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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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Journal DOI :
Asian Society for Innovation and Policy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Dec 2015
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Aug 2015
Volume 4, Issue 1 - May 2015
Selecting the target year
Effect of ODA on the Donor's Economy: Localization and Technological Innovation Efforts of Recipient Country and the Sectoral Differentials of Effects
Kim, Junmo ; Kwon, Hyuk-Dong ; Kwon, Youngkwan ;
Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, volume 4, issue 1, 2015, Pages 1~18
DOI : 10.7545/ajip.2015.4.1.001
Most research on Official Development Assistance (ODA) targeted the recipients, but this study examines the effect of ODA on the donor's exports to the recipient. To do this, a panel analysis was carried out with ODA and macroeconomic data on the United States and 33 other countries from 1999 to 2009. The results are summarized as follows: (1) The economic influence on the donor varies with the recipient's localization effort. (2) High-tech exports to the recipient are independent of ODA. (3) In medium-to-low-technology areas, ODA has a positive effect on exports to the recipient with low absorption efforts. (4) Both High-tech and LM-tech product exports decreases with the technological innovation efforts of recipients with high absorption efforts, while High-tech product exports only increases with that of recipients with low absorption efforts. These results indicate that a strategic approach for ODA program is more effective and useful to the donor's economy.
Comparing the ICT industries of Silicon Valley and Route 128: What has law got to do with it?
Timberman, Alex ;
Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, volume 4, issue 1, 2015, Pages 19~34
DOI : 10.7545/ajip.2015.4.1.019
Silicon Valley's legal foundation in recent years has surfaced on the radar of policy planners who model Silicon Valley's information and communication technologies (ICT) industry. Precisely, the prohibition of covenants not to compete (CNCs) is linked to firm-to-firm knowledge spillovers by way of mobile workers positioned as nodes in a system of innovation. Meanwhile, traditional frameworks support enforcement of CNCs as a way to encourage R&D activities to the worker and to prevent the worker's tacit knowledge and know-how from fleeing. Amidst the battle for the restraint or release of human capital, we present an industrial approach to reconcile the ostensible strife between enforcement and prohibition frameworks. Theoretically, we contend an industrial approach can maximize the policy tools of discorded planners. Moreover, this article newly compares the ICT industries of Silicon Valley and Route 128 to argue that California's law is a unique factor in the greater success of Silicon Valley firms.
Comparison of the Valuation of Technology Firms in KOSPI and KOSDAQ
Cho, Kee-Heon ; Ko, Chang-Ryong ;
Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, volume 4, issue 1, 2015, Pages 35~54
DOI : 10.7545/ajip.2015.4.1.035
The purpose of this study is to compare the valuation of technology firms in the KOSPI and KOSDAQ. This study analyzed 224 market reports for KOSDAQ firms and 602 reports for KOSPI firms. We compare the two markets under 3 definitions on the accuracy of stock price forecasting. Findings are as follows: Although PER multiples is the most used method of valuation, KOSDAQ valuation more heavily relies on the method than KOSPI valuation. In stock market, the period of earnings forecasting is mostly 2-3 years. Multiples of KOSDAQ is generally higher than those of KOSPI. Even for technology firms, valuation in KOSPI mostly relies on earnings of the company, but that in KOSDAQ mostly relies on relative price. In stock price forecasting, generally overestimation prevails. Moreover, forecasting of KOSPI reports is more accurate than that of KOSDAQ reports. ROE and COE of KOSDAQ firms are generally higher than those of KOSPI firms.
Job Competence of College Students in Korea: An Expansion of Core Competence Theory
Park, Cheol Kyun ;
Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, volume 4, issue 1, 2015, Pages 55~75
DOI : 10.7545/ajip.2015.4.1.055
The purpose of this study is to find what competence determines the employment of college students using data from the K-CESA (Korea Collegiate Essential Skills Assessment) of a Korean university during 2009-2014. This test comprises of 6 categories of competence: self-management, global readiness, interpersonal relationship, resource/information/technology handling, communication and comprehensive reasoning. In addition to these competences, we add the comprehensive variable, grade point average. In order to identify the qualities of employment, employment was classified into 3 types: all employment, employment in decent jobs and employment in the top 500 companies. Results are as follows: For all employment and decent jobs, GPA and comprehensive reasoning were the meaningful variables. However in case of the top 500 companies, interpersonal relationship was added. Based on the analysis, this study suggests the fundamental concepts of college students' job competence: job specific competence, job basic competence, and basic competence.
The Moderating Effect of Operations Efficiency on the Links between Environmental Performance and Financial Performance: The UK Evidence
Ramanathan, Ramakrishnan ; Akanni, Adewole Oluwatomi ;
Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, volume 4, issue 1, 2015, Pages 76~102
DOI : 10.7545/ajip.2015.4.1.076
Drawing upon the resource-based-view of a firm, we investigate the moderating role of operations efficiency on the link between environmental and financial performance. Extant literature has highlighted that operations efficiency is closely associated with the environmental/financial performance of firms, but no empirical study has investigated how operations efficiency affects the link between environmental and financial performance. We argue that operations efficiency could act as a moderator of this relationship. To test the hypothesized relationships, we have used available secondary quantitative UK data, namely data on the environmental/financial performance of Britain's most admired companies. By employing moderated regression analysis, we have found strong evidence for the moderating impact of operations efficiency. Our results are useful to managers in that they show that improvements in operations efficiency in a company can also help improve environmental/financial performance and vice versa.
Evolution of Universities and Government Policy: the case of South Korea
Kwon, Ki-Seok ;
Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy, volume 4, issue 1, 2015, Pages 103~127
DOI : 10.7545/ajip.2015.4.1.103
This paper investigates the two academic revolutions of the Korean higher education system. Since economic catch-up began in the 1960s, Korea has strongly encouraged the activities of its higher education system to serve industrial development as it has progressed through various developmental stages. At the 'strong regulation' stage, universities focused on the provision of technicians. As the need for higher education grew, the 'massive expansion' stage emerged. Finally, most recently, university research and its direct contribution to the economy have been invigorated by strong governmental support. Possibly, this is due to the fact that the Korean government has strongly controlled not only industry but also academia. As long as other East Asian universities have similar conditions to those of the development of Korean universities, we can generalise this model not only to universities in other East Asian countries, but also to universities in other rapid catch-up countries.