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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Herbal Formula Science
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Journal of Oriental Medical Prescription
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Dec 2014
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Jun 2014
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Study on a Herb pair of Pericarpium Zanthoxyli(Zanthoxyli Fructus) in 『Donguibogam』
Yang, Yoon-Hong ; Kwon, Jae-Won ; Lee, Jang-Cheon ; Lee, Boo-Kyun ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~11
DOI : 10.14374/HFS.2014.22.1.001
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to find out herb-pair prototype composed of Pericarpium Zanthoxyli in "Donguibogam", to investigate origin of them. Methods : We researched the usages of Pericarpium Zanthoxyli compatibility as following procedure : 1. Choosing a related words such as Pericarpium Zanthoxyli(蜀椒, 川椒, 花椒) 2. Searching prescriptions: We searched prescriptions containing the related words in "Dongeuibogam" through "wook system", analyzed the selected prescription and found out herb-pair prototype composed of Pericarpium Zanthoxyli. Results : We found 12 fomulas in which Pericarpium Zanthoxyli herb pair was combinated and We made a Table 1. for the description of name of fomula, indication and herb configuration. Conclusions : Pericarpium Zanthoxyli was paired with below herbs; 檳榔(Arecae Semen), 細辛(Asari Radix), 苦楝根(Meliae Radix), 蔥白(Allii Fistulosi Bulbus), 茴香(Foeniculi Fructus), 巴豆(Crotonis Semen), 蓽撥(Piperis Longi Fructus), 露蜂房(Vespae Nidus), 肉桂(Cinnamomi Cortex), 艾葉(Artemisiae Argyi Folium), 細茶(Camellia sinensis), 雄黃(Realgar), 杏仁(Armeniacae Amarum Semen).
A prescription study in 『Dongeuibogam』 for the Applications of Cnidii Rhizoma
Jang, A-Ryoeng ; Lee, Jin-Ho ; Kim, Tae-Hyun ; Kim, Dong-Hyun ; Choi, Hyung-Wook ; Jung, Myung ; Yun, Yong-Gab ; Lim, Kyu-Sang ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 13~32
DOI : 10.14374/HFS.2014.22.1.013
Objectives : Until now the study of Cnidii Rhizoma, hemorrhage, brain waves, such as ischemic brain injury, analgesic, effect overcome of the stress from pregnancy melanin formation and inhibiting effects skin whitening have been published regarding this article. Cnidii Rhizoma demonstrates its different abilities depending on the characteristics. This paper reported that effect of Cnidii Rhizoma in Dongeuibogam blended prescriptions as main medicine. In addition, by analyzing data, we studied about utilizing of Cnidii Rhizoma. Methods : Cnidii Rhizoma in Dongeuibogam Prescriptions as the main ingredient was built with database of 202 prescriptions. Thus analyzed data was summarized in detail.(Table-1) If there is no difference in the title of the prescription but in other case the configuration information is different, formulations 1 and 2 were divided by the table. Results : The following results were reached through investigations on the prescriptions usikng Cnidii Rhizoma as a key component. 1. Prescriptions taking Cnidii Rhizoma as a monarch drug are utilized for 40 therapeutic purposes. In particular, 12.3% of prescriptions appear in the chapter of head, and 10.8% of those appear in the chapter of women, and 9.4% of eye, 8.9% of child, 6.4% of wind disease respectively. 2. Prescriptions utilizing Cnidii Rhizoma as the main ingredient are used in the treatment of headache, dizziness and pregnancy hemorrhage fetal movement, premature birth and they are also used for treating 131 different types of disease. 3. The dosage of Cnidii Rhizoma in formulas is from 2pun(about 0.75g) to 5don(nearly 18.75g), however 1don(nearly 3.75g) has been taken the most for clinical application. 4. We find out that according to herbs or prescriptions, Cnidii Rhizoma has a variety of functions such as ascending & descending of energy. Samultang is the most useful base prescription which used the Cnidii Rhizoma as the main component. Conclusion : These results suggest that, Cnidii Rhizoma once-amount use (don nearly 3.75g) 4g in head, gynecology, ophthalmology, pediatrics and paralysis disease associated with oriental medicine resource development can be considered to be widely used These results suggest that Cnidii Rhizoma was used most with 1 don(4g) and can be widely used for the resource development to the disease such as brain, gynecology, ophthalmologhy, pediatrics and wind-associated symptoms.
Combination Tendency Analysis on Herbal Formula to Treat Insomnia Focused on Zizyphi spinosi Semen
Lee, Won-Yung ; Jeong, Gi-Hoon ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 33~45
DOI : 10.14374/HFS.2014.22.1.033
Objectives : Zizyphi spinosi Semen is widely used for treating insomnia in korea and other oriental country. This study is analyzing combination tendency of Zizyphi spinosi Semen in herbal formula for treating insomnia. Methods : Herbal formulas for treating insomia were searched in "The Prescription Dictionary of Traditional Chinese Medicine", and checked in each literary source. Then, the herbal formula was divided in two groups : FCZ(The formula group containing Zizyphi spinosi Semen) and FWZ(The formula group without Zizyphi spinosi Semen). FCZ and FWZ were compared by following criteria; i) Prevalence of herbal formula by period ii) Prevalence of medicinal material's effects iii) Prevalence of medicinal material iv) Prevalence of the nature of midicinals v) Prevalence of flavor of medicinals vi) Prevalence of meridian entry. Results : 116 Herbal formula met our criteria, and herbal formulas were divided in two groups : FCZ(n=59), FWZ(n=57). The result of prevalence in FCZ is following; Herbal formula prevalence increased as time passed to the Qing(淸) dynasty. Tonifying and replenishing medicinal(補益藥), tranquillizing medicinal (安神藥), and inducing diuresis to drain dampness medicinal(利水滲濕藥) are the three most prevalent types of materia medica. In specifically, Panax ginseng radix(人蔘), Liriopis Tuber(麥門冬), Angelicae Gigantis Radix(當歸), Poria Cocos(茯神), Glycyrrhizae Radix(甘草), Poria cocos(茯神), Polygalae Radix(遠志), Thuja Orientalis L.(柏子仁), Paeonia Japonica(白芍藥), and HgS(硃砂) are combined frequently. The most prevalent nature of medicinals were 'warm microwarm(溫 微溫)' and flavor of medicinals was normal(平). Meridian entrys that frequently combined were heart(心), spleen(脾), and liver(肝). Conclusion : We found combination tendency of Zizyphi Semen in herbal formula for treating insomnia.
Study on Bi-jeung Prescriptions in Byunjeungrok
Seoung, Si-Yeol ; Kook, Yoon-Bum ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 47~64
DOI : 10.14374/HFS.2014.22.1.047
Objectives : Bi-jeung is a traditional oriental medical name. Bi-jeung is similar to rheumatoid arthritis(RA). This study was investigated to get the practical use of Bi-jeung prescriptions in Byunjeungrok. Methods: Original records related Bi-jeung in Byunjeungrok are interpreted and contemplated. Results: Bi-jeung prescriptions in Byunjeungrok are put stress on Byunjeung in conformity with entrails good energy enforcing as well as evil energy eliminating removing damp-evil among wind-evil cold-evil and damp-evil showing concrete prognosis. Conclusions: This study indicates that Bi-jeung prescriptions in Byunjeungrok have an influences for RA. It may also suggest that Bi-jeung prescriptions may expand therapy field for treatment of RA. and its complications.
Consideration in the Interpretation of the Ondam-tang Prescription
Choe, Ung-Sik ; Jeong, Gi-Hoon ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 65~78
DOI : 10.14374/HFS.2014.22.1.065
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the interpretation of the Ondam-tang(Ondam-tang, here-in-after referred to as "ODT") prescription in order to obtain the evidence for clinical applications. Methods : We have analyzed the interpretation on the ODT prescription through translations and comparisons based on classic books about the oriental medical prescriptions. Result : 1. ODT was first mentioned in the Jiyangfang(集驗方) which was quoted in the Waitaimiyao (外臺秘要). After that, in book Sanyinjiyibingzhengfanglun(三因極一病證方論), Chen-yan(陳言) completed and recorded in a book organizing prescriptions of ODT now in frequent use. 2. The Banha(半夏) removes the dam(痰-phlegm) and relieves emesis. The Jinpee(陳皮) encourages strengths, and the Bokryoung composes oneself and produces the water. The Licorice(甘草) relieves people's mind, and the Ginger relieves gastrointestinal problems and relieves emesis. Juk-yeo(竹茹) abate of the fever of the Sangcho(上焦). Jisil(枳實) encourages strength, controlling Samcho(三焦) as releasing the congestion of energy. In these ways, numerous symptoms resulted from the imbalances of the Gallbladder(膽) are treated. 3. Meaning of "on(溫-warm)" in ODT regains the original characteristic of the Gallbladder(膽). 4. Treatment mechanism of ODT is 'cooling the Gallbladder(膽)' and 'remedies Samcho(三焦)' and 'eliminates dam(痰)' and 'cure Kiwool(氣鬱-which is kind of depressions) and Saengyen(生涎-which is kind of phlegm)' and 'removes a mismatch between Gallbladder(膽) and Stomache(胃)'. Conclusion : In this study, we have demonstrated various methodologies. This paper will be useful to the future researchers and clinicians to conduct a study on herbal medicines such as the ODT.
Anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory experiments of Talmyung-san in RAW264.7 cells
Jo, Hyeon-Jin ; Park, Sun-Dong ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 79~92
DOI : 10.14374/HFS.2014.22.1.079
Objectives : The aim of this study was identification of the anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects of Talmyung-san (TMS) in mouse macrophage, RAW264.7 cells. Methods : To identify the anti-oxidative effect of TMS, scavenging activities of DPPH radical, nitric oxide and peroxynitrite were measured in vitro. In RAW264.7 cells, DCFH-DA assay was conducted to examine the inhibitory effect of TMS on ROS production in response to lipopolysaccharide. And the productions of nitric oxide (NO),
and pro-inflammatory cytokines were measured. The levels of COX-2, iNOS, nuclear NF-
p65 expression and phosphorylation of
in cytosol were detected by western blotting analyses. Results : TMS couldn't scavenged DPPH radical, but nitric oxide and peroxynitrite were decreased. TMS decreased intracellular ROS, NO, and IL-
production effectively. However, TMS inhibited
levels only in high concentration (
) and TMS failed to suppress the production of IL-6 and TNF-
. Results from immunoblot analyses revealed that TMS decreased activation of COX-2, iNOS, phosphorylation of
and nuclear translocation of p65. Conclusions : TMS has anti-RNS and anti-inflammatory effects via NF-
pathway and more intensive studies will be required to evaluate therapeutic potential of TMS.
Effects of Samhwangsasim-tang on obesity-related metabolic disease in mice
Lee, Ju-Young ; Kook, Yoon-Bum ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 93~104
DOI : 10.14374/HFS.2014.22.1.093
Objectives : Samhwangsasim-tang (SHSST) is a traditional Korean medication, which has been used in Korea for treatment of hypertension and chest pain. Hyperlipidemia and inflammation could influence hypertension and chest pain. This study investigated whether and how SHSST reduces the hyperlipidemia and inflammation related to high-cholesterol diet-induced obesity in rats. Methods : Mice were divided randomly into four groups: the normal diet group, high-cholesterol diet group, low dose treatment group supplemented with 30% ethanol extract of SHSST (L) and high dose treatment group supplemented with 80% ethanol extract of SHSST (H). L and H groups were orally administered with SHSST at the dose of 50mg/kg a day respectively and others were administered with the same volume of physiological saline. Results : Administration of SHSST resulted in a decrease in serum levels of total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein. Expression of hepatic genes(SREBP2, LXR, LDLR, and HMG-CoA) related with cholesterol metabolism was also suppressed. In addition, SHSST decreased the expression of inflammation-related gene (TNF-
, IL-6, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, TGF-
and fibronectin). Histological examinations also showed that the size of the adipocytes was smaller in the SHSST treated group than in the high-colesterol diet group. In an in vitro study, SHSST inhibited the production of nitric oxide in a concentration-dependent manner. Conclusions : This study indicates that SHSST has anti-hyperlipidemia and anti-inflammatory effects. It may also suggest that SHSST may be alternative therapy for treatment of hyperlipidemia and its complications.
Methanol extract from radix of Glycyrrhizae uralensis attenuate methamphetamine-induced hyperlocomotor activity
Zhao, ZhengLin ; Wang, Yan ; Lin, Feng ; Fu, Hui ; Zhou, FuBo ; Chang, Suchan ; Han, Nu Ri ; Jung, Dae Hwa ; Yang, Chae Ha ; Kim, Sang Chan ; Zhao, RongJie ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 105~112
DOI : 10.14374/HFS.2014.22.1.105
Background and objective: Methamphetamine (Meth) is a widely abused psychostimulant that produces hyperlocomotion in rodents. Radix of Glycyrrhizae uralensis comprises a variety of bioactive components that have neuroprotective effects. In a previous study, we have demonstrated methanol extracts from radix of Glycyrrhizae uralensis (MEGR) suppress acute cocaine-induced extracellular dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens. In the present study, we investigated the effect of MEGR on acute Meth-induced hyperlocomotion. Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were orally administered with MEGR (60 mg/kg and 180 mg/kg) 60 min prior to an intraperitoneal injection of Meth (1.0 mg/kg). Results: Behavioral analysis showed acute Meth greatly increased locomotor activities, while pretreatment with MEGR dose dependently inhibited the hyperlocomotion. In parallel, there were markedly increased levels of dopamine and its metabolite 3, 4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid in the nucleus accumbens tissues in Meth-treated rats, which were also almost completely reversed by 180 mg/kg MEGR. Conclusions: These results showed that radix of Glycyrrhizae uralensis attenuates Meth-induced hyperlocomotion by inhibiting dopamine synthesis and utilization, suggesting that radix of Glycyrrhizae uralensis might be effective in blocking the rewarding effect of Meth.
Comparison of Pakistani and Chinese Ephedra Herba-Containing Gangjihwan in the Improvement Effects of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in a High Fat Diet-Fed NAFLD Mouse Model
Jo, Ju Heum ; Jang, Du Hyon ; Jung, Yang Sam ; Kim, Jong Hoon ; Kim, Byeong Chul ; Seok, Hoa Jun ; Yoo, Jae Sang ; Ku, Ja Ryong ; Yoon, Ki Hyeon ; Roh, Jong Seong ; Ahn, Ye Ji ; Lee, Won Kyung ; Yoon, Michung ; Shin, Soon Shik ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 113~122
DOI : 10.14374/HFS.2014.22.1.113
Objectives : This study investigated the improvement effects of Pakistani (DF-a) and Chinese Ephedra herba-containing Gangjihwan (DF-b) on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in a high fat diet-induced obese mouse model. Methods : Eight-week-old C57BL/6N mice were divided into five groups: a normal lean group given a standard diet, an obese control group given a high fat diet, and atorvastatin, DF-a, and DF-b groups given a high fat diet with atorvastatin (10 mg/kg), DF-a (80 mg/kg), and DF-b (80 mg/kg), respectively. After 8 weeks of treatment, body weight gain, blood lipid markers, ALT concentrations, liver weight and histology were examined. Results : 1. Body weight gain was significantly decreased in DF-a, DF-b, and atorvastatin groups compared with control. The extent of decreases was eminent in DF-a group. 2. Circulating concentrations of total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol were significantly decreased in DF-a, DF-b, and atorvastatin groups compared with control. The decreases were most effective in atorvastatin group. 3. Liver weights were decreased in DF-a, DF-b, and atorvastatin groups compared with control. In particular, liver weight was significantly reduced in DF-b group. 4. Hepatic lipid accumulation was significantly decreased in DF-a, DF-b, and atorvastatin groups compared with control, and the magnitude of which was most effective in DF-b group. 5. Circulating ALT concentrations were decreased in DF-a, DF-b, and atorvastatin groups compared with control, but ALS levels were significantly reduced only in DF-b group. Conclusions : In conclusion, these results suggest that DF-a and DF-b decrease body weight gain, improve blood lipid metabolism, and reduce liver weight and hepatic lipid accumulation, contributing to the improvement of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. In addition, these effects were similar between Pakistani and Chinese Ephedra herba-containing Gangjihwan.
Effects of Cheongshimyeonja-tang on Body Weight and Serum Lipid Levels in High Fat Diet Induced Obese Mice
Yoon, Young-Sik ; Keum, Seon-Oh ; Lee, Se-Won ; Kim, Il-Hyun ; Lee, Ha-Il ; Song, Yung-Sun ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 123~139
DOI : 10.14374/HFS.2014.22.1.123
Objectives : This study was performed to investigate the inhibitory effects of Cheongshimyeonja-tang water extracts(CSYJ) on high fat diet-induced obesity and hyperlipidemia in C57BL/6J mice. Methods : The experimental animals were divided into four groups; normal diet-fed control(ND), high fat diet-fed control(HFD), HFD+CSYJ 150 mg/kg(CSYJ 150), and HFD+CSYJ 300 mg/kg(CSYJ 300). Obesity with hyperlipidemia was induced by feeding high fat diet(40%), and CSYJ was administrated orally into mice every day for 5 weeks. The effect of CSYJ on the serological parameters for Obesity with hyperlipidemia was evaluated. Results : CSYJ-treated groups revealed significantly reduced body weight and feed intake, as well as feed efficiency ratio, compared to HFD-fed group in dose-dependent manner. CSYJ reduced significantly the serum levels of triglyceride, total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol elevated by intake of high fat diet feed, while the increased serum levels of HDL-cholesterol attenuated levels of atherogenic index and cardiac risk factor. It also reduced the blood levels of insulin and leptin in HFD group, and inhibited lipid accumulation in organs such as liver and abdomal adipose tissue. Moreover oral administration of CSYJ decreased significantly the blood level of alanine aminotransferase(ALT), aspartate aminotransferase(AST) and lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), and lipid peroxide(LPO), compared to HFD-fed group in dose-dependent manner. Conclusions : These results indicate that CSYJ could reduce high fat diet-induced obesity and hyperlipidemia, suggesting its clinical usefulness for declining body fat and hyperlipidemia.
The Effect of the Polygonum tinctoria Niram on Atopic Dermatitis in DNCB-Induced Hairless Mice
Choo, Han-Na ; Park, Eun-Hye ; Jeong, Jong-Kil ; Paek, Yun-Woong ; Kim, Jeong-Sang ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 141~150
DOI : 10.14374/HFS.2014.22.1.141
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Polygonum tinctoria Niram(PTN) on atopic dermatitis(AD) in hairless mice induced by 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene(DNCB). Method : They were divided into four group, Nor, Con, 1X and 5X, for evaluating the change of appearance of skin surface, skin hydration, thickness of epidermis and mast cell numbers during 30 days. Results : PTN suppressed symptoms of AD in appearance of skin and increased skin hydration for 1X and 5X. In histopathological examination, 1X and 5X significantly reduced the thickness of epidermis and number of mast cell in dermis. These results suggested that the PTN improved the AD-like symptoms of hairless Mice.
Inhibitory Effect of Water Extracts of Aconiti Lateralis Preparata Radix and Acanthopanacis Cortex on Differentiation of Bone Marrow-Derived Adipocytes and Osteoclasts
Lee, Kyung-Seon ; Choi, Eun-Sik ; Han, Sang-Yong ; Kim, Yun-Kyung ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 151~165
DOI : 10.14374/HFS.2014.22.1.151
Objectives : The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Aconiti Lateralis Preparata Radix (AP) and Acanthopanacis Cortex (AT) extracts in bone-derived adipocyte OP9 cell, osteoclast and osteoblast-like MG63 cells. Methods : MTT assay was used to evaluate the cytotoxicity of AP and AT extracts on OP9, osteoclast and MG63 cells. OP9 cells were treated with AP and AT, and the alterations in fat storage in the cells were determined by the Oil red O. To explain effects of RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation in bone marrow macrophages, we performed the TRAP staining. The protein level of CAAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (
) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor
) as a adipocyte differentiation marker, and adiponectin was examined using western blot in differentiated OP9 cells. Effects of related genes were confirmed by luciferase assay using reporter assay. Results : AP and AT was not toxic on OP9 and MG63 cells, but AT was a little cytotoxic to osteoclast at the dose of
. They could inhibit differentiation of OP9 cells and osteoclast with results of oil red O staining and TRAP staining. By western blot, AP and AT decreased the expression of
which is the key transcription factor in adipogenesis and adiponectin secretion. AT also inhibited the BMP-4 activity in luciferase assay. AP also inhibited BMP-4 and Wnt3a activity, stimulated ER-
activity but inhibited androgen receptor activity. Conclusions : These results show AP and AT can be useful in osteoporosis and obesity via inhibition of osteoclast and adipocyte differentiation.
Comparison of Gangjihwan and Combination of Gangjihwan and Gamisochehwan in the Improvement Effects of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in a High Fat Diet-Fed NAFLD Mouse Model
Jang, Du Hyon ; Jung, Yang Sam ; Kim, Jong Hoon ; Kim, Byeong Chul ; Seok, Hoa Jun ; Yoo, Jae Sang ; Ku, Ja Ryong ; Yoon, Ki Hyeon ; Jo, Ju Heum ; Lee, Hye Rim ; Roh, Jong Seong ; Yun, Ho Young ; Yoon, Michung ; Shin, Soon Shik ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 167~176
DOI : 10.14374/HFS.2014.22.1.167
Objectives : This study investigated the improvement effects of Gangjihwan (DF) and combination of Gangjihwan and Gamisochehwan (GSH) on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in a high fat diet-induced obese mouse model. Methods : Eight-week-old C57BL/6N mice were divided into five groups: a normal lean group given a standard diet, an obese control group given a high fat diet, and atorvastatin, DF, and DF+GSH groups given a high fat diet with atorvastatin (10 mg/kg), DF (40 mg/kg), and DF+GSH (80 mg/kg), respectively. After 8 weeks of treatment, body weight gain, blood lipid markers, ALT concentrations, liver weight and histology were examined. Results : 1. Body weight gain was significantly decreased in DF, DF+GSH and atorvastatin groups compared with control. The extent of decreases was eminent in DF+GSH group. 2. Circulating concentrations of total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol were decreased in DF, DF+GSH and atorvastatin groups compared with control. The decreases were significant in DF+GSH and atorvastatin groups. 3. Liver weights were decreased in DF, DF+GSH and atorvastatin groups compared with control. In particular, liver weight was significantly reduced only in DF+GSH group. 4. Hepatic lipid accumulation was significantly decreased in DF, DF+GSH and atorvastatin groups compared with control, and the magnitude of which was more effective in DF+GSH group than in DF-only group. 5. Circulating ALT concentrations were decreased in DF, DF+GSH and atorvastatin compared with control, but ALS levels were significantly reduced only in DF+GSH group. Conclusions : In conclusion, these results suggest that DF decreases body weight gain, improves blood lipid metabolism, and reduces liver weight and hepatic lipid accumulation, contributing to the improvement of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. In addition, these effects were more effective in DF+GSH combination group than in DF-only group.
The Effect of the Curcumae Longae Rhizoma (CLR) Extract on the Hepatocellular Carcinogenesis and Acute Liver Damage Induced by Diethylnitrosamine (DENA) and CCl
Jung, Tae-San ; Choi, Chang-Won ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 177~192
DOI : 10.14374/HFS.2014.22.1.177
Objective : In order to investigate the effect of Curcumae Longae Rhizoma(CLR) extract on the hepatocellular carcinogenesis and acute liver damage induced by diethylnitrosamine(DENA) and
in rats. Methods : Experimental groups were subdivided into four; normal group (Nor), acute liver damage and hepatocellular cancer inducing control group (Con), and CLR extract 200mg/kg/day (CAA) or 400mg/kg/day (CAB) administered groups to Con. Thereafter the changes of the body weight, the liver weight and the weight of liver/100g body weight, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglyceride, the activities of AST, ALT, ALP, LDH, AFP, SOD, catalase were measured. And we observed by optical and electron microscopy. Result : 1. The body weight was decreased in Con compared with Nor for 5 weeks, but increased in Con compared with Nor from 6 week to 9 week. During experimental period of total 9 weeks, CAA and CAB were increased compared with Con. 2. The liver weight was increased significantly (p<0.05) in Con compared with Nor. The weight of liver/100g body weight was increased significantly (p<0.05) in Con compared with Nor and decreased significantly (p<0.05) in CAB compared with Con. 3. The level of total cholesterol was increased in Con and CAA compared with Nor, but there was not statistically significant. The level of triglyceride was decreased in Con compared with Nor. But increased in CAA and CAB compared with Con. The level of HDL-cholesterol was significantly increased (p<0.05) in CAA and CAB compared with Con. 4. The activities of AST, ALT were increased in Con compared with Nor, but decreased in CAA compared with Con, significantly decreased (p<0.05) in CAB compared with Con. 5. The activities of ALP, LDH were increased in Con compared with Nor, but decreased in CAA and CAB compared with Con. 6. The activities of AFP was increased significantly (p<0.05) in Con compared with Nor, but decreased significantly (p<0.05) in CAA and CAB compared with Con. 7. The activities of SOD were increased in Con, CAA and CAB compared with Nor, but decreased in CAA and CAB compared with Con. The activities of Catalase was more increased in CAA and CAB compared than Con. 8. The results of light microscopical observation, a number of hepatocytes were damaged in Con compared with Nor and CAB. 9. According to the electron microscopical observation, irregular nuclear membrane, condensed nucleoplasm was observed in Con, the experimental group was observed in the nucleus of the well-preserved and evenly developed nucleoplasm. Conclusions : These results suggest that administration of CLR extract suppress or retard on the hepatocellular carcinogenesis and acute liver damage induced by DENA and
A Case Report of the Effect of Korean Medicine on Liver Function Test of Drug-Induced Liver Injury Patient Treated with Western Medicine
Lee, Bo-Ram ; Kim, Won-Il ;
Herbal Formula Science, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 193~200
DOI : 10.14374/HFS.2014.22.1.193
Objective : The purpose of this study is to report that patient diagnosed as drug-induced liver injury treated with herbal and western medicine improve liver function test. Methods : We treated the patient diagnosed as drug-induced liver injury caused by antibiotics with Hepatotonics and Cheonggan-tang Gagam(淸肝湯加減). Then, We followed up the result of liver function test. After the result of liver function test improved, we diagnosed the patient with Korean medical methods, and evaluated the symptom of Cerebral infarction and liver function test treating the patient with Jihwangumja (地黃飮子). Result : After our treatment, Liver function test and symptoms of Cerebral infarction result improved. Conclusion : Use of Western medicine with herbal medicine can improved liver function test of drug-induced liver injury effectively and herbal medicine do not disturb the liver function.