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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
Broken Mirror or Unbroken Mirror? : An Investigation for Mirror Neuron Dysfunction of the Autism Spectrum Disorder
Son, Jung-Woo ; Ghim, Hei-Rhee ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 109~123
DOI : 10.5765/jkacap.2013.24.3.109
The discovery of the mirror neuron system (MNS) is one of the most important neuroscientific achievements in the 20th century. Some researchers had reported that MNS dysfunction was discovered in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Finally, the 'broken mirror' theory of ASD was announced in the mid 2000's. According to this theory, ASD cannot simulate the mind and behavior of others due to MNS dysfunction; therefore, they cannot imitate the behaviors and empathized with the mind of others. However, ASD does not always show imitation problems. The researchers who have criticized the 'broken mirror' theory proposed the 'social top-down response modulation (STORM)' theory. On STORM theory, the medial prefrontal cortex or temporo-parietal junction, brain areas related with mentalising, might modulate MNS according to social context. We compared the strengths and weaknesses of each theory.
Children's Mental Health in Multicultural Family and North Korean Defectors in South Korea
Lee, So Hee ; Lee, Sun Hea ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 124~131
DOI : 10.5765/jkacap.2013.24.3.124
South Korea is changing into a multi-cultural society, due to an increase in international marriage, foreign workers and transcultural immigration. In addition, the number of North Korean defectors entering South Korea has increased and now, there are approximately 25000. Therefore, this review have focused on a research that pertains to adaptation and mental health concerns of their children. Children who have immigrated themselves or whose parents have immigrated, might experience language barriers, difficulties in school adjustment, identity confusion and mental health problems. However, their academic performance and developmental status are known to be variable and be affected by socioeconomic status and their parents' educational level. Studies that evaluated the psychological problems of North Korean adolescent refugees' indicated the need for interests in both emotional and behavioral problems. The risk factors of North Korean adolescent refugees' mental health are suggested to be past traumatic experiences, long duration of defection and short period of adaptation. When mental health professionals provide assessment and treatment, they should consider the pre- and post-migration experiences & cultural background that affect the illness behaviors and attitudes toward mental illnesses. Lastly, the majority of children with multi-cultural background are still under an adolescent period and we should follow up with long-term perspectives.
The Effect of an Internet-Based Anger Management Program for School-Aged Children to Prevent School Violence
Oh, Seojin ; Chang, Hyun A ; Choi, Ji-Yoon ; Shin, Min-Sup ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 132~140
DOI : 10.5765/jkacap.2013.24.3.132
Objectives : This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of an internet-based anger management program for school-aged children. Methods : Forty-eight elementary school students took part in an anger management training program; subsequently, participants, their parents, and their teachers answered questionnaires assessing the participants' anger, aggressiveness, and other emotional/behavioral problems, pre- and post-training. Results : At the post-training self-assessment, the participants showed significant reductions in their "anger-out" tendencies and physical aggressiveness. In addition, the effects of the program on "anger-out" tendencies, aggressiveness, anger and peer relational problem were found to be more significant in participants who reported depressive symptoms. Teachers rated the participants' peer-relational problems as having decreased after the training. Conclusion : The proposed internet-based anger management program had a significant effect on the school-aged children's abilities to control their anger.
Successful Schooling Rate and Satisfaction of the Inpatient Hospital School Participants among the Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Inpatients in the Closed Ward
Lee, Mi-Kyeong ; Bhang, Soo-Young ; Ahn, Joon-Ho ; Park, Jang-Ho ; Choi, Hyun-Kyoung ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 141~150
DOI : 10.5765/jkacap.2013.24.3.141
Objectives : The objective of this report is to identify the utilization of hospital school service during hospitalization among patients in their childhood and adolescence with psychiatric disorders. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed the medical record of child and adolescent psychiatric who were hospitalized during March 2009 through October 2012. We compared the one-year successful schooling and outpatient follow up rate between users and nonusers of the inpatient hospital school service. The hospital schooling experiences of the users were investigated upon follow-up visits to the outpatient clinic. Results : Sixty-three students received hospital school service during hospitalization among total 122 child and adolescent inpatients. Hospital school participants showed a significantly higher school reentry rate (61.9%) than non-participants (40.7%). However, there was no difference on follow up rate between the two groups. More than 60% of the 22 interviewed participants expressed an above-average level of satisfaction about hospital school service. Conclusion : Many patients with mental illness experience difficulty in receiving school education during treatment. That induces deterioration in disease, academic failure, poor social skills, low self-esteem, economic difficulties, and future job opportunities. The results of this study emphasize the importance of hospital school service and offer useful guidance for hospital school operation.
D8/17 Expression on B Lymphocytes of Children and Adolescents with Tic Disorder
Oh, Young-Gun ; Park, Tae-Won ; Jung, Yong Woo ; Chung, Sang-Keun ; Chung, Young-Chul ; Yang, Jong-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 151~156
DOI : 10.5765/jkacap.2013.24.3.151
Objectives : It has been reported that higher percentage of B cells react with monoclonal D8/17 antibody in patients with rheumatic fever, childhood onset obsessive-compulsive disorder, Tourette's disorder, or prepubertal anorexia nervosa. The purpose of this study is to replicate the previous studies in a Korean young population with tic disorder and to identify any relationship between D8/17 and clinical symptoms. Methods : The binding of D8/17 to B cells was determined in patients with tic disorder (N=21) and healthy controls (N=9) by Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorter analysis. Results : In the sample examined by this study, the average percentage of B cells expressing D8/17 in tic disorder was 2.05%; healthy controls was 3.15%. No statistically significant differences were found in the mean percentages of D8/17 between the two groups. Conclusion : The expression of D8/17 in B cells was very low in this study. No subjects with tic disorder or healthy controls was above 12% in D8/17 positive proportion. Further studies, including higher number of patients and control group members, should be performed.
An Open-Label Study of OROS-Methylphenidate for Neuropsychological Changes in Children and Adolescents with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Kook, So-Dahm ; Kim, Joo-Young ; Cheon, Keun-Ah ; Jhung, Kyungun ; Song, Dong-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 157~163
DOI : 10.5765/jkacap.2013.24.3.157
Objectives : Previous studies reported that attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) resulted from a deficit of selective attention and sustained attention. In this study, we assessed the result of methylphenidate-induced changes of the cerebral frontal executive functions in patients with ADHD. Methods : The subjects in this study consisted of 16 ADHD patients whose age ranged from 7 to 12. We used ADHD Diagnostic System (ADS) for the attention improvement, and the Stroop Test for the executive function response to pharmacotherapy with MPH. Results : After pharmacotherapy with methylphenidate for 12 weeks, the study group showed improvement in the clinical aspects through Clinical Global Impression-Severity, ADHD-rating scale and Inattention/Overactivity With Aggression Conner's Parents Rating Scale. In the ADS test, only in auditory task there was a decrease of both the response time and the standard deviation of the response time significantly. In the Stroop Test, there was a decrease in the word task, color task and color-word task significantly. Conclusion : Our results show that psychostimulant medication improves neuropsychological function, including the cerebral frontal executive function. This study implies that we have to consider the improvement of executive function, as well as attention when evaluating the efficacy of treatment.
A Preliminary Study for the Rating of Pharmacological Effect with Aberrant Behavior Checklist in Children with Autistic Disorder
Moon, Duk-Soo ; Chung, Un-Sun ; Jung, Sung Hoon ; Cho, Ah Rang ; Bahn, Geon Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 164~169
DOI : 10.5765/jkacap.2013.24.3.164
Objectives : We assessed the availability of Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC) for the evaluation of the pharmacological effect in autistic disorder. Methods : A retrospective review of the medical records of 27 children with autistic disorder, who visited the department of child and adolescent psychiatry of Kyungpook National University Hospital, from October 2011 to February 2013, was conducted. After treatment with risperidone, changes in the severity and improvement of symptoms were measured using ABC at the baseline, 2nd visit and 3rd visit, respectively. Results : The mean daily dose of risperidone increased from
(baseline, initial dose) to
, 2nd visit, and
, 3rd visit. According to ABC, irritability, lethargy, hyperactivity, and inappropriate speech subscale scores decreased significantly from the baseline to 2nd visit. Irritability and Hyperactivity subscale scores decreased significantly from the 2nd to 3rd visit. All subscales and total scores of ABC decreased significantly from the baseline to 3rd visit. Conclusion : The results of this study suggest that ABC can be used as an efficient tool to measure the symptoms of autistic disorder and to evaluate the medication effect on continuous treatment.