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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Herbal Formula Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Journal of Oriental Medical Prescription
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Dec 2012
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Jun 2012
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Comparative Study on Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of Samchulkunbi-tang Decoction and Commercial Herbal Medicine
Kim, Ohn Soon ; Seo, Chang-Seob ; Kim, Yeji ; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2012, Pages 1~11
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences of chemical composition or biological activities between decoction and commercial herbal medicines of Samchulkunbi-tang (Shenzhujianpi-tang, SKT). Methods : The extracts of SKT from decoction (SKT1) and two different commercial extractive granules (SKT2 and SKT3) were prepared. The index components of SKTs were analyzed with HPLC. The antioxidant activities of SKTs were studied by measuring free radical scavenging activities on ABTS and DPPH. The anti-inflammatory effects were determined by measuring NO,
and IL-6 in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Results : The contents of 7 components were 1.40-6.08 mg/g in SKT1, not detected-4.75 mg/g in SKT2, 0.03-1.46 mg/g in SKT3. The scavenging activities on ABTS and DPPH of herbal formulas were increased in dose-dependent manner (SKT1>SKT2>SKT3). SKT1 significantly inhibited
and IL-6 production and SKT3 slightly inhibited
production in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. SKT2 showed no inhibitory effects on production of inflammatory mediators such as
and IL-6. Conclusions : These results demonstrate that the decoction of SKT has more strong anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects than that of commercial herbal medicines consistent with the contents of index components.
Experimental Studies on the inflammation-related diseases pharmacological effect of water and 70% ethanol extracts from Socheongnyong-tang
Jeon, Woo-Young ; Lee, Mee-Young ; Lim, Hye-Sun ; Shin, In-Sik ; Kim, Yeji ; Jin, Seong Eun ; Yoo, Sae-Rom ; Seo, Chang-Seob ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ; Ha, Hyekyung ; Jeong, Soo-Jin ; Kim, Ohn Soon ; Shin, NaRa ; Kim, Seong-Sil ; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2012, Pages 13~28
Objectives : The present study aimed to investigate the pharmacological activity of water and ethanol (EtOH) extracts from Socheongnyong-tang (SCNT) on inflammation and its related disease. Methods : The cells were treated with nontoxic concentrations of water and EtOH extract from SCNT in BEAS-2B, HaCaT, RAW 264.7 and 3T3-L1 cells. These cells were stimulated by tumor necrosis facter (TNF)-
, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS), respectively. 3T3-L1 cells were differentiated by insulin. After incubation, supernatant were collected and biological indicator measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results : Our results indicate that the water and EtOH extract of SCNT significantly inhibited the production of regulated on activation normal T-cell expression and secreted (RANTES) by treatment of TNF-
in BEAS-2B cell, and significantly reduced the production of RANTES and macrophage-derived chemokine increased by treatment of TNF-
in HaCaT cell. Moreover, those extracts significantly decreased the activity of nitric oxide and prostaglandin
in LPS-induced RAW 264.7, and significantly inhibited the increased activity of glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and expression of leptin induced by differentiation in 3T3-L1 cell. Conclusions : These results indicate that both water and EtOH extract of SCNT has powerful effects on inflammation and its related disease. Therefore, SCNT can be developed as a potential pharmacological agent related various diseases. Although the significant effects were observed in both SCNT water and EtOH extract, the EtOH extract was more effective on most experiments than its water extract. Taken together, these findings indicate that the SCNT EtOH extract may have more potential pharmacological agent.
Changes in Anti-inflammatory Effect of Pyungwi-san Decoction According to the Preservation Temperature and Period
Ha, Hyekyung ; Shin, In-Sik ; Lim, Hye-Sun ; Jeon, Woo-Young ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ; Seo, Chang-Seob ; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2012, Pages 29~35
Objectives : To provide the information of preservation method for herbal decoction, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory effects according to preservation temperature and period of Pyungwi-san (PWS, Ping wei-san) decoction. Methods : The anti-inflammatory activity of PWS was investigated by carrageenin-induced paw edema in SD rats. At 0 month, PWS extract was administrated 100, 300 and 1000 mg/kg/day orally for seven days prior to induction of edema. Edema was induced by subcutaneous injection of 1% carrageenin into the right hind paw. The paw volume was measured at 4 hr following carrageenin-induced paw edema in rats. At 6 and 12 months, PWS extracts according to preservation temperatures (room temperature,
) were administrated in rats and then carrageenin-induced paw edema volume was measured. Results : PWS showed inhibitory effect on carrageenin-induced paw edema in rats and the optimal dose was 1000 mg/kg/day at 0 month of storage. At 6 month of storage, PWS storaged at
were inhibited paw edema but that storaged at room temperature was not reduced paw edema in rats. Conclusions : These results suggest that PWS decoction pouch has anti-inflammatory activities at both
during 6 month storage.
Simultaneous Analysis of Six Constituents in Oyaksungi-san using HPLC-PDA
Seo, Chang-Seob ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2012, Pages 37~46
Objectives : Oyaksungi-san(Wuyaoshunqisan) has been used for treatment of stroke and rheumatoid arthritis in Korea. In this study, a simple and accurate high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) method was established for simultaneous determination of six main components, liquiritin, ferulic acid, naringin, hesperidin, neohesperidin, and glycyrrhizin in Oyaksungi-san, a traditional Korean herbal prescription. Methods : The analytical column for separation of six constituents was used a Gemini
column maintained at
. The mobile phase consisted of two solvent systems, 1.0% (v/v) acetic acid in
(A) and 1.0% (v/v) acetic acid in acetonitrile (B) by gradient flow. The flow rate was 1.0 mL/min and the detector was a photodiode array (PDA) set at 254 nm for glycyrrhizin, 280 nm for liquiritin, naringin, hesperidin, and neohesperidin, and 320 nm for ferulic acid. Results : Calibration curves were acquired with
. The results of recovery test were 91.58%-105.90% with a relative standard deviations (RSDs, %) value less than 2.0%. The values of RSD for intra- and inter-day precision were 0.03%-1.72% and 0.03%-1.63%, respectively. The contents of the six compounds in Oyaksungi-san were 0.33-9.30 mg/g. Conclusions : The newly established HPLC method will be helpful to improve quality control of Oyaksungi-san.
The Implementation of Korean Medicine Prescription Information System
Yea, Sang-Jun ; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo ; Kim, Chul ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2012, Pages 47~54
Objectives : This study aimed to build up information system for the 25 cases of Korean Medicine (KM) prescriptions which are used mostly often in clinic and aimed to offer information about its effect and safety to public and researcher. Methods : We used KM prescription data-bank which came from 'The Bio-informatics for herbal formula' and 'The evidence based medicine for herbal formula' projects of Korean Institute of Oriental Medicine (KIOM) Results : First, we analyzed prescription data and categorized 7 classes, then we built up prescription database based on it. Second, we designed and developed user functions of prescription information system, then we link it to OASIS. Third, we developed adminstration system to manage the prescription data. Conclusions : From this study we hope that KM prescription information system will be used for fusion research based on KM. Because the implemented system is linked to OASIS, we expect it will be widely used.
A Study on the Safety of Bangpungtongsung-san in Rats
Jung, Ko-Eun ; Lee, Kyoung-Jin ; Lee, Chul-Won ; Kwak, In-Seok ; Lee, Jang-Cheon ; An, Won-Gun ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2012, Pages 55~63
Objectives : This study was conducted to investigate the safety of Bangpungtongsung-san in rats. Methods : The safety of this prescription on acute toxicity was evaluated by single dose toxicity study. Rats were orally administrated in a single dose of 0 and 2,000 mg/kg(limited dose) Bangpungtongsung-san. There were 7 rats in each groups. All animals were sacrificed after 14 days of treatment. After single administration, mortality, clinical signs, and body weight changes were observed for 14 days. Three parameters(autopsy finding, clinical chemistry, and hematology) were tested on the last day. Results : In this study with rats, Bangpungtongsung-san treatment did not show any acute toxicity. No mortality was noted for 14 days of treatment. There were no adverse effects on clinical signs, body weight changes, and autopsy finding at all treatment groups. The clinical chemistry parameters attesting to liver and kidney functions as well as the hematological parameters were within the normal ranges. Conclusions : It is considered that
of Bangpungtongsung-san is over 2,000 mg/kg in oral administration by rats. This finding of the safety of Bangpungtongsung-san is expected to strengthen the position of this prescription as nontoxic medicine.
Anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects of Odukhwan and Sasinhwan in RAW264.7 cells
Kim, Tae-Hoon ; Cho, Hyun-Jin ; Park, Sun-Dong ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2012, Pages 65~82
Objectives : The aim of this study was verification of the anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects of Odukhwan(ODH) and Sasinhwan(SSH) in mouse macrophage, RAW264.7 cells. Methods : To investigate the anti-oxidative effect and scavenging activities of DPPH radical, superoxide anions, nitric oxide and peroxynitrite were measured. Cytotoxic activity of extract of ODH and SSH on RAW264.7 cells was measured using MTS assay. To proof the reductive activity of intracellular oxidation, DCFH-DA assay was performed. The nitric oxide(NO) production was measured and pro-inflammatory cytokines and
were measured by ELISA kit. The levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2) and nuclear NF-
p65 expression were detected by western blot. Results : After those analyses, we bring to a conclusion as follows. Both herbal formulations scavenged DPPH radical and nitric oxide. But ODH had no scavenging activity of superoxide anions and SSH had low scavenging activity in peroxynitrite. And the results indicated that ODH and SSH inhibited the LPS-induced NO,
production and iNOS, COX-2 expression accompanied by an attenuation of IL-
and IL-6 production in RAW264.7 cells. They also have suppression effects of LPS-induced NF-
activation. Conclusions : ODH and SSH have anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects and they may be a part of database for development of new anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Evaluation of Efficacy evaluation of Hwangryunhaedok-tang and Gungangbuja-tang on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation mouse model
Choi, You-Youn ; Kim, Mi-Hye ; Lee, Tae-Hee ; Yang, Woong-Mo ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2012, Pages 83~92
Objectives : The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Hwangryunhaedok-tang (HHT) and Gungangbuja-tang (GBT) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mouse model of inflammation. HHT and GBT are one of the representative prescriptions of cold drug and one of the representative prescriptions of hot drug, respectively. For experimental evaluation of their efficacy, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of HHT and GBT on LPS-induced inflammation and the mechanisms of their action. Methods : ICR mice were given a HHT (50, 500 mg/kg), GBT (100, 1000 mg/kg) extract orally on three consecutive days. On the third day, they were administered LPS intraperitoneally (35 mg/kg), 1 h after the last sample administration. Blood and liver samples were taken 6 h after the LPS challenge. Cytokine expression and inflammation-related protein factor analyses were performed by Western blotting. Results : Oral administration of HHT significantly reduced pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-6, and interferon (IFN)-
in the serum. While GBT inhibited an increase of IL-6, IFN-
was not affected. Immunoblot analysis showed that LPS-induced NF-
activation was inhibited by GBT, meanwhile HHT only inhibited NF-
expression at high does (500 mg/kg). In addition, HHT and GBT inhibited LPS-induced phosphorylation of Erk1/2, Jnk and p38 MAPKs. GBT also significantly inhibited i-Nos and Cox-2 expression, and HHT inhibited only i-Nos expression. Conclusions : Both of HHT and GBT showed anti-inflammatory effects against LPS-induced endotoxemia. However, HHT significantly decreased inflammatory cytokine levels, such as IL-6 and IFN-
more than GBT, while GBT significantly inhibited inflammatory proteins, including NF-
, MAP Kinases, i-Nos and Cox-2, more than HHT. These results suggest that HHT and GBT regulate the different mechanisms of action and pathways, presumably by regulating cytokine levels (IL-6, IFN-
activation, and several pro-inflammatory gene expression, although both of HHT and GBT have anti-inflammatory effects.
Acute Toxicity Study on Gumiganghwal-tang and Fermented Gumiganghwal-tang Extracts
Park, Hwayong ; Hwang, Youn-Hwan ; Jang, Doorye ; Ha, Jeong-Ho ; Jung, Kiyoun ; Ma, Jin Yeul ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2012, Pages 93~102
Objectives : Traditional medicine Gumiganghwal-tang (GT) has been used in Asia to treat inflammatory diseases including common cold, pain, fever, and algor. In this study we investigated the acute toxicity and safety of GT and fermented GT (FGT). Methods : Acute toxicity and safety were evaluated in male and female ICR mice orally administered 0 (control) and 2,000 mg/kg of GT and FGT. After the administration of GT and FGT, we observed mortality, body weight, clinical symptoms. After necropsy, organ weights were measured and blood analysis was performed. Results : There was no mortality and clinical symptoms according to the administration of GT and FGT. Comparing with control group, there were no significant alterations on the organ weight, complete blood cell count and biochemical parameters. Conclusions : Median lethal dose of GT and FGT considered to be over 2,000 mg/kg in both male and female mice, and recognized as safe with no toxicity.
Application of prescription of Bupleuri Radix mixture in the Uibanghwaltu chapter of the Bangyakhappyeon
Kang, Suk-Hoon ; Lee, Jin-Ho ; Kwon, Dong-Yeul ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2012, Pages 103~116
Objectives : Bangyakhappyeon was classified into three tongs of prescription. When juxtaposed with existing publications on oriental medicine, this composition was considerably original. Due to its ease of searching for diseases and prescription, it has been read by not only doctors and researchers but also among general citizens alike. Based on the fundamentals of Bangyakhappyeon composition, this thesis focused on the thorough research on the prescription of Bupleuri Radix mixture. Methods : 42 prescriptions of Bupleuri Radix mixtures have been divided in to three tongs based on the composition of Bangyakhappyeon. Then, these prescriptions, dosage, and composition were researched and organized. Results : After analyzing the prescription of Bupleuri Radix mixture in the Uibanghwaltu chapter of the Bangyakhappyeon text, the following results were attained. 1. Of the 42 prescriptions of Bupleuri Radix mixtures, jungtong constitutes the most prescription at 30, 8 at hatong, and 4 at sangtong. 2. 42 prescriptions are documented into 18 medical divisions and 44 disease symptoms. 3. After analyzing the prescription dosage of Bupleuri Radix mixture, the dosage of Bupleuri Radix was 3 puns to 4 jeons used in 14 sections. Most use was 1 jeon 14 prescriptions, 33.3% were recorded. 4. Invigorating vital function, catharsis, malaria, mediation method, and clearing away method of Bupleuri Radix have a close relationship with the dosage. 5. The 42 prescriptions formation of using Bupleuri Radix consisted of decoction at 39 prescriptions (92.9%) and the others at 3 prescriptions (7.1%). 6. As a result of researching the component of the prescription of Bupleuri Radix mixture, Sosihotang, Soyosan and Bojungikgitang were used as the basic prescription. Conclusions : prescription of Bupleuri Radix mixture in Uibanghwaltu of Bangyakhappyeon as based on Sosihotang, Soyosan and Bojungikgitang, combined with various oriental medicine was found to treat many kinds of diseases.
The comparative study on GuiLinGuBen "ShangHanZaBingLun"'s prescriptoins with "ShangHanZaBingLun" and "JinKuiYaoLue"'s
Seo, Young-Bae ; Kang, Han-Eun ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2012, Pages 117~136
This thesis is the study on GuiLinGuBen "ShangHanZaBingLun"'s prescriptions which are totally 324, and unique 91 which are not written in current "ShangHanZaBingLun" and "JinKuiYaoLue", only in GuiLinGuBen "ShangHanZaBingLun". For modern clinacal effectiveness of GuiLinGuBen "ShangHanZaBingLun", this thesis clarifies the prescriptions' distinction between GuiLinGuBen, "ShangHanZaBingLun" and "JinKuiYaoLue". First it classifies prescriptions into 4 groups, which are only in GuiLinGuBen, in "ShangHanZaBingLun", in "JinKuiYaoLue", and in both "ShangHanZaBingLun" and "JinKuiYaoLue". Second it tabulates and describes in detail GuiLinGuBen's prescriptions about title, prescription composition, prescription volumetrin, decotion, and dosage. Third it catches distinctive characteristic of GuiLinGuBen's prescriptions by a comparative study which clarifies the differences of prescriptions between GuiLinGuBen, "ShangHanZaBingLun" and "JinKuiYaoLue". Current "ShangHanZaBingLun" and "JinKuiYaoLue"'s remedy focus on Shanghan and Jabbyong, so it has no choice but to have large remedy vaccum. The prescriptions only in GuiLinGuBen have same system with "ShangHanZaBingLun" and "JinKuiYaoLue"'s prescriptions, and contain unique Fever remover(淸熱劑) and Counterbalancer (補劑), so they could give more clinacal practice over "ShangHanZaBingLun" and "JinKuiYaoLue".
Literature survey on steaming processing method based on 'Dongeuibogam' and 'Euihakipmun'
Jeong, Gi-Hoon ; Roh, Seong-Soo ; Choo, Byung-Kil ; Seo, Young-Bae ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2012, Pages 137~151
Objectives : provides the basis on steaming processing method (SPM) which was stated in 'Dongeuibogam' and 'Euihakipmun'. Methods : Drugs and prescriptions listed in 'Dongeuibogam' and 'Euihakipmun' were investigated by following criteria; (i) name and prescription of SPM-applied drugs, (ii) protocols on the use of the supporting materials, (iii) kind of supporting materials, (iv) processing period, (v) part of the herb plants, (vi) efficacy of herbal drugs, (vii) tastes of herbal drugs, (viii) meridian tropism of the herbal drugs. Results : 1. The number of herbs was 92 species of from 'Dongeuibogam', 87 from 'Euihakipmun', and the number of prescriptions was 197 from 'Dongeuibogam' and 119 from 'Euihakipmun'. 2. Infiltrating steaming and mixing and steaming procedures were used to process supporting materials. 3. The abundance of supporting materials was in the order of alcohol and ginger juice. 4. A twelve hour-period was most frequently used. 5. The herbal parts used most were in the order of fruit, seed, roots, and stem. 6. According to an efficacy category, a drug supplementing invigoration was used most frequently and a drug eliminating heat followed next. 7. Based on four spirit features, herbs showing warm, cold, and mild features were used most. 8. In considering five tastes, herbs showing sweet and bitter tastes were used most. 9. The herbs supporting the function of liver, kidneys, spleen, stomach, and lung were used in SPM. The herbs converging to the kidneys and the liver were conducted most in 'Dongeuibogam' and 'Euihakipmun' respectively. No case for herbal drug converging to 'Samcho' was reported. Conclusions : Our investigation on the use of SPM from 'Dongeuibogam' and 'Euihakipmun' revealed that there are special principles underlying the use of supporting materials, SPM period, parts and efficacy.
A Prescriptional Study of Ojeoksan on Clinical Application
Yun, Ji-Yeon ; Yun, Young-Gab ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2012, Pages 153~164
Objectives : This study was intended to establish for medical treatment range of Ojeoksan and to help extending application of medical insurance through prescriptive research. Methods : We analyzed "Dongeuibogam", "Taepyeonghaeminhwajegukbang" and other books Result : 1. composition of Ojeoksan in "Dongeuibogam" is same as in "Gogeumeuigam" 2. Ojeoksan is composed of five kinds of basic prescripitions; Er Chen Tang, Ping Wei San, Ma Huang Tang, Si Wu Tang etc. and it used for five pathological factors; cold, energy, eating, phlegm, blood. 3. Property of Ojeoksan is warm so it can be used for any cold diseases. 4. Ojeoksan is used for 16 kinds of diseases including chest pain, abdominal pain etc. Conclusion : Ojeoksan can be used for cardiovascular disorders and Ojeoksan is possible to apply or to extend medical insurance coverage.
A study of 'Ji-Qi-Shang-Chong(其氣上衝)' and Gui-Zhi-Tang(桂枝湯)in Shang-han-lun
Lee, Seung-Jun ; Kim, Yeong-Mok ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2012, Pages 165~176
In pathologically analyzing, 'Qi(氣)' is fall downed 'Zheng-Qi(正氣; Base energy of human body)' or 'Wai-Gan-Xie-Qi(外感邪氣; poisoned energy from outside of human body)'. And all extroverted symptoms from this 'Qi(氣)' is 'Shang-Chong(上衝)'. Also this symptom's basic mechanism is deficiency of 'Zhong-yang(中陽; basic active energy acting pivot)' by non-proper 'Xia-fa(下法; treatment way getting out focus to down side)' at early days of 'Tai-Yang-bing (太陽病; Primary stage symptoms when the cold energy of the outside tresspasses the external layer of body)'. And comparing herbs in medicines for treating 'Shang-Chong(上衝)' in Shang han lun with Japanese in Shang-han medical practitioner's view, there is 'Ping-Chong(平衝; Supress out bursting energy)''s effect when use 'Gui-zhi(桂枝; Cinnamomum cassia loureirii zeylanuicum)' for mass dosage. Based on these, 'Qi-Shang-Chong(氣上衝)' means all of the symptom's aspects which called 'Yang(陽)''s aspect that is extrovesity, dynamic and imminent by results of the experiment about Cinnamaldehyde which are the main ingredients of 'Gui-zhi(桂枝; Cinnamomum cassia loureirii zeylanuicum)' and clinical data of 'Gui-zhi-tang(桂枝湯)'.
Analysis of herbal formulation about a series of Chijasi-tang in Dongeuibogam
JeGal, Kyung-Hwan ; Kim, Young-Woo ; Byun, Sung-Hui ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2012, Pages 177~186
In this study, we selected some herbal formulation about a series of Chijasi-tang in Dongeuibogam by using web-based open program;Prescription Lineage Graph (http://184.108.40.206/PrescriptionLineageGraph.aspx). And we compared and analyzed the changes of efficacy, major target symptoms of each herbal formulation according to compositional variation of each herbal formulation. Chijasi-tang, first appeared in Sanghanlun, consists of Capejasmine and Fermented soybean, and it is mainly used to treat insomnia due to vexation, heartburn and yellow greasy tongue fur. Capejasmine can clear away irritable feverish sensation in chest by flowing downward the heat, and Fermented soybean can disperse stagnated heat throughout the chest by expelling stagnated heat from the exterior In the case of the heat stagnation caused by relapsing of disease due to overstain, Chisijisil-tang can be used. And if symptom appear more on the upper or exterior than a case of Chisijisil-tang, Seosisi-tang could be more suitable, if half exterior and half interior, Omae-tang could be for it. In addition, if symptom caused by relapsing due to improper diet, Chisijihwang-tang could be proper formulation. In the case of the heat stagnation body inside and jaundice, if it is caused by alcohol, Chijadaehwang-tang could be used for the purpose of urgent purgation, Galchul-tang would be suitable for helping the function of the spleen and the stomach and for treatment of damp-heat of the spleen and the stomach. And if it is caused by pandemic infection, Jangdal-hwan would be good formulation for it. Samhwangseokgo-tang and Yangdokchija-tang could be appropriate formulation for the raging of noxious heat and pathogenic fire caused by febrile disease with toxic yang. Daehwangeum-ja is for severe constipation due to heat-dryness with stagnated fever, Haebaek-tang is appropriate for severe diarrhea due to heat type change of Soeum. According to the result of our investigation, although there are various target causes and symptoms of each herbal formulations, whatever pathogenetic cause is, the stagnated heat in interior side is the basis of symptoms. Therefore, the purpose of including Chijasi-tang in composition of each herbal formulation is treatment of the stagnated heat. For such reason, on the fundamental or ancillary basis of Chijasi-tang plus some herbs for each therapeutic purpose.
How to establish the definition of Conventional medicine and Korean herbal medicine?
Yin, Chang Shik ; Lee, Seung-Woo ; Kim, Yun-Kyung ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2012, Pages 187~197
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to find a reasonable solution to a current status of drug classification between the drugs of western conventional (allopathic) medicine and Korean medicine. A clear and distinct concept on the drugs of allopathic medicine and Korean medicine based on reasonable concepts and broad consensus is a pressing issue in Korea, and will facilitate the development of herbal medicinal products and pharmaceutical industry. Methods : Considering the issue of drug classification from domestic and international regulations, we reviewed the current Drug Law of Korea and China, Guidance for Industry, Botanical Drug Products of USA, Directive 2004/24/EC of the European parliament and of the council. Results : In Korea, the drug classification of allopathic medicine and Korean medicine is quite vague even though differential licensure system is enforced for the clinicians of allopathic medicine and Korean medicine field. According to the definition in the Drug Law, the scope of Korean medicine drug is so broad that even a drug made of single-compound material, as well as herbal extract of crude mixture, is regarded as a drug of Korean medicine, as long as the material may be separated from medicinal herbs, animal tissues, or mineral resources. Only new compound not found in natural resources are outside of the scope of Korean medicine drug. In USA and EU, medicinal products manufactured from herbs are approved by separate regulations for the herbs with special waivers. In China, the category of new medicine and the definition of allopathic medicine and traditional chinese medicine are clearly specified and classified. Conclusions : As medicines are validated therapeutic materials for efficacy and toxicity, we suggest that generally the concept of conventional medicines is based on a single compound that has been synthesized and individually validated and that of Korean medicines is based on a compound extracted from natural materials or a complex of compounds that has been validated as a whole in its totality.
The Clinical Study of Two Severe Menopausal Disorder Patients Treated by Gamisoyo-san
Baek, Dong-Gi ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 20, issue 2, 2012, Pages 199~211
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of Gamisoyo-san on severe menopausal disorder patients. Methods : We recruited 2 severe menopausal disorder patients who have been suffering from hot flush and heat sensation. The patients had been administrated Gamisoyo-san. The patients of severe menopausal disorder had been estimated with Kupperman's index(KI), Menopause rating scale(MRS), Beck's depression Inventory(BDI), Visual analogue scale(VAS) and Heart rate variability (HRV). Kupperman's index, Menopause rating scale and Beck's depression inventory for every seven days. We measured VAS everyday. Heart rate variability was estimated twice, before and after treatment. Results : After the treatments, symptoms of menopausal disorder were decreased. Conclusions : This study suggests that Gamisoyo-san is significantly effective on severe menopausal disorder patients with hot flush and heat sensation.