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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Oct 2008
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Sexually Abused Children
Lee, Seung-Jae ; Kim, Hae-Jung ; Kang, Min-A ; Jeong, Sung-Hoon ; Park, Yong-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 19, issue 1, 2008, Pages 3~12
Objectives : Child sexual abuse is a highly prevalent societal problem that cuts across all ethnic, racial, educational, and socioeconomic groups. There has been mounting empirical evidence for the efficacy of manual-based, cognitive behavioral treatment(CBT) for sexually abused children. Therefore, the aim of this review was to address the rationale and efficacy of CBT for sexually abused children, and to introduce a broad outline of a typical CBT program for young people suffering the emotional and behavioral consequences of sexual abuse. Methods : A selective literature review was undertaken. Results : To date, trauma-focused CBT is the most effective treatment for the sexually abused child. The rationale and efficacy of CBT was reviewed and a typical CBT program was outlined session by session. Conclusion : Based on trauma-focused CBT for sexually abused children, the results demonstrate the need for future development of a standard CBT program for the Korean population.
Brain Neuroadaptative Changes in Adolescents with Internet Addiction : An FDG-PET Study with Statistical Parametric Mapping Analysis
Koo, Young-Jin ; Paeng, Jin-Chul ; Joo, Eun-Jeong ; Kang, Hye-Jin ; Im, Youn-Seok ; Seok, Ju-Won ; Kang, Ung-Gu ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 19, issue 1, 2008, Pages 13~18
Objectives : Internet addiction or pathologic internet use is one of the major mental health problems in children and adolescents in Korea. Internet addiction is defined as uncontrollable, markedly time-consuming internet use, which lasts for a period of at least six months. Internet addiction results in poor academic performance and negative parent-child relationships. By using
-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), we investigated the effects of internet addiction on functional changes occurring in the adolescent brain. Methods : Adolescent patients with an internet addiction (4 boys and 2 girls;
years) participated in this study. Eight healthy young adults (5 males and 3 females; 18-30 years old) with no previous history of psychiatric illness also participated as normal controls. Brain FDG-PET data was obtained with the participants in the resting condition and with no addictive stimuli. Results : Statistic parametric mapping analysis of the brain FDG-PET data revealed hypometabolic changes in the visual information processing circuits and hypermetabolic changes in the prefrontal areas in the adolescents with internet addiction, as compared with normal controls (p<.001). Conclusion : These results suggest a neuronal adaptation to excessive visual stimulation and synaptic plasticity due to internet addiction.
Dopamine Transporter Gene and Dopamine D2, D3, D4 Receptor Gene Polymorphisms in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Park, Pil-Sang ; Kim, Dae-Kwang ; Jung, Chul-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 19, issue 1, 2008, Pages 19~27
Objectives : The aim of this study was to examine the association of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Korean populations with functional polymorphisms of six genes dopamine receptors (Ser311/Cys311 polymorphism, Taq1 A polymorphism, and Taq1 B polymorphism in DRD2, BalI polymorphism in DRD3, and promoter -521 C/T polymorphism and exon III 48 bp repeat polymorphism in DRD4) and one gene in dopamine transporter (DAT1). Methods : Participants were 58 children with ADHD and 110 control children. The genotypes were determined by PCR. Results : There was a statistically significant difference in genotype frequency of -521 C/T polymorphism within the promoter region of the DRD4 between two groups. Furthermore, in the male group, both genotype and allele frequencies showed statistically significant differences. Conclusion : Findings of the study indicate that -521 C/T polymorphism in promoter region of DRD4 appears to be a possible candidate gene for ADHD in Korean population.
A Standardization Study of Children's Color Trails Test(CCTT)
Koo, Hoon-Jung ; Shin, Min-Sup ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 19, issue 1, 2008, Pages 28~37
Objectives : This study was conducted in order to examine the reliability and validity of the Children's Color Trails Test (CCTT). The objective of the study was also to provide the Korean normative data for the CCTT. Methods : Normative samples consisted of 766 children and adolescents living in Seoul and aged from 5 to 15 years. Eighty children who were diagnosed with ADHD, based on the DSM-IV criterion, were recruited from Seoul National University Children's Hospital. Among them, 46 ADHD children were receiving medication, while 34 children were drug-free. Results : The scores of the CCTT were significantly correlated with those of the Stroop test. Three factors were extracted through factor analysis-visual tracking and cognitive flexibility, distractibility and susceptibility to interference, and simple attention and impulsivity. The completion time of the CCTT for all children tended to decrease as age increased. There were significant differences in the CCTT scores between the ADHD group receiving medication, the ADHD-drug free group and the normal groups. The CCTT also showed sound test-retest reliability. These results confirmed the reliability and validity of the CCTT. Finally, we provided the Korean normative data for the CCTT. Conclusion : These results suggest that the CCTT is a reliable and valid test, which can be used to assess frontal function related to child psychiatric disorders in Korean children.
Requests for Child Abuse Education in Medical School Curricula
Yang, Su-Jin ; Kim, Sun-Young ; Kim, Woong-Jang ; Kim, Hyang-Wha ; Kim, Jae-Min ; Kim, Sung-Wan ; Shin, Il-Seon ; Yoon, Jin-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 19, issue 1, 2008, Pages 38~42
Objectives : This study aimed to examine current educational experiences, knowledge, intention to report, and requests for child abuse education in medical interns. Methods : A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 2006 and 2007. The study sample consisted of 193 medical interns who served their internships at the university hospital. They answered 11 self-administered questionnaires related to child abuse. Results : Although respondents indicated a strong will to assist in eradicating abuse of children, about 90% had no educational experiences and knowledge of child abuse. Ignorance was a major factor for low reported cases of abused children. The preferred nominated reporting agency for child abuse was the National Child Protection Agency in 47.9% of female respondents, while 48.3% of males nominated Police Stations as their preferred option. In relation to sexual abuse, Police Stations were the preferred reporting agency by 49.2% of males and 37.0% of females. Medical school curricula were chosen by the majority of interns as the most appropriate stage where child abuse education should be introduced. Conclusion : This study found that medical graduates had limited experience and knowledge related to child abuse. The medical school curricula for child abuse needs to be further developed, implemented, and evaluated when appropriate.