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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Dec 2001
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jun 2001
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A Study on The Oriental-medical Understanding of Depression
Jang Hyun-Ho ; Kang In-Seon ; Moon Hyung-Cheol ; Hwang Yoo-Jin ; Lyu Yeoung-Su ; Kang Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 1~15
According to ICD-10, The typical Depression are characterized by dejected mood, loss of interest and pleasure, feeling of helplessness. Also, other symptoms such as loss of attentiveness and concentration, guilty conscience, pessimistic attitude for the future, sleeping disorder, lack of appetite, thinking of or doing a self-injury or suicidal act may characterize Depression. These Symptoms of Depression are similar to Wool-Zeng(鬱證), Zeon-Zeng(癲證), Her-ro(虛勞), Bul-Sa-Sik(不思食), Tal-Young-Sil-Zeong(脫營失精), Bul-Myeon(不眠), Ki-Myeon(嗜眠) in Oriental Medicine. In general, Depression is classified into Wool-Zeng type and Zeon-Zeng type. The former is similar to the neurotic type of depression, the latter is similar to the psychopathic type of depression. The clear causes of Depression are not known yet. But psychodynamic and biological factors are assumed to cause Depression. Psychodynamic factors may correspond to Chil-Zeong(七情) and biological factors to Tae-Byeong(胎病) and Dam(痰) in Oriental medicine. In Occidental medicine, Depression is treated by psychotherapy and medication. Electrically-induced spasm therapy and phototherapy also used for the treatment of Depression. In Oriental medicine, Depression is treated by more various therapy such as herb medication, acupuncture and moxibustion, oriental psychotherapy and dirigation(Gi-Gong, 氣功). Depression is not easy to cure. When the treatments of Occidental medicine and Oriental medicine are mutually cooperated, more effective medical care might be expected. Therefore, futher study to treat depression by mutually cooperated therapy is necessary.
A Study on Eating Attitude and Depression of the Females who Participated in a Fasting Therapy
Kim Su-Yeon ; Jang In-Soo ; Kwon Bo-Hyung ; Kim Lak-Hyung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 17~25
Objectives: Obesity is related to psychological problems as well as physical problems. This study was designed to investigate the eating attitude and depression of females who participated in a fasting therapy. They were considered to have many eating attitude and psychological problems. Methods: 59 females were selected, they were admitted in Woosuk university hospital of oriental medicine(from August 1st, 2000 to July 31th, 2001) and 42 females were selected, they were college students of Woosuk university, Jeonju, Korea. We checked height, weight and administerd the Korean Eating Attitudes Test-26(KEAT-26), Beck Depression Inventory(BDI) and questions about binge-eating, smoking, drinking, exercise and body weight-wanted to females in two groups. Results: In fasting women group, 2(3.39%) were underweight, 24(40.68%) were average. The average of KEAT-26 in fasting women group
was higher than that in college women group
(p<0.001). In fasting women group, 5(8.47%) had mild eating problem, 4(6.78%) had moderate eating problem, and 5(8.47%) had severe eating problem. In fasting women group, 47(79.66%) said 'yes' at the question(A-1, DSM-IV bulimia nervosa diagnosis), 33(55.93%) said 'yes' at the question(A-2, DSM-IV bulimia nervosa diagnosis) about binge eating. In fasting women group, 14(23.73%) had used vomiting, 13(22.03%) enemas, 27(45.76%) laxatives, 7(11.86%) diuretics, 6(10.17%) other drugs, 38(64.41%) fasting, 15(25.42%) severe exercise, and others 2(3.39%) to reduce their weight. The average of BDI in fasting women group
was higher than that in college women group
(p<0.001). In fasting women group, 10(16.95%) had mild depression problem, 4(6.78%) had moderate depression problem, and 3(5.08%) had severe depression problem. In fasting women group, 41(64.49%) had under 5Kg-gap, and 18(30.51%) has over 5Kg-gap between weight-reasonable and weight-wanted. In 26 fasting women who were underweight or average-weight, 14 had over 5Kg-gap. Conclusions: These results suggest that the females who participated in a fasting therapy had many depression and eating problems, and we should pay attention to the eating disorders and psychological problems including depression as well as the physical problems when we treat obesity.
A Clinical Study on the Social Environmental Factors of Postpartum blues and depression
Kim Lak-Hyung ; Kwon Bo-Hyung ; Kim Su-Yeon ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 27~35
Objective : Doctors who treat women in childbed have to pay attention to postpartum blues and depression which women in childbed can suffer from, as well as recovery of physical function. Methods : Subjects were 107 females who admitted in Woosuk Hospital of Oriental Medicine from September, 2000 to October, 2001 and made out the question paper within 10 days after delivery. The paper included EPDS(Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale) and many items known to be the factors related to postpartum blues and depression. Results : The rate of postpartum depression assessed by EPDS was 16.8%. As the result of analysis, there were significant statistic corelations between each group assessed by EPDS and age parity relation with husband yes or no living with parents-in-law. But there were no significant corelations between each group assessed by EPDS and education religion yes or no occupation delivery method sex of infant marriage type yes or no rearing the infant. Conclusions : We recognized that insufficiency- of delivery experience and stress due to bad adaptation after delivery are possible to be risk factors of postpartum blues and depression. More research should be taken on the corelation between postpartum depression and yes or no living with parents-in-law, because this result is opposite to the trouble between mother-in-law and daughter-in-law. In addition, more research is needed on corelation between physical condition, oriental-diagnosis of women in childbed and postpartum depression.
A Clinical Study of Depression in 43 Cases
Park Ji-Un ; Lee Sang-Ryong ; Choi Byung-Man ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 37~51
The clinical study was carried out the 43 patients with Depression who were treated in Department of Neuropsychiatry, College of Oriental Medicine, Dae Jeon University from 22 February 2000 to 14 November 2001. The results were summarized as follows. 1. The ratio of male and female was 10:33, 60's(32.6%) was frequent, no inducing factor(38.3%) was seen in a lot of cases and many patients came to our hospital by way of west-neuropsychiatry(56.8%). 2. The period of clinical history was frequent from 3 to 10 years(23.2%), the most frequent preceding disease was cardiovascular systemic disease(18.4%). 3. The main clinical symptoms were apprehension alpitation(13.4%), anorexia(9.8%), headache nuchal region stiffness(9.8%), general body weakness(6.5%), chest discomfort(6.5%), dizziness(5.7%), febris(5.3%) and constipation(5.3%). 4. The patient's tongue aspect had pink tongue and empty fur(32.6%) and pulse type had thin and deficient pulse(39.5%). The prescription drugs were Chunggansoyo-san(30.0%), purging liver and alleviating depression to regulate qi, and Guibiondam-tang(15.8%) eliminating phlegm, cooling pericardium and warming gallbladder. 5. The curve was within normal range at Psychoneural system(81.4%), and Visceral system(90.1%). 6. The regulation was Normal(48.1%), RL(27.9%), RR(20.2%) at Psychoneural system and Normal(45.9%), RL(28.5%), RR(20.3%) at Visceral system. 7. Activity and Reactivity had much lower response at 1th, 2th, 3th, 4th, 7th SANGHAN, Polalization had much higher response at 1th, 4th, SANGHAN and much lower response at 2th, 3th, 7th SANGHAN.
The Effect of Guibiondamtang(歸脾溫膽湯) in an Animal Model of Depression using Chronic Mild Stress
Kim Jong-Woo ; Whang Wei-Wan ; Kim Hyun-Taek ; Kwak So-Young ; Kim Min-Jung ; Cha Yun-Ju ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 53~68
This study was performed to investigate the anti-depression effect of Guibiondamtang in rat model of depression. The rats in the experiment were stratified into 3 groups, ie, Guibiondamtang, saline, normal (non-stressed) groups. Chronic exposure to mild unpredictable stress such as white noise, flashing lights and restriction of food and water, causes the behavioral symptoms correspondent to depression. Consumption of 1% sucrose solution fell in rats exposed to CMS for 4 weeks. In the open field test , the exploratory activity ie. locomotion and centering decreased after CMS. We then evaluated the sucrose consumption and activity during 4 weeks of treatment with experimental drugs. The results were as follows: 1) There was no relation between sucrose intake and weight. 2) The Guibiondamtang(歸脾溫膽湯) group reinstated sucrose consumption within 5-6 weeks while having no influence on sucrose intake in normal group. 3) The Guibiondamtang(歸脾溫膽湯) group restored some exploratory activity in the open field test. 4) The Guibiondamtang-group had a-reduced potentiated startle response.
Literatual Study on Cause and Treatment of Amnesia
Joo Seung-Gyun ; Goo Byung-Soo ; Kim Sung-Wook ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 69~84
Objectives : We suggest the method of oriental neuropsychiatry treatment about amnesia through herb therapy. Methods : We investigate cause of disease, component of herbs about amnesia with classic current oriental medicine books. Results : Amnesia is due to simsinbulgyo(心腎不交), biwieyangher(脾胃陽虛), dammisimgyoo(痰迷心竅), emotional damage(七情所傷), extravasated blood(瘀血), deficiency of kidney (腎虛). There is 138 kind of herbs are used in our study that we find out that most frequently used herb is ginseng(人蔘). Heart meridian is the highest use in the all meridians. Sungon(性溫) is the highest use in the all kimi(氣味) Conclusions : We could confirm that herbs of amnesia treatment was related to the three vital organs(臟) named of spleen(脾), lung(肺), kidney(腎).
The study of neuropsychiatric desease in
Goo Byung-Soo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 85~93
Objectives: In order to present an applicative scheme of medical care through the analysis of the Rumenshiqin. Method: This research was done by analyze Zhanzihe's Medical Records and Thought in the Rumenshiqin. Results: 1. Zhanzihe's had recognized that vital-qi is recovered naturally by diaphoretic, purgative and emetic theraphy. 2. He had made an applicative scheme of psychotherapy in Oriental medicine. 3. Zhanzihe's Medical Records and Thought can contribute to madical care of neuropsychiatry 4. He had thought that the doctor's quality and consideration of infant's environment and individual grade is very important. Conclusion: Zhanzihe's Medical Records and Thought in the Rumenshiqin presents an applicative scheme of medical care of neuropsychiatric desease and we need to study more and more about this.
THE EFFECT OF SIMULTANEOUS TREATMENT WITH ACUPUNCTURE, HERB MEDICATION AND NON-INVASIVE LASER IRRADIATION OF BLOOD VESSEL ON HEADACHE
Hwang Seon-Mi ; Lee Seung-Jin ; Chung Dae-Kyoo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 95~102
1. Purpose : The present study was carried out to evaluate the effects of simultaneous treatment with acupuncture, herb medication and non-invasive laser irradiation of blood vessel on the pain control of primary headache. 2. Methods : 30 outpatients who visited in the oriental medical hospital of Kyungsan University from April 10, 2001 to Oct. 10, 2001, based on symptoms and the results of pulse diagnosis, stress test(ABR-2000) and iridology test, were observed on the pain control of primary headache like tension or stress-induced headache. 1)Acupuncture and herbal medicine : Acupuncture treatment and herb medication widely used for headache were carried out simultaneously. 2)Non-invasive laser irradiation : Laser irradiation was undertaken on brachial vein with Lapex-2000 for 30minutes a day for 5 to 15days. 3. Result and Conclusion: In patients with headache, triglyceride mean values decreased from
and total cholesterol mean values decreased from
, after simultaneous treatment with acupuncture, herb medication and non-invasive laser irradiation of blood vessel. And these results suggest that these simultaneous treatment has significant effects in tension and stress-induced headache.: Experiment subjects considered as shown the validity in the headache estimated 80%.
A Clinical Study of Headache in 58 Cases
Lee Sang-Ryong ; Kim Myung-Jin ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 103~122
The clinical study was carried out the 58 patients with Headache who were treated in Department of Neuropsychiatry, College of Oriental Medicine, Dae Jeon University from 14 October 1999 to 15 October 2001. The results were summarized as follows. 1. The ratio of male and female was 15:43, 40s(36.2%) was frequent, the ratio of Tension headache and Migraine was 43:12, hypernoia and overwork oneself were the most inducing factor. 2. In distribution of the period of the clinical history, Tension headache was comparatively short term within 1 month(62.8%) and Migraine was comparatively long term over 1 year(91.7%), Tension headache was frequent at whole portion(41.3%) and occipital portion(26.1%), Migraine was frequent at temporal portion(76.9%). 3. In pain type, Tension headache has many vandlike discomport type, Migraine has many pulsatile type, neck-stiffness-pain and dizziness were mainly coexited. 4. Toung aspect has many SULDAMHONGTAEBAEKHOO(舌淡紅苔白厚), GINMAEK(緊脈) and HEUNMAEK(弦脈) were frequent in Pulse type, the GAEDAMSUNKIJEETONG(祛淡順氣止痛) prescription drugs were frequent such as GEYNTONGA(肩痛A), GEYNTONGDODAMTANG(?通導淡湯), Tension headache patients were well treated(90.7%). 5. In Tension headache and Migraine, the Curve has many SL except Tension headache‘s 2th SANGHAN(상한), in Regulation RR was frequent at 1th, 2th, 3th, 4th, 7th SANGHAN and RL was frequent at 5th, 6th SANGHAN, the result of Graph, Activity and Reactivity have many low response at the whole. 6. The Curve was within normal limit at whole portion and frequent SL at temporal portion, the whole and temporal portion s Regulation also have many RR at 1th, 2th, 3th, 4th, 7th SANGHAN and RL at 5th, 6th SANGHAN, Activity and Reactivity have many low response at the whole. 7. The occipital and frontal portion‘s Curve have many SL at 1th SANGHAN, the occipital portion’s Regulation has many RR at 1th, 2th, 4th, 7th SANGHAN and RL at 5th, 6th SANGHAN, Activity has many low response at the whole, Reactivity has many low response at 1th, 4th, 5th, 6th SANGHAN and high response 2th, 3th SANGHAN, the frontal portion s Regulation has many RL at 1th, 3th, 5th, 6th, 7th SANGHAN and RR at 4th SANGHAN, Activity and Reactivity also have many low response at the whole except 6th, 7th SANGHAN respectively.
The Study about the Emotional Status of Patients Who want to take Medical Examination on Stroke
Park Se-Jin ; Park Sang-Dong ; Lee Jeong-A ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 123~133
This study was designed and undertaken to identify objectively the degree and relationship of anxiety, depression which are chief essential elements of emotional status in Stroke medical examination patients. The subjects in this study were 58 Stroke medical examination patients and 58 Non-Stroke medical examination patients, and for the assessment of anxiety, depression. We used State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Zung's Self-Rating Depression Scale(SDS). The results of this study are as follows : 1. There were significant, differences in the 16 items of State anxiety scale among 20 items and the 14 items of Trait anxiety scale among 20 items between Stroke medical examination patients and the control group(p<0.05 respectively). 2. There were significant differences in the 14 items of SDS among 20 items between Stroke medical examination patients and the control group(p<0.05 respectively). 3. There were significant differences in the mean scores of STAI and SDS between Stroke medical examination patients and the control group(p<0.001 respectively). 4. There were no significant relationships between State anxiety & Trait anxiety, State anxiety & Depression, Trait anxiety & Depression in the Stroke medical examination patients.
A clinical study of acupuncture and auricular acupuncture effect on insomnia
Lee Jeong-A ; Lee Sang-Mu ; An Ho-Jin ; Park Sang-Dong ; Park Se-Jin ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 135~146
Insomnia is one of the most common symtoms of Neuropsychiatry patients. These are many approaches to treat insomnia, but it is difficult to be resolved completely. Acupuncture and Auricular acupuncture have been used for relief insomnia. But it is not sufficient to compare the effect of Acupuncture treatment and Auricular acupuncture treatment. Thus we investigate the effect of Acupuncture treatment group and Auricular acupuncture treatment group. A clinical analysis was carried out for 40 patients who was treated insomnia with Acupuncture(20 patients) and Auricular acupuncture(20 patients) in Seoul Dong-Seo Oriental Hospital. 1. Total duration of sleeping time showed
hours increased in Acupuncture group and
hours increased in Aricular acupuncture group. especially Acupuncture were much more effective method than Aricular acupuncture. P-value was 0.033 (P <0.05) 2. Delaying time before the onset of sleep showed
hours decreased in Acupuncture group and
hours decreased in Auricular acupuncture group. (P <0.05) 3. The wake times showed
times decreased in Acupuncture group and
times decreased in Auricular acupuncture group in sleep maintenance insomnia. (P <0.05) 4. Change in quality of sleep showed Excellent 30%, Good 50%, Fair 15%, Poor 5% in Acupuncture group and Excellent 20%, Good 45%, Fair 30%, Poor 5% in Aruricular acupuncture group.
The Elementary Study of Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory(MMPI)
Shim Sang-Min ; Kim Geun-Woo ; Goo Byung-Soo ; Heo Seong ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 147~156
Objectives: In order to investigate personality of oriental medical students by MMPI elementarily. Methods: This study was done by comparing the score of MMPI and Sasang questionnaire. The scores of MMPI and Sasang were verified by examination of T-test and Tukey's HSD Procedure. Results: 1. According to comparison between male and female, there is no meaning. But between unmarried group and married group, there is a difference of MMPI T-scores for L, K-scale significantly. 2. In the distinction of sex and marriage between A group and B group, the MMPI T-scores of male and unmarried group have more significance on the various scale. 3. According to comparative anaylsis of MMPI and Sasang questionnaire, Um group(Tae-um, So-um group) showed significant results in D(Depression), PT(Psychasthenia), SI(Social Introversion) scales of the MMPI. 4. In comparison between the temperament of Sasang and analysis of MMPI profile, Tae-um and So-um groups showed many similarities. Conclusion: According to the above results, it is considered that MMPI can be applied to classification of constitution.
A Study on the Effects of Sunghyangjungkisan-ga-pogokyoung on In vitro Alzheimer's Disease Experimental Model
Kang Hyung-Won ; Lyu Yeoung-Su ; Park Jin-Sung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 157~171
Astrocytes are glial cells that play a major role in the inflammation observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Upon stimulation from various agents, these cells adopt a reactive phenotype, a morphological hallmark in AD pathology, during which they themselves may produce still more inflammatory cytokines. Substance P (SP) can stimulate secretion of tumor necrosis
from astrocytes stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Here I report that Sunghyangjungkisan- ga- pogokyoung(Sgp) can modulate cytokines secretion from primary cultures of rat astrocytes. Sgp
significantly inhibited the
secretion by astrocytes stimulated with LPS and SP. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) has been shown to elevate
secretion from LPS-stimulated astrocytes while having no effect on astrocytes in the absence of LPS. Treatment of Sgp
to astrocytes stimulated with both LPS and SP decreased IL-1 secretion significantly. The secretion of
by LPS and SP in astrocytes was progressively inhibited with increasing amount of IL-1 neutralizing antibody. Neurodegenerative processes in AD are thought to be driven in part by the deposition of
, a 39- to 43-amino acid peptide product resulting from an alternative cleavage of amyloid precursor protein. Sgp
significantly inhibited the
secretion by astrocytes stimulated with
and IL-1. These results suggest that Sgp may inhibit
secretion by inhibiting IL-1 secretion and that Sgp has an antiinflammatory activity in AD brain
Studies on the anti-inflammatory action of Chilbokyeum extract in central nervous system
Min Sang-Jun ; Lee Sung-Ryull ; Kang Hyung-Won ; Lyu Yeoung-Su ; Jeon Chang-Hwan ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 173~183
Substance P can stimulate secretion of tumor necrosis
from astrocytes stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Here I report that Chilbogeum can modulate cytokines secretion from primary cultures of rat astrocytes. Chilbogeum
significantly inhibited the
secretion by astrocytes stimulated with LPS and Substance P. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) has been shown to elevate
secretion from LPS-stimulated astrocytes while having no effect on astrocytes in the absence of LPS. Treatment of Chilbogeum
to astrocytes stimulated with both LPS and Substance P decreased IL-1 secretion significantly. The secretion of
by LPS and Substance P in astrocytes was progressively inhibited with increasing amount of IL-1 neutralizing antibody. Upon stimulation from various agents, these cells adopt a reactive phenotype, a morphological hallmark in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology, during which they themselves may produce still more inflammatory cytokines. Chilbogeum
significantly inhibited the
secretion by CCF-STTG1 astrocytoma cells stimulated with
and IL-1. These results suggest that Chilbogeum may inhibit
secretion by inhibiting IL-1 secretion and that Chilbogeum has an antiinflammatory activity in AD brain.
The Pilot study of Clock Drawing Test as a screening test for dementia
Kim Gwang-Ho ; Lim Jae-Hwan ; Kim Jong-Woo ; Whang Wei-Wan ; Cho Seung-Hun ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 185~191
Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness as a screening test of Clock Drawing Test(CDT) compared with the standard K-DRS in probably dementia. Methods: The subjects for this study consisted of 19 elderly persons who visited to the outpatient department of Oriental Neuropsychiatry of the Kyunghee Oriental hospital. They received the K-DRS and the Clock Drawing Test. Three observers evaluated them with circle, numbers, hands. Inter-rater reliability of scores from Clock Drawing Test was assessed and Pearson correlation coefficients were used to examined the relationships between scores from Clock Drawing Test and K-DRS. Results: Correlations between individual raters was highly significant (r= .957, .974, and .970, respectively: p<.001). There was stastically significant correlations between K-DRS and CDT scores (r= 0.849, p<.001). Conclusions: The CDT can be rated reliably by observers and correlations between CDT and K-DRS is significantly high. We confirmed the usefulness of CDT as simple, easily administered, low cost, and reliable general screening test for dementia.
Exploration of Hwabyung (anger syndrome) from the perspective of Korean constitutional medicine
Chon Kyum-Koo ; Lim Jae-Hwan ; Kim Jong-Woo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 193~202
Purpose: Hwabyung is a culture-bound syndrome in Korea, characterized by emotional stress such as anger, depression, and anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to explore the characteristics of Hwabyung patients, based on constitutional medicine, for their symptoms, duration, and coping styles. Method: Participants were 57 Hwabyung patients selected by Hwabyung criteria. They were also diagnosed for their constitution by doctors specialized in constitutional medicine. Each participant was asked to respond to a variety of items such as cause and duration of stress, symptoms of hwabyung, anger and depression, and coping styles. Eight patients were excluded from the total sample; two male patients and six patients unable to be diagnosed for any particular type of constitution. Thus, final sample was 49 female hwabyung patients, which will be reported in what follow. Result: To begin with, constitutional type revealed significant differences in such coping styles as 'perseverance,' 'positive interpretation,' 'positive comparison,' and 'emotional pacification.' More specifically, post-hoc comparison revealed that Taeeumin(person who have taeeum characteristics) was higher in 'perseverance' compared-to other two types of constitution. Taeumin also revealed higher score than Soeumin(person who have soeum characteristics) in 'positive comparison.' With respect to the marital status, the married compared to the unmarried showed higher score in 'anger-control,' and lower score in 'anger-in.' The married compared to the unmarried, regarding coping styles, also showed higher score in 'accommodation,' but lower score in 'emotional expression.' The duration of hwabyung revealed that the longer duration of hwabyung, the more frequent utilization of 'positive interpretation' and 'emotional pacification. Conclusion: The main purpose, the exploration of hwabyung based on four types of constitution, was not supported, as a whole in the present study. However, marital status and duration of hwabyung appear to influence on emotional stress (e.g., anger) as well as coping styles, suggesting that these variables should be dealt with in future studies on hwabyung.
A case of Hwabyung
Hwang Seon-Mi ; Chung Dae-Kyoo ; Lee Seung-Hee ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 205~213
Hwabyung is a culture-related disease generally known among people in k orea, and various studies have been done by the Psychiatrists and by the Oriental Medical Doctor. In this case, we administrated Chungsimjihwangtang to a patient suffering from hwabyung symptoms. After administration of Chungsimjihwangtang medication clinical symptons improved Chungsimjihwangtang showed desirable effect on hwabyung symptoms.
The Clinical Report about two Conversion Disorder Patient resulted from School Work
Lee Dong-Won ; Kim Eun-Jung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 215~221
Conversion disorder is disease that anxiety is converted to physical symptom by suppression of complication unconsciously. This case is that of conversion disorder resulted from school work. The treatment of Conversion disorder is anxiety syndrome's removement. But if not possible, as a symptomatic treatment, approvement of symptom is significant, in a sense. By use of Oriental medical treatment, we could improve symptoms of two case conversion disorders. Sooner or later, the patients gained a complete recovery. So, more objective study and treatment about conversion disorder by Oriental medicine's demonstration is needed.
A case with schizophrenia
Kim Tae-Heon ; Kim Geun-Woo ; Song Ji-Hyoung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 12, issue 2, 2001, Pages 223~230
We experienced one case of schizophrenia. A patient who has hypertetyion & c.v.a as a past history was suffer from conspitation, headache, nausea, sweating, insomnia, & etc. This study is peformed to find out gypsum fibrosum enema theraphy has a clinical effect on constipation with schizophrenia. Gypsum fibrosum enema theraphy has a sufficient effect. Altought, the most important thing is that schizophrenia is almost due to seven feelings. So maybe more and more studies are need in the schizophrenia & seven feelings.