Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Dec 1996
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Jun 1996
Selecting the target year
FACTORS AFFECTING 6 MONTHS' SHORT-TERM PROGNOSIS OF CONDUCT DISORDER IN THE ADOLESCENTS
Chin, Tae-Won ; Chae, Jeong-Ho ; Choi, Choong-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 7, issue 2, 1996, Pages 153~160
The purpose of this study is to find out the factors that affect the prognosis of conduct disorder in the adolescents. According to the nature or behavioral problems during 6 months after discharge, the good prognosis group(N=37) and the poor prognosis group(N= 36) were selected and scores of Youth Self Report(YSR), MMPI, KWIS were compared between both groups. The following results were obtained. 1) In family environmental factors, no significant difference was found between both groups. 2) In YSL total problem score, score of externalizing syndrome and score of delinquent behavior were significantly higher in the poor prognosis group. 3) In MMPI, no significant difference was found between both groups. 4) In KWIS, total 1.0. did not show significant differences between both groups. Our hypothesis that the prognosis of conduct disorder in adolescent is poorer in cases with higher quantities of problematic behaviors is certified.
FACTORS AFFECTING 6 MONTHS' SHORT-TERM PROGNOSIS OF CONDUCT DISORDER IN THE ADOLESCENTS II -RELATION TO DEPRESSION/ANXIETY AND ADHD INVENTORY-
Bang, Yang-Won ; Chae, Jeong-Ho ; Chin, Tae-Won ; Lee, Chung-Kyoon ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 7, issue 2, 1996, Pages 161~166
The major goals of this study are to investigate the correlation between the cormorbid symptom and the prognosis of conduct disorder in the adolescents. for this purpose, according to the result of 6-month follow-up of discharged patient who met the criteria of conduct disorder in admission, good-prognosis group(n=37) and poor-prognosis group(n=36) were selected. Authors applied Children's Depression Inventory and Trait Anxiety Inventory, Conners Parenting Rating Scale. Yale Children's Inventory to two groups. The results are summarized as follows : 1) Using CDI, the mean scores of poor-prognosis group were significantly higher compared with those of good prognosis group. 2) Using TAI, CPRS, YCI, the mean scores of poor-prognosis group were insignificantly higher compared with those of good prognosis. 3) The limitation of our study is that number of subjects is small, definition of prognosis is ambiguous, and period of 6 month follow-up is short.
INFLUENCES OF PARENTING ATTITUDE ON THE DEPRESSIVE TRAIT IN YOUNG ADOLESCENTS
Han, Sung-Hee ; Lee, Hyun-Mahn ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 7, issue 2, 1996, Pages 167~178
Objects : This study was conducted to investigate the relationships between parenting style and depressive trait in adolescents. Methods : 287 Middle school students were asked to complete self-report questionnaires including the Parental Bonding Instrument(PBI) and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI). Results : Relations between two sets of variables were examined by means of the Pearson's correlation coefficient. It was suggested that the relationship with their mothers had more influence on the depressive trait of adolescents. The mean scores of children's depression inventory were significantly higher in group whose parents had been overprotective and less careful, than whose parents had been careful and not overprotective. Conclusion : The results support that the adolescents' depression is significantly related to the parenting style. Among parental bonding types, the high care-low overprotection type was most favorable and the low care-high overprotection type was worst.
A STUDY ON THE EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS BETWEEN THE PATIENTS WITH ATTENTION-DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER AND NORMAL CHILDREN
Cho, Soo-Churl ; Shin, Sung-Woong ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 7, issue 2, 1996, Pages 179~189
Objective : This study was conducted to find out the electrophysiological abnormalities of the patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder(abbr. ADHD) through identifying the profiles of the event-related potentials. Methods : Through measuring event-related potentials of 20 patients with ADHD and 16 normal control children using Oddball paradigm, we evaluated the latencies and amplitudes of each wave form. Results : In the group older than 9 years old, the latencies that reflect selective attention and discriminative capacity of the patients with ADHD were significantly longer than those of normal controls, which suggests that patients with ADHD be more distractible to non-significant stimuli and that they be in lark of sustained attention and discriminative ability. Conclusions : We concluded that the patients with ADHD are more distractible to trivial stimuli than normal children but they lack discriminative, sustained ability of attention.
DIAGNOSTIC CLASSIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF PSYCHIATRICALLY REFERRED CHILDREN WITH INATTENTION OR HYPERACTIVITY
Hong, Kang-E ; Kim, Jong-Heun ; Shin, Min-Sup ; Ahn, Dong-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 7, issue 2, 1996, Pages 190~202
This study assessed psychiatrically referred 5-to 13-year-old children who presented inattention or hyperactivity as chief complaints. Demographic characteristics, primary diagnosis, and comorbid psychiatric conditions of them were identified, and they were assessed using questionnaires and neuropsychological tests. Primary diagnoses included ADHD, anxiety disorder, mental retardation, depression, oppositional defiant disorder, developmental language disorder and others. functional enuresis, conduct disorder, and developmental language disorder were among the secondarily diagnosed disorders. In patients diagnosed as ADHD, overall comorbidity rate was 55.3%. The disorders that frequently co-occured with ADHD were specific developmental disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, anxiety disorder and other. ADHD groups with or without comorbidity differed in performance IQ and CPT scores. ADHD group differed from externalizing disorders group in the information subscore of IQ, MFFT, and CPT scores, and differed in teachers rating scales, the uncommunication factor of CBCL, and CPT card error compared with internalizing disorders group. The authors concluded that inattentive or hyperactive children should be assessed using various instruments to differentiate other disorders and to identify possible presence of comorbid conditions.
A STUDY OF PSYCHOSOCIAL VARIABLES WITHIN ADHD WITH OR WITHOUT EXTERNALIZING SYMPTOM
Lee, Kyung-Sook ; Ryu, Yoon-Jung ; Ahn, Dong-Hyun ; Shin, Yee-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 7, issue 2, 1996, Pages 203~212
In this thesis, we investigate the psychosocial variables within the family environments of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder with (ADHD+CD/ODD) or without (ADHD) externalizing symptoms. The subjects in this research were 86 boys and girls(aged range 6 to 14 years) consisted of 20 ADHD, 22 comorbid ADHD(ADHD+CD/ODD) and 44 normal control group(NC). We have collected data on children and their mothers. The psychosocial variables included in the analysis are socioeconomic status, parent's educational level, life stress event, and the rate of psychiatric disorders in relatives. The self-reported questionnaires marital discord(MAS), parenting stress(PSI), and parenting attitute(MBRI) completed by mothers. The results indicated that ADHD+CD/ODD is supposed to have higher level of family adversity suggested by the lower SES, lower parental educational level, higher life stress events, and more psychic disorders in relatives compared with ADHD or normal control group. In MAS, ADHD+CD/ODD group has significantly the lowest scores on each factor of the measure of marital adjustment. Parents of ADHD+CD/ODD are much more likely to have positive parenting stress when compared with the parents of ADHD. Especially, mothers of ADHD+CD/ODD have the lowest tendency in the mean score on affective, accepted attitudd. In an inapropriate parenting attitude perceived by children, father of ADHD+CD/ODD have the most negative, contradictory attitude and mothers of ADHD+CD/ODD have the most restrictive, negative and contradictory attitude.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DEPRESSION/ANXIETY AND ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
Cho, Soo-Churl ; Chung, In-Kwa ; Yoon, Hie-Jin ; Nam, Min ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 7, issue 2, 1996, Pages 213~223
This study was performed to assess depression/anxiety of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD) in children and adolescents and to use them as basic material for subdivied ADHD on phenomenological aspects. 51 hospitalized ADHD children and adolescents were assessed using the Korean form of the Kovacs' Children's Depression Inventory(CDI), Korean Form of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children(STAIC). Their data were compared to normal control of 50 mentally healthy children and adolescents in relation with the dermographic characteristic. The mean scores of CDI and STAIC-5(State) of ADHD group were statistically higher than those of the control group(p<0.01 or p<0.05). The mean scores of STAIC-T(Trait) of ADHD group were higher than those of the control group. These results suggest that the authors suggest that ADHD can be subdivide into pure ADHD, depressive ADHD and anxious ADHD by the comorbidity of the depression/anxiety.
COGNITIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF CHILDREN WITH DYSLEXIA AND/OR ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
Kim, Seung-Tai ; Kim, Ji-Hae ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 7, issue 2, 1996, Pages 224~232
The present study was conducted to investigate cognitive characteristics of children with dyslexia and/or attention deficit/hyperacidity disorder. Cognitive characteristics were evaluated by using KEDI-WISC, the Basic Achievement Test, TOVA, MFFT, and neuropsychological tests. ADHD group showed significantly lower level of performance in response time for correct responses and presented variability for correct responses in TOVA. Dyslexia and mixed group showed lower performance in Reading I and Reading II, Writing subtest in the Basic Achievement Test than those of ADHD group and in Information subtest of KEDI-WfSC. In order rd determine the diagnostic effectiveness of each psychological tests, discriminant analysis was conducted. In this analysis, 11 subtests of KEDI-WISC and 4 variables of TOVA, 4 subtests of the Basic Achievement Test, and MFFT, WCST were included as independent variables and each diagnostic roups were dependent variables. Discriminant analysis indicated that overall percentage of correct classification was 93.88%. The clinical implifications and limitations of the present study were listed and discussed.
THE EFFECTS OF COGNITIVE APPRAISAL AND PERCEIVED SOCIAL SUPPORT ON ADOLESCENTS' COPING BEHAVIOR
Moon, Sung-Won ; Han, Jong-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 7, issue 2, 1996, Pages 233~246
There have been great deal of studies on adult stress but comprehensive studies on adolescent stress are not sufficient. Because adolescents have different developmental tasks from adult's, and because they spend most of their time in a structured environment such as school, the research on adolescent stress is necessary. So, this study empirically investigated the types of stress and coping which students experience and their coping mechanisms in a stressful situation. In this study, perceived social support was considered as stuructural variable, and cognitive appraisal as a process variable, while existing researches tried to explain the coping mechanism only from the viewpoint of structure, or hypothesized the structure variable in the process term. The relation ships between cognitive appraisal and perceived social support on coping behavior were evaluated. Survey on 519 high school students in Seoul showed that cogitive appraisal was a structural variable which varied across the types of stress, and that perceived social support was a structure variable which was independent of the type of stress. Cognitive appraisal was related more to the qualitative process of stress appraisal than coping behavior, and perceived social support was an important structure which influenced both the appraisal process and coping behavior.
A PRELIMINARY STUDY OF CHILDREN WITH LEARNING DISORDER IN KOREA
Kim, Seung-Tai ; Kim, Ji-Hae ; Hong, Sung-Do ; Joung, Yoo-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 7, issue 2, 1996, Pages 247~257
This is a preliminary report on the first segment of a continuing and prospective teaming disorder study project in Korea. Study subjects were 197 children, aged between 6 and 15 referred for psychiatric evaluation of scholastic problems. Demographic data, psychiatric diagnoses and intelligence and achievement test results were reviewed and analyzed. Analyses of data lead to the following conclusions : (1) About 20.8% of children referred for scholastic problems were diagnosed of teaming disorder(LD). The most prevalent diagnosis among these children with scholastic problem was emotional disorder, especially depressive disorder(33%), (2) The comorbid rate of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder(ADHD) of 41 children with LD was 44%, (3) Male/female ratio was 5.8:1 among all of the LD children, 17:1 among children with LD and ADHD and 3.6:l among children with LD but without ADHD, (4) 83% of children with LD scored above middle level on socioeconomic status(SES), (5) Age, SES, IQ, family psychiatric history, past history of medical and psychiatric illness, onset of age, pattern of peer relationship, number of friends, presence of adaptation problem and academic achievements of children with LD and ADHD compared to those of children with LD but without ADHD. No significant differences between two groups were found on age, SES, IQ, family psychiatric history, past history of medical and psychiatric illness, pattern of peer relationship, number of friends and presence of adaptation problem. However, there were significant differences in academic achievements of Korean language total, speaking and listening score, arithmetic score, social science score and music score of children with LD and ADHD compared to those of children with LD but without ADHD. Also there was an ealier onset of age in LD and ADHD group when compared to LD but without ADHD group.
A CASE OF SEVERELY SELF-INJURED CHILD ASSOCIATED WITH PHYSICAL ILLNESS
Hong, Kang-E ; Jeon, Seong-Ill ;
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, volume 7, issue 2, 1996, Pages 258~266
Self-injurious behaviors are commoly founded in the case of the developmentally impaired, such as mental retardation and autistic disorder. These behaviors are primary serious sources of distress for both child and their parents, another obstacle to overcome within the family and society. The author has a case that a child, had never before shown self-injurious behaviors. He abruptly started to injury his face and heel. The beginnings of these harmful behaviors are associated with symptoms of physical illness, such as fever, chills and general aches. The self-injured wounds were very severe. After the patient was treated with haloperidol and improved his physical conditions, self-injurious behaviors disappeared. The author reports the child's clinical process, characteristics of self-injurious behaviors, and discuss the treatment factors, along with a literature review.