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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Herbal Formula Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Journal of Oriental Medical Prescription
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Dec 2012
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Jun 2012
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Combination with Korean Red Ginseng and Gastrodia rhizoma Enhances Vascular Protective Effects in Hyperlipidemic Rats
Lee, Yun-Jung ; Kim, Hye-Yoom ; Yoon, Jung-Joo ; Lee, So-Min ; Kho, Joung-Hyun ; Lee, Ho-Sub ; Choi, Kyung-Min ; Kang, Dae-Gill ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~11
Objectives : This experimental study was designed to investigate the inhibitory effects of combination with Korean red ginseng and Gastrodia rhizoma on vascular dysfunction in high-fat/cholesterol diet-induced hyperlipidemia. Methods : Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with 7.5% cocoa butter and 1.25% cholesterol for 10 weeks, with Panax ginseng (PG), and mixtures of Panax ginseng and Gastrodia rhizoma (PGM), respectively. Results : Chronic treatment with PG and PGM significantly decreased body weight. The aortic expression of cell adhesion molecules such as intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and E-selectin were markedly increased in hyperlipidemia rats. Interestingly, PGM significantly decreased cell adhesion molecules expression. However, there was no significant decrease in PG group. In addition, PG and PGM group inhibited high-fat/cholesterol diet-induced cytokine such as monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP-1) mRNA expression. Furthermore, PG and PGM group significantly decreased c-reactive protein protein (CRP) level. Especially, PGM significantly accentuated the decrease of MCP-1 mRNA expression and CRP level. Conclusions : the present study provides an evidence that combination with Panax ginseng and Gastrodia rhizoma enhances anti-vascular protective effects through suppression of vascular inflammation in hyperlipidemic rats.
Pharmacological and Toxicological review of Yukmijihwang-tang(Hwan)
Park, Yeong-Chul ; Kim, Jong-Bong ; Kook, Yoon-Boom ; Lee, Sun-Dong ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 1, 2012, Pages 13~24
Objectives : Yukmijihwang-tang(Wan), a well-known formula for invigorating yin-particular kidney yin, was first recorded in "Xiao er Yao Zheng Zhi Jue", consisting of Radix Rehmanniae Preparata, Fructus Macrocarpii, Rhizoma Dioscoreae Oppositae, Poria, Rhizoma Alismatis and Cortex Moutan Radicis with dose proportion of 8:4:4:3:3:3. Although clinical trials have been lacking, various pharmacological actions for Yukmijihwang-tang has been identified newly using animal models. In addition, it was reported that Yukmijihwang-tang increases structural chromosome aberrations significantly in Chinese hamster lung cells. In this article, it is purposed that new studies for pharmacology and toxicology of Yukmijihwang-tang are reviewed. Insight into new studies of Yukmijihwang-tang at the cellular and animal levels will enhance our understanding of Yukmijihwang-tang against various diseases will provide new tools to diagnose and treat patients. Methods : Recent researches for Yukmijihwang-tang were reviewed and summarized in terms of pharmacological action and toxicity. All sources for review were based on recent studies loaded on data base of web sites such as Science Direct and National Center for Biotechnology Information. Results and Conclusions : Recently, reports showed that YMJ had antiaging effects, antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities, anti-renal hypertension and prevented tumors, and diabetes mellitus. However, there is little information on its safety except general toxicity, acute and sub-chronic oral toxicity, or genotoxicity. In addition, clinical trial for Yukmijihwang-tang was limited even though Yukmijihwang-tang has been used extensively in Korean traditional medicine. Thus, further studies are necessary to focus on safety evaluation and clinical trial for Yukmijihwang-tang.
Experimental Study of GuizhiShaoyaoZhimu-Tang on the Rheumatic Pathologic Model Induced by Ajuvant in Rats
Jeong, Hyun-Woo ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 1, 2012, Pages 25~40
The purpose of this study explain the experimental effects of Guizhishaoyaozhimu-Tang (桂枝芍藥知母湯) that have clinical efficacy in rheumatoid Arthritis. Materials of present study were Guizhishaoyaozhimu-Tang freeze dried powder (GSZT), Sprague-dawley rats (300 g or so, male), various kinds of needing experimental studis. In order to study the therapeutic effects of GSZT, this Prescription (GSZT 500 mg/kg, 1,000 mg/kg) were administered per oral to the rats with the arthritis induced by Freund's complete adjuvant (
), several experimental items were measured and compared each other ; that is body weight, rate of edema, analgesic effect by hot plate method, WBC, total protein, TNF-
, IL-10 and expression and localization of H&E, COX-2 staining in synovial tissues from rat with rheumatoid arthritis by immunohistochemical staining using polyclonal COX-2 antibodies. Rats were divided into four groups. Normal group was not treated with Freund's complete adjuvant and treated with DDW 1.0
, Control group was treated with Freund's complete adjuvant 0.2
and DDW 1.0
, Sample A group was treated with Freund's complete adjuvant 0.2
and GSZT (500
, Sample B group was treated with Freund's complete adjuvant 0.2
and GSZT (1,000
. 0 was day that did not start experiment, 14 was day that confirmed rheumatism induced by Freund's complete adjuvant, 28 was day that completed experiment. The following results were obtained in this study ; Sample A group was increased in body weight, escape time and paw licking time statistical significance compared with Control group, and were decreased in edema, WBC, total protein, TNF-
with statistical significance compared with Control group. Sample B group was increased in escape time with statistical significance compared with Control group, and were decreased in edema, WBC, total protein with statistical significance compared with Control group. Sample A and Sample B groups were increased in IL-10 compared with Control group, and Sample B group was decreased in TNF-
compared with Control group. And, Control, Sample A and Sample B groups were showed considerable reduction of positive expression in comparison to Normal group. Especially, Sample B group was most significantly reduction of positive expression than the other groups. From above results, I suggest that GuizhiShaoyaoZhimu-Tang can be used for curing rheumatoid arthritis.
Anti-inflammatory effects of HC001 on atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions in mice
Choi, You-Youn ; Kim, Mi-Hye ; Kum, Chang-Jun ; Choi, Young-Jin ; Hwang, Man-Ki ; Sohn, Young-Joo ; Jung, Hyuk-Sang ; Yang, Woong-Mo ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 1, 2012, Pages 41~49
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of external application of HC001 on atopic dermatitis. HC001, newly composed herbal medicine combinations contains 9 medicinal herbs which are known to have anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects. We investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of HC001 on atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions in mice. Methods : Seven-week-old BALB/c mice were sensitized with DNCB to develop atopic dermatitis. Animals were divide into three group: Normal, DNCB (Negative control group), HC001 (Experimental group, treated with DNCB and HC001). Skin sections were stained with H&E to measure the thicknesses of the epidermis and dermis, respectively. The expression of NF-
protein was measured by western blotting analysis in skin lesion. Results : Topical HC001 treatment significantly restored the skin thickening and hyperplasia of the epidermis and dermis compared with DNCB-sensitized group in histopathological analyse. In addition, HC001 inhibited the expression of NF-
protein increased in DNCB-induced atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions in mice. Conclusions : These results suggest that HC001 may be useful as an external application agent for atopic dermatitis based on reductions of various inflammatory responses.
Effects of Mixture of Lycii Radicis Cortex and Gardeniae Fructus on the Change of HPA-Axis and Catecholamine System in the Forced Swimming Test
Oh, Jeong-Jin ; Lee, Tae-Hee ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 1, 2012, Pages 51~65
Objectives : In this study the antidepressant effects of mixture of Lycii Radicis Cortex and Gardeniae Fructus on the change of HPA-Axis and Catecholamine system was investigated Methods : The forced swimming test was performed. The expression of CRF, c-Fos in the PVN, and TH in the VTA and LC were measured with immunohistochemical method. And the experimental groups were divided into the Extraction after Mix group(A) and Mix after Extraction group(B). The effects of both group were compared. Results : The duration of immobility in the FST was decreased significantly in three groups except B100(P<0.01). B100 was shown the significant increase(P<0.05). The expression of CRF in PVN was decreased significantly in all group(P<0.05~P<0.01). The expression of c-Fos in PVN was decreased in A100, A400 and was increased significantly in B100, B400(P<0.05). The expression of TH in VTA and LC were decreased significantly in all group(P<0.001). Conclusions : Effects of Extraction after Mix group(A) and Mix after Extraction group(B) on the HPA-Axis system and Catecholamine system were validated.
Injecheonggeumdan reduces body weight gain and blood lipid profiles in high fat diet-fed mice
Yang, Seung-Yeob ; Lee, Hee-Young ; Lee, Hye-Rim ; Kim, Byoung-Chul ; Park, Soon-Ill ; Ahn, Ye-Ji ; Oh, Jae-Ho ; Lim, Hye-Sook ; Yoon, Mi-Chung ; Shin, Soon-Shik ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 1, 2012, Pages 67~80
Objectives : We investigated the effects of Ingecheonggeumdan(ICD) on body weight and examined whether blood lipid levels and visceral fat are inhibited by it in high fat diet-fed obese male mice. Methods : 8 weeks old, high fat diet-fed obese male mice were divided into 6 groups: C57BL/6N normal, control, ICD-1(150mg/kg), ICD-2(300mg/kg), ICD-3(600mg/kg) and orlistat(10mg/kg). After mice were treated with ICD and orlistat for 8 weeks, we measured body weight gain, food intake, feeding efficiency ratio, fat weight, plasma leptin and lipid levels. We also performed histological analysis for liver and fat on the mice. Results : Compared with controls, ICD and orlistat-treated mice had lower body weight gain and adipose tissue weight, the magnitudes of which were prominent in ICD-3. Compared with controls, ICD and orlistat-treated mice had lower blood leptin levels, the magnitude of which was prominent in ICD-3. Compared with controls, ICD and orlistat-treated mice had higher blood HDL-cholesterol and lower blood plasma LDL-cholesterol, free fatty acid and triglyceride levels, the magnitudes of which were prominent in ICD-3. Blood plasma AST and ALT concentrations were not changed by ICD and orlistat, indicating ICD and orlistat do not show any toxic effects. Consistent with their effects on body weight gain, the size of adipocytes and hepatic lipid accumulation were significantly decreased by ICD and orlistat. Conclusions : These results demonstrate that ICD and orlistat effectively reduce body weight gain, blood plasma LDL-cholesterol, free fatty acid and triglyceride levels and improves abdominal fat, the magnitudes of which were prominent in ICD-3.
Textual Research on Ethereal soul and Corporeal soul
Kang, Suk-Hoon ; Lee, Jin-Ho ; Kang, Ok-Hwa ; Kwon, Dong-Yeul ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 1, 2012, Pages 81~87
Objectives : Ethereal soul and Corporeal soul are very important part of mental activities that have researched and studied not only by ancient medical scientists but also by philosophers and thinkers in historical literature. Methods : There are some differences between ethereal soul and corporeal soul in terms of meaning, generative process, organs and the effects over the human body although they have been studied for a long time and have influenced on each other. Results : The perception of ethereal soul and corporeal soul are considerably limited in Korean medicine compared to their contribution of biological activities. The relationship of the positive and negative, yin and yang, is not even classified. So there is a general lack of understanding of ethereal soul and corporeal soul in oriental medicine course. Conclusions : Therefore, this thesis is designed for discussing the origin and relation of ethereal soul and corporeal soul. Also it would be explained the effect in terms of sleeping that is related Ethereal soul and Corporeal soul.
Applications of Prescriptions Including Asparagi Radix and Liriopis Tuber in Dongeuibogam
Kook, Yoon-Bum ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 1, 2012, Pages 89~99
Objectives : This report describes 36 formulas including Asparagi Radix and Liriopis Tuber in Dongeuibogam. Asparagi Radix and Liriopis Tuber have been used separately or concurrently in Oriental Medicine for a long time as a treatment for various diseases. Methods : 36 formulas including Asparagi Radix and Liriopis Tuber as a main component which have been used separately or concurrently in Oriental Medicine for a long time as a treatment for various disease in Dongeuibogam were studied through order of frequency, symptoms, dosages, etc. Results : 1. 6 formulas are recorded in fatigue chapter, 5 formulas in blood chapter 7 formulas in body shape chapter and fire chapter each which are arranged in order of frequency. 2. Enhancing strength and life span herbs are most used in formulas including Asparagi Radix and Liriopis Tuber. General fatigue treating herbs, severe bleeding cold, fire moving by yin-deficiency and kidney malfunction treating herbs are following frequency among 25 symptoms in formulas including Asparagi Radix and Liriopis Tuber. 3. The dosages of Asparagi Radix which is used same amount Liriopis Tuber are ranged from 2.5 puns~2 jeons. 1 jeon is recorded 13(36.1%), 5 puns is 6(16.7%), 7 puns and 2 jeons are recorded 4(11.1%), the rests are 3(8.3%) used among 36 formulas including Asparagi Radix and Liriopis Tuber. 4. The frequencies of Asparagi Radix and Liriopis Tuber have 9(25.0%) in decoctions groups, 27(75.0%) in the other groups except decoctions. So the ratio of decoctions groups to the other groups in being used is about 1:3. Decoction groups are used in enhancing Yin and descending fire, on the other hands the other groups except decoctions are used in well-being in whole life. Conclusions : The 36 formulas including Asparagi Radix and Liriopis Tuber in Dongeuibogam are mainly composed of Eedong-go, Insamgobon-hwan, Gamri-hwan, Samjae-hwan, Saengjihwang-go, Naebo-hwan, etc.
A Study on Analysis all Prescriptions of Consumptive part in DonguiBogam
Lee, Ju-Hee ; Yun, Hen-Ja ; Yun, Young-Gab ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 1, 2012, Pages 101~121
Objectives : As the understand about historical consumptive part through studying prescriptions in DonguiBogam, we would like to study some modern geriatric and chronic diseases. Methods : We analyzed application frequency of basic prescriptions, symptoms of prescriptions and the pathology analysis against historical comsumptive in DonguiBogam. Results : Through investigation into application frequency of basic prescriptions, symptoms of prescriptions, and two way analysis of Qi blood(yin yang) pathologies and viscera and bowels pathologies, we were able to found mostly used basic prescription, common symptoms, and separate some characteristics pathologies. Conclusions : We expected that this study will can help to give rationale for future study of consumptive caring.
Study on Herb Pair of Zanthoxyli Fructus(Pericarpium Zanthoxyli)
Lee, Boo-Kyun ; Lim, Kyu-Sang ; Kang, Hwi-Joong ; Lee, Jang-Cheon ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 1, 2012, Pages 123~132
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to find out herb-pair prototype composed of Zanthoxyli Fructus, to examine compatibility regulation between them and to classify them into seven features of compatibility. Methods : To search usages of Zanthoxyli Fructus compatibility, we have investigated the classics of herb and prescription such as "五十二病方"(Fifty-two kinds of Diseases), "黃帝內經"(The Medical Classic of Yellow Emperor), "傷寒論"(Treatise on Febrile Caused by Cold), "金匱要略"(Synopsis of Prescriptions of The Golden), "附廣肘后方"(Handbook of Prescriptions for Emergencies), "本草綱目"(Compendium of Materia Medica), "得配本草"(Deukbae Materia Medica). Results : In these books Zanthoxyli Fructus was paired with below herbs; 桂(Cinnamomi Cortex), 薑(Zingiberis Rhizoma), 吳茱萸(Evodiae Fructus), 細辛(Asari Radix), 茴香(Foeniculi Fructus), 肉荳蔲(Cistanches Herba), 釜下土(Terba Flava Usta), 益智仁(Alpinae Oxyphyllae Fructus), 飴(Saccharum Granorum), 葱白(Allii Radix), 梨(Pyrus), 牙皂(Gleditsia Fructus), 杏仁(Armeniacae Amarum Semen), 蕎麥粉(Fagopyrum esculentum Moench), 胡粉(Minium), 白朮(Atractylodis Rhizoma White), 蒼朮(Atractylodis Rhizoma), 麻子仁(Cannabis Fructus), 大麥蘗(Hordei Fructus Germiniatus), 麴(Massa Medicata Fermentata), 生地黃(Rehmanniae Radix), 茯苓(Poria), 牡蛎(Ostreae Concha), 白礬(Alumen), 雄黃(Realgar), 烏頭(Aconiti Radix), 附子(Aconiti Lateralis Preparata Radix). Conclusions : Zanthoxyli Fructus herb-pair classified by seven features of compatibility are as follows; 1. Mutual reinforcement compatibility with : Cinnamomi Cortex, Zingiberis Rhizoma, Evodiae Fructus, Asari Radix, Foeniculi Fructus, Cistanches Herba, Terba Flava Usta, Alpinae Oxyphyllae Fructus, Saccharum Granorum, Allii Radix, Pyrus, Gleditsia Fructus. 2. Mutual assistance compatibility with : Armeniacae Amarum Semen, Fagopyrum esculentum Moench, Minium, Atractylodis Rhizoma White, Atractylodis Rhizoma, Cannabis Fructus, Hordei Fructus Germiniatus, Massa Medicata Fermentata, Rehmanniae Radix, Poria, Ostreae Concha, Alumen. 3. Mutual restraint compatibility with: Realgar, Aconiti Radix, Aconiti Lateralis Preparata Radix) 4. Mutual detoxication compatibility with: 桑汁(Juice of Mori Folium), 桑根汁(Juice of Morus Cortex), 大蒜(Allii Bulbus), 薺苨(Remotiflori Radix), 桂汁(Juice of Cinnamomi Cortex).
Clinical Analysis of Symptoms and Oriental Medical Prescriptions According to Elapsed Time of Stroke in Oriental Medical Hospital Inpatients
Yun, Hen-Ja ; Sung, Kang-Keyng ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 1, 2012, Pages 133~147
Objectives : This study was intended to understand characteristics of symptoms, oriental medicine prescription and laboratory test results according to elapsed time of stroke. Methods : Through the medical records of 205 stroke inpatients in the oriental medical hospital in the year 2010, we investigated manifested symptoms, administered oriental medicine prescription and clinical pathological examination results. Collected items were classified to depend on stroke types, cerebral infarction and hemorrhage. We analyzed association between manifested symptoms, the oriental medicine prescription, and laboratory test results of stroke patients and elapsed time. Chi-square tests were performed to determine the significance level of association. Results : All symptoms, prescriptions and laboratory test results in cerebral infarction patients were associated with elapsed time. Especially, symptoms, prescriptions and pathological examination results showed very high statistical significance with elapsed time (a symptom; chi-square(df)=164.3(22), p<0.001, prescription; chi-square(df)=93.5(22), p<0.001, and pathological examination results; chi-square(df)=164.3(22), p<0.0004). But in the case of cerebral hemorrhage, there was not statistical significance. Conclusions : The elapsed time of stroke may be an essential requisite in catching symptoms and prescribing for stroke patients in oriental medical treatment.
One Case Report of Fibromyalgia Syndrome(FMS) Patient Improved by Korean Medical Combined Treatment
Kim, Min-Chul ; Kim, Sung-Ho ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 1, 2012, Pages 149~158
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of oriental medical combined treatment on the fibromyalgia syndrome patient. Methods : Oriental medical combined treatment was administered during 3 weeks at 2 times admissions. The improvement of clinical symptom was evaluated by VAS(visual analogue scale), SF-MPQ(short form-McGill pain questionnarie) and PRS(pain rating scale), change of tender points. Results : After treatment, the patient's VAS score was reduced to 3-5, 4-5 point. First admission, there is no observable change in the SF-MPQ. But, Second admission, SF-MPQ score was reduced from 16 to 6. The PRS score was reduced from 72 to 24, from 75 to 48 respectively. Tender points was reduced generally. Conclusions : Oriental medical combined treatment for the fibromyalgia syndrome patient was effective. Although this case presented valuable result, further research is encouraged to confirm the effectiveness of this treatment with large number of patient.
A Study about trends of using Shihogayonggolmoryo-tang granule
Kim, Kyung-Soo ; Kim, Woo-Chul ; Kim, Kyeong-Ok ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 1, 2012, Pages 159~166
Objectives : This study was carried out to investigate trends of using Shihogayonggolmoryo-tang granule on neuropsychiatry fields. And suggest that using herbal extracts change non-prescription medicine to prescription medicine. Methods : I researched 86 outpatients who treated with Shihogayonggolmoryo-tang granule at oriental medicine hospital. And I analyzed their medical records of chart review study. Results : 1. Average medication time in this research was 14.9 days and the main usage was supplementary to herbal medicine, such cases amounted to 62%. 2. There are 52 patients out of 86 who are much better, such cases amounted to 55%. 3. The improved diagnosis is Syndrome of heart-fire flaring up, Syndrome of upper energizer dryness-heat, headache, and tinnitus. The improved symptom is anxiety, headache, dizziness, tic disorders, and chest discomfort. Conclusions : I expect to using herbal extracts change non-prescription medicine to prescription medicine based on this study.