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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
Selecting the target year
Evolutionary Perspective on Autism
Jeong, Yunjin ; Son, Jung-Woo ; Kim, Bung-Nyun ; Yoo, Hee Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 67~74
DOI : 10.5765/jkacap.2015.26.2.67
So far, most research studying the causality of autism has focused on neurobiological or psychological aspects. However, most studies have dealt with only proximal causality of autism, and there is little research on its ultimate causality. 'Evolutionary perspective', which has received attention recently in various academic fields, suggests several theories regarding the ultimate causality of autism. We reviewed different theories on the evolution of autism, and discussed both the merits and the limitations of the theories.
Internet Gaming Disorder Treatment Options in the Hospital Setting
Park, Jeong Ha ; Hyun, Gi Jung ; Son, Ji Hyun ; Lee, Young Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 75~85
DOI : 10.5765/jkacap.2015.26.2.75
Internet gaming disorder (IGD), one of the common subtypes of internet addiction, is now classified in Section 3 of DSM-5 and is increasingly regarded as a growing health concern in many parts of the world. Consequently, many psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacological approaches have been considered and some research regarding therapeutic strategies has been conducted. However, treatment of IGD is in its early stages and therefore is not yet well established. This article reviews multiple therapeutic modalities including our own treatment model for IGD according to clinical and biological effects, thus providing suggestions for standard treatment strategies. The two main streams are psychopharmacological treatment and cognitive-behavior treatment, and the cognitive-behavior approach includes cognitive reconstruction, psychoeducation, and parenting coach. Many other non-pharmacological treatments are also recommended for personalized treatment of IGD.
Autism Spectrum Disorder and Behavioral Intervention : An Updated Review
Park, Hae-Ah ; Kim, Johanna Inhyang ; Kim, Yeni ; Park, Subin ; Yang, Younghui ; Lee, Youngsun ; Lee, Hyojung ; Kim, Soo Yeon ; Kim, Bung-Nyun ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 86~93
DOI : 10.5765/jkacap.2015.26.2.86
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder marked by impaired social communication and repetitive, restricted behaviors and activities. The prevalence of ASD has been increasing for the past 2 decades, but evidence-based therapeutic approaches are lacking for patients with ASD. To date, there is no cure for the core symptoms of ASD, and the existing treatments focus on improving the patient's function and adaptation by using behavioral intervention methods. Behavioral interventions have been proven to show the greatest effect when applied before the age of 2 years, for at least 40-60 hours per week. Many clinicians and ASD families are unfamiliar with the treatment methods, and consequently, may seek unproven and potentially hazardous methods. The purpose of this article was to present an extensive and updated review on evidence-based ASD behavioral interventions that are commonly used in clinical settings.
2013 Students' Mental Health School-Community Cooperative Model : Management of High Risk Students and Change in Awareness of Mental Health in School
Kim, Jin A ; Ha, Kyung Hee ; Hong, Hyun Ju ; Kim, Hee Young ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 94~103
DOI : 10.5765/jkacap.2015.26.2.94
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the results of the 2013 students' mental health school-community cooperative model. This study investigated teachers' awareness of change in school environment and analyzed the follow-up conditions of students. Methods : The sample consisted of 55 schools which participated in the 2013 students' mental health school-community cooperative model. Two questionnaires were used : one was composed of items about mental health resources, school policy and practice, school climate and community referral, and the other was on management of follow-up conditions for high risk students. Results : First, teachers' awareness regarding school mental health resources, school policy and practice, school climate, and community referral showed positive change. That is, the 2013 students' mental health school-community cooperative model works for improving teachers' interest, awareness and effort regarding mental health. Second, students, who were found by screening test and observation, were managed continually. Most students received follow-up interventions at school, and half of the students were referred to a specialized institution such as a mental health clinic, Wee center, personal counseling center, community welfare center, and so on. Conclusion : This study was a preliminary research, therefore follow-up studies are required in order to accomplish the 2013 students' mental health school-community cooperative model.
Development and Validation of Computerized Attention Tasks Using Smart Devices for Preschool Aged Children
Shin, Min-Sup ; Lee, Jinjoo ; Oh, Seojin ; Kim, Illjung ; Hong, Chorong ; Kim, Sulim ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 104~111
DOI : 10.5765/jkacap.2015.26.2.104
Objectives : The aim of this study was to develop computerized attention tasks using smart devices for preschool aged children for assessment of auditory attention, visual attention, and attention shifting abilities. We then evaluated their construct and concurrent validity of them. Methods : Sixty-seven 5- to 7-year-old children attending kindergarten were recruited. Newly developed computerized attention tasks and existing standardized attention tests such as Advanced Test of Attention (ATA) and Children's Color Trails Test-2 (CCTT-2) were successively administered. To examine the concurrent validity of these tasks, correlation coefficients between the participants' scores on the newly developed tasks and the scores on well-known measures were calculated for assessment of each component construct. We also examined the construct validity of the tasks using the developmental trend of the auditory attention, visual attention, and attention shifting abilities with age. Results : Significant correlations were observed between the scores of computerized attention tasks using smart devices and corresponding scores of ATA-auditory task, visual task, and CCTT-2. And there were significant linear increasing trends of correct scores with age from 5 to 7 years. Conclusion : This study provides promising evidence for the utility of computerized attention tasks using smart devices for preschool-aged children.
Prenatal, Perinatal and Developmental Risk Factors of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Yeo, Jin-Young ; Choi, Sejin ; Joo, Yeon Ho ; Kim, Hyo-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 112~119
DOI : 10.5765/jkacap.2015.26.2.112
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the prenatal, perinatal and developmental risk factors of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), compared to unaffected siblings (SIB), and typically developing children (TC). Methods : Subjects with ADHD, their SIB, and TC were recruited from the child psychiatry outpatient clinic of the Asan Medical Center Children's Hospital. The parents of the children completed questionnaires on perinatal and developmental risk factors. Results : Fifty-eight subjects with ADHD (41 boys,
), 21 SIB (8 boys,
), and 22 TC (8 boys,
) were included. The ADHD group showed higher rates of maternal stress during pregnancy than the SIB group (p=.002), and the ADHD group showed higher rates of familial psychiatric history than the TC (odds ratio, 8.76 ; 95% confidence interval, 1.69 to 45.45). Conclusion : These findings suggest that among perinatal and developmental factors, maternal stress during pregnancy contribute to the development of ADHD. Future prospective studies will be needed in order to determine the causal relationship between perinatal risk factors and development of ADHD.
The Parent-Child Relationship and Depressive Symptoms in Korean Adolescents
Kim, Dong Yeong ; Park, Kee Jeong ; Kim, Hyo-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 26, issue 2, 2015, Pages 120~128
DOI : 10.5765/jkacap.2015.26.2.120
Objectives : The objective of this study was to compare the parent-child relationship of adolescents with depression and those without depression, by using Parent-Child Relationship Instrument (PCRI), Family Relationship Scale (FRS), and Parenting Attitude Test-Youth (PAT-Y). We also investigated the association between the parent-child relationship and depressive symptoms. Methods : Twenty-five adolescents with depression (age
, 8 boys) and 24 adolescents without depression (age
, 16 boys) completed the Adolescent-General Behavior Inventory (A-GBI), Adolescent-Mood Disorder Questionnaire (A-MDQ), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), PCRI, and PAT-Y. The parents of subjects completed the Child Behavior Checklist, Parent-General Behavior Inventory 10-item Mania Scale (P-GBI-10M), Parent-Mood Disorder Questionnaire, and FRS. Independent t-tests, analysis of covariance, and partial correlation analysis were used. Results : The Intimacy (p=.002) and Respect (p=.029) scores of the PCRI were significantly higher in adolescents without depression compared to those with depression. The Intimacy scores of the PCRI showed negative correlation with the BDI and P-GBI-10M and the Strictness scores of the PCRI showed positive correlation with the A-GBI, A-MDQ, and BDI. The Inconsistency, Punishment, and Excessive Expectation scores of the PAT-Y showed positive correlation with the A-GBI and BDI scores. Conclusion : Our results suggest a possible association of the parent-children relationship and parenting attitude with adolescents' depressive symptoms.