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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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Journal DOI :
Asian Society for Innovation and Policy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Nov 2014
Volume 3, Issue 1 - May 2014
Selecting the target year
Legal Foundation of Silicon Valley: Lessons for Asian Hi-Tech Districts
Timberman, Alex ;
Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, volume 3, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~24
DOI : 10.7545/ajip.2014.3.1.001
Policy planners in Asia readily covet high technology districts and regional systems of innovation such as Silicon Valley. We examine the law`s role, by way of covenants not to compete (競業禁止條項) in the development of Silicon Valley by reviewing the literature from 1999 through 2013. The research suggests that in certain high-tech districts such as Silicon Valley, there are greater gains in the innovation of a region by prohibiting CNCs. While we emphasize CNC law as the main legal determinant to Silicon Valley`s success, the application of trade secret law and the inevitable disclosure doctrine are also factors that can aid or restrict the mobility and knowledge spillover of a region. Even with much explored, perspectives are lacking from a regional innovation systems analysis, and more so in the context of Asian nations. To tackle these gaps, three analytical frameworks are presented that entails labor law, law and economics, and law and innovation. And from within the law and innovation framework, research is introduced in the hope that future discussions on Asian regional innovation systems consider the legal foundation of Silicon Valley.
Success and Failure Factors of Technology Commercialization: A Korean Case
Kim, Chan-Ho ; Ko, Chang-Ryong ;
Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, volume 3, issue 1, 2014, Pages 25~49
DOI : 10.7545/ajip.2014.3.1.025
We wanted to show the different group dynamics of factors for success and failure cases for technology commercialization in small technology-based firms. Existing studies are based on product level, project level, division level or firm level. We deal with technology level, and at small-technology-based firms. This is a longitudinal case study based on 8 cases from Korea. Our study on technology level is a first trial in success and failure studies unlike all existing studies. As a first step, we introduced new categories and factors such as technology attributes and CEO reflecting data, and especially a new concept of launch readiness level. Finally, we adopted correspondence analysis to show the group dynamics. The results are as follows; Technology factors are the most important factors. Second, resource-based factors are more critical in failure cases than success cases and technology factors are more critical to success.
External Technology Acquisition of SMEs in the Machinery Industry of Bangalore
Subrahmanya, M.H. Bala ; Hussain, Zeeshan ; Chand M., Ashwin ;
Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, volume 3, issue 1, 2014, Pages 50~71
DOI : 10.7545/ajip.2014.3.1.050
This paper is an attempt to understand the external technology acquisition (ETA) process of the machinery SME sector in Bangalore city, India. With the onset of economic liberalization, Bangalore based machinery SMEs have significantly shifted their ETAs from India to abroad, particularly Germany and Japan, among others. The primary objective of ETAs is to enhance their competitiveness by means of improving product quality and productivity as well as meeting customer demand. Replacing outdated machinery or overcoming technological obsolescence is a primary objective of only a few. As a result, majority of the SMEs has gone for multiple ETAs since their inception and we found a statistically significant positive correlation between firm age and number of ETAs. The present study has made two empirical contributions: (i) We have thrown light on the core technology up-gradation issue - How do SMEs approach the problem of external technology acquisition in the current globalization era? (ii) We are able to identify and develop a map of ETA process based on the "learning and experiences" of these SMEs.
Research Productivity of Graduate Students in GPF program of Korea
Kim, Ki-Hyoung ;
Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, volume 3, issue 1, 2014, Pages 72~93
DOI : 10.7545/ajip.2014.3.1.072
This study analyzed the factors that influence the research productivity of 236 graduate students who are funded by the Global Ph.D. Fellowship Program of the National Research Foundation of Korea. Research productivity was measured by the number of SCI publications, and the explanatory factors are the demographic factor, the financial factor, the reputation of institutions and the supervisor factor. This study included 2 indices such as the reputation of institutions and the research productivity of supervisors to check the halo effect unlike other studies. Results are as follows: 1) no gender difference, 2) better performance by younger age group, 3) no difference even if the students are additionally funded by other research support programs, 4) no halo effect by the reputation of institution but rather better performance from low ranked universities, 5) and a positive halo effect by supervisors.
Determinants of the Performance of Government Assistance to R&D Activities
Kwak, So-Yoon ; Yoo, Seung-Hoon ;
Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, volume 3, issue 1, 2014, Pages 94~116
DOI : 10.7545/ajip.2014.3.1.094
The technological innovation is considered as an important factor and there is a positive externality in developing technology in the form of technology spillover. In this context, it is argued that government should play an active role in advancing technology development and several means have been introduced. This study attempts to analyze manufacturing firms` evaluation for the performance of government assistance programs to their R&D activities. Considering that the performance evaluation takes the form of a count outcome, we apply several kinds of count data models. Some interesting findings emerge from the analysis. For example, we found that a firm`s sales amount, dummy for the firm`s having an R&D department, dummy for the firm`s being a venture one, and the number of the firm`s innovative activities have positive relationships with the degree that the firm evaluates government assistance as being useful.
National Strategy of Indigenous Innovation and its Implication to China
Liu, Xielin ; Cheng, Peng ;
Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, volume 3, issue 1, 2014, Pages 117~139
DOI : 10.7545/ajip.2014.3.1.117
Indigenous innovation is the main strategy for China during 2006 - 20 period. China may hope that indigenous innovation policy will spur on industrial upgrading. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the indigenous innovation policy. The paper begins with the background of the strategy, follows the detailed content of the national strategy, then analyzes how the strategy is implemented. We find that the package of indigenous innovation policy is constructive and efficient for a catch-up economy with clear industry targets but not good for innovation. If China want to be an innovative country, it needs to give market competition more space to incubate and eventually yield increment or disruptive innovation, even radical innovation. Chinese enterprises cannot close themselves off to the global technology system. Only open innovation can give Chinese enterprises the possibility to win in the next wave of innovation in the world and make China an innovative country.