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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of GAS
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
Selecting the target year
Development of the cooling effect skincare product using LPG as propellant
Kim Hwayong ; Park Chanik ; Bae Won ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 7, issue 4, 2003, Pages 1~6
Freon gas has been replaced with LPG in the cosmetic industry because of its bad effects on environment. In this paper, skincare product with a cooling effect was developed using LPG as propellant. A cooling effect is obtained by the ice which is formed through spraying. Ice formation is affected by the composition of LPG and most of all, the high content of propane gas in the LPG results in the irregular surface of ice formed because of its high vapor pressure. Also the ratio of LPG to skincare solution affects the formation of ice.
The Study on the Optimization of Premixed Gas Burner and Heat Exchanger
Lee Kang Ju ; Jang Gi Hyun ; Lee Chang Eon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 7, issue 4, 2003, Pages 7~13
This study was carried out to optimize premixed burner and heat exchanger of the condensing gas boiler which can save energy by utilizing latent heat of combustion gas and reduce pollutant in exhaust gas. The heat exchanger of the gas boiler was composed of three parts, which were an upper, lower, and coil heat exchanger. The upper heat exchanger was placed outside of the premixed burner and a lower heat exchanger was located under the upper heat exchanger. And, coil heat exchanger rounded the outer surface of an upper and lower heat exchanger. The boiler designed by this research reaches turn-down ratio 4:1 in the domain of equivalence ratio 0.75
0.8 and thermal efficiency of
. Emission of NOx and CO concentration was under 20ppm and 140ppm at equivalence ratio 0.8. When diameter of the burner is replaced from 60mm to 50mm, emission of CO was reduced about 50ppm remarkably.
Effect of Non-uniform Concentration on Gas Explosion
Kim Sang Sub ; Jang Gi Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 7, issue 4, 2003, Pages 14~19
Generally the accident by gas explosion in the working place is occurred at the condition of non-uniform mixture rather than uniform one. This study could predict the explosion phenomenon of non-uniform mixture with model explosion chamber which realize various practical conditions As a result, the mixing level of gas in the chamber depends on discharge area and velocity when there is gas discharge in certain space. In addition, as non-uniform increases, explosion pressure and its increasing rate decrease. However, firing risk after the explosion flame by infrared heat increase due to the increase of residence time of flame.
A Method for Reliability Analysis of Process Facilities under Changing Operating Conditions
Choi Soo Hyoung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 7, issue 4, 2003, Pages 20~23
The analysis of reliabilities of process facilities often uses models based on the Weibull distribution. The parameters in these models are functions of operating conditions, and determined by experiments. Using these values, we calculate the reliability, mean time to failure, and standard deviation. The conventional method assumes that the operating condition is constant, and thus treats the model parameters as constants. In this paper, a reliability function is proposed which is applicable when the scale parameter is a function of time, and an analysis method based on this is also presented. A case study on a cooling fan resulted in a big difference from the conventional method to which the average operating conditions were applied. The proposed method is also applicable to other process facilities, and expected to effectively take into account the effects of changes in the operating conditions on the reliabilities of the facilities.
A study on the analysis of domestic gas explosion
Kim Sang Sub ; Cha Jae Ou ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 7, issue 4, 2003, Pages 24~29
Numerical analysis was conducted to predict the damage of indoor gas explosion for the propagation of explosion flame. Indoor gas diffusion distribution due to gas leakage was obtained by diffusion equation that adopted initial conditions from reference. Enthalpy of each gas-mixture ratio and reduced mechanism was applied to calculate flame temperature, and laminar combustion velocities with the variant of each gas concentration from reference were applied to the gas mixture. Turbulent combustion velocity was modeled by coupling of turbulent energy and laminar combustion velocity in k-
model. For the analysis of flame propagation cartesian and cylindrical coordinate were used to indoor position and flame propagation respectively. The study analyzes the cause of pressure rising with the variation of flame propagation by glass damage, and the result shows that indoor pressure rising with ignition position varies window dimension.
A Study on Product Liability Response System of Chemical Products by Using Failure Mode and Effect Analysis
Ko J. W. ; Yoo J. H. ; Kim D. H ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 7, issue 4, 2003, Pages 30~35
Product liability(PL) law imposes the liability on manufacturer or wholesaler when the product defects cause harm to consumers of the products or any other parties in their lives, bodies, or properties. In Korea, the law of product liability was enforced in July 2002. In this study the Product Liability Response System of chemical products was developed by using Failure Mode and Effect Analysis(FMEA). For a case study peformed for N,N-Dimethylethylamine. First, product information was gathered through Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)and which considered as an instruction manual of chemical product. And an effect caused by product defects is analyzed by FMEA to get Risk Priority Number(RPN) which is calculated by multiplying of severity, occurrence, and detection of the defects. Then hazard was estimated quantitatively by RPN.
A Basic Study on the District Cooling System of LNG Cold Thermal Energy
Kim Chung Kyun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 7, issue 4, 2003, Pages 36~43
This paper provides the possibility of the district cooling system by using a LNG cold thermal energy. A liquefied natural gas provides a plenty of cooling source energy during a gasification of a liquefied natural gas. In recent, an ice thermal storage system is used for cooling a building, and a deep water source cooling system has been introduced as a district cooling system in which is used to cool the office towers and other large buildings in old and new downtown. LNG cooling energy refers to the reuse of a large body of naturally cold fluids as a heat sink for process and comfort space cooling as an alternative of conventional, refrigerant based cooling systems. Coincident with significant clean energy and operating cost savings, LNG cold energy cooling system offers radical reductions in air-borne pollutants and the release of environmentally harmful refrigerants in comparison to the conventional air-conditioning system. This study provides useful information on the basic design concepts, environmental considerations and performance related to the application of LNG cold thermal energy.
Modeling and analysis of dynamic heat transfer in the cable penetration fire stop system by using a new hybrid algorithm
Yoon En Sup ; Yun Jongpil ; Kwon Seong-Pil ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 7, issue 4, 2003, Pages 44~52
In this work dynamic heat transfer in a CPFS (cable penetration fire stop) system built in the firewall of nuclear power plants is three-dimensionally investigated to develop a test-simulator that can be used to verify effectiveness of the sealant. Dynamic heat transfer in the fire stop system is formulated in a parabolic PDE (partial differential equation) subjected to a set of initial and boundary conditions. First, the PDE model is divided into two parts; one corresponding to heat transfer in the axial direction and the other corresponding to heat transfer on the vertical planes. The first PDE is converted to a series of ODEs (ordinary differential equations) at finite discrete axial points for applying the numerical method of SOR (successive over-relaxation) to the problem. The ODEs are solved by using an ODE solver In such manner, the axial heat flux can be calculated at least at the finite discrete points. After that, all the planes are separated into finite elements, where the time and spatial functions are assumed to be of orthogonal collocation state at each element. The initial condition of each finite element can be obtained from the above solution. The heat fluxes on the vertical planes are calculated by the Galerkin FEM (finite element method). The CPFS system was modeled, simulated, and analyzed here. The simulation results were illustrated in three-dimensional graphics. Through simulation, it was shown clearly that the temperature distribution was influenced very much by the number, position, and temperature of the cable stream, and that dynamic heat transfer through the cable stream was one of the most dominant factors, and that the feature of heat conduction could be understood as an unsteady-state process.
A study on the characteristics of gas explosion with vent area
Kim Sang Sub ; Chae Jae Ou ; Jo Young Do ; Jang Gi Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 7, issue 4, 2003, Pages 53~60
Accident occurred by gas explosion in house or building causes damage on lives and properties. To avoid secondary damage, this study drew area ratio of vent area with the experiment for pressure variation with vent area versus building volume by selection of model for different size and shapes of vent area generated by explosion. In addition, Appropriate model was chosen to predict the damage by minimum pressure with the experiment of opening are shapes. This model can prevent secondary damage with the selected vent area and shape to guarantee building safety.
Development of the Cost-Benefit Analysis System for the Investment of Safety Facilities in Chemical Plant
Ko J. W. ; Seo J. M. ; Kim D. H. ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, volume 7, issue 4, 2003, Pages 61~66
The objective of this study is to develop a Cost-Benefit analysis system which would help us to make optimal decision among safety investment alternatives, calculating and comparing costs and benefits for facilities in chemical plants. So, the accident frequency analysis module and the accident damage prediction module were developed for estimating quantitative risks in chemical facilities, and domestic societal risk criterion was presented after the comparative analysis of major industrial cases and societal risk criteria of advanced countries like the Netherlands, Australia, U.S.A., U.K., and Germany. Also, the Cost-Benefit Analysis System which compares the safety investment alternatives based on their deduced net present values was developed through the selection of proper cost and benefit items by field studies