Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
Selecting the target year
ADHD, New Developed or Newly Found : Historical Review
Bahn, Geon-Ho ; Bae, Jae-Ho ; Moon, Su-Jin ; Min, Jung-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 22, issue 2, 2011, Pages 57~66
DOI : 10.5765/JKACAP.2011.22.2.057
Introduction : Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was a newly coined term for a disease that existed prior to its naming in the mid 20th century. The issue about whether ADHD is a new disorder or merely a new name for an existing disorder is still controversial. The authors tried to find the clues to the answer for this question through reviewing historical documents for traces of ADHD. Contents : We could find literatures and medical records that contain possible ADHD symptoms. In particular, in 1845, Heinrich Hoffmann's 'fidgety Philip' or 'Johnny Look-in-the-air' nearly satisfies today's criteria for ADHD. Methylphenidate was approved as a promising chemical for inattention in 1957 before the establishment of the concept of ADHD. In 1968, ADHD was first officially introduced as "Hyperactivity Reaction of Childhood" by DSM-II. In 1980, DSM-III, 'Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)' was adopted as an official diagnostic term and changed to 'ADHD' since the creation of DSM-III-R in 1987. Conclusion : As stated above, ADHD has existed since long ago and became familiar via an advanced diagnostic system and therapeutic options.
Off-label or Unlicensed Drug Prescriptions in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Lee, So-Young Irene ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 22, issue 2, 2011, Pages 67~73
DOI : 10.5765/JKACAP.2011.22.2.067
The purpose of licensing system is to ensure that the medicines are examined for safety, efficacy and quality. Nevertheless, off-label or unlicensed drug usages in pediatric practice is widespread in Korea and worldwide. Psychotropics are one of the most commonly used off-label or unlicensed drugs. The most valid approach to face this dilemma will be to have more evidences from pediatric pharmacological studies. Clinicians, in addition, need to monitor closely their off-label or unlicensed drug prescriptions to minimize the trial and error in practice. Researchers should publish their experiences and provide guidelines. Pharmaceutical companies, regulatory authorities, and consumer organizations should endeavor altogether for the children's right to get safe and efficacious drugs as adults do. Here, the definition as well as the current status of off-label and unlicensed drug prescriptions will be introduced. Critical issues regarding the off label drugs are discussed. In addition, I will describe the present condition as to the off-label and unlicensed drugs in child and adolescent psychiatry and the authorization process of off-label drug prescription in Korea. Lastly, direction we should like to take in this field will be mentioned.
Off-label use of Psychotropic Medications in Preschool Children with Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Kim, Eui-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 22, issue 2, 2011, Pages 74~80
DOI : 10.5765/JKACAP.2011.22.2.074
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral disorder with an onset of symptoms before 7 years of age, often starting as early as the preschool years. The off-label use of methylphenidate (MPH) for 3- to 6-year-old preschool children with ADHD is being more common, although MPH is not licensed for use in children younger than age 6 years, in most countries. Despite the limited data, the review of the literature suggests that MPH meets evidence based criteria as beneficial and safe for carefully diagnosed ADHD preschool children. Carefully monitored administration of evidence-based psychotropic medication in preschool children with ADHD may be indicated if psychosocial treatments are ineffective.
A Study of the Validity of and Cut-Off Scores for the Korean Version of Asperger Syndrome Diagnostic Scale
Kim, Ha-Na ; Shin, Min-Sup ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 22, issue 2, 2011, Pages 81~88
DOI : 10.5765/JKACAP.2011.22.2.081
Objectives : This study examined the reliability and validity of the Korean version of Asperger Syndrome Diagnostic Scale (K-ASDS), to calculate the cut-off score in the diagnosis of Asperger syndrome. Further, we examined classification error rate when applying cut-off scores. Methods : One hundred sixty-seven children participated in this study, including 46 with Asperger syndrome, 26 with PDD or PDD NOS, 43 with ADHD, and 52 normal children. Results : An ANCOVA demonstrated no significant differences in the K-ASDS total score between the Asperger and the PDD & PDD NOS groups. However, these groups did show significantly higher scores than the ADHD and normal groups. Among the five subscales on the K-ASDS, the Asperger group obtained significantly higher scores on the language and cognition subscales than the PDD & PDD NOS groups. Two scales were found to be useful in distinguishing the Asperger group from the PDD & PDD NOS group through a discriminant analysis. According to an analysis of ROC curve, the cut-off score on the K-ASDS for the diagnosis of PDD including Asperger syndrome was 121. Conclusion : We discussed that K-ASDS has pretty limit.
Exploratory Factor Analysis of the Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory in Middle School Students
Park, Kyung-Hye ; Kim, Hyo-Won ; Kim, Jin-Young ; Chung, In-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 22, issue 2, 2011, Pages 89~94
DOI : 10.5765/JKACAP.2011.22.2.089
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to assess the factor structures related to the Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory (MOCI) in middle school students. Methods : A total of 1,175 7th grade students from four middle schools in Paju city completed the MOCI, Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale (CES-D), and Self Esteem Scale (SES). An exploratory factor (maximum likelihood method with oblique rotation) and correlation analyses were subsequently performed. Results : The two main factors related to the MOCI were 'intrusive thought' and 'contamination'. 'Intrusive thought' was positively correlated with the CES-D and negatively associated with the SES. 'Contamination' had a negative correlation with self-esteem as measured by the SES. Conclusion : The results of this study revealed a two-factor structure of obsessive and compulsive symptoms in middle school students.
Screening Oppositional Defiant Disorder with the Korean Child Behavior Checklist : The Role of the Subscales of Aggressive and Delinquent Behavior
Lee, So-Young Irene ; Park, Joon-Ho ; Lim, Eun-Ji ; Jung, Han-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 22, issue 2, 2011, Pages 95~102
DOI : 10.5765/JKACAP.2011.22.2.095
Objectives : This present study examined the power of the Korean Child Behavior Checklist (K-CBCL) subscales to predict a DSM-IV diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). Methods : The sample included 37 children and adolescents with ODD and 46 normal controls. The participants and their parents were interviewed for clinical diagnosis using the Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) and the parents completed the K-CBCL. Logistic regression analysis was used to predict the diagnosis of ODD. Results : Among the CBCL subscales, Delinquent and Aggressive Behavior scales significantly predicted ODD diagnosis. The means of these CBCL subscales were significantly higher in the ODD group when compared to the controls. Conclusion:Two CBCL subscales (Deliquent and Aggressive Behavior) displayed good diagnostic efficiency for assessing ODD in children and adolescents. Through combining information from the CBCL, an empirical-quantitative approach to psychopathology in children and the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria, the results demonstrated that a clinical diagnostic approach is an effective diagnostic paradigm for children with ODD.
A Study of Covert Narcissism in Adolescent Internet Addiction : Relationship to Anonymity, Presence, Interactivity, and Achievement Motivation
Choi, Won-Hee ; Son, Jung-Woo ; Kim, Yeoung-Rang ; Lee, Sang-Ick ; Shin, Chul-Jin ; Kim, Sie-Kyeong ; Ju, Ga-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 22, issue 2, 2011, Pages 103~111
DOI : 10.5765/JKACAP.2011.22.2.103
Objectives : This study compared covert narcissistic propensity in adolescents with internet addiction tendency to normal adolescents. Further, we investigated the correlation between such propensities and anonymity in cyberspace, presence feeling and interactivity in internet gaming, and achievement motivation in adolescents with internet addiction tendencies. Methods : Male middle school students with internet addiction tendencies (Addiction Tendency Group, N=27) and normal students (Control Group, N=29) were recruited. The scale of internet use, Covert Narcissism Scale, scale of achievement motivation, scale of anonymity in cyberspace, scale of presence feeling in internet games, and the scale of interactivity in internet games were administered. A comparison of the average scores and correlation analyses were performed. Results : 1) Compared with Control Group, the Addiction Tendency Group showed significantly higher scores on all subscales of the Covert Narcissism Scale, and both the scale of presence feeling and that of interactivity in internet games. Further, the score on the scale of achievement motivation for the Addiction Tendency Group was significantly lower than that of the Control Group. 2) In the Addiction Tendency Group, the scores on several subscales of the Covert Narcissism Scale were significantly positively correlated with the scores on the scale of presence feeling in internet games, anonymity in cyberspace, and interactivity in internet games. However, in the Control Group, the scores of several subscales on the Covert Narcissism Scale were significantly negatively correlated with the score on the scale of achievement motivation, and was significantly positively correlated with the score on the scale of interactivity in internet games. There were no other significant correlations between the scores on the subscales of the Covert Narcissism Scale and the scores of either presence feeling in internet games or anonymity in cyberspace. Conclusion : These results suggested that adolescents with a tendency to be addicted to the internet exhibited higher covert narcissistic propensities than normal adolescents and that the covert narcissistic tendencies were related with presence feeling in cyber games as well as with anonymity in cyberspace.
Association with Self-Perception for Obesity and Mental Health among Korean Adolescent
Hwang, In-Cheol ; Lee, Kyoung-Shik ; Park, Dong-Kyun ; Jung, Eun-Young ; Choi, Chung-Hyun ; Cho, Seong-Jin ; Bae, Seung-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 22, issue 2, 2011, Pages 112~119
DOI : 10.5765/JKACAP.2011.22.2.112
Objectives : Obesity has been linked to various psychological problems as well as medical complications, especially among adolescents. Previous studies have suggested an association between body weight and depression or self-esteem ; however, there has been little evidence on self-perception of weight and mental health. The aim of this study was to examine the association of perceptional weight status with mental health in Korean adolescents. Methods : This study was based on data obtained from the third Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (2005). The study sample consisted of 583 adolescents (268 boys, 315 girls) aged 12-18 years, who had completed the health survey, the health examination, and the nutritional survey. Participants were divided into two groups based on the actual or perceptional weight status: non-obese and obese. Questionnaires for stress, depressive mood, and suicidal thoughts were utilized as mental health indicators. Results : The agreement between actual and perceptional weight status was moderate (k value, 0.585 ; p<0.01). The influencing factors for the discrepancy between actual and perceptional weight status were body mass index of subjects and their parents' education. The obese group was likely to have higher stress levels and more experience of depressive mood or suicidal ideation in regard to both actual and perceptional weight status. A multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that girls who had perceived themselves as obese were more likely to have an experience of depressive mood than other girls (unadjusted OR, 4.98 ; adjusted OR, 5.15). Conclusion : An experience of depressive mood was significantly associated with the perception of weight status and not actual weight status in Korean female adolescents.
Discriminant Validity of the CBCL 1.5-5 in Diagnosis of Developmental Delayed Infants
Ha, Eun-Hye ; Kim, Seo-Yun ; Song, Dong-Ho ; Kwak, Eun-Hee ; Eom, So-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 22, issue 2, 2011, Pages 120~127
DOI : 10.5765/JKACAP.2011.22.2.120
Objectives:The purpose of this study was to verify discriminant validity and the clinical cutoff score of Child Behavior Checklist 1.5-5 in the diagnosis of developmental delayed infants. Methods:The participants were screened by Denver II which includes 156 developmental delayed infants and 288 normal infants. Chi-squared test, t-test, ROC curve analysis, odds ratio analysis were performed on the data. Results:Only 47 items out of 99 items among the CBCL 1.5-5 of total groups, 36 items of boys and 48 items of girls, discriminated developmental delayed infants well. Discriminant validity was confirmed by mean differences on the subscales of Withdrawn, Sleep Problems, Attention Problems, Internalizing Problems, Externalizing Problems, Total Problems, DSM Pervasive Developmental Problems and DSM Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Problems between the two groups. Additionally, ROC analyses demonstrated that Withdrawn, Attention Problems, Internalizing Problems, Total Behavior Problems and DSM Pervasive Developmental Problems significantly predicted developmental delayed infants compared to normal infants. Also, the clinical cutoff score criteria adopted in the Korean CBCL 1.5-5 for subscales of Withdrawn, Attention Problems, Internalizing Problems, Total Behavior Problems and DSM Pervasive Developmental Problems were shown to be valid. Conclusion:The subscales of Withdrawn, Attention Problems, Internalising Problems, Total Behavior Problems and DSM Pervasive Developmental Problems significantly discriminated in the diagnosis of developmental delayed infants well.