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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
A Study of the Lug Fracture Improvement for Composite Leaf Spring Landing Gear
Shim, Daisung ; Jang, Deakhyeon ; Park, Chahwan ; Kim, Jounghun ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 4, 2015, Pages 343~349
DOI : 10.9766/KIMST.2015.18.4.343
This is a study for the improvement of the fractured lug structure that connects the landing gear to the fuselage of the aircraft using the composite leaf spring landing gear. The lug surface was analyzed to find out the cause of fracture. The lug was destroyed by the crack initiation and propagation under the repeated stresses. The frictional wears of the lug structure were proceeded and that affected adversely to the crack. Also, the square protrusion of the lug has a weak shape to bring about stress concentration. The design changes were conducted and the test was performed to verify changed design results.
A Study on Detection of Underwater Ferromagnetic Target for Harbor Surveillance
Kim, Minho ; Joo, Unggul ; Lim, Changsum ; Yoon, Sanggi ; Moon, Sangtaeck ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 4, 2015, Pages 350~357
DOI : 10.9766/KIMST.2015.18.4.350
Many countries have been developing and operating an underwater surveillance system in order to protect their oceanic environment from infiltrating hostile marine forces which intend to lay mines, conduct reconnaissance and destroy friendly ships anchored at the harbor. One of the most efficient methods to detect unidentified submarine approaching harbor is sensing variation of magnetism of target by magnetic sensors. This measurement system has an advantage of high possibility of detection and low probability of false alarm, compared to acoustic sensors, although it has relatively decreased detection range. The contents of this paper mainly cover the analysis of possible effectiveness of magnetic sensors. First of all, environmental characteristics of surveillance area and magnetic information of simulated targets has been analyzed. Subsequently, a signal processing method of separating target from geomagnetic field and methods of estimating target location has been proposed.
Development of the SONAR System for an Unmanned Surface Vehicle
Bae, Ho Seuk ; Kim, Wan-Jin ; Kim, Woo-Shik ; Choi, Sang-Moon ; Ahn, Jin-Hyeong ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 4, 2015, Pages 358~368
DOI : 10.9766/KIMST.2015.18.4.358
Recently, unmanned systems are largely utilized in various fields due to the persistency and the least operational risk and an unmanned surface vehicle(USV) is the one of the representative application in the naval field. To assign multiple roles to an USV, we developed a sonar system which consists of a forward detecting sonar for the long-range detection, a downward detecting sonar for the small target scan and identification, and a strut type body for mounting sonar systems. In this paper, we described the developed sonar system for USV and the sea test results for verifying system performance. The test results showed that the developed sonar system was able to detect the underwater target about several kilometers away and could recognize a small object at the downside of the sonar system. We expect that the developed sonar system will be easily applied to other unmanned platforms without serious consideration.
Design of Transparent Electromagnetic Absorbing Structure for Stealth Aircraft Canopy
Hong, Ic-Pyo ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 4, 2015, Pages 369~375
DOI : 10.9766/KIMST.2015.18.4.369
In this paper, transparent circuit analog radar absorbing structure with angular stability for stealth aircraft canopy was proposed and designed. To obtain wideband electromagnetic absorption, optical transparency and smaller thickness, we proposed the novel FSS(Frequency Selective Surface) for X-band and implemented the resistive FSS and PEC(Perfect Electric Conductor) plane using ITO(Indium Thin Oxide) coating with optical transmissivity of 90 %. Reflection loss characteristics for different incident angles of both TE(Transverse Electric) and TM(Transverse Magnetic) polarizations are presented through simulations. We then fabricated the proposed structure to verify the simulation results. The comparisons between the simulation and measured results show good agreements. The results also show that the proposed radar absorbing structure can provide better frequency stability for different incidence angles and polarizations as well as optical transparency. We can apply this proposed structure to the canopy of stealth aircraft and other stealth applications for visible transparency.
MOFs for the Detection of High Explosives
LEE, Junwung ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 4, 2015, Pages 376~386
DOI : 10.9766/KIMST.2015.18.4.376
MOFs(Metal-Organic Frameworks) are new kinds of materials comprised of metal ions and functional organic ligands, and have large pores in its rigid structures which give the materials various functionalities, including gas absorption, separation, drug delivery etc. Recently photoluminescence properties of MOFs and possibilities of its application to high explosive sensing technologies are drawing attentions from scientists and engineers, because these methods are simple, cheap and easy to perform detection operations. In this article the author reviews the mechanisms of photoluminescence of MOFs, the detection methods of high explosives using MOFs and recent research progresses based on the papers published mainly during last 10 years.
Development of Chemical Vapor Sampler for Man-in-Simulant Test(MIST)
Jung, Hyunsook ; Lee, Kyoo Won ; Kah, Dongha ; Jung, Heesoo ; Ko, Chung Ah ; Choi, Geun Seob ; Park, Hyen Bae ; Lee, Hae Wan ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 4, 2015, Pages 387~394
DOI : 10.9766/KIMST.2015.18.4.387
We have recently developed a cost-effective and pouch-type chemical vapor sampler which consists of a selectively permeable high density polyethylene(HDPE) membrane, aluminum/nylon barrier film, and adsorbents. Since the sampler mimics the actual adsorption process that occurs when the skin is exposed to chemical vapors, it can be applied to man-in-simulant test(MIST) to determine the protective capability of individual protective ensembles for chemical warfare agents. In this study, we describe the manufacturing process of samplers and results for performance testing on MIST. Methyl salicylate(MeS) is used to simulate chemical agent vapor and the vapor sampler was used to monitor chemical concentration of MeS inside the protective suit system while worn. Values of protection factors(PF) were also analyzed to provide an indication of the protection level of the suit system evaluate by MIST. The results obtained by home-made samplers(ADD samplers) and commercially avaliable ones(Natick samplers) showed no significant differences.
A Study on the Silicone Rubber of Sabot Assembly for the Velocity Multiplication of Mini Ball
Kim, Young-Min ; Jin, Doo-Han ; Chung, Dong-Teak ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 4, 2015, Pages 395~401
DOI : 10.9766/KIMST.2015.18.4.395
A mini ball launch system was developed for the study of dynamic fracture of ceramic materials. The principle of velocity multiplication system is similar to two stage gun. The plastic sabot assembly houses steel plunger and the void filled with silicone rubber. The sabot is stopped by the stopper block then the steel plunger inside the sabot compress the silicone rubber to high pressure. Then the compressive energy of the silicone rubber is transferred to the ball. More than ten times of initial speed was attained. In this study, most effective silicone rubber for the highest final speed was chosen out of three different varieties by launch tests.
A Study on the Protective Capacity of Military Shelters in the Contact Areas
Park, Young Jun ; Park, Sangjin ; Eom, Hong Seob ; Son, Kiyoung ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 4, 2015, Pages 402~408
DOI : 10.9766/KIMST.2015.18.4.402
Protection against direct projectiles has been adapted just to the main command posts in the existing protective facility standards. However, protective capacity for the shelters against direct projectiles is also required because the initial survivability as well as the operation sustainment of the shelters is critical during a couple of days from outbreak of war. In this study, the Russian artillery is used to determine the existing and future threat of the North Korean Armed Forces indirectly. And then, required protective capacity of military shelters in the contact areas is calculated along with UFC 3-340-02 and it is verified using modeling and simulation. Based on the assessed capacity, actual inspect of military facilities with contact areas on spot is performed whether military shelters have enough protection capacity against determined threats. According to the field study, it is verified that proper earth bermed shelter has enough protection capacity. The results in this study could be used how to retrofit the current shelters in the contact areas.
Simplified Parametric Study on M125 Booster Mechanism and its Application for Determining the Characteristic Constant of Arming Distance
Rim, One kwon ; Kim, Sung shik ; Bang, Jae won ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 4, 2015, Pages 409~414
DOI : 10.9766/KIMST.2015.18.4.409
M125 booster is one of the reliable S&A device(safety and arming device) to determine the arming distance of fuze for gun ammunitions from 90 mm to 8 inch in diameter. And it is also well known that the arming distance of M125 booster is determined by the multiplication value of the gun tube property(traveled distance per turn of projectile) and the S&A device property(number of turns to arm), not by the projectile muzzle velocity. We have tried and succeeded in executing a proper analysis on M125 booster to figure out its characteristic constant of arming distance by considering only the gun tube properties and the S&A device properties. More detailed arming distance will be analyzed in the future by considering dynamic characteristics on all elements in the S&A device with vector analysis.
The Flow Field Structures of In-lined Double Jet-in-Cross Flow at Low Velocity Ratio
Lee, Ki-Young ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 4, 2015, Pages 415~422
DOI : 10.9766/KIMST.2015.18.4.415
The flow field structures of dual jet-in-cross-flow were examined experimentally for in-lined perforated damage holes configuration using particle image velocimetry. Ensemble averaged in-plane velocity and vorticity data in the jet were determined to study the mean jet structure. Jets are formed by pressure differences between upper and lower airfoil surface. The flow structure of vicinity of the thru holes consist of a vortical structure that wrap around the jets like a horseshoe and develop further downstream through a pair of stream-wise vortices. The shape, size and location of the horseshoe vortex were found to be dependent on the angle of attack. In spite of the existence of battle damage holes, the effect on the control force was insignificant when the damage size was not large enough.
The Investigation of the Leased Line Modem Usability in the Wireless Internet Protocol Network
PARK, MINHO ; Baek, Hae Hyeon ; Kum, Dong Won ; Choi, Hyungseok ; Lee, Jong Sung ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 4, 2015, Pages 423~431
DOI : 10.9766/KIMST.2015.18.4.423
A leased line modem usability was evaluated and investigated in the wireless internet protocol(IP) network. The signal of the modem in the circuit switching network was translated to IP packet by using several voice codecs (PCM, G.711A,
, and etc.) and transmitted through the wireless IP network. The wireless IP network was simulated by the Tactical information and communication network Modeling and simulation Software(TMS). The performance and usability of the leased line modem are simulated using the system-in-the-loop(SITL) function of TMS with respect to packet delay, jitter, packet discard ratio, codecs, and wireless link BER.
GPS Jamming Resilient Location-based Routing for Unmanned Ground Vehicle Networks
Lee, Jinwoo ; Jung, Woo-Sung ; Kim, Yong-joo ; Ko, Young-Bae ; Ham, Jae-Hyun ; Choi, Jeung-Won ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 4, 2015, Pages 432~440
DOI : 10.9766/KIMST.2015.18.4.432
UGVs(Unmanned Ground Vehicles) are robots that can substitute humans in reconnaissance operations of potentially dangerous and contaminated sites. Currently, there have been active research on utilizing UGVs in military environments. Much resrach has been focused on exploiting the weakness of topology-based routing and instead utilize location-based routing for the networking of UGVs. It is generally assumed that location-based routing methods can fully utilize the location information gained from GPS. However, this may not be possible in tactical environments due to enemy GPS jamming and LOS(Line of Sight) limitations. To solve this problem, we propose a location-based routing scheme utilizing low control message that can calibrate the location information using GPS information as well as location of neighboring UGV, movement direct and speed information. Also utilizing topology-based routing scheme to solve incorrect location information in GPS jamming region.
Frequency Assignment Method using NFD and Graph Coloring for Backbone Wireless Links of Tactical Communications Network
Ham, Jae-Hyun ; Park, Hwi-Sung ; Lee, Eun-Hyoung ; Choi, Jeung-Won ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 4, 2015, Pages 441~450
DOI : 10.9766/KIMST.2015.18.4.441
The tactical communications network has to be deployed rapidly at military operation area and support the communications between the military command systems and the weapon systems. For that, the frequency assignment is required for backbone wireless links of tactical communications network without frequency interferences. In this paper, we propose a frequency assignment method using net filter discrimination (NFD) and graph coloring to avoid frequency interferences. The proposed method presents frequency assignment problem of tactical communications network as vertex graph coloring problem of a weighted graph. And it makes frequency assignment sequences and assigns center frequencies to communication links according to the priority of communication links and graph coloring. The evaluation shows that this method can assign center frequencies to backbone communication links without frequency interferences. It also shows that the method can improve the frequency utilization in comparison with HTZ-warfare that is currently used by Korean Army.
Self-Collision Detection/Avoidance for a Rescue Robot by Modified Skeleton Algorithm
Lee, Wonsuk ; Hong, Seongil ; Park, Gyuhyun ; Kang, Younsik ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 4, 2015, Pages 451~458
DOI : 10.9766/KIMST.2015.18.4.451
This paper handles self-collision avoidance for a rescue robot with redundant manipulators. In order to detect all available self-collisions in advance, minimum distances between arbitrary robot parts should be monitored in real-time. For the minimum distance estimation, we suggest a modified method from a previous skeleton algorithm which has less computation burden and realize collision avoidance based on a potential function using the proposed algorithm. The resultant command by collision avoidance should not disturb a given primary task, so null-space of joint solution from a CLIK is utilized for collision avoidance by a gradient projection method.
A Study on the Improvement Plan of Korea Defense Standardization
Ryu, Hyung-Gon ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 4, 2015, Pages 459~468
DOI : 10.9766/KIMST.2015.18.4.459
Although defense standardization is recently becoming more and more active, there are still many obstacles to achieve attainments as planned. On the other hand, national standardization already has been applied as a mandatory rule in the overall industries and R&D programs and is well supported by systematic and specialized national basis. Furthermore, advanced countries, such as U.S.A., England and NATO, are considering defense standardization as a essential element to achieve low cost and highly efficient acquisition system and to enhance interoperability among the allied forces. This study aims to form public opinion in support of importance of defense standardization and to provide the vision and various implementation tasks for improving defense standardization outcome.
The Analysis of Meterological Environment over Jeju Moseulpo Region for HALE UAV
Cho, Young-Jun ; Ahn, Kwang-Deuk ; Lee, Hee-Choon ; Ha, Jong-Chul ; Choi, Reno K.Y. ; Cho, Chun-Ho ; Kim, Su-Bo ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 4, 2015, Pages 469~477
DOI : 10.9766/KIMST.2015.18.4.469
In this study, the characteristics of main wind direction, vertical temperature and wind speed profile near the Moseulpo airfield for HALE UAV(High Altitude Long Endurance Unmaned Aerial Vehicle) is investigated. The results are summarized as follows, main wind direction is governed by air mass according to season and local wind such as land-sea breeze. The directions of landing and take-off of HALE UAV will be selected as the south-east direction in June ~ August, north-west direction in October ~ March, and south-east direction at daytime in April ~ May, September. Annual variation of temperature at 100 hPa showed that temperature in summer season is lower than winter season. On the other hands, wind speed at 250 hPa in winter season is higher than summer season. The threshold values of temperature and wind speed for HALE UAV flight are
, which were determined by 5 % frequency value(
Whole Transcriptomic Analysis of Bacillus anthracis during Hydrogen Peroxide Decontamination
Kim, Sang Hoon ; Kim, Se Kye ; Jung, Kyoung Hwa ; Yoon, Sung Nyo ; Kim, Yun Ki ; Kim, Min Cheol ; Ryu, Sam Gon ; Lee, Hae Wan ; Chai, Young Gyu ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 18, issue 4, 2015, Pages 478~483
DOI : 10.9766/KIMST.2015.18.4.478
Decontamination of biological agents utilizes hydrogen peroxide(
) for its effectiveness and safeness. Bacillus anthracis is a major target for
decontamination. To assess the effect of
on B. anthracis and identify biomarkers for decontamination, whole transcriptomic profiling of
-treated B. anthracis was performed. Here we identified deregulation in stress response genes, transcription factors and cellular homeostasis genes. We also found that expression of antisense RNAs increased in B. anthracis during decontamination. We postulate that B. anthracis prioritizes survival and adaptation in response to
treatment by changing its gene expression pattern.