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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Visualization
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Dec 2008
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Jun 2008
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AC-Electroosmotic Flows-Fundamental Mechanism and Kinematic Aspects
Suh, Yonk-Kweon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization, volume 6, issue 1, 2008, Pages 3~16
DOI : 10.5407/JKSV.2008.6.1.003
Controlling fluid flows in micro scales is a non-trivial issue among those who are involved in designing lab-on-chips. Pumping and mixing by using electrokinetic principles has been popular in that the method requires a few parts and it is easy to control. This paper explains the basic mechanism of the electroosmotic flows caused by AC together with presenting some numerical results. In particular, the fundamental, physical idea involved in the mechanism will be illustrated in terms of the kinematic aspect. Since the electroosmotic flows are mainly driven by the motion of ions, we also demonstrate the ion motions by using the numerical-visualization method.
Large Scale Computational Thermo-Fluid Dynamics Lab.
Ha, Man-Yeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization, volume 6, issue 1, 2008, Pages 19~26
DOI : 10.5407/JKSV.2008.6.1.019
PIV Measurement of Flow Inside an Automotive HVAC Module with Varying Temperature Baffle
Ji, Ho-Seong ; Lee, Sang-Joon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization, volume 6, issue 1, 2008, Pages 27~33
DOI : 10.5407/JKSV.2008.6.1.027
Air flow inside an automotive HVAC module has been investigated using a high-resolution PIV technique with varying the temperature operation mode. The PIV system consists of a 2-head Nd:YAG laser (125 mJ), a high-resolution CCD camera (2K
2K), optics and a synchronizer. A real automotive HVAC module was used directly under real operating condition. Some casing parts of the HVAC module were replaced with transparent windows for capturing clear flow images with laser light sheet beam illumination. Time-averaged velocity fields were obtained for two different temperature control modes. Flow characteristics of the air-conditioned air flow inside the automotive HVAC system for the two temperature baffle conditions were evaluated.
Investigation on the Unsteadiness of a Low Reynolds Number Confined Impinging Jet using POD Analysis
An, Nam-Hyun ; Lee, In-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization, volume 6, issue 1, 2008, Pages 34~40
DOI : 10.5407/JKSV.2008.6.1.034
The flow characteristics in a confined slot jet impinging on a flat plate were investigated in low Reynolds number regime (Re
1,000) by using time-resolved particle image velocimetry technique. The jet Reynolds number was varied from 404 to 1026, where it is presumed that the transient regime exists. It is found that the vortical structures in the shear layer are developed with increasing Reynolds number and that the jet remains steady at the Reynolds number of 404. Vortical structures and their temporal evolution are verified and the results were compared with previous numerical studies.
Characteristics of Bubble-driven Flow by Using Time-resolved PIV and POD Technique
Yi, Seung-Jae ; Kim, Jong-Wook ; Kim, Hyun-Dong ; Kim, Kyung-Chun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization, volume 6, issue 1, 2008, Pages 41~46
DOI : 10.5407/JKSV.2008.6.1.041
In this paper, the recirculation flow motion and mixing characteristics driven by air bubble stream in a rectangular water tank is studied. The time-resolved PIV technique is adopted for the quantitative visualization and analysis. 488 nm Ar-ion CW laser is used for illumination and orange fluorescent (
) particle images are acquired by a PCO 10bit high-speed CCD camera (1280
1024). To obtain clean particle images, 545 nm long pass optical filter and an image intensifier are employed and the flow rates of compressed air is 3 l/min at 0.5 MPa. The recirculation and mixing flow field is further investigated by time-resolved POD analysis technique. It is observed that the large scale recirculation resulting from the interaction between rising bubble stream and side wall is the most dominant flow structure and there are small scale vortex structures moving along with large scale recirculation flow. It is also verified that the sum of 20 modes of velocity field has about 67.4% of total turbulent energy.
On the Characteristics of the Droplet Formation from an Inkjet Nozzle Driven by a Piezoelectric Actuator
Shin, Pyung-Ho ; Sung, Jae-Yong ; Lee, Suk-Jong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization, volume 6, issue 1, 2008, Pages 47~52
DOI : 10.5407/JKSV.2008.6.1.047
The present study has focused on the characteristics of droplet formation from an inkjet nozzle driven by a piezoelectric actuator. As an operating fluid, ethylene glycol was used and the physical properties of it such as viscosity, surface tension, contact angle and shear stress were measured. During the experiments, various temperatures and driving voltages are imposed on a capillary tube. These conditions result in a proper drive condition or an overdrive condition. In case of the proper drive condition, an image processing technique is applied to measure the diameter of a single free drop. As a result, the size of droplet is increased when the driving voltage is increased from 160 V to 190 V at 25
In the overdrive condition where temperature or driving voltage becomes higher than the proper drive condition, satellites and the misdirected jets happen.
Optimization Study of Pulsating Jet to Reduce the Separation Bubble behind the Fence
Choi, Young-Ho ; Kang, In-Su ; Kim, Hyoung-Bum ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization, volume 6, issue 1, 2008, Pages 53~58
DOI : 10.5407/JKSV.2008.6.1.053
We carried out the experiments which controled the periodic jet in front of the fence to alter the fence wake. The experiments were performed in circulating water channel and the vertical fence was submerged in the boundary layer. The frequency, jet nozzle distance and speed of jet passing the slit were investigated. Each case divided into 20 phases and phase-averaged results were compared with uncontrolled fence flow. From the results, we found the specific frequency and nozzle distance which were good for reducing the reattachment length. In this case, the reattachment length was decreased 35% compared with the uncontrolled fence flow.
Spray Distribution Measurement at High Ambient Pressure
Cho, Seong-Ho ; Im, Ji-Hyuk ; Yoon, Young-Bin ; Choi, Seong-Man ; Han, Young-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization, volume 6, issue 1, 2008, Pages 59~65
DOI : 10.5407/JKSV.2008.6.1.059
Distribution of spray was measured. Optical Line Patternator (OLP) was used to measure the planar distribution of the spray from a swirl-coaxial type injector. Ambient pressure was varied and injection pressure was fixed in experiment. As ambient pressure increased, spray distribution was changed from hallow cone to solid cone shape, and spray angle was decreased. Limitation in measuring dense spray was found at high ambient pressure condition.