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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Oct 2009
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
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Event-Related Potentials During the Visual Go/NoGo Task in Drug-Naive Boys with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Kim, Kun-Woo ; Lee, Jung-Sun ; Park, Su-Bin ; Hong, Jin-Pyo ; Kim, Seong-Yoon ; K.Yoo, Han-Ik ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 61~67
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the performance and electrophysiological characteristics of drug-naive children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder(ADHD) during the Go/NoGo task. Methods: Twenty-three boys with ADHD and 18 age-matched normal boys were recruited at a child psychiatric outpatient clinic in Seoul. All subjects were assessed by the Kiddie Schedules for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia Present and Lifetime version. The investigator also assessed all subjects using the ADHD Rating Scale-IV(ADHDRS). Event-related potentials were recorded from 8 scalp electrodes during the visual Go/NoGo task. Results: Children with ADHD showed a larger mean of standard deviation of response time during the Go/NoGo task than normal children. The temporal N200 and P300 amplitudes were larger in children with ADHD relative to controls. The parietal N200 and P300 latencies were more prolonged in children with ADHD compared to normal controls. Conclusion: These results suggest that psychotropic-naive children with ADHD may have more variable performance ability, more difficulty in discriminating visual stimuli, and slower information processing speed than their normal age-matched counterparts.
Standardization of the Comprehensive Attention Test for the Korean Children and Adolescents
K.Yoo, Han-Ik ; Lee, Jung-Sun ; Kang, Sung-Hee ; Park, Eun-Hee ; Jung, Jae-Suk ; Kim, Boong-Nyun ; Son, Jung-Woo ; Park, Tae-Won ; Kim, Bong-Seok ; Lee, Young-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 68~75
Objectives: This study was conducted in order to develop and obtain the nonnative data of the computerized Comprehensive Attention Test(CAT) in Korean children and adolescents. It also aimed to evaluate the reliability and validity of the CAT. Methods: We developed the computerized CAT which includes the selective attention task, the sustained attention to response task, the flanker task, the divided attention task, and the spatial working memory task. We investigated the test-retest reliability and the construction validity of this computerized version by using the data from 21 children, and gathered the nonnative data of 9l2 subjects, aged 4 to 15 years, dwelling in the Metropolitan Seoul area in 2008. Results: No statistical differences between means of the tests and retests of the CAT were observed. The mean of the correlation coefficient of the test-retest scores was 0.715. The results from the factor analyses explained 51.7% of the cumulative variance. In addition, the nonnative data for all of the CAT subtests were obtained. Conclusion: The computerized CAT can be used as a reliable and valid tool in both clinical and research settings for Korean children and adolescents with or without neuropsychiatric conditions such as attention deficit.
Association of Psychosocial Factors in Developing Childhood Depression and ADHD in a Community Low Income Family Children
Kim, Seol-Yeon ; Ha, Jee-Hyun ; Hwang, Won-Sook ; Yu, Jae-Hak ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 76~81
Ovjectives: As the attention devoted to children's mental health increases, medical costs and burdens mount as well. In the present study, we evaluated the association between socioeconomic status(SES) and major child psychiatric symptoms. Methods: The subjects of this study were children of recruited from a mental health screening program in the Seoul Sungbuk mental health center over the course of 3 months. To establish the SES of each child, we collected data about each child's medical insurance, years of parental education, household income, family structure and housing. 149 children & parents completed questionnaires including the Childhood Depression Inventory(CDI) and the Korean Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale(K-ARS). Results: The mean K-ARS-P score was
and the suspected prevalence of ADHD was 20.8%(n=31). The mean cm score was
, and the prevalence of suspected depression was 16.8%(25). Depressive symptoms and ADHD symptoms were both more severe than those observed in a previous epidemiologic study in Korea. Depressive symptoms were more closely associated with family SES status. Conclusion: SES status is one of the most important risk factors in the development of major child psychiatric symptoms. In our study we found that depressive symptoms in particular were most tightly associated with psychosocial factors. Evaluation of the risk factors, early screening and intervention for low SES children would be valuable mental health management tactics to implement in a community mental health system.
The Effectiveness of School Based Short-Term Social Skills Training in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD)
Paek, Myung-Jae ; Ahn, Jung-Kwang ; Lim, So-Yun ; Kim, Yang-Ryul ; Park, Min-Hyeon ; Kim, Boong-Nyun ; Cho, Soo-Churl ; Shin, Min-Sup ; Kim, Jae-Won ; Kim, Hyo-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 82~89
Objectives: Children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD) often have difficulties in social behavior. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a short-term training program for improving social skills, self-perception and attention deficits. Methods: The subjects were nine children diagnosed with ADHD with(or without) other mental disorders using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children(DISC-ADHD) module. Children were given eight sessions of a social skills training program. Parents of children simultaneously participated in their own training which was designed to support their children's generalization of skills. Assessments included child, parent and teacher ratings of social skills, self-perception and attention deficit at baseline and post-treatment. Results: Social skills training led to significant improvements in child-reported measures of self-esteem, in teacher reported measures of social skills, and in parent-reported measures of attention deficit. Conclusion: This study suggests that short-term social skills training programs for children with ADHD may improve their social skills, self-perception and attention deficits.
Characteristics of the Bullying in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Shin, Dong-Won ; Lee, Seung-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 90~96
Objectives: This study examined clinical characteristics associated with bullying in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder(ADHD). Methods.: Children and their parents were asked to fill out a structured self-report form regarding bullying incidents. To evaluate the characteristics of the children, the results of the ADHD Rating Scale, the Korean version of the Child Behavior Checklist, the ADHD Diagnostic system and the Emotional Recognition Test were used. The agreement of bullying data between each child and their mother and father was measured using Cohen's kappa. The association between victim and perpetrator was analyzed by calculating a contingency coefficient based on chi-square. To compare the characteristics of victimized children and didn't, an independent sample T-test was performed. Results: When children were victims of bullying incidents there was significant agreement between children and parents on the information provided on the self-reports. However, more children reported themselves as a perpetrator of bullying than their parents did. Victimization, that is, the tendency towards being a perpetrator, is associated with the higher level of parental reports of aggressiveness. Conclusion: Victimization of bullying is associated with aggression in children with ADHD. This study suggests that victimized children with ADHD warrant careful evaluation, in particular with regard to the credence placed on parental reports of aggressiveness, and management for aggression.