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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Oct 2009
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
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The Association of COMT Gene Polymorphism and Tourette Syndrome : A Family Based and Case Control Study
Lim, Won-Weok ; Lim, Myung-Ho ; Song, Eun-Young ; Park, Mi-Young ; Kim, Jong-Wan ; Kim, Tae-Hyun ; Shim, Se-Hoon ; Park, Tae-Won ; Kim, Hyun-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 20, issue 1, 2009, Pages 3~9
Objectives : Tourette disorder is known to be a disease with a strong genetic trait. There has been some recent research on the relationship between the allelic frequency distribution and Tourette disorder. In Korea, the relationship between the genetic type and the alleles for the COMT gene has been studied in Tourette patients. Methods : Seventy two patients who were diagnosed with Tourette disorder according to the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria were selected for this study. The diagnosis and clinical features were confirmed by the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale. For the control group, the parents of the patients were chosen. Blood samples were taken from the 289 subjects. DNA was extracted from the blood lymphocytes and PCR was performed for assessing COMT gene. Results : On comparing the Tourette disorder transmitted group and the not-transmitted group, no significant difference was seen between the COMT genetic type and the allelic distribution. Conclusion : Even though this result is viewed that there is no relationship between Tourette disorder and the COMT gene, it is difficult to firmly accept this negative result. Follow up studies with a larger patient population or pure subgroups are expected in the future.
A Study on the Attention, Intellectual Functioning and Behavior Characteristics of Girls with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Kang, Il-Seon ; Cho, A-Ra ; Kim, Bong-Seog ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 20, issue 1, 2009, Pages 10~16
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of attention, intellectual functioning and adaptation of girls with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods : The scores of the ADHD Diagnostic System (ADS), the Korean Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III (K-WISC-III) and the Korean Personality Inventory for Children (KPI-C) were compared between 26 girls with ADHD and 26 boys with ADHD. Results : 1) There was no significant gender difference in the intellectual functioning, except for the picture completion subscale. 2) Compared to the boys, the girls responded more slowly on the ADS visual task. 3) The girls were rated higher by their parents for the depression and social relationship problems of the KPI-C. Conclusion : The results suggest that there are noticeable gender differences for the attention problems and social functioning of children with ADHD.
The Effect of Impulsivity and the Ability to Recognize Facial Emotion on the Aggressiveness of Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Bae, Seung-Min ; Shin, Dong-Won ; Lee, Soo-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 20, issue 1, 2009, Pages 17~22
Objectives : A higher level of aggression has been reported for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than for non-ADHD children. Aggression was shown to have a negative effect on the social functioning of children with ADHD. The ability to recognize facial emotion expression has also been related to aggression. In this study, we examined whether impulsivity and dysfunctional recognition of facial emotion expression could explain the aggressiveness of children with ADHD. Methods : 67 children with ADHD participated in this study. We measured the ability to recognize facial emotion expression by using the Emotion Recognition Test (ERT) and we measured aggression by the T score of the aggression subscale of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Impulsivity was measured by the ADHD diagnostic system (ADS). Results : The teacher rated level of aggression was related to the score of recognizing negative affect. After controlling for the effect of impulsivity, this relationship is not significant. Only the score of the visual commission errors ex plained the level of aggression of children with ADHD. Conclusion : Impulsivity seems to have a major role in explaining the aggression of children with ADHD. The clinical implication of this study is that effective intervention for controlling impulsivity may be expected to reduce the aggression of children with ADHD.
Association of the Symptoms of Parental Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and the Parental Personality Patterns with the Symptoms of Boys with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Shin, Woo-Seung ; Choi, Hye-Ra ; Kim, Kun-Woo ; Lee, Joong-Sun ; Park, Su-Bin ; Hong, Jin-Pyo ; Yoo, Han-Ik ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 20, issue 1, 2009, Pages 23~28
Objectives : This study was conducted to investigate the association between the symptoms of boys with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the attention-deficit hyperactivity symptoms, temperament and character patterns of their parents. Methods : Forty-five boys with ADHD and who met the DSM-IV criteria were evaluated by using the ADHD rating scale (ADHD-RS), and their parents completed the Korean Adult ADHD scale (K-AADHDS) and the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). Results : The parental K-AADHDS scores were not associated with the ADHD-RS total score and the subscale scores of their siblings. The most potent variable related to the ADHD-RS total score was the maternal self-directedness, and the second was the maternal persistence. The maternal self-directedness was the variable that was most correlated with the hyperactivity/impulsivity subscale scores of the ADHD-RS. Conclusion : The results suggest that the paternal ADHD symptoms may not be related to the ADHD symptoms of boys with ADHD. Higher maternal self-directedness and persistence may decrease overall the ADHD symptoms of these boys, and higher maternal self-directedness itself may predict lower hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms of the boys with ADHD.
The Efficacy of a Short-Term Group Program for Treating Depressive Disorder in Female Adolescents : A Comparison of the Cognitive-Behavioral and Psychoeducation Programs : A Preliminary Study
Park, Eun-Jung ; Shin, Min-Sup ; Jung, Kwang-Mo ; Yang, Young-Heu ; Kim, Boong-Nyun ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 20, issue 1, 2009, Pages 29~38
Objectives : This preliminary study evaluated the efficacy of two short-term programs for reducing depressive symptoms in female adolescents with depressive disorder. Methods : The participants were 23 middle school students who were randomly assigned to three groups : the cognitive-behavioral program group, the psycho education-program group and the no-intervention control group. Results : At postintervention, the students in cognitive-behavioral program group reported significantly lower levels of depressive symptoms, negative self-statement, automatic thought and psychiatric symptoms than did those in the no-intervention group and those in the psychoeducation-program group. Conclusion : The results suggest that the cognitive-behavioral program for female adolescent with depressive disorder was more effective in reducing depressive symptoms than the psychoeducation-program.
Psychiatric Treatment of Ruminative Vomiting and the Associated Weight Loss in an Adolescent Boy with Autism : A Case Report
Shin, Yun-O ; Rhee, Moon-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 20, issue 1, 2009, Pages 39~43
We treated the persistent ruminative vomiting of a 13-year-old autistic boy by using a behavioral and psychopharmacological approach in a closed ward. Before the interventions, the patient had lost about 10kg of body weight due to very high-frequency ruminative vomiting. Together with psychopharmacological trials, the psychiatric treatment included a combination of a behavioral approach and food regulation that emphasized food restrictions, and we provided regular light meals. There was a considerable reduction of the ruminative vomiting and 2kg weight gain was achieved during the admission. These therapeutic gains were maintained at the 4-month follow-up assessment and the vomiting symptom reached a near-zero level and the weight loss were recovered by about 8kg. The issues related to the treatment approaches for ruminative vomiting with autism are discussed.