angle of attack.
A Calculation Method of Source Level of Underwater Transient Noise by Frequency Band
Choi, Jae-Yong ; Oh, Jun-Seok ; Lee, Phil-Ho ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 528~533
This paper describes a calculation method of source level of a ship transient noise, which is one of the important elements for the ship detection. Aim of transient noise measurements is to evaluate of acoustic energy due to singular occurrence, which is therefore defined as non-periodic and short termed events like an attack periscope, a rudder and a torpedo door. In generally, in the case of randomly spaced impulse, the spectrum becomes a broadband random noise with no distinctive pattern. Therefore, frequency analysis is not particularly revealing for type of signal. In the paper, it is performed in time domain to analyze a transient noise. However, a source level of transient noise is required an investigation for multiple frequency band. So, in order to calculate a source level of transient noise, a design of exponential weighting function, convolution, band pass filtering, peak detection, root mean square, and parameter compensation are applied. The effectiveness of this calculation scheme is studied through computer simulations and a sea test. Furthermore, an application of the method is applied in a real case.
The Design, Construction and Flight of Human Powered Aircraft Sky Runner
Lee, Ki-Young ; Choy, Seoung-Ok ; Oh, Jang-Geun ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 534~541
With the financial sponsorship of FKI and six other companies, the design and construction of the human powered aircraft Sky Runner has been begun to design in December of 2008. And it flew in late December of 2009. The original design configuration was continuously modified in response to test results as a 30.36m span,
wing area, 26.0 aspect ratio and 39.8kg of empty weight. Although, we have made only 150m flight flying a few seconds so far however, it will contribute to the research of ultra-light and long duration flying planes. A brief review of some design features, wing layout, prop design, fabrication and flight test results are presented.
A Study on Performance Test Methods for Cooled Infrared Detector
Kim, Jae-Won ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 542~550
Cooled infrared detector is widely used as the core part in a variety of the thermal imaging systems. For the selection of the highly reliable cooled infrared detector with good performance, it is necessary for us to possess the characterization methods of the well defined performance index of cooled infrared detector. In this paper, various performance index of the cooled infrared detector including reliability as well as the optical and cooling performance of cooled infrared detector are defined and their characterization methods will be investigated and implemented systematically.
The Factor Localization for Air-to-Ground Weapon Delivery Error Using Fault Localization
Kim, Jae-Hwan ; Choi, Kyung-Hee ; Chung, Gi-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 551~560
In this paper, we suggest a localization method of factors affecting the accuracy of Air-to-Ground weapon delivery. The proposed method, called FBEL(Factor-Based Error Localization), is based on the fault localization technique widely utilized in the realm of software engineering field. FBEL localizes the major factors affecting the performance of weapon delivery. To analyze the effectiveness and the applicability of FBEL, we applied FBEL to real firing data and got the major factors caused the errors. We expect that the method could contribute to improve the quality of weapon delivery system. We also expect that it may aid improvement of pilot capability greatly, if it is applied to pilot firing training.
An Analysis of Instrumentation Radar's Beacon Tracking Performance Considering a Target Attitude
Ryu, Chung-Ho ; Ye, Sung-Hyuck ; Hwang, Gyu-Hwan ; Seo, Il-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 561~568
Instrumentation radar in a test range has an important role to measure target's TSPI(time, space, position, information). It is well known that it tracks a target stably using a beacon mode. But it may fail to track a target in a certain region using a beacon mode. In this paper, we modeled a simple missile shape similar to ATCMS with two beacon antenna and analyzed an antenna radiation pattern using MLFMM(Multi Level Fast Multipole Method) method. Using the analyzed result of the radiation pattern of the antenna and the attitude data of target, we simulated beacon tracking performance of an instrumentation radar. As a result of simulation, we showed that an instrumentation radar may lose the target because it tracks a area of the beacon antenna pattern.
A Method Eliminating the Interference Signal for the Test of the Radar Electronic Protection Performance
Jung, Hoi-In ; Lee, Sung-Ho ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 569~576
Jamming simulator has developed for the purpose of the test and evaluation on the electronic protection capabilities of the tracking radar onboard ship. This simulator has the capabilities to generate and radiate the jamming signals against the radar as well as those to receive, analyze and identify the radar signals at a real sea environment. The limited space of ship superstructure has led to the serious distortion caused by the ring around phenomenon that some sidelobes of the jamming beams were coming back to the receiving antenna. In this paper, we have proposed the methods to eliminate the ring around. First, we have inserted the groove metal screen between transmitting and receiving antennas. Second, we have used the PRI(Pulse Repetition Interval) tracking loop to control the switching timing of the input radar and the output jamming signal. Finally, we have demonstrated the performance and effectiveness of the proposed methods through the sea trial.
The Data Compression Method for increase of Efficiency in Tactical Data Communication over Legacy Radios
Sim, Dong-Sub ; Shin, Ung-Hee ; Kim, Ki-Hyung ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 577~585
The Military Tactical Communication technology for effective network-centric warfare is developing. Targeting broadband wireless transmission, core technology for connection, and Transmission technology that secure survivability under High-speed Movement environment. On the one hand, Tactical data communication system that reflects military characteristic is developing on the base of Legacy communication equipment which is used in the field. Because almost every military units in the field have used voice to communicate which lower efficiency of operation, they have made effort to Substitute voice communication which delays military Operation Tempo to digital communication. The Communications environment of troops in Forward edge of battle field area is very poor. Especially in terms of limited frequency allocation and bandwidth. Therefore, improving the efficiency of frequency is essential for Military Tactical Communication. This paper is about The Data Compression Method for increase of Efficiency in Tactical Data Communication over Legacy Radios which are UHF, VHF, HF Radio. I proposed and proved the most efficient Data Compression Method that reflects military characteristic, after analyzing the experimentation, which simulate CAS(Close Air Support mission) data transmission between Pilot and TACP.
Performance Analysis of the AC-DC Transformation Method using Multi-level Pulsating Current and Selection Switch
Lee, Jae-Seang ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 586~593
In this paper, I have proposed that the 1st and 2nd AC-DC transformation methods using multi-level pulsating currents and selection switches. Through making the rectified voltage of the proposed AC-DC translation which is similar to reference voltage by selecting from multi-level pulsating currents, the proposed translation has dramatically reduced the ripple voltage. I have compared the performance of the DC voltage, the ripple voltage and the peak to peak voltage of the proposed method with the conventional method. The simulation results show that the proposed 2nd method has the better performance than the 1st method in the point of average DC voltage drop and peak to peak voltage increase.
A Research of the Reliability Analysis and Application Method Based on Non-parametric Statistics Using Field Data
Na, Il-Yong ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 594~600
In this paper, we introduced non-parametric statisticals method that could analyse the field data and proposed application ways such as repair-part demand forcasting, MTBF estimation and trend analysis, identity comparison with two populations using the analytical results. In addition, we applied that to real field data which has been collected for about ten years from K series tracked vehicle. After that, we compared the results with those using traditional parametric statistical method, and verified the usability of them.
Development and Application of the Spare-parts Cost Estimating Relationships
Ryu, Min-Kyu ; Lee, Yong-Bok ; Kang, Sung-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 601~611
Currently, a life cycle cost estimates(LCCE) is the most important factor in weapon system acquisition process. However, operation and maintenance(O&M) cost related studies are insufficient from the previous literature survey. O&M cost consists of various cost factors such a man power, maintenance and direct & indirect support costs. We have known that spare-parts cost is a key factor in the O&M cost. In this paper, we developed the spare-parts cost estimating relationships(CERs) of fixed-wing aircraft and armored vehicle weapon systems which include 4 historical cost drivers ; system acquisition cost, deterioration rate, localization rate, mission characteristic. Furthermore, we proposed the application methodologies that O&M cost estimating, total life cycle cost estimating and determination of the economic life using the spare-parts CERs.
A Study on the TPM for Performance Management of Weapon System R&D Program
Hur, Jang-Wook ; Noh, Hyun-Il ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 612~618
In order to successfully manage of the state-of-the-art weapon system R&D program which are under the limited budget and schedule but also has a high level of technical risks, it is gaining weights to use such a scientific program management tool as TPM. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to review the concept of the TPM and its relation among MOE, MOP and TPM, and introduce an application method of TPM mainly focusing on helicopter development program. It has the organized structure, detailed procedure and 282 parameters for performance management through the TPM.
A Study on Evaluation of Combat Effectiveness in WMA-EA based on C2 Model
Park, Yang-Soo ; Jung, Chan-Ki ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 619~626
ROK Joint Chiefs of Staff in developing an WMA-EA(Warfighting Mission Area-Enterprise Architecture) tries to create the practical buildup requirements of military power through precise requirements and operational capabilities based on the architectures. However, it is difficult to verify the effectiveness of target architectures and do efficient requirement planning because we cannot know the gap of quantitative combat effectiveness between current and target WMA-EAs. This study presents an evaluation method of combat effectiveness and focuses on combat's positive effects in WMA-EAs. The method proposed is based on C2 model which is appropriate for the evaluation of combat effectiveness in architectures. We verify the effectiveness of the proposed method through a case study of an anti-ship warfare architecture.
A Study on a Group Key Agreement using a Hash Function
Lee, Jun ; Kim, In-Taek ; Park, Jong-Bum ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 627~634
In this paper we suggest a group key agreement protocol among a group consisting more than 3 PKIs. From an 128 bit message, we produce a group key to any length size using a hash function. With a computer experiment we found that PKI's encryption/decryption time is the most dominant part of this procedure and an 160 bit ECC PKI is the most efficient system for distributing an 128 bit message in practical level. We implement this procedure over an unsecure multi user chatting system which is an open software. And we also show that this suggestion could be practically used in military business without a hardware implementation.
Efficient Public Key Broadcast Encryption System
Lee, Moon-Shik ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 635~641
In this paper, we propose an efficient public key broadcast encryption system which can also extend traitor trace and revoke system. Although the proposed system has limited collusion size, the ciphertext size in the system can be sublinear in the number of total users, the private key size is constant, the computational cost can be sublinear and it can support black-box tracing algorithm, therefore, our system can be an option to applications where reducing the ciphertext size, private key size is a top priority. Furthermore, we can also apply our system to military document broadcast system, because it has such an efficient measurement.
LOS Analysis Algorithm for Mid-range Guided Weapon System
Lee, Han-Min ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 642~649
LOS analysis is used for optimal deployment of mid-range guided weapon system or system engagement effectiveness simulation. Comparing to real-world, LOS analysis includes error sources such as coarse terrain data resolution, refraction of radio waves, and several ideal assumptions. In this research, exact LOS algorithm under assumption of constant earth curvature and error analysis of that is investigated. It proved that LOS algorithm under assumption of constant earth curvature has negligible error in mid-range guidance weapon system's scope.
Analysis of Routing Protocol for Tactical Backbone of TICN
Jang, Dong-Ki ; Kwon, Tae-Wook ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 650~658
Recently Korea Army developed the TICN which is the next army tactical communication system. The TICN will support ability from under environment, strategy maneuver communication system of integrated army dimension overcome and NCW. If the IER(Information Exchange Requirement) phases 3 of the future application system, the analysis that a transmission ability of the TICN is the uncapable is govern. The TICN tactical backbone's ability is very important. Therefore, network efficiency index in application and analysis of the standard protocol for the data transmission guarantee are obliged. For the TICN tactical backbone, this paper analyzes of routing protocol efficiency index and compares to superiority of the OSPF(v2) and integrated IS-IS protocols in the tactical environment. Conclusively we proposed that integrated IS-IS protocol is more suitable for TICN backbone routing protocol.
Structural and Optical Characteristics of ZnS/CdS Powders and Thin Films
Chang, Ki-Seog ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 659~664
The ZnS/CdS thin films were made using 99.99% ZnS and CdS(Aldrich) powders in
. The ZnS layer was coated over the CdS layer on an AlOx membrane within a vacuum, at the average speed of
. After studying the ZnS/CdS and CdS thin films(both with the dimensions of 2.52nm), using fluorescence spectroscopy and comparing the respective results together, we found that although both of the resulting spectra peaked at 390nm, the ZnS/CdS thin films showed a narrower peak, and a higher intensity of photoluminescence than the CdS thin films. The particles of ZnS/CdS thin films also proved to be more homogeneous in size. In addition, the ZnS layer acted as a protective layer. Also, after studying the spectra of ZnS/CdS thin films taken 30 days after their preparation, we found no signs of aging. These results were verified through the scanning electron microscopy(SEM), EDX analysis, thin film X-ray diffraction, and luminescence spectroscopy.
Uncertainty Evaluation of Dynamic Pressure Calibrator by Monte Carlo Simulation
Kim, Moon-Ki ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 665~672
This paper describes Monte Carlo Simulation(MCS) to assess the uncertainty of dynamic pressure calibrator and the expanded uncertainty results that were compared by GUM approximation and MCS. MCS uncertainties were computed using defining a domain of possible inputs, generating inputs randomly using probability distribution, performing a deterministic computation repeatedly and aggregating the results. It was revealed that the expanded uncertainty between GUM and MCS was different from each other. the expanded uncertainties were 0.5366%, 0.4856%, respectively. MCS is a suitable method for determining the uncertainty of simple and complex measurement systems. It should be more widely used and studied in measurement uncertainty calculations.
A Study on Radar Waveform - Polyphase Sequence
Yang, Jin-Mo ; Kim, Whan-Woo ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 673~682
This paper describes and analyzes a various generation methods of the mutually orthogonal polyphase sequences with low cross-correlation peak sidelobe and low autocorrelation peak sidelobe levels. The mutual orthogonality is the key requirement of multi-static or MIMO(Multi-Input Multi-Output) radar systems which provides the good target detection and tracking performance. The polyphase sequences, which are generated by SA(Simulated Annealing) and GA(Genetic Algorithm), have been analyzed with ACF(Autocorrelation Function) PSL(Peak Sidelobe Level) and CCF(Crosscorrelation Function) level at the matched filter output. Also, the ambiguity function has been introduced and simulated for comparing Doppler properties of each sequence. We have suggested the phase selection rule for applying multi-static or MIMO systems.
A Method for Terrain Cover Classification Using DCT Features
Lee, Seung-Youn ; Kwak, Dong-Min ; Sung, Gi-Yeul ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 683~688
The ability to navigate autonomously in off-road terrain is the most critical technology needed for Unmanned Ground Vehicles(UGV). In this paper, we present a method for vision-based terrain cover classification using DCT features. To classify the terrain, we acquire image from a CCD sensor, then the image is divided into fixed size of blocks. And each block transformed into DCT image then extracts features which reflect frequency band characteristics. Neural network classifier is used to classify the features. The proposed method is validated and verified through many experiments and we compare it with wavelet feature based method. The results show that the proposed method is more efficiently classify the terrain-cover than wavelet feature based one.
Studies on Application of Psychoactive Drugs for Relieving of Combat Fatigue
Kim, Dong-Soo ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 689~698
Fatigue has been a common symptom of warfighters who were participated in the early morning hours, late night hours, and sustained operations. Continuous operations may disrupt circadian rhythm, resulting in impaired combat capability. It is important to enhance alertness and sleep quality of warfighters for maintaining combat capability. A number of anti-fatigue strategies are available including medications. Here in, the pharmacological countermeasures of combat fatigue have reviewed, and the direction of research in the pharmacological countermeasures against combat fatigue are proposed.
Effect of Electrode Structures on Electron Emission of the
Seo, Min-Su ; Hong, Ki-Min ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 699~707
Electric-field-induced electron emission from the three kinds of
ferroelectric cathodes with different electrode structure has been investigated. Regardless of the electrode structures, a threshold field of the each cathode was 2.5-2.6kV/mm, which is 3 times higher than the coercive field of
material. Although the waveform of the electron currents was affected by the structure of the electrode, no significant difference for the emission properties such as the peak current and the pulse width was observed from the three kinds of the cathodes. However, the current density of the cathode was dependent on the electrode structure. From the simulation of electric field distribution, the surface flashover, and the injury region of the cathode surface, it was proved that the prime electrons were initiated at the electrode-ceramic-vacuum triple point by field emission and the emission currents were strongly enhanced by the surface plasma.
Development of the Precise Multi-Position Alignment Method using a Pitch Motion
Lee, Jung-Shin ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 708~715
In Strapdown Inertial Navigation System, alignment accuracy is the most important factor to determine the performance of navigation. However by an existing self-alignment method, it takes a long time to acquire the alignment accuracy that we want. So, to attain the desired alignment accuracy in as little as
minutes, we have developed the precise multi-position alignment method. In this paper, it is proposed a inertial measurement matching transfer alignment method among alignment methods to minimize the alignment error in a short time. It is based on a mixed velocity-DCM matching method be suitable to the operating environment of vertical launching system. The compensation methods to reduce misalign error, especially azimuth angle error incurred by measurement time-delay error and body flexure error are analyzed and evaluated with simulation. This simulation results are finally confirmed by experimentations using FMS(Flight Motion Simulator) in Lab and the integration test to follow the fire control mission.