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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Nov 2003
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jun 2003
Selecting the target year
A Psychotherapy of Oriental Medicine - Focus on Psychoanalysis-
Koo, Byung-Soo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 1~14
Objectives : In order to make a new psychotherapeutic model in the theory of oriental medicine by means of psychoanalysis method. Methods : The research was done by comparing the contents of the Tong-Ui Po-Kam, techniques of Yang Saeng(養生術), with the psychoanalysis Results : 1. There's no difference in the mind state which a doctor has to have between the oriental doctor and the occidental doctor. You should make effort not to project yourself on a patient. A conception of 'doctor' in oriental medicine is one who trains one's mind rather than just healer. 2. Heart(心) in oriental medical conception is revealed by circulation structure of Jeong(精), Gi(氣), and Sin(神). A healthy mind comes from harmony and smooth transport of Jeong(精), Gi(氣), and Sin(神). 3. The conception similar to unconsciousness doesn't exist in oriental medicine, but the contents about the attitudes or the methods of training one's mind correspond to unconsciousness. 4. The psychotherapy of oriental medicine emphasized mutual dynamics between emotions at present, and presented a way of treatment by describing emotions from standpoint of 'Gi(氣)' 5. The special feature of psychological treatment in oriental medicine is that treatment is done by understanding emotions of present time as Gi(氣), and using dynamics of Gi(氣)(; 相生相剋). Also the balanced state can be kept even after treatment and prevention can be done by observing one‘s own unconsciousness(; training one's mind helps circulation of Jeong(精), Gi(氣), and Sin(神)) I think that we need a new realistic therapy model to develop these psychotherapy methods in oriental neuropsychiatry, through studying emotions in the theory of oriental medicine, especially Korean's emotions and spiritual training.
A study of methods for Oriental.Western medical approach of Child Neuropsychiatric Disorders
Kim, Geun-Woo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 15~25
Objectives : This study aimed investigation of clinical development to child neuropsychiatry through the oriental western medical approach of child neuropsychiatric disorders Methods : As DSM-IV and ICD-10 set a standard for clinical expression. According to this standard and oriental medical diseases, child neuropsychiatric disorders are divided into six symptoms Results and Conclusion : 1. View point of oriental medicine, Psycho Somatic stroke(inclusive of the spasm) place under the category 'Epilepsy(癎)', 'Children's fit(驚風)' and 'Chi-Kyeung(?痙)'. 2. View point of oriental medicine, Mental Retardation place under the category 'Dementia(?)', 'Amnesia(健忘)' and 'Speech Disorder(語遲)' 3. View point of oriental medicine, Emotional Disorder place under the category 'Adjustment Disorder(客?)', 'Cry with anxiety at night(夜啼症)', 'Gi-Byung(?病)' and 'Child depressive Disorder(小兒癲症)' 4. View point of oriental medicine, Conduct development Disorder place under the category 'Physical frail of five part(五軟)' and 'Physical stiff of five part(五硬)'. 5. View point of oriental medicine, Childhood Psychosis place under the category 'Insanity(癲狂)'. 6. View point of oriental medicine, Somatoform Disorder place under the category 'Palpitation of the heart(驚悸)', 'Vomiting and Diarrhea(吐瀉)', 'Asthma(喘)', 'Headache(頭痛)' and 'Enuresis(遺尿)'
Meridian Study on Dianxian(癲癎, Epilepsy)
Cho, Hyun-Seok ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 27~34
I studied connection between meridians and Dianxian(癲癎, Epilepsy). Dianxian is caused by Feun(風) based on the Blood-Deficiency(血虛) which is induced by Heart-deficiency(心虛). Therefore, when Heart and blood are in deficient condition(心血虛), Heart meridian(心經) and Pericardium meridian(心包經) can be easily affected by Feng(風), which is main cause of Dianxian. Furthermore, Liver heat(肝熱) is another main cause of Dianxian. It shows along Liver meridian(肝經) and affects Pericardium Meridian(心包經). Heart, Pericardium and Liver are main organs of human psychoconscious activities, and also are main pathological organs of Dianxian. Dianxian progresses in several ways and simtoms of Dianxian are variant according to the deficiency-exess state(虛實) of Stomach and Spleen meridians(脾胃經). So, I concluded that controling Heart, Pericardium, Liver, Stomach and Spleen meridians can make therapeutical effects on Dianxian. So I report it for the better treatment, and it shoud need further study.
A study of the children with mental disorders in oriental medicine
Lee, Seung-Gi ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 35~42
Objective : This study was performed to investigate the childpsychiatric diseases in oriental medicine. Method : Several main testbooks and paper of oriental medicine in Korea and China were selected and investigated for this study. And then the results of research were analyzed, and compared to DSM-IV. Results and Conclusion : Some childpsychiatric diseases in oriental medicine like oyun(五軟), ojie(五遲), ogyung(五硬), yaje(夜啼), kaego(客?), kueji(鬼持), kibyung(?病) and so on, were revealed. It seems that they are analogous to mental disorders of western psychiatry.
The effects on Jowiseungchungtang of patients with early DAT using auditory ERP and K-DRS
Kim, Bo-Gyun ; Kim, Jong-Woo ; Kim, Hyun-Taek ; Chung, Kyung-Chun ; Whang, Wei-Wan ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 43~59
Object : This study was designed to assess the protective effects of Jowiseungchungtang on cognitive decline of the patients with early DAT[Dementia of Alzheimer Type]. Method : 15 patients with early DAT and 10 healthy elderly subjects were measured by using auditory ERP and K-DRS, and after 9 months again. During 9 months the patients with early DAT were administered with Jowiseungchungtang. Result : 1. The score of K-DRS increased in two group but it was not significant. 2. The latency of ERP P300 component increased in 2nd test of the normal group, but did not increase in 2nd test of patients group. 3. The amplitude of ERP P300 component showed the significant difference in electrode location in patients group, but it did not show any typical property. Conclusion : The results suggest that Jowiseungchungtang may have protective effects on cognitive decline in the patients with early DAT.
Effects of Chengwhabosimtang on depression, anxiety, TH and c-Fos of the brain in the CMS model rats
Cho, Chung-Hoon ; Kim, Jong-Woo ; Kim, Eun-Joo ; Kim, Hyun-Joo ; Kim, Hyun-Taek ; Whang, Wei-Wan ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 61~78
Objective : This study was designed to assess the protective effects of Chengwhabosimtang on the animal model of depression,
chronic mild stress(CMS). Method : Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used for this experiment. The subjects were divided into 3 groups ( 1. CMS-drug: Chengwhabosimtang administered during CMS treatment, 2. CMS-vehicle: water administered, 3. normal ). After 4 weeks of CMS treatment, they were executed Forced swimming test(FST) and Elevated plus maze. Tyrosine hydroxylase(TH) in ventral tegmental area(VTA) and c-Fos in paraventricular nucleus(PVN) were measured. Result : 1. In FST, CMS-drug group showed significantly decreased immobility behavior. 2. CMS-drug group showed no significantly lower TH level in VTA than CMS-vehicle group. 3. CMS-drug group showed significantly less c-Fos expressed cell bodies in PVN than CMS-vehicle group. 4. In Elevated plus maze, CMS-drug group showed no significantly anxiety. Conclusion : These results suggest that Chengwhabosimtang may have protective antidepressant effects in CMS model rats. And these effects could be explained by the elevated stress-copying behaviors which are related with PVN of hypothalamus and dopaminergic neurons in VTA.
Effects of the Palmuljungjiwon and Gamipalmuljungjiwon on the Regional Brain Monoamines Contents of Immobilization Stressed Mice
Chung, Dae-Kyoo ; Kim, Dong-Sun ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 79~94
This study aimed to evaluate the anti-stress effects of Palmuljungjiwon and Gamipalmuljungjiwon on the contents of monoamines in the regional brain of mice immobilized stress. The experimental animals were immobilized in stress cylinder(height: 15cm, diameter: 3cm) for 15 minutes, and administered of Palmuljungjiwon(1.14mg/l0g) and Gamipalmuljungjiwon(1.17mg/10g) water extract for 7 days before stress. The monoamines contents were measured by HPLC method in various part(frontal cortex, hypothalamus, corpus striatum and hippocampus) of mice brain. The following results were obtained : 1. In frontal cortex, the contents of norepinephrine a little decreased in all of the administered group, but the statistical significance was not recognized. The contents of dopamine were decreased with statistical significantly in Gamipalmuljungjiwon administered group compared to control group. The contents of serotonin were decreased with statistical significance in PalmulJungjiwon administered group compared to control group. 2. In hypothalamus, the contents of norepinephrine were decreased with statistical significantly in all of the administered group compared to control group. The contents of dopamine were decreased in all of the administered group compared to control group, but the statistical significance was not recognized. The contents of serotonin were decreased with statistical significantly in Gamipalmuljungjiwon administered group compared to control group. 3. In corpus striatum, the contents of norepinephrine were decreased with statistical significantly in Gamipalmuljungjiwon administered group compared to control group. The contents of dopamine were decreased in all of the administered group compared to control group, but the statistical significance was not recognized. The contents of serotonin were decreased with statistical significance in all of the administered group compared to control group 4. In hippocampus, the content of norepinephrine and dopamine a little decreased in all of the administered group, but the statistical significance was not recognized. The contents of serotonin were decreased with statistical significance in all of the administered group compared to control group. In conclusion, this study shows that Palmuljungjiwon and Gamipalmuljungjiwon are significantly effective on reducing and preventing stress in mice.
Comparative effects of Radix Polygalae and Rhizoma Acori Graminei on CT105-induced neuroblastoma cell lines
Han, Won-Ju ; Kim, Hyung-Soo ; Kim, Sang-Tae ; Kim, Tae-Heon ; Lyu, Yeoung-Su ; Kang, Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 95~105
Alzheimer's disease(AD) is a geriatric dementia that is widespread in old age. In the future AD will be the largest problem in public health service. From old times, Much medicines have been used for treatment of dementia, but there is no medicine having obvious effect. AD is one of brain retrogression disease. So We studied on herbal medicine that have a relation of brain retrogression. From old times, In Oriental Medicine, Radix Polygalae and Rhizoma Acori Graminei have been used for disease in relation to brain retrogression. We studied of anti-Alzheimer effect on CT105-induced neuroblastoma cell lines by Radix Polygalae(RP) and Rhizoma Acori Graminei(RAG) water extract. As the result of this study, In RP and RAG group, the apoptosis in the nervous system is inhibited, the repair against the degeneration of Neuroblastoma cells by CT105 expression is induced. These results indicate that In RP and RAG, RAG possess the strongest in inhibitory effect of apoptosis in the nervous system and repair effect against the degeneration of Neuroblastoma cells by CT105 expression.
The Degree of Fatigue According to Subjective Recognition in Middle - Aged Women -
Shin, Eun-Ju ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 107~115
This study was conducted to investigate the subjective degree of fatigue, the degree of fatigue depending on analysis of MMPI and SDNN in middle-aged women. Data were collected from 51 patients, registered at Oriental Medicine Hospital in J-city and K-city respectively. The instrument used in this study were the Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue developed by Belza(1995) and revised by Jung & Kim(1999) and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory(MMPI) and Standard Deviation of Normal to Normal(SDNN). The collected data were analyzed by SPSS/WIN 9.0 program using frequencies, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test. The degree of fatigue in middle-aged women: the average score 30.61 out of the total score 40. Subdivision of fatigue scores: common fatigue degree 7.71, distress due to fatigue 7.67, degree of daily activity fatigue 7.43, and fatigue frequency in the previous week 7.84. The degree of fatigue according to subjective recognition was shown significant difference(t=6.707, p=.000).: group of recognition (33.58), group of ignorance (23.47). The degree of fatigue according to MMPI was shown significant difference. : In the group of recognition, scales of Hs, D, Hy, Pt were higher. The degree of fatigue according to SDNN was shown significant difference (T=-4.062, P=.000). : group of recognition (33.47ms), group of ignorance (45.70ms). The total fatigue score and scales of Hs, D, Hy in MMPI was correlated positively (r=.576; r=.466; r=.518), and total fatigue score and SDNN was correlated negatively (r=-.576). Conclusively fatigue is one of difficult problems in middle-aged women. Therefore it is necessary to develope some nursing intervention for reducing fatigue in its early stages.
Psychologic Evaluation with SCL-90-R in patients induced seven-emotion
Lee, Ji-In ; Lee, Seung-Hee ; Kwen, Soon-Ju ; Chung, Dae-Kyoo ; Kim, Bo-Young ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 117~125
Objective : This investigation was carried out to see psychologic evaluation with SCL-90-R in patients induced seven-emotion. Methods : 27 patients induced seven-emotion were administered SCL-90-R. Results : 1. All subscale scores by sex and age were significantly recognized in patients. 2. Dimension depression were significantly recognized in male patients. 3. All subscale scores by sex weren't significantly recognized in patients. 4. Dimension obsesive-compulsive, anxiety were significantly recognized in patients entered through ER. 5. Dimension phobic anxiety were significantly recognized in patients with psychologic history. Conclusion : we have significant differences on comparisons of Scores by sex, admission route and psychologic history of the Patients.
A case of Mixed anxiety and depressive disorder
Kim, Bo-Young ; Lee, Ji-In ; Kwen, Soon-Ju ; Chung, Dae-Kyoo ; Lee, Seung-Hee ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 127~134
This is a case report of a patient with mixed anxiety and depressive disorder treated by Punsimgieum. The symptoms of the patient were anxiety(agitation), numbness(paresthesia), nausea, dyspepsia, insomnia and hopelessness. In this case, we administrated Punsimgieum to a patient suffering from anxiety and depressive disorder symptoms. After administration of Punsimgieum medication clinical symptoms improved Punsimgieum showed desirable effect on anxiety and depressive disorder symptoms.
Heart Rate Variability in Kiwooljeung with the Age Group between Twenties and Thirties
Kim, Bo-Young ; Lee, Seung-Hee ; Kwen, Soon-Ju ; Chung, Dae-Kyoo ; Kwak, Min-Ah ; Lee, Ji-In ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 135~143
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to analyze and compare heart rate variability(HRV) of patient of twenties and thirties diagnosed as Kiwooljeung with healthy controls'. Methods : We measured HRV of 35 patient(20 to 39 years old, male 14, female 11) diagnosed as Kiwooljeung and 40 healthy controls(male 24, female 16). HRV was measured by SA-3000P(Medicore, Korea) for 5 minutes after 5 minutes resting. Results : 1. In time domain analysis, Mean pulse rate(PRT) in Kiwooljeung group was higher than healthy controls. Standard deviation of all normal N-N intervals (SDNN) in Kiwooljeung group was lower and the results of twenties and thirties were same. 2. In frequency domain analysis, total power(TP), very low frequency(VLF), low frequency(LF), high frequency(HF), Ln TP, Ln VLF, Ln LF, Ln HF in Kiwooljeung group were lower than healthy controls but LF/HF ratio was higher than healthy controls. 3. Comparing gender in Kiwooljeung group, LF/HF ratio in male was higher than female. Conclusions : This study suggests lower activity and imbalance of cardiac autonomous nervous system in Kiwooljeung with the age group between twenties and thirties.
A Clinical Study of Tension Headache Patients using Depression & Anxiety Scales
Jung, In-Chul ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ; Park, Ji-Un ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 145~154
Objective : The aims of this study were to show the clinical state and to investigate depression and anxiety by BDI and STAI scale in tension headache patients. Method : The patient group was consisted of the 20 patients with Tension Headache who were treated in Department of Neuropsychiatry, Daejeon University Oriental Hospital from 3 March 2003 to 30 September 2003. The control group was consisted of the 20 patients on physical therapy with cerebaral vascular disorder in the Daejeon University Cheonan Oriental Hospital. The patient group was investigated by various characteristics, and compared with the control group by BDI and STAI scores. Result : 1. The ratio of female was higher, the 40 aged were higher frequence, in distribution of the period of the clinical history, short term within 1 week was the most.. 2. Tension headache was most frequent at whole portion, neck stiffness, shoulder pain, general body weakness were mainly coexited, and the prescription invigorating spleen supplementing qi and tonifying qi and blood. 3. The BDI score was higher in patient group, but there was no significant difference 4. The STAI score was higher in patient group, but there was no significant difference.
A Clinical Study and an analysis of Symptom Check List-90-Revision on Psychiatric Patients Visiting the Emergency Room in an Oriental Medicine Hospital
Park, Ji-Un ; Jung, In-Chul ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ; Choi, Bo-Yun ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 155~167
Objective : The aims of this study were to show the clinical aspects and to investigate psychiatric traits by SCL-90-R in patients who visited Oriental Medicine Hospital Emergency Room. Method : We studied twenty patients who visited Daejeon University Oriental Medicine Hospital from May, 2003 to September, 2003. Results : 1. The ratio of male to female patients was 1:3 and age distribution was most frequent in 30s&40s. 2. The most frequent cause of illness was stress in occupation and overwork. The greater part of patients came to hospital in 12hours after an attack. 3. In chief problem, somatic symptoms such as headache, dizziness, numbness and chest discomfort were most frequent. In diagnosis, somatization disorder was most frequent. 4. After treatment, most of symptoms were improved. 5. Psychiatric traits by SCL-90-R correlated with somatization and anxiety.
A case of Couple Therapy in Oriental Medical Psychotherapy
Min, Sang-Joon ; Lyu, Yeoung-Su ; Kang, Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 169~181
In oriental medicine, Psychotherapy has been regarded as a part of physical therapy that seemed inseparable from psychological therapy from old times. Oriental Medical Psychotherapies are like following: Ii-Gyeung-Byun-Qi therapy(移精變氣療法), Oh- Ji-Sang-Seung therapy(五志相勝療法), Kyeongja- pyeongji therapy(驚者平之療法), Jieongoron therapy(至言高論療法) and so on. The special feature of these Psychotherapies is the unification of body and mind. For them, various oriental therapies have been under progress. Especially, Many Oriental Medical Psychotherapist insisted that pain of mind evoke pain of body, or vice versa. We observed Oriental Medical Psychotherapies to treat married couple and had a good result. Husband had alcoholism and wife had functional headache. Especially, wife wanted divorce. The problems of divorce and illness in married couple were resolved from Oriental Medical Psychotherapies.
One Case of Combination Therapy of Acupuncture, Herbal medication and Thought Field Therapy on Hysterical Aphonia lasting for 1 year
Park, Jong-Hoon ; Cho, Sung-Hoon ; Chung, Sun-Yong ; Hwang, Ui-Wan ; Kim, Jong-Woo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 183~189
Hysterical aphonia is one of the frequent symptoms in conversion disorders. If it has a recent onset, a manifest induced factor, and a good premorbid adaptation, and another mental disorder is not accompanied, its prognosis is good. We report one case of hysterical aphonia that was bad prognosis. This patient was suffering traumatic event before and after onset, and major depressive disorder was accompanied. Having hysterical aphonia, the patient who had no progress after over an years medicine therapy and often felt strong suicidal urge, was successfully treated by TFT(Thought field therapy) and oriental medicine therapy. Several case studies on hypnotic cure of hysterical aphonia has been reported but they are uncommon internally and have good prognosis. In addition, there were no relevant studies concerning alternative therapy and oriental medication. Our case report is focused on treatment through these methods.
A Case of Dissociative amnesia with Conversion disorder -By using psychotherapy-
Kwak, Sun ; Lee, Seung-Gi ; Choi, Woo-Jin ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 191~198
Dissociative amnesia is a psychiatric disorder charicterized by a sudden loss of memory, but which has no organic disease or explanation, It usually occurs after severe psychosocial stress or traumatic experience. As for medical treatment, medicine, psychotherapy and hypnosis are used. This case describes a 35-years-old woman who developed amnesia and depression following severe troublesome events. So she suited without expression and appealed against headache, dizziness, chest discomfort and weakness. Psychoanalytic psychotherapy was enforced for three days with hypnosis. She expressed the felling over the incident which she dose not like, and canceled in the past. She became reconciled with the family and left the husband by the heart. Then she recovered memory completely and body condition also improved. Recovery and growth of self were helped using supportive expression in order to prevent a recurrence. The prognosis is good with complete recovery, and there was no relapse.
A case of patient who have depressive episode mixed with organic depressive disorder
Seo, Won-Hee ; Moon, Ik-Ryol ; Kim, Jeong-Keun ; Bae, Kyeong-Yeon ; Heo, Yoon-Kyoung ; Park, Hyeong-Seon ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 199~206
Objective : This is a case report of the patient diagnosed as the depressive episode mixed with organic depressive disorder. Method : We treat the patient with herbal medication and gave acupuncture treatment about 5 weeks, the symptom of the patient improved. The herbal medication and acupuncture treatment which we gave patient was based on Oriental medical diagnosis. Results : The patient had been taken the western medical treatment for 2 months, the symptom of the patient was not improved. But after the Oriental medical treatment, the patient is on the improving state. Conclusion : In the treatment of the depressive disorder which is mixed with organic depressive disorder, we found that the Herbal medication and Acupuncture based on correct 'Byonjung(辦證)' help the care of depressive episode which is mixed with organic depressive disorder.
An Oriental Psychotherapy of a Patient Classified with Social Phobia
Park, Se-Jin ; Park, Sang-Dong ; Park, Young-Yup ; Lee, Jeong-Hun ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 207~212
Social phobia is a symptom that is characterized as a feeling anxiety and fear in front of others in social situations. The patient of our hospital is 34-years-old man who has symptoms such as avoiding other people, being flushed of his face and trembling of his hands when he meets other person. Thus, he has been treated by applying acupuncture treatment, taking herb medicine, and Giungoroen & Kyungjapyungji of the oriental psychotherapy. In 3 months, his condition of this disease got improved. This case suggested one approach for the treatment of this disease and we consider that the oriental psychotherapy such as Giungoroen and Kyungjapyungji is useful in treatment of this disease.
A clinical report of a patient with Tourett's disorder
Sung, Woo-Yong ; Lee, Seung-Hyun ; Son, Ji-Hyung ; Han, Seung-Hea ; Jung, Hyo-Chang ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 14, issue 2, 2003, Pages 213~218
This is a case report of a patient with Tourett's disorder treated by Ukgan-san. We evaluated the patient Tourett's disorder by behavior and sound. His tic behaviors like eye blinking, shoulder shrugging, head jerking, facial frimace have been shown frequently, and His phonic tic symptoms like coughing, throat clearing, sniffing have been presented frequently, too. We diagnosed his condition as Wind-syndrome Caused by Hyperactivity of Liver-yang by patient's redish face, taut pulse, Left umbilical throb. So we treated the patient with Ukgan-san. and the score of Yale Global Tic Severity Scale(YGTSS) was 30 at the start of treatment. and the score of YGTSS was 3 at the end. We found that Ukgan-san was effective for the patient with Tourett's disorder.