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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Herbal Formula Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Journal of Oriental Medical Prescription
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Dec 2011
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Jun 2011
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Herbal combination frequence on Clicical Herbal formulation
Cha, Woong-Seok ; Lee, Tae-Hyung ; Lee, Byung-Wook ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2011, Pages 1~10
Objectives : Since its enactment in 1987, the 56 standard prescriptions covered by insurance have remained unchanged from its original version. In this study, we tried to discover most frequently used herbal combinations by analyzing prescriptions used in actual clinical settings. Methods : We have built Structured Query Language to analyze herbal combination and progressed this analysis through analyzing the frequencies of medicinal herb combinations in medical prescription slips. Results : We have found out that traditional Korean medical doctors use about 13 herbs in a prescriptions and usually use 253 kinds of herb. And We have found out the most frequently used herbal combination. Conclusions : In this study, We can suggest new method to decide what do we need on insurance prescriptions.
Effect of Hwangyeonhaedok-tang on Experimental Mouse Colitis Induced by Dextran Sulfate Sodium
Lim, Dae-Hwan ; Yun, Ji-Yeon ; Jang, Seon-Il ; Yun, Young-Gab ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2011, Pages 11~22
Objectives : Hwangyeonhaedok-tang(HHDT) has been traditionally used for various clinical symptoms associated with gastrointestinal disorder, cardiovascular diseases, and inflammation in the Oriental medicine. However, little is known for antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of HHDT on dextran-sulfate sodium(DSS)-induced colitis in mice. Methods : In this study, we investigated an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of HHDT on DSS-induced colitis in mice. An experimental colitis was induced by daily treatment with 5% DSS. HHDT was orally administrated the various concentrations(25-100 mg/kg, body weight/day) for 7 days with one time per day. Results : HHDT reduced significantly clinical sign of DSS-induced colitis, including body weight loss, shorten colon length, disease activity index(DAI), and histological colon injury. HHDT also inhibited significantly serum NO and prostaglandine
productions in DSS-induced colitis mice. Furthermore, HDDT increased significantly an superoxide anion(SOD), catalase, and glutathione peroxidase(GPx) activity of the colon tissue in DSS-induced colitis mice. Conclusions : These results suggest that HHDT administration could reduce significantly the clinical signs and inflammatory mediators, and increase antioxidant activity in DSS-induced colitis model mice and is a good candidate for further evaluation as an effective anti-ulcerative agent.
The Comparison Between Single And Yimyosan in Acute Pancreatitis : Atractylodes chinensis(AC) and Phellodendron amurense Ruprecht(PAR)
Lim, Young-Hwan ; Kook, Yoon-Bum ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2011, Pages 23~38
Objectives : Atractylodes chinensis(AC) and Phellodendron amurense Ruprecht(PAR) have been used as anti-inflammatory medicines. However, the effects of AC, PAR and Yimyosan on AP were not examined. To prove this, We decocted the dried prescription of AC and PAR with boiling distilled water and freeze-dried to be powdered. AC, PAR and Yimyosan was administrated intraperitoneally. Methods : 1h after administration, cerulein was injected hourly six times. 6hrs after last cerulein injection, mice were sacrificed, then the pancreas and blood were harvested. Serum amylase and lipase, neutrophil infiltration, pancreatic cytokines were used as the parameter of severity of AP. Results : As a result of assessment the parameters of AP, AC alone treatment did not inhibit the severity of AP, however PAR treatment inhibited the severity of AP significantly. Yimyosan also showed the protective effects against AP at lower doses, however AC alone plus PAR alone extract did not show the protective effects significantly. Conclusions : In conclusion, PAR extract has a protective effects on AP, and the effects could be increased by co-treatment with AC.
Effect of BangPungTongSungSan(BPTSS, 防風通聖散) on acute methamphetamine-induced locomotor activity and c-Fos expression in mice
Shin, Ji-Seob ; Jang, Eun-Young ; Kim, Dan-Hyo ; Kim, Sang-Chan ; Kim, Kwang-Joong ; Yang, Chae-Ha ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2011, Pages 39~46
Objectives : The BangPungTongSungSan(BPTSS) has been used as a therapeutic agent for cerebrovascular disease, cerebral hemorrhage, hypertension, diabetes and obesity in oriental medicine. The present study designed to investigate the effect of BPTSS on behavioral change and neuronal activation induced by acute methamphetamine(METH, 2 mg/kg, i.p.) in C57BL/6 mice. Methods : Mice received the oral administration of BPTTS(25, 50 and 100 mg/kg) 1 h prior to saline or METH administration. Locomotor activity was measured for 90 min using videotractking method and c-Fos expression, as marker of neuronal activation, was identified in a separate groups of mice by immunohistochemistry. Results and conclusions : Methamphetamine injection significantly increased locomotor activity and c-Fos expression in the nucleus accumbens and striatum. Interestingly, BPTTS(100 mg/kg) significantly suppressed locomotor activity and c-Fos expression in the nucleus accumbens and striatum by acute exposure to METH. These results suggest that BangPungTongSungSan may be effective in suppressing the reinforcing effect of methamphetamine by modulation neuronal activity.
Gambigyeongsinhwan(2) Reduces Blood Triglyceride Levels and Improves Visceral Fat in High Fat Diet-Fed Obese Male C57BL/6N Mice
Shin, Soon-Shik ; Lee, Hee-Young ; Lee, Hye-Rim ; Yoon, Mi-Chung ; Lee, Yong-Tae ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2011, Pages 47~59
Objectives : We investigated the effects of gambigyeongsinhwan2(GGH(2)) on body weight and examined whether blood triglyceride levels and visceral fat are inhibited by it in high fat diet-fed obese male mice. Methods : 8 weeks old, high fat diet-fed obese male mice were divided into 5 groups: C57BL/6N normal, control, GGH(2)-1, GGH(2)-2 and GGH(2)-3. After mice were treated with GGH(2) for 8 weeks, we measured body weight gain, food intake, feeding efficiency ratio, fat weight, plasma leptin and lipid levels. We also did histological analysis for liver and fat on the mice. Results : 1. Compared with controls, GGH(2)-treated mice had lower body weight gain and adipose tissue weight, the magnitudes of which were prominent in GGH(2)-3. 2. Compared with controls, GGH(2)-treated mice had lower feeding efficiency ratio, the magnitude of which was prominent in GGH(2)-3. 3. Compared with controls, GGH(2)-treated mice had lower blood plasma triglyceride level. 4. Blood plasma AST and ALT concentrations were not changed by GGH(2), indicating GGH(2) do not show any toxic effects. 5. Consistent with their effects on body weight gain, the size of adipocytes were significantly decreased by GGH(2), whereas the adipocyte number per unit area was significantly increased, suggesting that GGH(2) decreased the number of large adipocytes. Hepatic lipid accumulation was decreased by GGH(2). Conclusions : These results demonstrate that GGH(2) effectively reduces body weight gain, feeding efficiency ratio, blood plasma triglyceride level and improves abdominal fat.
Inhibitory Effects on Bone Resorption and osteoblast proliferation of Kyungok-go
Kim, Ju-Ho ; Lee, Jung-Ho ; Oh, Jae-Min ; Kim, Yun-Kyung ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2011, Pages 61~71
Objectives : Kyungok-go(KOG), the first herbal formulation of donguibogam, has been used for treating of many symptoms of yin deficiency. In this study, we examined the effect of KOG on bone resorption. Methods : We determined the effects of water extract of KOG in RANKL(Receptor Activator for Nuclear Factor
Ligand)-induced osteoclast differentiation culture system and osteoblast proliferation. In addition, we determined the effects of water extract of ABR on LPS-induced bone-loss with mice. Results : Water extract of KOG showed proliferation effect on osteoblast without cytotoxicity and no effect on RANKL-treated osteoclast differentiation. KOG rescued bone erosion by LPS induction in vivo study. Conclusions : These results demonstrated that KOG can be a useful remedy for treating of bone-loss disease such as osteoporosis.
Acute toxicity on Samsoeum and fermented Samsoeum in ICR mice
Lee, Ju-Hye ; Hwang, Youn-Hwan ; Lee, Ji-Hye ; Yim, Nam-Hui ; Cho, Won-Kyung ; Ma, Jin-Yeul ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2011, Pages 73~82
Objectives : This study aims to investigate the acute oral toxicity and safety of Samsoeum (Shensuyin) extracts and fermented Samsoeum extracts. Methods : For that objective, we used ICR mice. ICR mice were administerd orally with dosage of 1250mg/kg, 2500mg/kg and 5000mg/kg of Samsoeum extracts and fermented Samsoeum extracts. Results : We daily examined number of deaths, clinical signs, body weights and gross findings for 2 weeks. 1. The results of acute oral toxicity using ICR mice showed that LD50 of value over 5000 mg/kg. 2. Samsoeum extracts and fermented Samsoeum extracts not affect on bodyweight gross findings of ICR mice. 3. The results of Serum chemistry analysis and Complete Blood Count(CBC) through the autopsy were showed normal range values. Conclusions : Samsoeum extracts and fermented Samsoeum extracts did not show any toxic effects in ICR mice. And oral LD50 value was over 5000mg/kg in ICR mice and it is very safe for ICR mice.
Monitoring on Microbial flora of Herbal Powder in Long Term Preservation
Seo, Chang-Seob ; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo ; Shin, Kwang-Soo ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2011, Pages 83~92
Objectives : This study was carried out to moniter microbial flora on freeze-dried herbal powder and identify isolated bacteria. Methods : We measured the total number of bacteria and fungi in 29 herbal powder which had made according to the guideline of KFDA. For the identification, we observed microscopic properties and carried out polymerase chain reaction(PCR). The purified DNA was analyzed by DNA sequencer. Results : Among the 29 herbal powders, the fungi were detected only one sample as unacceptable range of total aerobic bacteria. Isolated bacteria were identified as Bacillus cereus, B. subtilis, B. megaterium, B. licheniformis, Erwinia tasmaniensis, E. amylovora, and Pantoea agglomerans by 16S rDNA analysis. E. tasmaniensis was observed 20 herbal samples. Conclusions : According to above results, further studies for the effective sterilization of low herbal materials should be needed.
Pharmacological action and Toxicity of Angelica sinensis
Park, Yeong-Chul ; Lee, Ji-Sun ; Kim, Min-Hee ; Kim, Dong-Yoon ; Lee, Sun-Dong ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2011, Pages 93~108
Objectives : Angelica sinensis has been used extensively in Korean traditional medicine. Although thorough clinical trials are lacking, Various pharmacological actions for Angelica sinensis has been identified newly using animal models. In addition, it was reported that reactive intermediates, potentially causing toxic effects, was isolated from components in Angelica sinensis. In this article, it was purposed for explanation and introduction of new studies for Angelica sinensis. in terms of Pharmacological action and Toxicity. Methods : New studies for Angelica sinensis were reviewed and summarized in terms of pharmacological action and toxicity. Results and Conclusions : Angelica sinensis and its components including phthalide, phthalide dimers, polysaccharides, polyacetylenes, ligustilide와 butylidenephthalide as well as organic acid showed a variety of pharmacological actions on uterine, cardiovascular system and immune system. In addition, it was identified that three components of such as ligustilide, caffeic acid and safrole was biotransformed to reactive intermediates causing possibly toxicity.
Research for the antiinflamation and antioxidation effect on the Lycoris squamigera Maxim
Kim, Bo-Mi ; Yoo, Myung-Ja ; Song, Mi-Seon ; Kwon, Tae-Oh ; Lee, Young-Hang ; Chai, Kyu-Yun ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2011, Pages 109~118
Objectives : The Lycoris squamigera Maxim has been used traditionally for treatment of various diseases. However, the studies on the effect of Lycoris squamigera Maxim have not been carried out. In the present study, extract of Lycoris squamigera Maxim were tested for their anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidation effect. Methods : The anti-inflammatory effect of the various solvent extract was studied in lipopolysaccharide (lps)-treated mouse macrophage cells. RAW 264.7 cells were pre-incubated with Lycoris squamigera Maxim extracts for 4h and treated with
lps for 18h, and then the anti-inflammatory effects of extracts were determined. The anti-oxidation effect of extracts measured by DPPH method, reductive potential test, total phenolics test. Results : Extracted root's ethyl acetate layer showed a significant decrease in nitric oxide. And that layer (root's ethyl acetate extract) was showed decrease in TNF-
concentration dependently. Separated from Root's ethyl acetate extract was fraction 1 has
range, fraction 2 has
range did not showed cytotoxicity. Anti-oxidation result as DPPH test showed the best was root ethyl acetate extract. Redusing power was made a comparison between fractions and standard. They were showed similar value. Fraction's total phenol containing result was better then standard. Conclusions : These results suggest that these extracts can be used as anti-inflammatory, anti-axidation materials.
Analyses of Formulas in "Key to Therapeutics of Children's Diseases (小兒藥證直訣)"
Cho, Hyun-Jin ; Park, Ki-Jeong ; Park, Sun-Dong ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2011, Pages 119~133
Objectives : This study aimed to reveal the characteristics of formulas in "Key to Therapeutics of Children's Diseases" by analysis of crude drugs that constitute formulas. Methods : To analyze the formulas, We classified the formulas to presenting symptom classification. And within that categories, the crude drugs in formulas were diagrammatized. Results : After those analyses, we brought a conclusion as like these. 1. The formulas classified into some categories that include chronic consumption disease, parasitization, digestive system disease, febricity, infectious disease, respiratory disease, skin disease, infirmity and etc. 2. We analyzed the characteristic of formulas by categorization of crude drug combination. In this way, we recognized that Qian Yi(錢乙) frequently used cold crude drugs unlike the trend of S
ng(宋) dynasty doctors. 3. The prescription that described in "Key to Therapeutics of Children's Diseases" can be found in "Treasured Mirror of Eastern Medicine(東醫寶鑑)" and the other books on posterity. Conclusions : Through these researches, we verified that Qian Yi affect cold herbal and mineral drugs. This tendency of Qian Yi have an effect on the Nourish yin school. And several decades of formulas of "Key to Therapeutics of Children's Diseases" contain in part of pediatrics on "Treasured Mirror of Eastern Medicine". We reconfirmed that Qian Yi affected profound influence on the development of pediatrics and Nourish yin school.
Applications of Prescriptions Containing Ginseng Radix and Aconiti Lateralis Preparata Radix in Dongeuibogam
Lee, Joo-Young ; Kook, Yoon-Bum ; Huh, Yeul ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2011, Pages 135~149
Objectives : This study was performed to investigate the applications of 47 prescriptions containing Ginseng Radix and Aconiti Lateralis Preparata Radix in Dongeuibogam. Methods : 47 prescriptions containing Ginseng Radix and Aconiti Lateralis Preparata Radix which have been used separately or concurrently in Oriental Medicine for a long time as a treatment for various disease in Dongeuibogam were studied through order of frequency, symptoms, dosages, etc. Results : 1. 17.02 % prescriptions are used in cold chapter with the 8 frequency, 14.89% in fatigue chapter with the 7 frequency, 10.64% in stool and wind chapter each with the 5 frequency, and 6.38% in children chapter with the 3 frequency. 2. Cold-diarrhea, Yang deficiency treating herbs, General fatigue treating herbs are most used chapters and articulation pain, severe cold, convulsion chapters are following frequency among 38 symptoms in prescriptions including Ginseng Radix and Aconiti Iateralis Preparata Radix. 3. In the prescriptons which has used more Ginseng Radix than Aconiti Lateralis Preparata Radix, the dosage ratio between Ginseng Radix and Aconiti Lateralis Preparata is ranged from 2.5 puns:1.5 puns ~ 1 jeon:7 puns. Among the range, 1 jeon:5 puns is recorded 2 times(33.33%), the rests are 1 time(16.67%). 4. In the prescriptons which has used same amount Ginseng Radix and Aconiti Lateralis Preparata Radix, the dosage ratio Ginseng Radix and Aconiti Lateralis Preparata is ranged from 2 puns ~ 1 nyangs each. Among the range, 1 jeon is recorded 12 times(41.38%), 1.25 jeon and 5 jeons are 3 times(10.34%) each, 0.5 jeon, 0.7 jeons and 3 jeons each are recorded 2 times (6.90%), the rests are 1 time(3.45%). 5. In the prescriptons which has used less Ginseng Radix than Aconiti Lateralis Preparata Radix, the dosage ratio between Ginseng Radix and Aconiti Lateralis Preparata is ranged from 3 puns:1 jeon ~ 1 nyang:3 nyangs. Among the range, 5 jeons:1 nyang is recorded 2 times(25.00%), the rests are 1 time(12.50%). 6. 5 jeons:1 piece are used 2 times(50.00%), the rests are 1 time(25.00%) each used among 3 prescriptions including Ginseng Radix and Aconiti Lateralis Preparata Radix. Conclusions : The 47 prescriptions including Ginseng Radix and Aconiti Iateralis Preparata Radix in Dongeuibogam are mainly composed of Samboo-tang, Sayeok-tang, Eejoong-tang, Samool-tang, Sagoonja-tang and Gobangpoong-tang, Bowon-tang, etc.
The Study of Literature Review on Poisoning and the Pragmatic Significance of the Processing Method of Armeniacae Amarum Semen to use in oriental medical prescription
Kim, Se-Ran ; Lee, Jin-Won ; Lim, So-Yeon ; Kim, Jong-Dae ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2011, Pages 151~160
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate Armeniacae Amarum Semen of poison and the Pragmatic significance of the processing method. Methods : We researched several books dealing with Armeniacae Amarum Semen of poison and the Pragmatic significance of the processing method. Results & Conclusions : Armeniacae Amarum Semen is sweet, bitter, warm and harmful in nature. It is known as moistening the lung to arrest cough, moistening the colon, to move the bowels and promoting digestion and curing dog bites. Armeniacae Amarum Semen has toxicity, decreasing toxicity of Armeniacae Amarum Semen is boiling, peeling or roasting. If Armeniacae Amarum Semen has two seeds in one apricot or has six-floral leaf, do not used for medicinal purposes.
Study on the Applications of Prescriptions including Rhizoma Cyperi as a Main Component in Dongeuibogam
Hu, Jin ; Lee, Jung-Hwan ; Yun, Young-Gab ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2011, Pages 161~178
Objectives : The aim of this study is to find the therapeutic meaning of Rhizoma Cyperi in herbal medication. Methodes : In this study, we investigate 85 prescriptions related to the use of Rhizoma Cyperi main blended from Dongeuibogam. we research about field of therapy, symtoms of a disease, the chief virtue of a medicine, the cause of a disease, the pathology of a disease, dosage, contents of composition. Results : The following conclusions were reached through investigations on the prescriptions that use Rhizoma Cyperi as the main ingredient. Prescriptions that Rhizoma Cyperi was taken as a monarch drug are utilized for 24 therapeutic purpose, for example, woman disease, uterine disease, vitality and abdominal mass. In particular, 16.4% of prescriptions appear in the chapter of woman, and 15.2% of those appear in the chapter of uterus. Prescriptions that utilize Rhizoma Cyperi as the main ingredient are used in the treatment of menstrual disorder, pain due to disorder of Gi, infertility, irregular menstruation and abdominal mass. Rhizoma Cyperi is used in pathogenic factors such as seven modes of emotions and used in pathology related to the stagnation of blood system. The dosage of Rhizoma Cyperi is 6li(about 0.23g) to 6don(about 22.5g), however 1don(about 3.75g) has been taken the most for clinical application. Gyogamdan and Yukmisamleunghwan are the most useful base prescriptions which use the Rhizoma Cyperi as the main component. Conclusions : This information provide the rationale for establishing Basic evidance in the oriental medical prescription.
The Study of Safety of Herbal Medicine Including Fuzi(附子) on High Range of LFT, RFT Patients
Lee, Young-Jun ; Hwang, Won-Duk ; Lee, Jae-Wook ; Jeong, Hui-Jin ; Bae, Su-Hyun ; Kim, Kyu-Gon ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 19, issue 2, 2011, Pages 179~189
Objectives : Aconiti Lateralis Preparata Radix(fuzi, 附子) and its class herbs(chaunwu, caowu etc.) are necessary for some clinical conditions, such as cold pain, chilling etc,. But, they has some poison component. And, they have been known to cause liver and kidney injury, and dangerous in the patients who has abnormal range of LFT and RFT. This study shows the consequences for aspartate aminotransferase(AST), alanine aminotransferase(ALT), blood urea nitrate(BUN), and Creatinine were analyzed using samples from patients who took the decoction containing fuzi. Methods : Blood samples for Experiment Group(E) were collected from 63 patients, who took the decoction containing fuzi, admitted into the 6th internal medicine department of Dong Eui Oriental Medical Hospital between from January 2007 to March 2011. In compared to those of experiment group, blood samples as Control Group(C) were collected from 64 patients, who took the decoction not containing fuzi, admitted into the same hospital from January 2009 to April 2011. Results and Conclusions : 1. AST No changed : E 4.17%, C 2.63%, Increased : E 12.5%, C 28.95%, Decreased : E 80.33%, C 68.42% 2. ALT No changed : E2.94%, C5.13%, Increased : E 8.82%, C 20.51%, Decreased : E 88.24%, C 74.36% 3. BUN No changed : E 0%, CG 7.14%, Increased : E 32.25%, CG 14.29% Decreased : EG 67.65%, CG 78.57% 4. Creatinine No changed : EG 5.00%, CG 0%, Increased : EG 35.00%, CG 54.55% Decreased : EG 60.00%, CG 45.45% 5. The results suggest that the decoction containing fuzi isn't harmful AST, ALT, BUN, Cr of the patients who has high range of them.