Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of GAS
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Vibrational Characteristics of Buried Gas Pipelines under Train Moving Loads
Won, Jong-Hwa ; Kim, Moon-Kyum ; Sun, Jin-Sun ; Kim, Mi-Seung ; Dang, N.Hai ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 13, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~8
Recently, the vibration of underground structure due to high speed railway loads has been increased substantially as compared with middle and slow speed. The buried gas pipelines under continuous impact forces and repeated loading are more influenced by the vibrational loads than another pipelines. However, the static analysis was not enough to allow for the effect of vibrations because it uses impact factors for the design or analysis process. In this study, characteristics of Pipelines was quantitatively estimated through each conditions of soil covers and train speed, and the new vibration prediction is presented about the vibrational velocity.
A cause analysis of Noise & Vibration of Gas Heater
Koh, Jae-Pil ; You, Hyun-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 13, issue 1, 2009, Pages 9~13
A cause of noise and vibration which come from a Combustion of gas heater are a combustion roar and Combustion oscillation. A character of a combustion roar is that sound pressure is distribute with broad band frequency. otherwise, The presence of combustion oscillation caused by positive Feed Back in Combustion Chamber break out a noise and vibration. Accordingly, The method that be solved a noise and vibration is to make each natural frequency different frequency. first, in order to solve problem, we control ratio of fuel and air. that is, Keep away resonance. second, in order to changing natural frequency of Combustion Chamber, We changed the shape of Economizer.
A Study on Systematic Risk Assessment Method for LNG Storage Facilities
Kang, Mee-Jin ; Lee, Young-Soon ; Lee, Seung-Rim ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 13, issue 1, 2009, Pages 14~20
As the consumption of LNG has increased, the capacity and number of LNG facilities are getting bigger and bigger. Such circumstances supports the need for a dedicated risk analysis model to help review and check major issues of the safer construction and operation of LNG storage facilities systematically. Therefore this study suggests an appropriate risk analysis model that enables us to evaluate hazards of LNG storage facilities more easily and systematically, and then to use its result in siting, design and construction stages of the facilities. ill order to develop the model, lots of existing studies and domestic and foreign codes and standards were fully reviewed and a series of case studies also were carried out. The suggested model consists of 4-stage evaluations: in selecting a site, in determining a layout, in designing and constructing the facilities, and in operating them. This model also suggests the weather condition necessary for estimating the consequence of accident-scenarios, and the easy, systematic approach to the analysis of their probability. We expect that the model may help secure LNG storage facilities' inherent safety in determining their site and layout.
A Study on the Strength Safety of the Prestressed Concrete Outer Tank for a Membrane LNG Storage Tank
Kim, Chung-Kyun ; Kim, Do-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 13, issue 1, 2009, Pages 21~27
This paper presents the numerical study on the strength safety of the prestressed concrete outer tank for a LNG storage tank, which is manufactured by sets of membrane panels with special corrugations. This study for a finite element analysis assumes that the membrane panel of the inner tank was fractured and the liquefied natural gas stored in the inner membrane tank was leaked to the prestressed concrete outer tank. The stress and displacement of the outer tank have been analyzed for five different loadings, which are originated by a hydrostatic pressure and a weight of a LNG, a temperature difference, a weight of the prestressed concrete and a boil-off gas pressure. The computed FEM results indicate that the PC outer tank with a storage capacity of 200,000
has a good strength safety for a leaked LNG from the membrane inner tank, but the increased cryogenic loadings in which are originated by a leaked LNG decreases the strength safety of the PC structure. This may lead to the collapse of the outer storage tank.
Development of High Flow MPI Gas Injector for Heavy Duty Natural Gas Engine
Lee, Seok-Hwan ; Lee, Jin-Wook ; Jee, Kang-Hoon ; Choi, Min-Ho ; Roh, Yun-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 13, issue 1, 2009, Pages 28~33
Natural gas is the world's most plentiful combustible fuel, abundantly acailable in all continent. A fuel injector designed specifically for low energy density gaseous fuels has been developed. The injector incorporates design features that are necessary to optimize the performance for fuels such as CNG, LNG. Gaseous fuel injectors have a decisive influence upon starting performance, driveability, fuel consumption and exhaust emissions. A gaseous fuel injector has been developed to cope with the considerably larger volume flow rates and the developed gaseous fuel injector could be used at heavy duty natural gas engine. The static flow of injectors at various inlet pressure was directly proportional and the controllability showed great performance.
Development of Impact and Fire Hazard Analysis on the Steel Roof of LNG Storage Tank
Lee, Seung-Rim ; Park, Jang-Sik ; Lee, Young-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 13, issue 1, 2009, Pages 34~39
Traditionally all concrete roof type LNG storage tank have been constructing in Korea regardless of LNG tank types. But a steel roof LNG storage tank has merits relatively in designing larger scale tanks and construction cost so it is on the table to apply. This study was carried for the standardized development of impact and fire hazard analysis on a 200,000
steel roof LNG storage tank designed by KOGAS and for getting quantitative safety data on a steel roof LNG storage tank compared with a conventional concrete roof LNG storage tank by evaluating with this method. Hazard analysis on each four impact and fire scenarios were developed and evaluated by using finite element methods.
Structural Analysis on A Steel Roof LNG Storage Tank
Lee, Seung-Rim ; Park, Jang-Sik ; Lee, Young-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 13, issue 1, 2009, Pages 40~44
This is a comparative structural analysis for a steel roof LNG storage tank that has some advantages relatively in designing larger scale tanks and construction cost, etc. compared with a conventional concrete roof LNG storage tank as the capacity of LNG storage tanks is bigger. Structural analysis was performed on a 200,000
steel roof LNG storage tank and a concrete of the same capacity in condition of three critical load combination cases, a normal operation, a LNG spillage and seismic case by using finite element method. And comparative structural safety evaluation was carried out by using strength ratio in places of concrete wall, foundation and roof with a quantitative method.
A Study on Safety of Hydrogen Station
Ko, Jae-Wook ; Lee, Dae-Hee ; Jung, In-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 13, issue 1, 2009, Pages 45~51
A safety assessment was performed through the process analysis of hydrogen station. The purpose of this study provides basic information for the standard establishment about hydrogen stations. The processes of hydrogen stations were classified by four steps (process of manufacture, compression, storage, charge). FMEA (Failure Mode and Effect Analysis) method was applied to evaluate safety. Each risk element is following; S (severity), O (occurrence), D (detection). And the priority of order was decided by using RPN (Risk Priority Number) value multiplying three factors. Scenarios were generated based on FMEA results. And consequence analysis was practiced using PHAST program. In the result of C.A, jet fire and explosion were shown as accident types. In case of leakage of feed line in PSA process, concentration of CO gas is considered to prevent CO gas poisoning when the raw material that can product CO gas was used.
A study on Selection Method of Safety Devices According to Process Trouble
Ko, Jae-Wook ; Jung, In-Hee ; Jung, Sang-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 13, issue 1, 2009, Pages 52~60
This study reflects the concept of risk-based design to present a systematic design means and a method to adjust regulations and standards towards a more reliable direction within the current law. In order to enhance the early design concentration and level in the part of safety design, a new Advanced Safety Analysis Table (ASAT) was developed to provide information on the systematized safety design element from the early design phase. Furthermore, a guideline was put forth about the selection of a safety device according to process trouble, on the basis of the ASAT. To apply the proposed ASAT and the selection method of a safety device according to process troubles, the ASAT was executed for the PGC (Process Gas Compressor) of the NCC (Naphtha Cracking Center), and the result of selecting the safety device was analyzed according to process trouble.
A Study on Quantitative Risk Presentation of LNG Station
Ko, Jae-Wook ; Yoo, Jin-Hwan ; Kim, Bum-Su ; Lee, Heon-Seok ; Kim, Min-Seop ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 13, issue 1, 2009, Pages 61~67
There are lots of energy facilities using gas(storage facility, compressed gas pipe, station, tank lorry) on the domestic. These major gas facilities cause major accidents associated with fire, explosion, toxic and etc. With the increased interest in reducing air pollution, supply of natural gas for gas vehicles is increasing. Thus, the number of establishments of LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) and CNG(Compressed Natural Gas) stations is increasing as well. However, due to major gas accidents such as the fire and explosion accident of a Buchen LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas) station, it is difficult to establish a new station. In this research, we present quantitative risk assessment for LCNG;LNG multi-station and compare it result against individual risk criteria of HSE.