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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Visualization
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jan 2010
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PIV & Bio-fluid Lab.
Kim, Seong-Gyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization, volume 8, issue 1, 2010, Pages 7~11
DOI : 10.5407/JKSV.2010.8.1.007
Experimental Investigation of Two-dimensionality of Flow around the Vertical Fence Submerged in a Turbulent Boundary Layer
Cha, Jae-Eun ; Kim, Hyoung-Woo ; Kim, Hyoung-Bum ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization, volume 8, issue 1, 2010, Pages 13~18
DOI : 10.5407/JKSV.2010.8.1.013
An experimental investigation of the flow around a vertical fence was carried out using a PIV velocity field measurement technique. The vertical fence was embedded in a turbulent boundary layer. The instantaneous velocity fields measured at cross-sectional planes reveal complex longitudinal vortices that vary in size and strength, developing from the upstream location. In the instantaneous vorticity and velocity field data, the shear flow separated from the fence top is highly turbulent and shows unsteady flow characteristics. The topography of the ensemble averaged velocity fields, especially the separation bubble formed behind the fence, shows that the spatial distributions of streamwise velocity (U) and vertical (V) are symmetric, the spanwise velocity (W) is skew-symmetric with respect to the central xy-plane(z=0).
A Study on Combustion Characteristics of Methane Fuel according to Torch Nozzle Diameter in a Constant Volume Combustion Chamber
Lee, Jung-Man ; Kwon, Soon-Tae ; Park, Chan-Jun ; Ohm, In-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization, volume 8, issue 1, 2010, Pages 19~24
DOI : 10.5407/JKSV.2010.8.1.019
Five different size of orifice were applied in a constant volume combustion chamber for evaluating the effects of torch-ignition on combustion. The initial flame development and flame propagation were analyzed by the mass burned fraction and combustion enhancement rate. The combustion pressures were measured to calculate the mass burned fractions and the combustion enhancement rates. In addition, the flame propagations were visualized by the shadowgraph method for the qualitative comparison. The result showed that the combustion pressure and mass burned fraction were increased when using the torch-ignition device. The combustion enhancement rates of torch-ignition cases were improved in comparison with conventional spark ignition. Finally, the visualization results showed that the torch-ignition induced faster burn than conventional spark ignition due to the earlier transition to turbulent flame and larger flame surface, during the initial stage.
A study on Flow Characteristic inside Passenger's Compartment under Recirculation Cool vent mode using CFX
Kim, Yoon-Kee ; Yang, Jang-Sik ; Kim, Kyung-Chun ; Ji, Ho-Seong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization, volume 8, issue 1, 2010, Pages 25~30
DOI : 10.5407/JKSV.2010.8.1.025
The flow characteristics under recirculation cool vent mode is numerically studied using commercial fluid dynamic code(CFX). For the reliable analysis, real vehicle and human FE model is employed in grid generation process. The geometrical location and shape of panel vent, and exhaust vent is set as that of real vehicle model. The flowrate of the working fluid is determined as 330CMH which is equivalent to 70 percent of maximum capacity of HVAC system. The high velocity regions are formed around 4 each panel vent. Because of the non-symmetrically located exhaust, non-uniform flow and partial backflow near the door trim is observed. Streaklines start from each panel vent show the flow pattern of the airflow in the passenger's compartment very well.
Dynamic Analysis of Bubble-Driven Liquid Flows in a Rectangular Tank
Kim, Sang-Moon ; Yi, Seung-Jae ; Kim, Hyun-Dong ; Kim, Jong-Wook ; Kim, Kyung-Chun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization, volume 8, issue 1, 2010, Pages 31~38
DOI : 10.5407/JKSV.2010.8.1.031
An experimental study to evaluate dynamic structures of flow and turbulence characteristics in bubble-driven liquid flow in a rectangular tank with a varying flow rate of compressed air is conducted. Liquid flow fields are measured by time-resolved particle image velocimetry (PIV) with fluorescent tracer particles to eliminate diffused reflections, and by an image intensifier to acquire enhanced clean particle images. Instantaneous vector fields are investigated by using the two frame cross-correlation function and bad vectors are eliminated by magnitude difference technique. By proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) analysis, the energy distributions of spatial and temporal modes are acquired. When Reynolds number increases, bubble-induced turbulent motion becomes dominant rather than the recirculating flow near the side wall. The total kinetic energy transferred to the liquid from the rising bubbles shows a nonlinear relation regarding the energy input because of the interaction between bubbles and free surface.
Visualization and Computational Analysis for Flow around Rotating Blades
Ki, Hyun ; Choi, Jong-Wook ; Kim, Sung-Cho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization, volume 8, issue 1, 2010, Pages 39~45
DOI : 10.5407/JKSV.2010.8.1.039
The optimal design is needed for the blade geometry of the quad-rotor blades which is mainly used for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle. To do this, it is important to analyze the wakes under the blades. In the present study, the flow around the rotating blades was analyzed using PIV(Particle Image Velocimetry) and CFD(Computational Fluid Dynamics). The maximum axial velocity was measured at about 60% position toward the radial direction of the blade. The positions of vorticities in the test section obtained by PIV and CFD were turned out to be almost alike. The values in the difference of pressure coefficients at the upper and the lower blades were increased depending on the radial direction. Then, the values were decreased at the blade tip. The data of the flow analysis in the present study are expected to be served as the design of blades and ducts for the thrust improvement in the future.
Flow Visualization of Blood Cell and Detection of Cell Depleted Layer Using a Confocal Laser Scanning Microscope
Lim, Soo-Hee ; Kim, Wi-Han ; Lee, Ho ; Lee, Choon-Young ; Park, Cheol-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization, volume 8, issue 1, 2010, Pages 46~52
DOI : 10.5407/JKSV.2010.8.1.046
In the present study, we employed the confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) system to visualize the blood flow field with
spatial resolution. Based on the confocal microscopic image of red blood cells (RBCs), we performed the velocity vector field measurement and evaluated characteristics of cell migration from the cell depleted layer thickness calculation. The rat and mouse's blood were supplied into a micro glass tubes in vitro. The line scanning rate of confocal microscopy was 15 kHz for a
pixels image. As a result, the red blood cell itself can be used as a tracer directly without any kind of invasive tracer particle to get the velocity vector field of blood flow by performing particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique.
Experimental Study on Heat Transfer with Swirling Flow in a Cylindrical Annuli
Chang, Tae-Hyun ; Kil, Sang-Cheol ; Lee, Kwon-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization, volume 8, issue 1, 2010, Pages 53~60
DOI : 10.5407/JKSV.2010.8.1.053
Experimental investigations were conducted to study the characteristics of turbulent swirling flow in an axisymmetric annuli. Swirl angle measurements were performed using a flow visualization technique using smoke and dye liquid for Re=60,00080,000. Using the two-dimensional particle image velocimetry method, we found the time-mean velocity distribution and turbulent intensities in water with swirl for Re=20,000, 30,000, and 40,000 along longitudinal sections. Neutral points occurred for equal axial velocity at y/(R-r)=0.70.75, and the highest axial velocity was recorded near y/(R-r)=0.9. Negative axial velocity was observed near the convex tube along X/(D-d)=3~23. Another experimental study was performed to investigate heat transfer characteristics of turbulent swirling flow in an axisymmetric annuli. Static pressure, and local flow temperature were measured using tangential inlet condition and the friction factors and Nusselt number were calculated for several Reynolds numbers.