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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of GAS
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Estimation of Damage by Leaking of NH
applied to LPCVD
Huh, Yong-Jeong ; Leem, Sa-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 18, issue 5, 2014, Pages 1~5
DOI : 10.7842/kigas.2014.18.5.1
As high-tech science has developed, the need of semiconductor is required constantly. However, there are many processes which use a great deal of poisonous gas in the semiconductor process, so the dangerousness by a gas leak is latent in these processes. Especially, the accident of toxic gas is almost made by ammonia and chlorine. Therefore this report estimates the damage by the leak of ammonia and chlorine used in LPCVD system.
Design and Optimization of Vibration-resistant and Heat-insulating Support Structure of Fuel Cylinder for LNG Vehicles
Kwon, Hyun-Wook ; Hwang, In-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 18, issue 5, 2014, Pages 6~11
DOI : 10.7842/kigas.2014.18.5.6
To optimize the design of fuel cylinder for LNG vehicles, we introduced the design parameters of the inner and the outer tank of the vessel support structure by analyzing the structural characteristics of conventional design. We selected the inner and outer diameter of the hollow support bars and a dimension of the inner structure of the vessel among the design parameters for design optimization. In this study the temperature distribution and thermal stress of the support structure were evaluated by using the utility program as MSC/MARC. The evaluation criteria are first mode natural frequency, total transferred energy through support structure and thermal stress. The developed design satisfied the design criteria and it was made of prototype. The prototype was verified through three-dimensional vibration testing and thermal performance test.
The Development and Introduction of External Corrosion Direct Assessment Measures for Urban Gas Pipelines
Ryou, Young-Don ; Lee, Jin-Han ; Yoon, Yung-Ki ; Lim, Ho-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 18, issue 5, 2014, Pages 12~19
DOI : 10.7842/kigas.2014.18.5.12
To minimize the risk of corrosion on buried pipeline and to maximize the efficiency of cathodic protection, various indirect inspection techniques have been used for decades. In the United States, 49 CFR has regulated the external corrosion direct assessment for buried pipelines. In Korea, there is no provision for external corrosion direct assessment but there is only, according to the KGS Code, provision that if the survey of the defects of buried pipeline and the leakage test for the pipe were conducted, it is deemed to leakage inspection. We, therefore, have suggested external corrosion direct assessment method appropriate to domestic status through the survey of the regulations and standards of UK and the USA and the investigation of domestic situation on coating damage detection method. The proposed external corrosion direct evaluation method was used as the basis when introducing the precision safety diagnosis regulation for the medium-pressure pipe in Korea.
Explosion Properties of Nano and Micro-sized Aluminium Particles
Han, Ou-Sup ; Lee, Keun-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 18, issue 5, 2014, Pages 20~25
DOI : 10.7842/kigas.2014.18.5.20
Explosion characteristics of micro-sized aluminum dusts had been studied by many researchers, but the research of nano-sized aluminum dusts were very insufficient. In this study, an experimental investigation was carried out on the influences of nano and micro-sized aluminum dusts (70 nm, 100 nm,
) on dust explosion properties of aluminum particles by using 20 L explosion apparatus. With decreasing of particle size in suspended aluminum dusts, the LEC (lower explosion concentration) of nano-sized aluminum is lower than that of micro-sized aluminum. The particle size change of nano-sized aluminum dusts seems no obvious explosion differences than that of micro-sized aluminum dusts. From the observation of nano-sized aluminum particles by TEM (Transmission Electron Microscopy), it is estimated that increase of particles aggregation may have effects on the explosion characteristics of aluminum nanopowders.
A Study on the Impact of CO
Immersion Test for Rubber Sealing Materials
Seo, Doo-Hyoun ; Jang, Kap-Man ; Lee, Jin-Han ; Rhie, Kwang-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 18, issue 5, 2014, Pages 26~32
DOI : 10.7842/kigas.2014.18.5.26
CCS(Carbon Capture and Storage) which is technic to capture and storage the carbon-dioxide is the method that reduces the carbon-dioxide from the industries to prevent earth from the global warming. In order to apply to the practical site, it is inevitable to investigate the possibility of damage in the pipe or components by carbon-dioxide. In this paper, the immersion test is performed to estimate the suitability of the rubber which is used to seal or connect the pipelines because the rubber has not been validated. Also, the immersion test is carried out in a certain condition(pre- and supercritical state).
A Study on the Actual Status of Heat Transfer oils in Industries for Process Safety Management
Lee, Keun Won ; Lee, Joo Yeob ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 18, issue 5, 2014, Pages 33~39
DOI : 10.7842/kigas.2014.18.5.33
Heat transfer oils are used in applications such as chemical plant heating systems, refinery heat exchange systems, certain gas processes, injection molding systems, and pulp and paper processing. These oils are extremely stable and resistant to thermal and oxidative degradation. In the event of a spill or accidental release of heat transfer oils, it can be ignited easily when there is an ignition source. This study discusses the status of safety management through the actual status of the heat transfer oils to prevent fire and explosion accidents in industries for process safety management. The actual status of the heat transfer oils in process system of industries surveyed by a questionnaire developed. The results of this study can be used to help establishment of safety management to prevent fire and explosion accidents, such as the management of heat transfer oils, safe operation and maintenance in heat transfer oil processes.
Evaluation on Hydrogen Embrittlement of 5 Types of High Strength Dual Phase Steels by Small Punch Test
Choi, Jong-Un ; Han, Kyung-Gu ; Park, Jae-Woo ; Kang, Kae-Myung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 18, issue 5, 2014, Pages 40~46
DOI : 10.7842/kigas.2014.18.5.40
The hydrogen embrittlement degree of 5 type high strength DP steel charged with hydrogen by electrochemical method was evaluated by small punch test(SP test). After SP test, SP absorbed energy was remarkably decreased from 363 kgf-mm to 209 kgf-mm with increasing hydrogen charging time from 5hr to 50hr at DP5 specimen under the
current density condition. It was investigated that the decrease of hydrogen charging amount and SP absorbed energy according to the increase of current density and hydrogen charging time had a linear relationship. And it also investigated that the change of bulb height appeared by the SP test was decreased from 1.79mm to 1.59mm with the hydrogen charging conditions. It was supposed that it could be used as indicator of the evaluation of hydrogen embrittlement because of the similar trend of the formal results of SP absorbed energy. From the SEM observation of fracture area by crack in bulb, the morphology of fracture surface according to increasement of the hydrogen charging amount was varied with the cleavage mode.
Fire Examples Study of Intake and Exhaust System, Alternator Tuning and Inflow of Inflammables on Exhaust Part in a Car
Lee, Il Kwon ; Kook, Chang Ho ; Suh, Moon Won ; You, Chang Bae ; Youm, Kwang Wook ; Lim, Chun Moo ; Jung, Dong Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 18, issue 5, 2014, Pages 47~51
DOI : 10.7842/kigas.2014.18.5.47
This paper is to analyze and study the fire examples in respect of intake and exhaust, alternator tuning and inflow of inflammables on exhaust part in a car. In the first example, the driver diverted the intake and exhaust system for tuning of a car. Stopping a car to rest for moment, the flammable styrofoam scrap go into exhaust pipe that installed with exhaust manifold newly. It certified the fact that catched fire gradually, furthermore enlarged the fire by leaking fuel. In the second example, the driver enlarged the generator performance to divert the audio system in side room., it knew the fact that the electric wiring connected with generator gave the cause of outbreak a fire by overheating. In the third example, the serviceman replaced the engine oil using funnel-shaped, he put the a bottle of plastic pat onto engine cover carelessly. Consequentially, it found the fire occurrence in the engine room. Therefore, the driver never divert the intake and exhaust and generator construction of a car abnormally. Also, repairing and inspecting a car, the serviceman have a care to not occur the fire by inflammables.
A Study on the Application of Sulfur-Free Odorant for LPG Fuel
Kim, Jae-Kon ; Yim, Eui Soon ; Jung, Choong-Sub ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 18, issue 5, 2014, Pages 52~59
DOI : 10.7842/kigas.2014.18.5.52
In general, sulfur containing odorants are added to fuel gases, such as LPG, and city gas, to prevent gas poisoning, ignition, explosion, or other accident caused by fuel gases, and to enable immediate and easy detection of fuel-gas leakage by emitting an offensive smell. In this study, sulfur free odorant for low sulfur fuel and prevention of metal corrosion were developed to replace current sulfur containing odorant for gas fuel. They were selected from 12 odorant containing non-sulfur organic compounds and evaluated by odor olfactory method (odor quality, odor intensity). Finally, selected mixture odorants were methyl isovalerate, methyl acrylate, 2-ethyl-3-methyl pyrazine with blending ratio of 50% : 40% : 10%. Final Sulfur free odorant was added 40 wt ppm in LPG fuels and evaluated fuel quality characteristics, metal corrosion test and long term stability of LPG fuel. It were limit in current LPG fuel standard in fuel quality characteristics. Final Sulfur free odorant also had no influence on metal corrosion and long term stability test with 60 days by adding in LPG fuels. Finally, they were shown to be warning agent candidates to reduce sulfur content and metal corrosion for LPG fuel.
The Flash Point Measurement for Binary Flammable Mixture
Ha, Dong-Myeong ; Lee, Sungjin ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 18, issue 5, 2014, Pages 60~65
DOI : 10.7842/kigas.2014.18.5.60
The flash point is the major physical property used to characterize the fire hazard of flammable liquid solutions. In the present study, the main focus is on measuring and estimating the flash points for binary flammable mixture. The flash points for n-propanol+propionic acid were measured by Seta flash closed cup apparatus. The experimental data were correlated with the van Laar and NRTL equations through the optimization method. The results estimated by these correlations were compared with the values calculated by the method based on Raoult's law. The optimization method were found to be better than the method based on the Raoult's law.
A Study on Development of Cathodic Protection on Underground Pipeline Measuring System
Kim, Jin-Jun ; Seo, Min-Sung ; Kim, Dong-Kyun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 18, issue 5, 2014, Pages 66~71
DOI : 10.7842/kigas.2014.18.5.66
Gas pipelines are the core facilities in the gas facilities and the most pipelines are buried underground and are exposed to the risk of corrosion caused by the soil characteristics and the environmental impact. The anti-corrosion potential and the corrosion status of the underground pipelines are measured periodically in accordance with the relevant laws and regulations. A study on the cathodic protection measurement system was carried out in order to solve the problems of the conventional measurement system. This paper describes the survey on the standards and the specifications of the cathodic protection measurement and the the reference electrode to meet the relevant regulations, and the development of the measuring circuit and the data transmission module to build the cathodic protection measurement system. This study verified the field applicability through the testing of the developed prototype and investigated on the problems of the previous studies and the future research and development direction.
Finite Element Analysis of Gas Pipelines Depend on the Arctic of Active Region
Yeom, Kyu Jung ; Kim, Kyung Il ; Kim, Young-Pyo ; Oh, Kyu Hwan ; Kim, Woo Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 18, issue 5, 2014, Pages 72~77
DOI : 10.7842/kigas.2014.18.5.72
It is known that there is no demand for building the arctic environment in Korea. However, it is important to use the different energy source instead of fuel source due to global warming. It is now demanded of using gas of Alaska and Siberia for long term developing the natural gas. The design of gas pipelines in Korea is very different from the arctic region. The operation of gas in arctic region have to consider of arctic region such as permafrost and active regions. It is needed to understand of gas pipeline design with different arctic soil properties. Nowadays, the pipelines is designed with stress-based and but there is demanded for strain based design with more deformed pipeline. We study of arctic environment with different active region using Finite Element Method of thermal elasto-plastic analysis.
Stress Analysis of Arctic Thaw Settlement with Gas Pipeline using Finite Element Method
Kim, Kyung Il ; Yeom, Kyu Jung ; Kim, Young-Pyo ; Kim, Woo Sik ; Oh, Kyu Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 18, issue 5, 2014, Pages 78~84
DOI : 10.7842/kigas.2014.18.5.78
It is important to secure the supply of gas in arctic region which is not developed recently due to depleting of fossil fuel. It is competing in order to secure the arctic region. The need for the occurring the pipeline design in arctic region is essential for development. In this study, we develop the model of thaw settlements for analysis the stress and displacement which applied with pipe in arctic region between
. The soil was applied with Mohr-coulomb theory and pipe was elasto-plastic method.
Numerical Study on the HCFC-123 Leak in Turbo Chiller by using CFD
Seo, Hoekyeong ; Song, Sewook ; Hwang, Yangin ; Ha, Hyunchul ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 18, issue 5, 2014, Pages 85~90
DOI : 10.7842/kigas.2014.18.5.85
Turbo chiller is widely used for the air conditioner and uses hydrochlorofluorocarbon 123 (HCFC-123) as a refrigerant. HCFC-123 is one of the chemicals being considered as a replacement for the chlorofluorocarbons. High concentrations of HCFC-123 cause a deficiency of oxygen with the risk of unconsciousness or death, the vapour is heavier than air and may accumulate in low ceiling spaces causing deficiency of oxygen. In this study, the concentration distribution of oxygen indoor was investigated by using computational fluid dynamics(CFD) as four workers were killed in HCFC-123 gas leaks at machine room of hypermarket in 2011.