Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of GAS
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Experimental Study on Fuel Consumptions of LPG Vehicle Depending on the Atmospheric Temperature, Vaporizer Gas Leakage, Engine Oil and Engine Loads
Kim, Chung-Kyun ; Lee, Il-Kwon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 13, issue 5, 2009, Pages 1~6
This paper presents the fuel consumption effects of LPG vehicle depending on the atmospheric temperature, LP gas leakage of vaporizer, viscosity of engine oil and engine load conditions. The fuel consumption test results show that when the temperature of engine temperature rises, the fuel consumption efficiency increases in general. The fuel consumption efficiency for an atmosphere temperature of
is 13.6% high compared to that of
. No leak vaporizer on fuel consumption efficiency is 5.3% high compared to that of the LP gas leak vaporizer. The fuel economy of new engine oils is just 1.1% high compared to that of used oils with a LPG vehicle mileage of 9,500km. This is not an influential factor compared with an atmospheric temperature and a LP gas leakage. The more important factors on the fuel consumption efficiency are driving conditions such as a rapid braking, abrupt start and fast acceleration. The test results indicate that the normal start is 32.3% high compared to that of an abrupt start and the fast acceleration is 10.8% high compared with that of an abrupt start. And the fuel consumption efficiency for a rapid braking is 18.3% higher than that of an abrupt start. These indicate that the driving condition is very important to reduce the fuel consumption rate.
Development of Optimal Design Program of Air-Coal Pneumatic Conveying System to Enhance Combustion Efficiency
Ku, Jae-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 13, issue 5, 2009, Pages 7~14
This study describes to analyze the pressure drop characteristics for the air-particle flow in pneumatic coal powder conveying system and to proper design of the orifice located in the system to enhance combustion efficiency in furnace of the coal-fired power plant. Usually the system consists of the straight type pipe, the curved type pipe and the elbow, which cause increase of the pressure drop. In this study, the pressure drop arised in the system with straight and curved type pipes is analyzed with interactions of motion of air flow and particles. It is realized that total pressure drop increases with increasing of the pipe length and the angle of curved type pipe due to friction loss of air and particles in the system. The program for analysis of the pressure drop and optimum design of the orifice size for air flow control in the system is developed. The result is also compared with the existing system.
An Experimental Study on the Transient Response of Hydrogen Sensors Dependent on Gas Temperature and Humidity
Kim, Young-Doo ; Chung, Tae-Yong ; Shin, Dong-Hoon ; Nam, Jin-Hyun ; Kim, Young-Gyu ; Lee, Jung-Woon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 13, issue 5, 2009, Pages 15~19
In this study, the transient responses of hydrogen sensor against abrupt hydrogen release was experimentally studied for three most common types of hydrogen sensors, i.e. the semiconductor type, electrochemical type, and catalytic combustion type. The experimental study was conducted using a 1% hydrogen - 99% nitrogen mixture gas as the standard gas, while the temperature and relative humidity (RH) of the mixture gas was varied from
and from 50% to 100%, respectively. The temperature of the mixture gas was found to influence the output signal levels of hydrogen sensors, especially the catalytic combustion type. However, the effect of RH on the sensor response was not noticeable in the present experimental study. Thus, the signal levels of hydrogen sensors, in case of catalytic gas sensor need to be calibrated dependent on gas temperature, when the accurate determination of hydrogen concentration is important.
Prediction of Lower Explosion Limits of Binary Liquid Mixtures by Means of Solution Thermodynamics
Ha, Dong-Myeong ; Lee, Sung-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 13, issue 5, 2009, Pages 20~25
Low explosion limits of flammable liquid mixtures can be calculated with the appropriate use of the fundamental laws of Raoult, Dalton, Le Chatelier and activity coefficient models. In this paper, Raoult's law, van Laar equation and Wilson equation are shown to be applicable for the prediction of the lower explosion limits for ethylacetate+ethanol and ethanol+toluene systems. The calculated values based on Raoult's law were found to be better than those based on van Laar and Wilson equations.
Preparation and Characterization of Ni Catalyst Supported on Mesoporous Silica for Methanation
Yi, Jong-Heop ; Kim, Woo-Young ; Kang, Mi-Yeong ; Cho, Won-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 13, issue 5, 2009, Pages 26~32
Ni catalysts on mesoporous silica and commercial silica were prepared for the methanation. XRD and TPR analyses indicated that Ni/mesoporous silica had smaller metal particle size and higher metal dispersion than that of Ni/commercial silica. In addition, Ni/mesoporous silica had stronger metal-support interaction. In methanation, Ni/mesoporous silica showed higher CO conversion and methane yield (65%) than Ni/commercial silica (58%). In the characterization results of catalysts after reaction, Ni/commercial silica was deactivated by the collapse of structure and metal sintering, but Ni/mesoporous silica showed stable catalytic performance.
Preparation and Characterization of Ni-Co Bimetallic Catalyst for Methanation
Yia, Jong-Heop ; Kanga, Mi-Yeong ; Kim, Woo-Young ; Cho, Won-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 13, issue 5, 2009, Pages 33~38
Synthetic natural gas was producd by the reaction of carbon monoxide and hydrogen via methanation. Ni-Co bimetallic catalyst supported on
for methanation was prepared using deposition-precipitation method. For the comparison, Ni, Co monometallic catalyst was prepared using the same method. The prepared catalysts were characterized by TEM, XRD and TPR and applied to methanation reaction. The catalysts prepared using deposition-precipitation method showed the high metal dispersion. The activity of Ni-Co bimetallic catalyst was higher than that of Ni, Co monometallic catalyst. TPR measurements indicated that Ni-Co bimetallic catalyst had more active hydrogen species than Ni, Co monometallic catalyst due to the synergetic effect in the presence of Ni and Co.