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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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Journal DOI :
Asian Society for Innovation and Policy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Nov 2012
Volume 1, Issue 1 - May 2012
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Universities in India`s National System of Innovation: An Overview
Krishna, Venni V. ;
Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, volume 1, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~30
DOI : 10.7545/ajip.2012.1.1.001
The status and functioning of Indian universities is explored in the Indian context from an NSI perspective. Whilst NSI is the main guiding post, the very social and economic context of Indian situation reflect the theoretical underpinning of this paper. The First part serves as a background to knowledge institutions and university sector in India. Basically, it identifies the main actors and agencies of India`s NSI, namely, public research system comprising national laboratories, main science and technology agencies and councils and the university system. Given the focus of the paper on Indian universities in a macro historical perspective, the Second part is devoted to trace the growth and structure of university sector in terms of three phases, namely, 1940s to 1980; 1980 to 1990; and the era of liberalization after 1991. The Third part of the paper is devoted to knowledge production and knowledge diffusion. There are some important findings coming out of the quantitative data. It is argued that Indian production of doctorates is falling behind countries like China. Further, Indian universities are yet to achieve Humboltian goal. Finally, the paper has a concluding section which concerns with the current and future challenges facing Indian universities and their role in India`s NIS.
A Model of University Reform in a Developing Country: The Brain Korea 21 Program
Seol, Sung-Soo ;
Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, volume 1, issue 1, 2012, Pages 31~49
DOI : 10.7545/ajip.2012.1.1.031
This paper is a review of a 13-year-old policy for university reform in Korea, the Brain Korea 21 Program, based on current theoretical frameworks. Current theoretical frameworks are classified into three groups: micro and macro perspectives on universities and discussion on world-class universities. The overall purpose of BK21 is to bring up high-level scholarship through manpower and achieve several targets of university reform. The program can be evaluated as a success in terms of following a research university model but not the entrepreneurial university model. However, the fact that a 13-year old policy developed under a research university model had features of the entrepreneurial university shows the direction of change that the research university is currently undergoing.
Technology Innovation in Korean Manufacturing Firms: Intra-Firm Knowledge Diffusion and Market Strategy in Patent Production
Hong, Chang-Soo ; Jung, Jin-Hwa ;
Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, volume 1, issue 1, 2012, Pages 50~70
DOI : 10.7545/ajip.2012.1.1.050
This paper analyzes the factors that determine technology innovation in Korean manufacturing firms, focusing on the role of intra-firm knowledge diffusion and market strategy in patent production. For empirical analysis, zero-inflated negative binomial (ZINB) regression is applied to the 2009 Human Capital Corporate Panel data. The empirical findings confirm the critical role of intra-firm knowledge-sharing processes in technology innovation; firms with a market-leading strategy oriented to new product development also tend to be prolific in patent production.
An Empirical Study on the Success Factors of Inter-Firm Alliances for New Product Development: With a Focus on the SMEs in Korea
Suh, Sang-Hyuk ; Ko, Jong-Ook ; Lee, Sun-Young ;
Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, volume 1, issue 1, 2012, Pages 71~91
DOI : 10.7545/ajip.2012.1.1.071
The purpose of this study is to identify the major determinants of performance of the R&D alliances, with an aim toward raising the success rate in cooperative relationships. In particular, this study assesses whether the success factors of purchasing relationship identified in the literature apply equally to SMEs in Korea. The results of this study indicate that inter-firm cooperation, experienced cooperation, and efficiency of government support have positive impacts on the purchase rate of new products. On the other hand, R&D intensity and resources of competencies of the firm do not influence it. Additionally, market attractiveness does not moderate the effects of the five independent variables on the purchase. The extracted determinants according to the results of surveys give valuable and practical hints to the SMEs when they make a decision on their R&D alliances with large enterprises.
The Use of Feed-forward and Feedback Learning in Firm-University Knowledge Development: The Case of Japan
Oh, In-Gyu ;
Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, volume 1, issue 1, 2012, Pages 92~115
DOI : 10.7545/ajip.2012.1.1.092
The problem Japanese universities face is exactly the same as that of German universities: no international recognition in world rankings of universities despite their high levels of postwar economic and technological developments. This was indeed one reason why world-class Japanese firms, such as Toyota and Sony, have avoided working closely with Japanese universities for R&D partnership and new technology commercialization. To resolve this problem, the Japanese government has continuously implemented aggressive policies of the internationalization, privatization, liberalization, and privatization of universities since the onset of the economic recession in 1989 in order to revitalize the Japanese economy through radical innovation projects between universities and firms. National projects of developing medical robots for Japan`s ageing society are some of the ambitious examples that emphasize feed-forward learning in innovation. However, this paper argues that none of these programs of fostering university-firm alliances toward feed-forward learning has been successful in promoting the world ranking of Japanese universities, although they showed potentials of reinforcing their conventional strength of introducing
through feedback learning of tacit knowledge. It is therefore argued in this paper that Japanese universities and firms should focus on feedback learning as a way to motivate firm-university R&D alliances.
Chinese Patterns of University-Industry Collaboration
Chen, Xiangdong ; Yang, Jian-An ; Park, Hyun-Woo ;
Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, volume 1, issue 1, 2012, Pages 116~132
DOI : 10.7545/ajip.2012.1.1.116
This paper deals with university - industry collaboration movement in China in recent years. By summarizing related development background in Government-Industry-University framework, the paper specifies Chinese pattern through analysis of technology transfer between universities and industries, collaborative R&D between universities and industries in practical fields, and university-run high-tech companies, especially through analysis of joint patenting between universities and their industrial partners in China. The research provides clear picture of Chinese universities` increased development with industrial entities in comprehensive and wider technology fields.