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Herbal Formula Science
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Journal of Oriental Medical Prescription
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Dec 2010
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Jun 2010
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Applications of Prescriptions Including Paeoniae Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix Decoction in Dongeuibogam
Kook, Yoon-Bum ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 1~14
This report describes 57 prescriptions including Paeoniae Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix in Dongeuibogam. Paeoniae Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix have been used separately or concurrently in Oriental Medicine for a long time as a treatment for various disease. The following conclusions are reached through investigations on the applications of prescriptions including Paeoniae Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix in Dongeuibogam. 1. 7 times(12.3%) prescriptions are recorded in women chapter, 6 times(10.5%) in cold chapter, 5 times(8.8%) in stool chapter and fatigue chapter each, 4 times(7.0%) in psychiatry chapter, which are arranged in order of frequency. 2. Anxiety, Yin-Yang deficiency, stroke, treating blood, cataract, fever floating due to Yin deficiency, weak and fatigue, pregnancy, abortion, women accessary disease, cold-feeling heart pain, stiffness, etc, among 51 symptoms in prescriptions including Paeoniae Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix. 3. The dosage of Paeoniae Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix are from 5 pun:2.5 pun to 2 nyang:1 nyang. 1 jeon:5 pun is recored 39 times(68.4%), 2 jeon:1 jeon and 1 nyang:5 jeon is 6 times(3.21%), 2 nyang:1 nyang is 2 times(1.8%) used among 57 prescriptions including Paeoniae Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix. 4. 57 prescriptions including Paeoniae Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix are mostly composed of Samooltang and Sagoonjatang, Gyejitang, Gamgiltang, Bowontang, Goongguitang, Jeongwoneum, Bojoongikgitang, Jigoongsan, Ijintang, Pyeongwuisan, Oryungsan, etc, according to the usage.
A review of Spice Phenomenon Therapy
Lee, Seung-Ho ; Park, Pil-Sang ; Kwon, Dong-Yeul ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 15~23
The spice phenomenon therapy is to adhibit aromatic herbs or materials to the human body or clothing, for the purpose of preventing and treating diseases. Mankind found the fire, and found that some plants and trees give off smoke when they are burning. Then, they found that some of aromatic substances had certain actions after being absorbed through the respiratory organ, which was the beginning of the spice phenomenon therapy. The spice phenomenon therapy is effective to relieve the exterior syndrome, to eliminate dampness, to regulate Qi flow, and to induce resuscitation. It has two actions. One is that the aromas that permeated the body, refreshes the mind, stimulates the appetite, strengthens the spleen and the stomach, and makes a relaxing sleep. The other is that the aromatic substances, absorbed into the human body, have pharmacological actions. The volatile aromatic substances have various pharmacological actions such as stimulating cranial nerves, dilating cardiac blood vessels, promoting gastric secretion, relaxing and sleep-inducing. It has been proved that the spice phenomenon therapy is anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial and is effective to dilate cerebral blood vessels and to ease the pain. It is expected to be studied more aggressively.
Applications of Prescriptions Including Angelicae Gigantis Radix and Cnidii Rhizoma in Dongeuibogam
Kook, Yoon-Bum ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 25~51
This report describes 214 prescriptions including Angelicae Gigantis Radix and Cnidii Rhizoma in Dongeuibogam. Angelicae Gigantis Radix and Cnidii Rhizoma have been used separately or concurrently in Oriental Medicine for a long time as a treatment for various diseases. The following conclusions are reached through investigations on the applications of prescriptions including Angelicae Gigantis Radix and Cnidii Rhizoma in Dongeuibogam. 1. 34 times(15.9%) prescriptions are recorded in women chapter, 24 times(11.2%) in wind chapter, 13 times(6.1%) in children chapter and 12 times(5.6%) in intumescence chapter, which are arranged in order of frequency. 2. Treating blood, stroke and fetal movement are ranked top, regulating blood, headache, cataract, carbunculosis, pregnancy, abortion, underdevelopment, etc, among 137 symptoms in prescriptions including Angelicae Gigantis Radix and Cnidii Rhizoma. 3. The dosages of Angelicae Gigantis Radix and Cnidii Rhizoma are ranged from 2.5 pun~6 nyang. 1 jeon is recorded 54 times(25.2%), 7 pun is 29 times(13.6%), 5 pun is 24 times(11.2%), 1 nyang is 21 times(9.8%), same amount is 11 times(5.1%), 5 pun is 10 times(4.7%), 8 pun is 9 times(4.2%) used among 187 prescriptions including Angelicae Gigantis Radix and Cnidii Rhizoma. 4. The dosages of Angelicae Gigantis Radix and Cnidii Rhizoma are ranged from 2.5 pun~6 nyang. 2.5 pun~1.5 jeon, 2 jeon~6 nyang, same amount which are recorded by percent(decoction groups: the other groups) are 69.0%(98.0:2.0%), 25.5%(18.5:81.5%), 5.1%(18.2:81.8%) respectively. The less using dosage of Angelicae Gigantis Radix and Cnidii Rhizoma has a more percentage of decoctions groups, The more using dosage of Angelicae Gigantis Radix and Cnidii Rhizoma has a more percentage of the other groups except decoctions. The less using prescriptions have an effects of controling menstrual pain, enhancing blood and chi, etc, as a whole. The more using prescriptions as a form of compound powder have an effects in epilepsy, chronic diseases, etc. 5. The 214 prescriptions including Angelicae Gigantis Radix and Cnidii Rhizoma in Dongeuibogam are mainly composed of Goongguitang, Samooltang, Sagoonjatang and Gobangpoongtang, etc.
Applications of prescriptions including Paeoniae Radix as a main component in Dongeuibogam
Lee, Chi-Woong ; Kook, Yoon-Bum ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 53~76
This report describes 173 formulas related to which are mainly used Paeoniae Radix in Dongeuibogam. The following conclusions were induced through investigations on the formulas that are used Paeoniae Radix as a main component. 1. We found the formulas in Dongeuibogam that Paeoniae Radix is used as a main ingredient in each prescriptions. 22 times(12.4%) of them are recorded in women's disease chapter, 20 times(11.3%) are in feces chapter, 14 times(7.9%) are in uterus, 12 times(6.8%) are in wind chapter, 10 times(5.6%) are in fatigue chapter, 9 times(5.1%) are in blood chapter, which are arranged in order of frequency. 2. Formulas that utilize Paeoniae Radix as the main ingredient are used in the treatment of women's disease, diarrhea, paralysis, yin and yang-deficiency syndrome. They are also used for treating 117 different types of diseases. 3. The dosage of Paeoniae Radix in formulas is from 1 don(nearly 3.75g) to 1 nyang 5 don (nearly 56.25g), however 1 don has been taken the most for clinical application. 4. Paeoniae Radix can make various effects with other ingredient, like fulfilling yin and blood, relaxing muscles and allaying pain. And this can be found in the formulas such as Samultang(四物湯), Jakyackgamchotang(芍藥甘草湯), Sambaektang(三白湯).
A Study on the Prescription Used for Ointment Massage Therapy in Donguibogam
Lee, Boo-Kyun ; Leem, Kang-Hyun ; Park, Seong-Ha ; Kang, Hwi-Joong ; Lee, Jang-Cheon ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 77~91
The purpose of this study is to expand the prescription usage from internal treatment to external treatment by applying the compatibilities of herbal ingredient for ointment massage therapy. For this, specific cases of usage were investigated in Donguibogam, which is now inscribed on the UNESCO Memory of the World Register, has been not only one of the classics of Korean medical asphere, but has compiled all the contents of the Oriental medical traditions including ointment massage therapy that was completed through different Chinese dynasties, such as Song (宋), Jin(金) and Won(元) by the 17th century. Research results of this study is : 1. Ointment Massage Therapy was used to treat the symptoms of diseases such as ACHI-mun(dental range : 牙齒門), PI-mun(dermal range : 皮門), JECHANG-mun (sore range : 諸瘡門), SO A-mun(pediatrics range : 小兒門). 2. Out of all the manipulations, it is a scrubbing manipulation that used most. 3. Out of all the formulations of ointment massage therapy, it is powder types and ointment types that most representative formulation.
A Study on the Applications of prescriptions including Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Virdie as a main component in Dongeuibogam
Seo, Beom-Seok ; Ki, Ho-Pil ; Lee, Joon-Suh ; Yun, Yong-Gab ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 93~108
This report was studied 72 cases studies related to the use of Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Virdie mainly blended prescriptions from Dongeuibogam. The following conclusion were reached through investigations on the prescriptions that use Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Virdie as a key ingredient. Prescriptions that Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Virdie was taken as a monarch drug are utilized for 25 therapeutic purposes, for example, abdominal mass, children disease, malaria and abdominal dropsy. In particular, 13.9% of prescriptions appear in the chapter of abdominal mass, and 12.5% of those appear in the chapter of children. Prescriptions that utilize Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Virdie as the main ingredient are used in the treatment of abdominal mass, abdominal dropsy, scrotal hernia and malaria. Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Virdie is used in pathogenic factors such as cold and used in pathology related to the spleen system. The dosage of Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Virdie is 1bun(about 0.375 gram) to 4jeon(about 15 gram), however 5bun(about 1.875 gram) to 8bun(about 3 gram) has been taken the most for clinical application. Yukmisamleunghwan and Hyungbongjeonwon are the most useful base prescriptions which use the Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Virdie as the main ingredient.
Study on practical usage of Fritillaria Bulb and Fritillaria Thunbergii Bulb in formulas
Kim, An-Na ; Jang, Hyun-Chul ; Oh, Yong-Taek ; Bae, Soon-Hee ; Kim, Sang-Kyun ; Kim, Jin-Hyun ; Kim, Chul ; Song, Mi-Young ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 109~124
In this study, we considered the usecase of formulas containing either Fritillaria Bulb (川貝母) or Fritillaria Thunbergii Bulb (浙貝母). These two medicinal materials are distinguished in the Korea Pharmacopoeia and circulating the market separately. But only term "貝母" is traditionally written for describing formulas, and the proper material will have to be determined by a subjective point of view. So, we have comparatively studied the nature, flavor, meridian entry, effect and indication of two materials first. Then we have chosen 54 formulas that "貝母" was used as a primary material from the Donguibogam and the Bangyachappyun, and we have compared effects, indications of two materials and indication of 54 formulas. Finally, we have suggested proper materials for each formula by referring the results above and sentences, which is explaining formulas and the roles of materials in the combination for treatment. The analysis showed that Fritillaria Bulb is proper to 15 formulas, Fritillaria Thunbergii Bulb is proper to 31 ones. This number is 85.2% of 54 formulas and this result shows that we need to distinguish between two materials for "貝母" in the formulas from old traditional literature. For the rest 8 formulas (14.8%), we could not analyze which material is proper or not.
The Comparative Study on Decoctions of Ssanghwa-tang(Shuanghe-tang) Extracted by Different Extraction Conditions
Kim, Jung-Hoon ; Seo, Chang-Seob ; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 125~134
Objectives : This study was performed to compare the differences between decoctions extracted by different extraction conditions. Methods : Two different decoctions were prepared with pressured or non-pressured extraction conditions for 60, 120 and 180min. The yields of extracts, sugar contents, hydrogen ion concentrations(pH), the contents of reference compounds and individual preferences on Ssanghwa-tang(Shuanghe-tang) were investigated. Results : As extraction time increased, individual preferences for decoctions by pressured extraction tended to increase more than those by non-pressured extraction, and the yields and sugar contents of both decoctions showed the tendency of increase. The pH values of decoctions in pressured conditions were lower than those in non-pressured conditions in all extraction times and both extraction conditions showed decreasing pH values according to increase of extraction times. Of the reference compounds, paeoniflorin showed higher contents in non-pressured conditions than in pressured conditions and the contents of cinnamaldehyde were always lower in non-pressured conditions than in pressured conditions at all time. Conclusions : The decoctions of Ssanghwa-tang(Shuanghe-tang) extracted by pressured or non-pressured extraction for 60, 120, 180min exhibited different individual preferences, yields of extracts, sugar contents, pH, reference compounds contents.
A survey about experience of combined medications of Korean herbal drugs and Western drugs with outpatients in oriental and western hospitals
Oh, Moon-Su ; Kang, Jae-Seung ; Hwang, Young-Il ; Jung, Hee-Jae ; Kim, Yun-Kyung ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 135~158
The purpose of this survey was to find out the actual condition and the problems of combined medications of patients who have general diseases, respiratory diseases. The objects of this survey were 1,769 outpatients who visited 8 Oriental hospitals and Seoul national university hospital respiratory clinics. SPSS program was used to analyze the survey data. The mean age of patients was lower in oriental hospital than in western hospital. The monthly family incomes were higher in oriental hospital patients than in western hospital patients. The condition of patients was better in oriental hospital than western hospital and self-assessed health status was more positive in oriental hospital patients than in western hospital patients. The percentage of having experienced of treated in oriental and western hospital at the same time was 21% in western hospital patients and 45% in oriental hospital patients. In patients with respiratory diseases, the percentage of having taken combined medications was 40.2% in oriental hospital and 13.7% in western hospital. In patients with non-respiratory diseases, the percentage of having taken combined medications was 27.4% in oriental hospital and 8.3% in western hospital. And in the patients with two different diseases, the percentage of having taken combined medications was 27.9% in oriental hospital and 6.3% in western hospital. The percentage of having experienced synergistic effects was 33.0% in western hospital and 56.3% in oriental hospital. The percentage of side effects was 12.6% in western hospital and 12.2% in oriental hospital. This survey was meaningful in that it reported the actual condition of combined medications of patients who have general diseases, respiratory diseases. For the deep study on synergistic and side effects of combined medications, it is necessary to collect many cases of synergistic and side effects by doctors in western and oriental hospitals.
Acute Toxicity Study of the Hwangryunhaedok-tang Extract in ICR Mice
Lee, Ji-Hye ; Eum, Hyun-Ae ; Chung, Tae-Ho ; Lee, Yoon-Hee ; Um, Young-Ran ; Yim, Nam-Hui ; Kim, Dong-Seon ; Ma, Jin-Yeul ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 159~166
Objective : The objective of this study was to evaluate the single dose oral toxicity of Hwangryundaedok-tang extract in ICR mice. Methods : 0(control group), 1250, 2500 and 5000 mg/kg of Hwangryundaedok-tang extracts were orally administered to 20 male and 20 female ICR mice. After single oral administration of Hwangryundaedok-tang extract to ICR mice, we observed number of the death, clinical signs, changes of body weights for 14 days. After 14 day of Hwangryundaedok-tang extract administration, all mice were sacrificed and major organs were observed. Results : Compared with the control group, we could not find any toxic signs in the mortalities, clinical signs, body weight changes, necropsy findings and hematological values in all treated groups(1250, 2500 and 5000 mg/kg). Conclusions :
value of Hwangryundaedok-tang extracts may be over 5000 mg/kg and it may have no side toxic effect to ICR mice.
Inhibitory Effects of Water Extract of Cervi parvum cornu, Carthami tinctorii fructus and Their Combination on Osteoclast Differentiation and Bone Resorption
Ann, Ji-Young ; Kim, Ju-Ho ; Ki, Ji-Ye ; Kwak, Han-Bok ; Oh, Jae-Min ; Kim, Yun-Kyung ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 167~182
Cervi parvum cornu (Deer Antler) and Carthami tinctorii fructus (Also known as Carthami seed) are widely used for treating osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis. In this study, We found out that the water extract of Cervi parvum cornu(WECPC), Carthami tinctorii fructus(WECTF) and their combination have effects of suppressing the RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation. We assayed mRNA expression levels of NFATc1, c-Fos, TRAP and GAPDHS from bone marrow macrophages(BMMs) by means of RT-PCR. Similarly, the protein expression levels of NFATc1, c-Fos, MAPKs and
-actin in cell lysates were analyzed by means of Western blotting. then we determined the anti-osteoporotic effects of WECPC, WECTF and their combination using Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced bone-loss mouse. WECPC, WECTF and their combination showed remarkable inhibition on RANKL-treated osteoclast differentiation without cytotoxicity. WECPC suppressed degradation of I-
. WECPC, WECTF and their combination down-regulated the induction of c-Fos and NFATc1 by RANKL. Lastly, in vivo data showed that WECPC, WECTF and their combination rescued the bone erosion by LPS treatment. Thus, these results demonstrate that WECPC, WECTF and their combination can be efficacious remedies for bone-loss diseases such as osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Effects of FLOS LONICERAE Water Extract On Anti-Rheumatiod Arthritis
Kim, Hee-Soo ; Ki, Ho-Pil ; Lee, Joon-Suh ; Yun, Yong-Gab ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 183~199
Rheumatoid arthritis is characterized by the focal loss of cartilage due to an up-regulation of inflammatory pathways, which produce inflammatory mediators, such as interleukin-1beta(IL-
), IL-6, tumour necrosis factor alpha(TNF-
), prostaglandin, and nitric oxide(NO). We investigated the anti-arthritic effects of water extract from FLOS LONICERAE(FLWE) in vitro and in vivo. Extract inhibited the production of inflammatory mediators(NO, IL-
, and prostaglandin
) and the expression of inducible NO synthase(iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages in a dose-dependent manner. FLWE also inhibited TNF-
, IL-6, and
production as well as COX activity in collagen-induced mouse arthritis. Moreover, FLWE significantly suppressed collagen-induced mouse arthritis. These results suggest that FLOS LONICERAE may be useful for therapy against inflammatory immune diseases and rheumatoid arthritis, probably by suppressing the production of inflammatory mediators.
Fermented Soybean Powder Reduces Body Weight Gain and Improves Hepatic Lipid Accumulation in High Fat Diet-Fed Obese Male C57BL/6N Mice
Tsung, Pei-Chin ; Lee, Hee-Young ; Lee, Hye-Rim ; Jeong, Hae-Gyeong ; Yin, Yuan-Mi ; Yoon, Mi-Chung ; Park, Sun-Dong ; Shin, Soon-Shik ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 201~213
Objectives : We investigated the effects of fermented soybean(FSOB) on body weight and examined whether hepatic lipid accumulation are inhibited by it in high fat diet-fed obese male mice. Methods : 8 weeks old, high fat diet-fed obese male mice were divided into 5 groups: C57BL/6N normal, control, FSOB(1), (2) and (3). After mice were treated with FSOB for 9 weeks, we measured body weight gain, food intake, feeding efficiency ratio, fat weight, plasma leptin and lipid levels. We also did histological analysis for liver and fat on the mice. Results : 1. Compared with controls, FSOB-treated mice had lower body weight gain and adipose tissue weight, the magnitudes of which were prominent in FSOB(3) and FSOB(1). 2. Compared with controls, FSOB-treated mice had lower feeding efficiency ratio and blood plasma leptin levels, the magnitude of which was prominent in FSOB(3). 3. Compared with controls, FSOB-treated mice had lower blood plasma total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol levels. 4. Blood plasma AST and ALT concentrations were not changed by FSOB, indicating FSOB do not show any toxic effects. 5. Consistent with their effects on body weight gain, the size of adipocytes were significantly decreased by FSOB, whereas the adipocyte number per unit area was significantly increased, suggesting that FSOB decreased the number of large adipocytes. Hepatic lipid accumulation was decreased by FSOB. Conclusions : These results demonstrate that FSOB effectively reduces body weight gain, feeding efficiency ratio, blood plasma leptin level and improves hepatic lipid accumulation.
Effects of Lycii Radicis Cortex in HPA-Axis System on the Forced Swimming Test
Koo, Beom-Mo ; Lee, Tae-Hee ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 215~225
In order to investigate the antidepressant effects of Lycii Radicis Cortex on the change of HPA-Axis system, the forced swimming test was performed. The expressions of CRF and c-Fos in the PVN were measured with immunohistochemical method and the concentration of ACTH in Serum was evaluated with ELISA method. And the results obtained were as follows. Results : 1. The duration of immobility in the forced swimming test was significantly decreased in the LRC100 group and the LRC400 group(P<0.001). 2. The expressions of CRF and c-Fos were significantly reduced in the LRC100 group and the LRC400 group(P<0.001). And the concentration of ACTH in Serum were significantly reduced in the LRC 100 group(P<0.05). According to the results above mentioned, it can be considered that Lycii Radicis Cortex has antidepressant effects.
Application model research on visualizing anti-inflammation effects by using the virtual cell
Kim, Chul ; Yea, Sang-Jun ; Kim, Jin-Hyun ; Kim, Sang-Kyun ; Jang, Hyun-Chul ; Kim, An-Na ; Nam, Ky-Youb ; Song, Mi-Young ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 227~239
Objective : The purpose of this study was to develop the simulator which can analyze the anti-inflammatory effects of herbs based on e-cell, or the virtual cell. Method : We have ensured the medical herbs and its active compounds by investigating the oriental medicine records and NBCI(Biomedicine database). Also we have developed the web-based search system for confirming database related to anti-inflammation. We have researched the cell signal pathway related with inflammatory response control and established the mathematical model of herb interaction on selected signal pathway in e-cell. Finally we have developed the prototype which can confirm the result of this model visibly. Results : We constructed the database of 62 cases of anti-inflammatory active compounds in 61 cases of medical herbs which have been known anti-inflammation effects in the paper, 16 cases of inflammatory factors, 10 cases of signal pathways related with inflammatory response and 6,834 cases of URL(Uniform Resource Locator) of referenced papers. And we embodied the web-based research system, which can research this database. User can search basic and detailed information of medical plants related with anti-inflammatory by using information system. And user can acquire information on an active compounds, a signal pathway and a link URL of related paper. Among investigated ten pathways, we selected NF-
, which plays important role in activation of immune system, and we searched the mechanisms of actions of proteins which could be components of this pathway. We reduced total network into IKK-
, and completed mathematic modeling by using ordinary differential equations and response variables of
signaling model network which is suggested by Baltimore Group. We designed OED(Ordinary Differential Equation) for response of IKK,
in e-cell's cytoplasm and nucleus, and measured whether an active compound of medicinal plants which is inputted by an user would have a anti-inflammation effects in obedience to change in concentration over time. The proposed model was verified by using experimental results of the papers which are listed on NCBI.
Antiinflammatory Effect of Bioactive Compounds from Geranium nepalense (Notes)
Kim, Bo-Mi ; Kim, Eui-Sung ; Lee, Young-Hang ; Yu, Byung-Soo ; Chai, Kyu-Yun ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 241~249
The Geranium nepalense has been used traditionally for treatment of various diseases. However, the molecular studies on the effect of Geranium nepalense have not been carried out. In the present study, Quercetin, quercitrin, and afzelin were isolated from the methanol extract of Geranium nepalense were tested for their anti-inflammatory effect. The anti-inflammatory effect of the compounds was studied in lipopolysaccharide(lps)-treated mouse macrophage cells, RAW 264.7. RAW 264.7 cells were pre-incubated with isolated compounds(0, 5, 10, 20, 40,
) for 4h and treated with
lps for 18h, and then the anti-inflammatory effects of compounds were determined. The results are as follows: Quercetin at various concentration inhibited the viability of Raw 264.7 from 7% to 45%, quercitrin from 25% to 80%, and afzelin from 13% to 52%. Isolated compounds showed a significant decrease in iNOS (inducible nitric oxide synthase) and COX-2 (cyclooxygenase-2). These results suggest that these compounds can be used as stable anti-inflammatory materials.
Simultaneous Determination of Cinnamaldehyde and Coumarin in Oryeong-san using HPLC with Photodiode Array Detector
Seo, Chang-Seob ; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 251~257
Objectives : To develop and validate High-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array methods for simultaneous determination of two constituents in Oryeong-san(ORS). Methods : Reverse-phase chromatography using a Gemini C18 column operating at
, and photodiode array(PDA) detection at 280 nm, were used for quantification of the two marker components of ORS. The mobile phase using a gradient flow consisted of two solvent systems. Solvent A was
and solvent B was acetonitrile. Results : Calibration curves were acquired with correlation coefficient (
)>0.9999, and the relative standard deviation(RSD) values(%) for intra- and inter-day precision were not exceed 1.0%. The recovery rate of each compound was in the range of 93.01-104.16%, with an RSD less than 2.0%. The contents of two compounds in ORS were 1.10-3.72 mg/g. Conclusions : The established HPLC method will be helpful to improve quality control of ORS.
Case Study of shoulder Impingement Syndrome with Subacromial bursitis Improved as Sweet BV herbal acupuncture
Lim, Dae-Woong ; Lee, Kyung-Jun ; Jung, Tae-San ; Choi, Byoung-Sun ; Choi, Eun-Hee ; Lee, Young-Soo ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 259~265
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to report the improvement after Sweet BV herbal acupuncture therapy of shoulder impingement syndrome with Subacromial bursitis. Methods : We treated a patient having shoulder pain due to shoulder impingement syndrome with Sweet BV herbal acupuncture therapy. We checked visual analogue scale (VAS) score and range of movement (ROM). Results : We treated shoulder pain. Thereafter ROM improved and VAS score dropped to the level 3 points from 10 points at onset. Conclusions : This report shows Sweet BV herbal acupuncture therapy has effectiveness on shoulder impingement syndrome with Subacromial bursitis.
A Case Report of MELAS syndrome Improved by Oriental Medicine Treatment
Seong, Kee-Moon ; Yu, Deok-Seon ; Choi, Byoung-Sun ; Heo, Rae-Kyong ; Jang, Myung-Jun ; Lee, In-Yung ; Song, Bong-Keun ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 267~277
Objective : Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke like episodes (MELAS) syndrome is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder. The typical presentation of patients with MELAS syndrome includes features such as mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke like episodes. Other features, such as seizures, diabetes mellitus, hearing loss, cardiac disease, short stature, endocrinopathies, exercise intolerance, and neuropsychiatric dysfunction are clearly part of the disorder. Approximately 80% of patients with the clinical characteristics of MELAS syndrome have a genetic mutation. This progressive disorder is reported to have a high morbidity and mortality. This case report is intended to estimate clinical effects of oriental meedicinal treatment of MELAS syndrome. Methods : A 44 year old female patient diagnosed as MELSA syndrome was treated with general oriental medicinal therapy including acupuncture, moxibustion, cupping, pharmacupunture and herbal medication in 20XX in Wonkwang Medical Center Gwangju. And the changes in symptoms and signs were evaluated as time dependently. Results : Although there is currently no curable treatment and MEALS syndrome is tend to progress, our treatment showed improvement in general weakness, gait disturbance and pain in the patient. Conclusion : Our case report suggests that various oriental medicinal treatment could be effective for improvement of MELAS syndrome and may represent a new potential therapeutic approach to control the disease. It could be applied to improve general condition, prevent relapse, enhance the quality of life and reduce complaints in the patient.