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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Dec 2004
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jun 2004
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CRIME AND LEGAL DEFENSE：A FORENSIC AND JUVENILE PSYCHIATRIC PERSPECTIVE
Kim, Seung-Tai Peter ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 3~13
A historical overview of the relationship between law and medicine, particularly psychiatry, was presented along with the religious, social and legal aspects of the societies in the Western hemisphere as they affected the concepts and philosophy of the legal system in each society at different point in history. The evolution of the modern concept of juvenile court system and changing patterns of implementing the juvenile law in the United States, particularly the mental health evaluation process to determine the youths' competence to stand trial, were presented in detail. The ultimate goals of protecting the civil rights of children, adolescents and youths are emphasized.
ATTACHMENT AND CLINICAL PSYCHIATRY
Noh, Kyung-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 14~15
ATTACHMENT AND ATTACHMENT DEVELOPMENT
Jang, Hwee-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 16~27
The purpose of this article is to review the recent studies about what attchment is, which historical background it has, how it develops and affects on the following development. Also the clinical implications of attachment and problems for its clinical application were discussed. As the quality of the attachment formed at earlier years is continued for a lifetime as the form of the internal working model, it affects persons' pathological development as well as normal one. Accordingly this article will be able to give a insight for prevention and treatment of pathological attachment and various psychological disorders.
THE MEASUREMENT OF ATTACHMENT
Lee, Kyung-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 28~39
The author reviewed various psychological measures of attachment types and variation on developmental stage approaches. Also, the point of reliabilities and validities of the measures were reviewed. SSP and AQS introduced first in infancy. Cassidy-Marvin's attachment type system, Crittenden's PAA, Main & Cassidy's attachment system, Doll play techniques and Family drawing analyses of attachment types introduced secondly for preschooler. IPPA for parent and peer attachment introduced for Childhood/Adolescence. Finally, AAI and ASQ for romantic attachment explained for adulthood.
ATTACHMENT AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
Choi, Jee-Eun ; Ahn, Dong-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 40~60
Introduction：Research on attachment in view point of the developmental perspective which began in the 1940s progressed during several decades. Many investigators focused mother-child separation in early attachment studies, and moved to the relationship with childhood psychopathology. Recently attachment theory and research are moving forward along the intergenerational transmission of attachment patterns, and adolescents and adult mental disorders in the developmental perspectives. Methods：We surveyed the research papers through Medline search, attachment-related monographs, and review or original papers published in Korean journal. Results：Developmental attachment researches have demonstrated convincingly that insecure attachment in infancy is associated with attachment disorder; several childhood psychopatholgy, such as institutional care and adoption, aggression and behavioral problems, childhood anxiety disorders and depressive disorders, gender identity disorder and feeding disorder, and child abuse and maltreatment; peer relationship and social competency, and parental behaviors. Recently the methodological advances including the Adult Attachment Interview that systematically assesses the adults' recollections of the earlier parent-child relationship they experienced could move beyond attachment researcher's initial concern with infancy to consider attachment processes throughout the life span. We could find that the quality of attachment was associated with several mental disorders in adolescents and adults significantly. Conclusion：Attachment theory would have focused on more specific parent-child relationship than general parental behavior. Recent attachment theory underscores its evolutionary origins to promote development of infant and contribute to human survival in psychobiological bases. Advances in attachment research could unite interests in evolutional biology and developmental psychology in understanding early parent-child relationship, and apply to clinical issues concerning mental health throughout the life span.
PRELIMINARY STUDY OF MENTAL REPRESENTATIONS OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN EXPERIENCING SINGLE, SEVERE TRAUMA
Eon, So-Yong ; Song, Won-Woung ; Oh, Kyung-Ja ; Choi, Eui-Gyum ; Shim, Eun-Ji ; Shin, Yee-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 61~74
Objectives：This study was performed to introduce a psychoeducational family therapy model for the families of schizophrenic patient and to investigate the effect of this model on the changes in coping style and depressive symptoms of the family members, and in perception of emotional support by families and depressive symptoms of patients. Methods：Nine preschool children, 3-5 years old, experiencing physical injuries caused by attack from a psychotic patient at kindergarten, were evaluated for psychological assessments；Intelligence test, MSSB(MacArthur Story-Stem Battery), H-T-P test(House-Tree-Person test). And their parents completed rating scale, KPI-C(Korean Personality Inventory for Children about children’s psychological conditions). Results：With respects to the contents and emotional reactions of MSSB, 9 preschool children showed generally high levels of anxiety, depression, avoidance, aggression, probably related to the traumatic experiences. Even though children couldn't verbally report directly about their traumatic experiences, in both MSSB, structured play narrative assessment tool, and HPT, free drawing and association test, they demonstrated psychiatric problems through reenactment plays, regardless of clinical diagnoses. Conclusion：Present study allowed us the chance to see beyond the outer pathological behaviors of PTSD in preschool children, through deeper evaluations of their mental representation. These preliminary data suggest deep understanding of internal representation would be of help for thorough evaluations and treatment plan for preschool children, experiencing severe trauma.
A PILOT STUDY FOR THE EMOTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SIBLINGS OF CHILDREN WITH AUTISM
Hong, Sung-Do ; Kim, Ji-Hae ; Shim, Se-Hoon ; Oh, Chang-Guen ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 75~81
Objectives：This study was designed to compare the emotional/behavioral characteristics between the siblings of children with autism and normally developing children. Methods：The subjects were 34 children between 10 and 16 years of age, 17 siblings of children with autism, 17 siblings of nonhandicapped children. Both groups performed CDI(Kovacs' Children Depression Inventory), RCMAS(Revised Chidren's Manifest Anxiety Scale), SPPC(Self-Perception Profile for Children), Self-esteem scale. Their mothers performed K-CBCL(Korean -Child Behavior Checklist). The results of those test were analysed by Student's-test. Results：Both social competence and total social competence subsclae scores were significantly lower in sibling group of children with autism than in control group. However, each group was not significantly different on the scores of internalizing symptom, externalizing symptom subscale of CBCL, CDI, RCMAS, Self-Perception Profile and Self-esteem scale. Conclusion : Siblings of children with autism had a lower social competence than normal control group. Group comparisons indicated that siblings of children with autism and normal children did not differ on any self-report measures such as anxiety, depression, self-concept and self-esteem. Further research using more subjects will be needed.
INHIBITION, PLANNING, AND WORKING MEMORY IN CHILDREN WITH ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
Kim, Gui-Ae ; Kim, Sang-Heop ; Hong, Chang-Hee ; Lee, Myoung-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 82~90
Objectives：The study was performed to compare the executive function(EF；Inhibition, Planning and Working memory) between ADHD and normal group, and to controll the effect of age and intelligence. And the function of inhibition was assessed in two dimensions(cognitive inhibition and motor inhibition). Methods：K-WISC III and EF test(Go-No-Go, Stroop test, Tower of Hanoi, Digit) was administered to both 25 children with ADHD and 25 normal control participants, all aged between 7 and 12. The results were analyzed after statistically controlled for age and intelligence. Results：Children in the ADHD group had significantly lower IQ score than those in the control group and consistent relations were found between the child's age and the study's major variables. Once IQ and age were controlled, results indicated that children with ADHD had deficit only cognitive inhibition and motor inhibition. There was no significant difference in planning and working memory. Conclusion：These results suggested that specific deficits in inhibition control rather than general EF deficits are associated with ADHD. So inhibition is the core problem of children with ADHD. Thus, the therapeutic approach focused on cognitive inhibition and motor inhibition is required.
THE EFFECT OF REPEATED MATERNAL SEPARATION ON GLUCOCORTICOID RECEPTOR AND CYCLOOXYGENASE-2 IN PREWEANLING RAT BRAIN
Yoon, Doh-Joon ; Chang, Hwan-Il ; Song, Ji-Young ; Bahn, Geon-Ho ; Chung, Joo-Ho ; Kim, Jong-Woo ; Yoo, Hee-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 15, issue 1, 2004, Pages 91~100
Objectives：The effects of repeated maternal separation on the expression of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2) in the hippocampus of rat pups at preweanling stage were evaluated. Methods：The experimental, Repeated Maternal Separation group(N=4) was separated from the mother for four hours a day over a period of ten days beginning with postnatal day 4. The Control group(N=4), on the other hand, did not separated from the mother at all. GR and COX-2 expression in the hippocampus was examined by immunohistochemistry on postnatal day 14. Results：It was determined that the number of GR-immunopositive cells in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus was significantly increased in the Repeated Maternal Separation group. The numbers of COX-2-immunopositive cells in the CA1 and CA3 were also significantly higher in the Repeated Maternal Separation group. Conclusion：These results suggest that maternal separation may be a significant developmental stress that induces GR and COX-2 expression in the hippocampus of developing pups.