Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Herbal Formula Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Journal of Oriental Medical Prescription
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Dec 2005
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jun 2005
Selecting the target year
The effects GeongshinhaeGihwan 1(GGT1) has on the hGHTg (human growth hormone transgenic) obese male rats' blood-antiobestic index
Jung, Yang-Sam ; Tsung, Pei-Chin ; Choi, Seung-Bae ; Kim, Gyeong -Cheol ; Shin, Soon-Shik ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 13, issue 2, 2005, Pages 1~16
Objectives: To find out the effects GGTl, an antiobestic drug widely used in clinics, has on the blood-antiobestic index and the toxicity index using the data from the hGHTg obese male rats. We looked closely into both of the two indices because GGTl antiobestic effect can happen not only by pharmacological action, but also by its toxicity. Also, we verified the difference in effect between GGTl and reductil (sibutramine), which has been approved by the FDA of the United States. Methods: After performing the experiments for 8 weeks on the hGHTg obese male rats divided into three groups: the control group, the GGTl group, and the reductil (RD) group, we anesthetized the rats with Diethyl ether and took a 3ml blood sample from the heart. Then, after coagulating the blood in room temperature by using the plasma separator, we centrifuged it for 25 minutes in 3,000rpm using the high-speed refrigerated centrifuge. We kept the separated plasma in a deep freezer at
, and repeatedly measured the antiobestic index and the toxicity index twice using the hematology biochemistry analyzer. Also, in order to judge the indirect toxicity index, we separated liver from kidney and observed them. Results: When we looked at the results of the analysis of covariance on the measuring elements related to the antiobestic index (TC, HDL, LDL, TG, and GLU), there was no significant difference among the groups in all measuring elements. Also, the results of the analysis of covariance on the two roups (RD group and GGTl group) showed that the p-values had no significant difference under the level of significance 0.05. When we looked at the result of the analysis of covariance on the measuring elements related to the toxicity index (GOT, GPT, GGT, CREA, UA, ALB, and TP), we could see that the p-values in GPT, ALB, and TP have a significant difference among the groups. Also, the results of the analysis of covariance about the measuring elements related to the toxicity index on both groups, RD group and GGTl group, showed no significant difference in the p-values of all of the measuring elements in the two groups, RD and GGTl group. Conclusions: In conclusion, through this experiment, the safety of GGTl has been approved, and although the verification on its medical effect has not been clearly approved, when we consider the fact that it belongs to the same group as reductil, an antiobestic drug approved by the FDA of the United States, we could indirectly verify that GGTl has an antiobestic effect. We believe that when doing a sample design for a future experiment, it needs to be performed on a greater sample size based on the power analysis that needs to be performed primarily in experiments, and a more accurate verification is needed through more systematic experiment plans.
Effect of Soeuminbojungikgitang on the Lung Tumor of A/J mouse induced with Urethane
Kwack, Jeong-Jin ; Kim, Hee-Chul ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 13, issue 2, 2005, Pages 17~40
A/J mice injected with urethane(1mg/ g of body weight) develop tumors with distinct histological patterns, which are classified as solid and papillary. I divided the mice into 3 groups; control group treatment with saline, BA group treatment with herbal formula, Soeuminbojungikgitang 0.4g/kg and BA group treatment with herbal formula 2.0g/kg. The administration of herbal medicine was done every day for 8 weeks. The experimental results from herbal medicine treatment were compared to those from a saline-treated control group. Serial sections of the whole lung(150 to 200 sections per mouse) showed solid and papillary tumors arose from the pulmonary acinus, invading the bronchioles only as the tumors grew. The number of tumor, in the 8 weeks group, are decreased in the experimental groups compared to control group. COX-2 protein and IGF- I protein expression was more increased in lung tumors of the control group compared to BA and BB groups. These results suggest that Soeuminbojungikgitang extract suppress the carcinogenesis of lung in the A/J mouse.
Effect of Danchisoyosangagambang Extract on the Hyperglycemic Mice Induced with Streptozotocin
Kim, Jin-Ho ; Kim, Kyung-Soo ; Kim, Jeong-Sang ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 13, issue 2, 2005, Pages 41~57
This study has been carried out to understand the effect of Danchisoyosangagambang (DC) on the hyperglycemic mice induced with streptozotocin(STZ). Experimental groups were made diabetic mice by intraperitoneal injection of STZ(60 mg/kg of body weight) tw ice by 24 h interval and then 120 mg/kg STZ was injected again 3 days after the earlier treatment. Control group was administered mice with 0.9 % saline(2 mL/kg), and experim ental groups were administered DC extract(DCA group, 10 mg/kg/day; DCB group, 30 mg/kg/day) after hyperglycemic induction for 6 weeks. The body weight of experimental groups was lower than control. The blood glucose concentration increased continuously, rea ching to 298.9 mg/dL after 6 weeks, however, experimental groups of the DCA and DCB groups significantly(p<0.0l) decreased in the 4, 5, and 6 weeks groups. Blood glucose tolerance test was not significant between control and experimental groups. We examined the blood transaminase activities to know the effect of herbal medicine on liver function. The GOT activities were lower in group DCB than in control. The GPT activities were lower in group DCA and DCB than in control. The content of triglyceride was significantly increased in group DCA compared to control. The SOD and catalase activities were higher in the group DCA compared to control. The results of immunohistochemical study, a few of insulin positive cells observed in the control and experimental group. These results suggest that administration of DC extract to the hyperglycemic mice decreased the blood glucose level.
Effect of Samyoyongantang on Contact Hypersensitivity induced by Repeat Elicitation of DNCB.
Byun, Sung-Hui ; Lee, Byung-Wook ; Kim, Sang-Chan ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 13, issue 2, 2005, Pages 59~69
Samyoyongantang (SMY), a herbal medicine, has been used as cure for gangrene. To evaluate anti-inflammatory effect of samyoyongantang, we treated samyoyongantang extract in animal model system induced contact hypersensitivity. Contact hypersensitivity, a local inflammatory response of the skin, was induced by 1% DNCB on the right ear of BALB/c mouse. Samyoyongantang was prepared as water extract and administrated everyday for 2 weeks per oral. A right ear of mouse was potently swelled by 1% of DNCB treatm ent, but a mouse ear thickness was significantly reduced by samyoyongantang after 2 we eks treatment. Samyoyongantang reduced IgG in serum obtained from blood of 1 % DNCB-treated mouse. IgE in serum was not changed by samyoyongantang treatment. From these results, anti-inflammatory effect of samyoyongantang, especially reduction of ear swell ing, might be partly due to reduction of IgG in serum.
Effect of Bopheyangyoungjeon on the Lung Tumor of A/J Mouse Induced with Urethane
Seo, Chul-Hoon ; Kim, Hee-Chul ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 13, issue 2, 2005, Pages 71~91
A/J mice injected with urethane(1mg/ g of body weight) develop tumors with distinct histological patterns, which are classified as solid and papillary. I divided the mice into 3 groups; control group treatment with saline, BYA group treatment with herbal formula, Bopheyangyoungjeon 0.3g/kg and BYB groups treatment with herbal formula 1.5g/kg. The administration of herbal medicine was done every day for 56 days. The experimental results from herbal medicine treatment were compared to those from a saline-treated control group. Serial sections of the whole lung(150 to 200 sections per mouse) showed solid and papillary tumors arose from the pulmonary acinus, invading the bronchioles only as the tumors grew. The number of tumor, in the 8-weeks groups, are decreased in the experimental groups compared to control group. COX-2 protein and IGF- I protein expression was more increased in lung tumors of the control group compared to BYA and BYB groups. These results suggest that Bopheyangyoungjeon extract suppress the carcinogenesis of lung in the A/J mouse.
Free Radical Scavenging and Hepatoprotective Effects of Osumokkya-tang
Jeong, Ok-Sam ; Yun, Young-Gab ; Kim, Youn-Chul ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 13, issue 2, 2005, Pages 93~100
In order to find the new hepatoprotective agents preliminary screening of twelve prescriptions which have been used for the treatment of hepatic disease in Oriental traditional medicine has been carried out. Both DPPH free radical scavenging and hepatoprotective effect on tacrine-induced cytotoxicity in Hep G2 cells are performed. Osumokkya-tang which is one of the prescription belongs to interior-warming properties showed the DPPH free radical scavenging effect as well as hepatoprotective activity significantly. It is also suggested that its hepatoprotective effect is derived from Chaenomelis Fructus.
Study on Antioxidant Potency of Cuscutae Semen, Psoraleae Fructus, Cnidii Fructus and Epimedii Herba by DPPH Method
Oh, Myung-Sook ; Kim, Do-Rim ; Kang, Ji-Ung ; Kim, San-Woong ; Yu, Tae-Weon ; Park, Jung-Yeul ; Kim, Dong-Min ; Park, Wan-Su ; Chang, Mun-Seog ; Park, Soo-Yeon ; Park, Seong-Kyu ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 13, issue 2, 2005, Pages 101~110
The present study was conducted to compare antioxidant activity of Cuscutae Semen, Psoraleae Fructus, Cnidii Fructus and Epimedii Herba by DPPH radical scavenging activity. The extract was studied using diphenyl-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) for DPPH method. DPPH radical scavenging activity was measured after. .10, 20 and 30 minutes. The extract was tested by 1, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500 and
concentrations. The results showed that the extract scavenged DPPH radical with time-dependent manner. Also, the extract showed dose-dependent DPPH radical scavenging activity. The extract of Cuscutae Semen, Psoraleae Fructus, Cnidii Fructus and Epimedii Herba scavenged DPPH radical with the IC50 being 2.7, 3.2, 2.9 and 1.1 mg/ml, respectively. In conclusion, the extract of Epimedii Herba, Cuscutae Semen, Cnidii Fructus and Psoraleae Fructus have antioxidant activity for the treatment of male sterility.
The effects of Somok on apoptosis of human liver cancer HepG2 cell.
Kim, Pan-Jun ; Yun, Hyun-Joung ; Lee, Young-Tae ; Seo, Kyo-Soo ; Park, Sun-Dong ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 13, issue 2, 2005, Pages 111~123
The purpose of this study was to investigate the anticancer effects of Caesalpiniae Lignum (Somok) on HepG2 cells, a human liver cancer cell line. To study the cytotoxic effect of Caesalpiniae Lignum methanol extract (CL-MeOH) on HepG2 cells, the cells were treated with various concentrations of CL-MeOH and then cell viability was determined by XTT reduction method and trypan blue exclusion assay. CL-MeOH reduced proliferation of HepG2 cells in a dose-dependent manner. To confirm the induction of apoptosis, HepG2 cells were treated with various concentrations of CL-MeOH. The activation of caspase 3 and the cleavage of poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP), a substrate for caspase-3 and a typical sign of apoptosis, was examined by western blot analysis. CL-MeOH decreased procaspase 3 level in a dose-dependent manner and induced the clevage of PARP at concentration>
. Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase signaling cascades are multi-functional signaling networks that influence cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis, and cellular responses to stress. CL-MeOH-induced MAPK activation was examined by Western blot for phosphorylated ERK, p38 and JNK. CL-MeOH significantly increased p38 phosphorylation and JNK phosphorylation in a dose-dependent manner. Inhibition of p38 function using the selective inhibitor SB20358O results in inhibition of apoptosis by CL-MeOH. These results suggest that CL-MeOH-induced apoptosis is MAP kinase-dependent apoptoric pathway. These results suggest that CL-MeOH is potentially useful as a chemotherapeutic agent in human liver cancer.
Study on Applications of Bulbus Fritillariae Main Blended Prescription from Donguibogam
Lim, Dae-Hwan ; Yun, Young-Gab ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 13, issue 2, 2005, Pages 125~140
This report describes 48 studies related to the use of Bulbus Fritillariae main blended prescriptions from Donguibogam. The following conclusions were reached through investigations on the prescriptions that use Bulbus Fritillariae as a key ingredient. All kinds of infection in a cough and the malignant tumor recorded the largest number of clinical frequency of the prescriptions in therapeutic use when Bulbus Fritillariae was taken as a principle medicine. The Prescriptions are compounded with Bulbus Fritillariae as a principle medicine can aplly to respiratory disease, eye disease, nose and ear disease, throat disease, a boil. Various pathogenic factors such as consumptive disease, phlegm, phlegm-fire, invasion by wind, affective by cold, fire, dyspepsia-fire are put to practical use. The dosage of Bulbus Fritillariae is 5 bun (about 1.88g) to 1 lyang(about 37.5g), however 1 jeon(about 3.75g) has been taken the most for clinical application. With examination the formulae of presciptions containing Bulbus Fritillariae, I found the basic prescriptions as well as the medicines are in conjunction with Bulbus Fritillariae and the theoretic grounds of formula in combining Bulbus Fritillariae as a group of medicine for presciption through this reseach.
Study on The Drug Processing of of the Roots of Aconitum carmichaeli
Seong, Man-Jun ; Lee, Kye-Suk ; Cho, Sun-Hee ; Lee, Go-Hoon ; Kang, OK-Hwa ; Kwon, Dong-Yeul ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 13, issue 2, 2005, Pages 141~151
From the tuberous root of Aconitum carmichaeli Debx.(Ranunculaceae), the main root is called as common monkhood mother root and the later root is called as the prepared aconite root. From the prepared aconite root. Looking at the processing method of the prepared aconite root, it is divided into Yeombuja (prepared aconite root processed in salt) and heuksoonpyeon (baekbupyeon) following the processing method after removing the soil and this is a way of processing the prepared aconite root without damage it. The recently produced raw prepared aconite root is easily damaged, thus it shall be preserved in salt to have the crystal shape on the surface of the prepared aconite root and store and transport in firmly solidified yeombuja condition. Therefore, yeombuja shall remove the salt before use and requires processing for use but heuksoonpyeon or baekbupyeon may use immediately. For the succession of the unique processing techniques of our ancestors, there has to be studies on the techniques. Prepared aconite root is generally used as holy medicines to cure the yang depletion syndrome, kidney-yang deficiency syndrome, and obstruction of qi in the chest syndrome. However, they are the substances with toxicity. It is contemplated that the contents of processing are broadly understood through the document on the processing method, and based on such foundation, the systematic set and proof on the documents are made along with the addition of the contemporary scientific theory and technology to develop the traditional processing technology to maximize the treatment effect and safety of prepared aconite root. In this study, the historic data and records on the processing method of latteral root of aconitum carmichaeli Debx will be rearranged to contribute to the standardization of medicinal herbs, maximization of efficacy and minimization of the side effects.
Study on Application of Lindera Radix Main Blended Prescription in Donguibogam
Kim, Chang-Min ; Lee, Jang-Cheon ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 13, issue 2, 2005, Pages 153~168
This study was investigated to make sure the range of Lindera Radix' treatment, the nature of disease, the chief virtue of medicine, the pathology and the usage quantity of it in Donguibogam The results were as follows; 1. The Lindera Radix is used in 15 fields which contain the Cerebrovascular Accident chapter. 2. The Lindera Radix is used in 31 pathologies of the cerebral infarction, intracranial hemorrhage, etc. 3. The Lindera Radix is used in a range of the pathology of the C.V.A, eliminating phlegm, stagnated blood, etc. 4. The Lindera Radix is used in a range of
in herbal-prescription. The main using dosage is 4g. 5. The Lindera Radix is used with various crude herbs in accordance with the pathogeny. The Lindera Radix has been used to reduce the C.V.A, eliminate phlegm and any blocking substances with dampness, to promote sober by sending qi and reduce pain, etc. According to the results, I suggest to use the Lindera Radix in a various pathogenic fields. The Lindera Radix is able to remove not only pathogenic cerebral infarction or intracranial hemorrhage, but also pathogenic phlegm and sputm, etc.
Study on Application of Herba Ephedrae Main Blended Prescription from Dongeuybogam
Hwang, Chi-Hwan ; Yun, Young-Gab ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 13, issue 2, 2005, Pages 169~192
This report describes the remedial fields, symptoms, pathlogy, dosage, prescriptional constitution of 79 studies to the use of Herba Ephedrae main blended prescriptions from dongeubogam. The following conclusions were reached through investigations on the prescriptions that use Herba Ephedrae as a key ingredient Herba Ephedrae blended prescriptions are utilized for 26 therapeutic purposes, for example, in symptoms of cough, cold, wind. In particular, 20.2% of the prescriptions appear in the chapter of cough. Prescriptions that utilize Herba Ephearae as the main ingredient are used in the treatment of 47 different types of diseases, for example, in the treatment of wind-cold pathogen, cold, wind, exogenous febrile disease etc. Herba Ephedrae is most widely used in six pathogenic factors such as wind, cold, dampness, heat. The actual amount of Herba Ephedrae blended has ranged at a wide variety of amounts from 1 don to 2 don. It is widely applied with base prescriptions such as Mahwang-tang, Samyo-tang, Mahwangbujasesin-tang, Mahwangkanghwal-tang.
The Clinical Study on the Effect of the Sulguanjul-bang No.1 According to Formulation
Park, Min-Jung ; Seo, Jin-Woo ; Sung, In-Hyung ; Kim, Nam-Ok ; Sung, Su-Min ; Chung, Ae-Kyung ; Shin, Dae-Hee ; Park, Koae-Hwan ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 13, issue 2, 2005, Pages 193~206
Objective: This study is designed to compare the effects of Sulguanjul-Bang No.1 on osteoarthritis in knee joint according to formulation. Methods: 47 patients with symptomatic osteoarthritis of the knee joint were enrolled in a open clinical trial. The 47 patients were devided into two groups at random and taken Sulguanjul-bang No.1 with decoction type, suspension type respectively for8 weeks. After 8-week treatment period, the following parameters were analyzed ; Visual analogue Scale(VAS), Lysholm index score, patients' global assessment. Results: Sulguanjul-bang No.1 treatment led to significant improvement in the pain and symptoms of osteoarthritis as determined by all efficacy measures. After 8 weeks of therapy, there was significant improvement in VAS, Lysholm index and patients' global assessment. But there is no significant difference between two groups. Conclusions: Sulguanjul-bang No.1 was very beneficial pain relief effect and functional improvement irrespect of formulation, decoction type or suspension type.