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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of GAS
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
Selecting the target year
Determination of Optimum Investment level for Safely Management by Process Risk Assessment at Gas Governor Station
Kim Tae-Ok ; Jang Seo-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 7, issue 3, 2003, Pages 1~6
This study has suggested a decision method which determine optimum investment level for safety management by process risk assessment at gas governor station. Hazard and operability study(HAZOP), fault tree analysis(FTA) and consequence analysis(CA) were carried out and potential accident cost and benefit for safety management were estimated. As a result, we could be found the trend of safety cost and benefit by the nonlinear regression method and could be determined the optimum investment level for safety management from analysis of safety management cost and potential accident cost.
Modelling and Simulation of Gas Sweetening Process Using Amines
Ko Minsu ; Park Chan Ik ; Kim Hwayong ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 7, issue 3, 2003, Pages 7~12
A sour natural gas feed containing 1.37 and 1.70 mole percent
respectively is to be sweetened. Our research is to design an amine treating facility to bring the concentration of the acid gases in 100 MMSCFD of natural gas down to less than 5 ppm. The K-values for
and amine components contained in natural gas is obtained by using Kent-Eisenberg model. The new gas sweetening process designed by Ball and Veldman is modeled and optimized with the commercial simulator. Results of simulations led to further economic improvements over the present operating process.
The Measurement of Membrane Deformation Behavior in Kogas Pilot LNG Storage Tank by the use of Mechanical/Electrical Sensor (I)
Kim Y.K. ; Hong S.H, ; Oh B.T. ; Yoon I.S. ; Kim J.H. ; Kim S.S. ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 7, issue 3, 2003, Pages 13~17
A membrane unit for Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) storage tank is a structural member which is designed specifically for preventing undesirable LNG leakage. Membrane units have to endure gas and liquid pressures by LNG and thermal stresses by the contact with cryogenic liquid of
. It is of importance to assure the strengths of membrane by experimental stress analysis under the temperature of LNG. In this paper, we proposed measurement system using commercial electrical strain gage and mechanical extension meter designed for this study.
Dynamic Experiment for Mode Shape of Pilot LNG Storage Tank
Lee Kangwon ; Hong Seongho ; Kim Young Kyun ; Kim Ji Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 7, issue 3, 2003, Pages 18~23
The demand of LNG in Korea has dramatically increased since it was first imported in 1986. Thus, more LNG storage tanks are required to meet the growing consumption of LNG. However the design, construction, and analysis of LNG storage facility need highly advanced technology compared to the general structures due to the fluid-structure interaction and the low temperature of LNG. Recently Korea Gas Corporation(KOGAS) constructed a pilot LNG storage tank, and it is in operation to develop and accumulate the core technology. As a part of those objects, the fundamental dynamic test for the pilot tank were performed. For this study, dynamic test were carried out and the dynamic characteristics of the pilot tank were verified and analyzed.
The Analysis of a Process Monitoring system based on Functional Link Associative Network
Yoon En Sup ; Cho Jae Kyu ; Lee Dong Eon ; Kim Yong Ha ; Ahn Sung Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 7, issue 3, 2003, Pages 24~31
To operate process plant safely and economically, process monitoring is very important. There are a great number of data acquired through distributed control system and process information system. Fault monitoring is the task with difficulties owing to not only the huge amount of data, but also nonlinearity of chemical processes. In this research, the program, REFA, based on PCA and functional link associative neural network has developed. REFA has better learning capabilities, generalization abilities, and shorter learning time than existing neural network programs. In this work its usefulness has proven by application to Tennessee Eastman process.
A Comparative Analysis on characteristics and Manufacture of Methane/Natural Gas Hydrates
Lee Young-Chul ; Cho Byoung-Hak ; Baek Young-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 7, issue 3, 2003, Pages 32~43
As this paper is observed the phase equilibrium diagram of mono- (methane) and multi-component(natural gas) hydrates, and the hydrate growth behavior is analysed and compared by the experiments during the reaction. The difference of mono and multi-component hydrates is an induction delay time and a plateau region. And the concentration of component of gases is changed during the reaction in multi-component hydrates and the concentration of components is changed during the decomposition of hydrate according to each decomposing rates of gases. At 6 MPa, 276.65 K and 600 rpm, the induction delay time of multi-component hydrate formation is observed shorter than that of mono-component hydrate formation because the hydrate nuclei of gases except methane form faster than those of methane. And the plateau region of mono-component hydrate is observed distinctly at 0.055 mole of
/mole of water and that of multi-component hydrate is observed at 0.04 mole of
/mole of water.
Axisymmetric Simulation of Nonpremixed Counterflow Flames - Effects of Fuel Concentration on Flame Structure -
Park Woe-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 7, issue 3, 2003, Pages 44~50
The axisymmetric methane-air counterflow flame was simulated to investigate changes in the flame structure due to the fuel concentration and to evaluate the numerical method. The global strain rates
and the mole fractions of methane
in the fuel stream were taken to be numerical parameters. The axisymmetric simulation was conducted by using the Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) which employed a mixture fraction combustion model, and the results were compared with those of OPPDIF, which is an one-dimensional flamelet code and includes detail chemical reactions. In all the cases tested, there was good agreement in the temperature and axial velocity profiles between the axisymmetric and one-dimensional simulations. It was shown that the flame thickness and peak flame temperature increase and the flame radius decreases as the fuel concentration increases.
A Study on the Sealing Characteristics of O-rings in Gas Pressure Vessel
Kim Chung Kyun ; Cho Seung Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 7, issue 3, 2003, Pages 51~57
This paper presents the temperature distribution and deformation characteristics of O-ring groove geometry in which is strongly related the sealing performance of pressure vessels. A working gas in pressure vessel may be heated by a heater and pressurized by a gas compressor. Thus, the pressure vessel should keep high Pressure and temperature for a limited working period. For these operation conditions, the working gas in pressure vessels should not leak to the air by two O-rings with a rectangular groove. The FEM computed results indicate that the thermal and mechanical properties of metal sealing material is very important for stopping a leakage of hot gas in a vessel. Based on the results, high thermal conductive and low mechanical strength material is recommended as a metal sealing one. This may improve the sealing characteristics of O-ring sealing mechanism with a rectangular groove, which reduces the sealing gap between a flange and a cylinder and the width of O-ring groove.
Finite Element Analysis of Stress Behaviour Characteristics in Gas Pressure Vessels
Kim Chung Kyun ; Cho Seung Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 7, issue 3, 2003, Pages 58~64
This paper presents design safety analysis of pressure vessels. The gas pressure and thermal loads are applied to the pressure vessel simultaneously. In this study, ASME Sec. VIII Div. 2 code was accepted for the safety design of high-pressure vessel. And this result was analyzed using a coupled thermal-mechanical FEM analysis technique. The FEM computed result shows that ASME design code may not guarantee for combined loads of high gas pressure and thermal loads. And solid pressure vessel may be safe compared to other pressure vessels with supporting rings round the cylinder body.