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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jul 2003
Volume 6, Issue 1 - May 2003
Selecting the target year
Practical Semiactive Control of Hydropnematic Suspension Units
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 9~21
This paper describes the practical implementation of a semiactive hydropneumatic suspension system to provide the high off-road performance of military tracked vehicles. Real gas behavior of a spring system, frictional forces of joints, and the dynamics of a continuously variable damper are considered. The control system is consisted of two control loops, an outer loop calculates a target spool position which can deliver the required damping force and an inner loop tracks the required spool position. Dynamic tests of the one axis model show that the semiactive suspension system considerably reduces the acceleration as well as velocity and displacement of the sprung mass than the passive one.
Development of the Measuring Device of Muzzle Velocity using Magnetic Field Gradient Sensor
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 22~28
In the conventional weapon system, such as gun and small arms, it Is a general trend that for maximization of its performance and enhancement of its effectiveness, the firing control system(FCS) is developed and applied with the guns and small arms in the world. The FCS of the small arms for infantry man is composed of a few of sensors for acquisition of input data of FCS, such as range measurement, position sensing of weapon, temperature, etc., computer, displayer and power pack, and also the air burst munition is developed in parallel for the maximization of FCS's effectiveness. Since the flight time setting fuze for the air burst munition is adapted for next me, the measuring device of the muzzle velocity is needed to overcome the variation of muzzle velocity due to producing procedures and the differences of the using temperatures and so maintain the burst position accuracy This paper contained the technical information on the development of the measuring device of muzzle velocity, which designed in compact & light weight configuration with reliability and accuracy
A Study on the Aerodynamic Load Characteristics of an Elliptic Airfoil
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 29~37
Using a wind tunnel testing, the aerodynamic load characteristics of an elliptic airfoil was described. The experimental data was obtained for angles of attack
increments at a chord Reynolds number of
. For each test case, chordwise suction pressure distributions and wake surveys were obtained. Static pressure measurements were made over a 10 sec averaging time at a 10 Hz sampling rate. For each case, wake survey was conducted with a pilot-static probe at 1.0c downstream from the trailing edge at very fine spacing to resolve the wake velocity deficit profile. As can be expected, suction pressure coefficient was increased with angle of attack. The normal force, CNmax, appeared peak value at the incidence angle of
, and the significant increase in profile drag at this range of angles of attack.
Configuration Design As a Discipline of Design Integration
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 38~44
In this paper configuration design is viewed as an engineering discipline that plays a key role in the design integration process at early-stage development of a complex and large-scale product. Taking as an instance an aircraft development program that Korean engineers had experienced in Lockheed-Martin company, the process of early-stage configuration design is recapitulated and then a role model of effective design integration activities is presented.
A Numerical Weather Prediction System for Military Operation Based on PC cluster
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 45~55
Weather conditions have played a vital role in a war. Many historical records reported that the miss use of weather information is the main reason of the lost a war. In this study we demonstrated the possibility of applying the numerical weather prediction system(NWPS) for military operations. The NWPS consists of PC-cluster as a super computer, data assimilation system ingesting many remote sensing observation, and graphic systems. High resolution prediction in NWPS can provide useful weather information such as wind, temperature, sea fog and so on for military operations.
A Study on the Fe Based Raw-Material Specifications Unification
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 56~62
In order to actively cope with international changes such as cessation of the Cold War in the twentieth century, the government has been proceeding the unification project between military and commercial specification leading to cost reduction of military supplies as well as to high effectiveness. Among these efforts, the study on raw materials specifications, which seems to have been widely used for military or commercial fields, has been performed. As the result of these studies, we have reformed military standards through surveying and summarizing military, KS and international specifications on raw materials. Consequently, the reduction of costs for the procurement of military supplies and the maintenance of current military specifications is to be expected.
Analysis of Composite Sabot Structure using Equivalent Properties
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 63~72
This paper deals with the analysis of composite sabot of APFSDS projectile. Unlike conventional composite parts, the sabot is composed of thick-sectioned lamination, and thus requires 3-dimensional properties in the analysis. In this study, a model was formulated to calculate the equivalent composites properties. The equivalent properties were then used in the finite element analysis and the results were compared with those by the full 3-dimensional analysis with ply-by-ply modeling. The results generally agreed with each other in the bound of 20% error, indicating that the formulated model produced the equivalent properties with reasonable accuracy. It was thought to be an efficient approach to use the model in global analysis and then perform the full 3-dimensional analysis in regions of interest for detailed evaluation in designing the composite sabot structure.
Crack Growth Retardation Effect and Metallographic Observation of Aluminum Alloy Plate with Pre-Indentation
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 73~79
Fatigue test is conducted to see the effect of pre-indentation on the fatigue crack retardation of Al5052-H18 plate. Metallographic observation is introduced to deduce the relationship between fatigue crack retardation and fracture appearance with indentation. The grain size of the specimen becomes smaller with the increase of indentation force and the plastic zone is formed with the decrease of grain size. The fatigue striations are appeared densely as the Indentation force becomes higher. Metallographic observation and fatigue test results show that the indentation force has the limited value in improving fatigue crack retardation. Important point to retard the fatigue crack growth is that the crack growth path should pass through the indented area.
Radar Signal Generation Technique using Ambiguity Function
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 80~88
Radar signal simulation is increasingly gaining in importance according as modem radar systems are more complex. Although computer performance has been advanced, it is difficult to implement the real-time simulation because the detailed model for the radar is necessary to get the desired accuracy. In order to achieve real time operation, we propose radar signal generation technique using ambiguity function, Instead of wellknown correlation method. The ambiguity function is the mathematical modeling of the signal processing procedure which is a simulation section to require the most computations.
A Study of Normalized Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 89~99
Smoothed particle hydrodynamics, SPH, is a gridless Lagrangian technique which is a useful alternative numerical analysis method to simulate high velocity deformation problems as well as astrophysical and cosmological problems. The SPH method brings about some difficulties such as tensile Instability and stress oscillation. A new SPH method, so called normalized algorithm, was introduced to overcome these difficulties. In this paper we aimed to estimate this method and have developed an one-dimensional normalized SPH program. The high velocity impact model of an aluminum bar has been analysed by using the developed program and a commercial hydrocode, LS-DYNA. The obtained numerical results showed good agreement with the results of the same model in reference. The program also showed more stable results than those of LS-DYNA in stress oscillation. We hopefully expect that the developed one-dimensional normalized SPH program can be used to solve hydrodynamic problems especially for explosive detonation analysis.
Transient Response Analysis of Rotating Blade Considering Friction Damping Effect of Elastically Restrained Root in Resonant Frequency Range
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 100~112
This paper presents the transient response analysis of a rotating blade in resonant frequency range. It is shown that the modeling is considered in elastic foundation and friction damping effect. The equations of motion are derived and transformed into a dimensionless form to investigate general phenomena. Numerical results show that the magnitude of friction damping to reduce maximum transient response in near the critical angular speed. The method can be applied to a number of examples of the practical rotating blade system to minimize transient response in resonant frequency range.
A Study on the Performance Evaluation of Dual Swirl Injectors
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 113~123
Both numerical analysis and experiment of cold and hot tests were performed to obtain basic design data for the swirl coaxial type Injector and to predict the combustion performance. Mass distribution, mixing distribution, mixing efficiency, characteristic velocity efficiency were measured by the cold tests and numerical analysis using the commercial thermo-hydraulic program. Test and analysis variables were recess, pressure drop, velocity ratio, mixing spray, mixture ratio. Hot tests were performed for the Uni-element injector to compare the performance with the cold test results, and, hot tests for Multi-element injector were performed to compare the performance with Uni-element injector. Designed thrust of the Uni-element injector liquid rocket was 35kgf at sea level and combustion chamber pressure, 20bar. Kerosene and Lox were used as a propellant.
An experimental study on the characteristics of transverse jet into a supersonic flow field
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 124~131
When a secondary gaseous flow is injected vertically into a supersonic flow through circular nozzle, a complicated structure of flow field is produced around the injection area. The interaction between the two streams produces a strong bow shock wane on the upstream side of the side-jet. The results show that bow shock wave and turbulent boundary layer interaction induces the boundary layer separation in front of the side-jet. This study is to analyze the structure of flow fields and distribution of surface pressure on the flat plate according to total pressure ratio using a supersonic cold-flow system and also to study the control force of affected side-jet. The nozzle of main flow was designed to have Mach 2.88 at the exit. The injector has a sonic nozzle with 4mm diameter at the exit of the side-jet. In experiments, The oil flow visualization using a silicone oil and ink was conducted in order to analyze the structure of flow fields around the side-jet. The flow fields are visualized using the schlieren method. In this study, a computational fluid dynamic solution is also compared with experimental results.
Numerical Investigation for Spray Angles of Dual Swirl Injector
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 132~144
Numerical analysis of the spray angles of Dual swirl injector were investigated to obtain basic design data and to predict the combustion performance. Using the commercial thermal hydraulic program, discharge coefficients and spray angles were numerically analyzed with recess length, pressure drop, velocity ratio, mixture ratio and back hole length. Water was used as simulants for oxidizer and fuel, respectively to compare the experimental results. Swirl injectors were designed to inject oxidizer of 70.5g/s and fuel of 29.5g/s at the pressure drop of 1MPa and two recess lengths were considered. In addition, the effect of injector geometry coefficient and velocity ratio on the discharge coefficient was studied.
Predictions of Local Circulation and Dispersion with Microscale Numerical Model
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 147~158
The prediction of wind field is very important fact in the radioactive and chemical warfare. In spite of advanced numerical weather prediction modelling and computing technology, the high resolution prediction of wind field is limited by the very high integration costs. In this study we coupled the mesoscale numerical model and microscale diagnostic numerical model with minimized integration costs. This coupled model has not only the ability of prediction of high resolution wind field including complex building but also microscale pollutant diffusion fields. For military operation this system can help making a practical and cost-effective decision in a battle field.
Cogging of premium-quality Alloy 718
Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 159~166
Microstructures and mechanical properties of VIM/VAR/VAR-processed Ni-based Alloy718 ingot were investigated. Vacuum arc remelting(VAR) results in chill grain zone, columnar grain zone, and equi-axed grain zone in the ingot due to the difference in local solidification processes. Different grain structures of the remelting ingot result in the different hot workability for the given cogging conditions. Experimental results on microstructural inhomogeniety and material flow behavior under billet cogging conditions were presented, and their potential effects on the billet cogging process are discussed.