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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
The neuroprotective effects of Nokyongdaebo-tang(Lurongdabutang) treatment in pathological Alzheimer's disease model of neural tissues
Cheong, Myong-Hee ; Jung, In-Chul ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 1~17
Objectives : Alzheimer's disease(AD) is the most common form of dementia, which is characterized by progressive deterioration of memory and higher cortical functions that ultimately results in total degradation of intellectual and mental activities. Nokyongdaebo-tang(Lurongdabutang) has been usually used for the treatment for the deficiency syndrome dementia and amnesia. This experiment was designed to investigate the effect of the Nokyongdaebo-tang(Lurongdabutang) hot water extract on pathological AD model. Methods : The effects of the Nokyongdaebo-tang(Lurongdabutang) hot water extract on cultured spinal cord cells induced by
-amyloid were investigated. The effects of the Nokyongdaebo-tan(Lurongdabutang) hot water extract on the memory deficit mice induced by scopolamine were investigated. Results : 1.
-amyloid treatment on cultured spinal cord cells increased both GFAP-staining intensity of astrocytes and caspase 3 immunoreactivity on cultured cells. Then, Nokyongdaebo-tang(Lurongdabutang) treatment reduced the labeling intensity for both GFAP and caspase 3 proteins in culture cells. 2. Scopolamine treatment into mice increased levels of GFAP-positive astrocytes and caspase 3-labeled cells of the hippocampal subfields dentate hilar region, CA3 and CA1 area. In vivo administration of Nokyongdaebo-tang(Lurongdabutang) attenuated labeling intensity for those two proteins in the same hippocampal areas. Similar effects were observed by the treatment of galanthamine, an inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase. Conclusions : This experiment shows that the Nokyongdaebo-tang(Lurongdabutang) may play a protective role in damaged neural tissues. Since neuronal damage seen in degenerative brains such as AD are largely unknown, the current data may provide possible insight into therapeutic strategies for AD treatments. Nokyongdaebo-tang(Lurongdabutang) might be effective for the prevention and treatment of AD.
Antioxidant Effects of Gagam-jangwon-hwan(jiajianzhuangyuanwan) on Hydrogen Peroxide-Induced Oxidative Stress in PC 12 Cell Lines
Park, Yong-Hoon ; Son, Il-Hong ; Lee, Sang-Won ; Lim, Jung-Hyun ; Kim, Tae-Heon ; Lyu, Yeoung-Su ; Kang, Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 19~29
Objectives : Antioxidant effects of Gagam-jangwonhwan(LMK01 and 02) water extract against
-induced oxidative damage and cell death were investigated in rat pheochromocytoma line PC 12. Methods : The cells were treated with LMK01 and 02 water extract and
, oxidative damage-inducing materials for 24 h. The cellular viability was assessed by WST-1 assay, oxidative damages of the cells by 8-OHdG quantitation, apoptosis by Hoechst 33342 staining assay and activity of antioxidant enzymes by catalase and glutathione peroxidase assay. Results : 1. LMK01 and LMK02 water extracts improved significantly cell viability in
-treated groups than
-alone treated cells 2, LMK02 suppressed significantly oxidative damage in
-treated groups than
-alone treated cells but LMK01 didn't. Meanwhile, difference of oxidative damages in conditions treated with LMK01 or LMK02 was not significant, 3. The
induced-apoptosis in PC 12 cell lines was inhibited effectively by LMK01 and LMK02, and especially the features of apoptosis were obviously reduced in LMK02-treated cells. 4. LMK01 and LMK02 increased significantly activities of both catalase and glutathione peroxidase than those of
-alone treated group and moreover, LMK02 showed significantly higher activities than those of LMK01. Conclusions : As shown, LMK01 and LMK02 suppressed
-induced oxidative damage and cell death in PC 12 cell effectively. And they increased activity of major antioxidant enzymes in PC 12 cell line. Therefore, this study suggests the possibility of clinical usage over oxidative stress-induced neurodegenerative disease such as Alzheimer's disease.
Effect of Gojineumja(Guzhenyinzi) on Neural Tissue Degeneration In Mouse Model of Alzheimer Disease
Kim, Hyun-Joo ; Jung, In-Chul ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 31~46
Objectives : This experiment was designed to investigate the effect of Gojineumja(Guzhenyinzi, GJEJ) on damaged neural tissue in cultured glial cells and in the mouse brain tissue. Methods : The effects of the GJEJ on activation of astrocytes and caspase 3-positive cell counts in cultured glial cells administered with
-amyloid peptide were investigated. The effects of the GJEJ on levels of glial fibrillary acidic protein(GFAP)-positive reactive astrocyets and caspase 3-positive cells in the hippocampal subfields in the rats administered with scopolamine were investigated. Results : 1. GJEJ reduced levels of activated astrocytes and caspase 3-positive cell counts in cultured glial cells administered with
-amyloid peptide. 2. GJEJ reduced levels of GFAP-positive reactive astrocyets and caspase 3-positive cells in the hippocampal subfields in the rats administered with scopolamine. Conclusions : The present data. suggest that GJEJ may have a protective function of neuronal and non-neuronal cells in damaged neural tissue caused by AD-like stimulations. Further studies on identification of effective molecular components of GJEJ and their interactions with damaged neural cells would be important for understanding molecular mechanism and may be further applicable for the development of therapeutic strategies.
Effects of Samjung-hwan(
) on Obesity and Lipid Metabolism In Rats with High Fat Diet
Kim, Ji-Hyung ; Kim, Geun-Woo ; Koo, Byung-Soo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 47~60
Objectives : This study was performed to show the effects of Samjung-hwan (
) extract on obesity and lipid metabolism of rats fed high fat diet. Methods : Crushed Samjung-hwan(
) 245 g was extracted with methyl alcohol. The extract was evaporated under reduced pressure to give 21.8 g. 20 rats were divided into normal, control, and two test groups. For 6 weeks, The normal group rats were supplied with a normal diet. The control group rats were supplied with a high fat diet. The test group 1 rats were supplied with a high fat diet and Samjung-hwan(
) extract 250 rug/kg and the test group 2 rats were supplied witha high fat diet and Samjunghwan(
) extract 500 mg/kg. Results : 1) The control group rats showed significantly increased weight of peritoneal fat than the nornal group rats. The test group 1 rats did not show significant difference compare to the control group rats, and the test group 2 rats showed significantly decreased weight of peritoneal fat than the control group rats. 2) The control group rats showed significantly increased triglyceride than the nornal group rats. The test group 1 rats showed significantly decreased triglyceride than the control group rats, and the test group 2 rats showed significantly decreased triglyceride than the control group rats. 3) The control group rats showed significantly increased LDL-cholesterol than the nornal group rats. The test group 1 rats showed significantly decreased LDL-cholesterol than the control group rats, and the test group 2 rats did not show significant difference compare to the control group rats. Conclusions : These results suggest that effectiveness of Samjung-hwan(
) extract to control the obesity and abnormal lipid metabolism caused by a high fat diet.
Corelationship Study between Hwa-Byung and Other Diseases for Women
Jeong, Ha-Ryong ; Koh, Sang-Baek ; Park, Jong-Ku ; Yu, Jun-Sang ; Shin, Mi-Ran ; Kong, Kyung-Hwan ; Go, Ho-Yeon ; Lee, Jae-Hyok ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 61~69
Objectives : The purpose of this research is to find out Corelationship between Hwa-byung and other diseases for women. Methods : Hwa-Byung Diagnostic Interview Schedule(HBDIS) and research about past history were carried out for 377 participants in Wonju cohort study. Collected data were analyzed by the chi-square test. Results : 1. Chronic gastritis, Hwa-byung group was 7(25.9%), Control was 38(10.9%), p-value was 0.043. Difference of the two group was valid. 2. Peptic ulcer, Hwa-byung group was 7(25.9%), Control was 36(10.3%), p-value was 0.032. Difference of the two group was valid. Conclusions : Chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer ratio was high in Hwa-byung group compared with Control.
The Study on Effect of Alcoholics Anonymous for Anxiety and Depression
Kim, Hoi-Young ; Son, Hyun-Soo ; Kang, Ji-Hong ; Shim, So-Ra ; Park, Bo-Ra ; Kim, Ji-Hwon ; Kim, Tae-Heon ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 71~84
Objectives : This study was performed to assess the benefits of Alcoholics anonymous program for anxiety and depression of alcoholics. And we investigate Sasang constitution in Alcoholics Anonymous(A.A.) members to study relation between alcoholic and constitution. Methods : 21 members of A.A. groups in korea who agreed to the purpose of this study were selected. We evaluated anxiety by BAl, depression by BDI-II and sasang constitution by QSCCII+. Results : The research result is as follows. 1. Eighteens of 21 A.A. members are men and the rest are women. First alcohol drinking age(mean) is 15. Getting alcohol drunk age(mean) is 20.9. 2. The duration of alcohol drinking before A.A. participation(mean) is 20.2 years. The duration of giving up drinking after A.A. participation(mean) is 26.5 months. 3. A.A. program significantly reduced anxiety of A.A. members from 10.43
S.E.)(light anxiety) to 6.86
1.24(normal). 4. A.A. program significantly reduced depression of A.A. members from 4.14
S.E)(normal) to 2.33
0.75(normal) in the statistics, but it does not have the meaning clinically. 5. Sasang constitution classification result was Taeum group 10 people(47.6%), Soyang group 9 people(42.9%), Soeum group 2peopleC9.5%), Taeyang group 0 people(0%), Taeum group and Soyang group were relatively more than Soeum group. Conclusions : Participation in the A.A. program reduce anxiety and depression of A.A. members. This research provide data on positive effect of A.A. program and may prove that the self-help program(A.A.) can help to maintain long term sobriety and improve the quality of life of its members.
The Effects of Acupuncture Stimulation on Acupoints Related to Mind
Lee, Seung-Gi ; Choi, Woo-Jin ; Shim, Seong-Youn ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 85~99
Objectives : This study aimed to understand the influence of acupuncture on the human body by comparing changes within human bodies before and after people in normal health are treated with acupuncture at the acupoints HT7 and PC9, which are related to mental functions. Methods : The study was performed from January 3, 2008 to March 5, 2008 on 60 healthy males and females in their 20s. HRV, EEG, skin conductance response, respiration and peripheral skin temperature were measured for 5 minutes before acupuncture simulation was applied to the acupoints HT7 and PC9. During 20 minutes of acupuncture treatment, the same items were continuously measured to determine whether there had been any changes, and they were then measured for 5 minutes after the removal of the acupuncture needles in order to implement a comparative analysis. Results : 1. The HRV measurement showed that in the course of before, during and after acupuncture stimulation, heart rate, HF and HF norm decreased significantly (P<0.05) at HT7. LF, LF norm, and LF/HF ratio increased significantly (P>0.05), while heart rate, HF and HF norm decreased significantly (P<0.05) at PC9. 2. Skin conductance response increased significantly (P<0.05) at PC9 during and after the acupuncture simulation periods, compared with the pre acupuncture period. 3. the peripheral skin temperature increased significantly (P<0.05) both at HT7 and PC9 in the course of before, during and after acupuncture stimulation. 4. Compared with the pre-acupuncture period, respiration rate increased both at HT7 and at PC9 during and after the acupuncture simulation periods, but not in a statistically significance. 5. In the EEG measurement, when compared with the pre-acupuncture period at HT7, mid
wave decreased significantly (P<0.05) during acupuncture treatment. Compared with the measurements during acupuncture treatment at PC9, low
wave increased significantly (P<0.05) after the acupuncture needles were removed. Conclusions : When acupuncture treatment is applied at the acupoints HT7 and PC9, the activation of parasympathetic nerves decreases and the activation of sympathetic nerves increases in the HRV measurement. It was determined that PC9 makes the sympathetic nerves become highly activated in a skin conduction response. The effect of stability in the brain wave seemed to bo shown at HT7 than PC9.
The Effects of Acupuncture Stimulation on Skin Conductance Response of Anxiety Patients and Normal Subjects
Jeong, Myeong-Suk ; Choi, Woo-Jin ; Lee, Kyung-Won ; Lee, Seung-Gi ; Kim, Ji-Eun ; Lee, Jeong-Chan ; Park, Kyung-Mo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 101~110
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of acupuncture on autonomic nervous system in anxiety patients and normal subjects by using SCR(Skin Conductance Response). Methods : The study group consists of 15 anxiety patients as the experimental group stimulated by verum acupuncture, 15 anxiety patients as the control group stimulated by sharm acupuncture, and 15 normal subjects stimulated by verum acupuncture. We measured GSR of experimental and control group, normal subjects during Working Memory Test and acupuncture stimulation. Results : 1. Measured value of SCR during Working Memory Test was significant different in control group, but it was not significant different in experimental group. 2. SCR value of three groups was significantly decreased during acupuncture stimulated. There was only significantly SCR value change during 0min.-5min, of first acupuncture. The section of the other groups was no significantly different. 3. STAI scores of experimental group and control group were significantly decreased. Conclusions : The study results suggest that acupuncture stimulation and sham acupuncture also effective on activity in the sympathetic nervous system and STAI scores.
The Effects of Needle Electrode Electrical Stimulation on Cellular Necrosis Blocking the Hippocampus after Induction of Ischemia
Lee, Jung-Sook ; Kim, Byung-Ki ; Kim, Sung-Won ; Kim, Ji-Sung ; Kim, Dong-Il ; Song, Chi-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 111~120
Objectives : This study was performed to investigate the effects of Needle Electrode Electrical Stimulation (NEES) on ischemia-induced cerebrovascular accidents. After obstruction and reperfusion of
arteries in white mice, the amounts of necrosis and inflammation related substances IL-6, Caspase-3, and PARP, C-fos were measured in neurons of the hippocampus. The following results were obtained. Methods : This study used 21 male specific pathogen free (SPF) SD (Sprague Dawley) rats, 8 weeks of age and approximately 300 g in weight, that were given at least 1 week to adapt to the lab environment Each exposed artery was completely occluded with non-absorbent suture thread and kept in that state for 5 minutes. The sutures were then removed to allow reperfusion of blood. Test group is control group for comparison with the common carotid artery occlusion models, a GI group that underwent common carotid artery occlusion, and a needle electrode electrical stimulation (NEES) group that underwent NEES after artery occlusion. The GI and NEES groups were given 12, 24, or 48 hours of reperfusion before NEES. NEES device (PG6, ITO, Japan, 9V, current, 2Hz) was used to stimulate the right and left acupoint ST36 of the SD rats for 30 minutes while they were sedated with 3% isoflurane. An immunohistochemistry test was done on the forebrains of the GI induced rats. All the data collected from this study was symbolized and analyzed using a statistics processing program (SPSS 12.0K/PC). The level of significance was set at
=0.05 and a T-TEST analysis was used to find out the effects of treatment on each of the groups: the normal group, the CVA induced group, and the treatment after CVA induction group. Results : Both PARP and C-fos immuno-reactive cells, related to apoptosis, were greater in the GI groups than the NEES group. Caspase and IL-6 immuno-reactive cells, related to inflammation, were greater in the GI and NEES groups than the control group. Conclusions : This research was conducted to study the effects of NEES on CVA due to ischemia. Occlusion and reperfusion was performed on the common carotid arteries of white rats, after which amounts of substances related to neuron necrosis and inflammation - PARP, IL-6, Caspase-3, and C-fos - were measured in the Hippocampus
Study of Anti-Alzheimer Activities from Scrophularia buergeriana Water Extract by Alzheimer's Protein APP-transgenic Fly
Kim, Jin-Woo ; Lee, Soon-E ; Lee, Jong-Hwa ; Min, Sang-Jun ; Kim, Tae-Heon ; Lyu, Yeoung-Su ; Kang, Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 121~131
Objectives : From Scrophularia buergeriana water extract(SBW), has been used in vivo test for its beneficial effects on neuronal survival and neuroprotective functions, particularly in connection with APP-related dementias and Alzheimer's disease(AD).
oligomer derived from proteolytic processing of the
-amyloid precursor protein(APP), including the amyloid-
), play a critical role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's dementia. Methods : Using drosophila APP model on APP-induced neuronal cytotoxicity, we demonstrated that SBW prevents neurotoxicity of
oligomer, which are the behavior, and possibly causative, feature of AD. We investigated the neuroprotective effects of SBW against the effects of oligomeric
and fly behaveior and life span by UAS-GRIM/APP-GAL within transgenic flies. Results and Conclusions : SBW repaired damage leading to the behaveior of APP-induced fly and delayed life span. These results suggest that neuronal damage in AD might be due to two factors: a direct
oligomer toxicity and multiple cellular and molecular neuroprotective mechanisms, including attenuation of apoptosis and direct inhibition of
oligomer, underlie the neuroprotective effects of SBW.
Questionnaire Survey of Nonherbal Therapy of Hwabyung in Professionals
Lee, Seung-Gi ; Choi, Woo-Jin ; Kang, Hyung-Won ; Koo, Byung-Soo ; Kim, Geun-Woo ; Lee, Jae-Hyuk ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 133~141
Objectives : This study was performed to develop Hwabyung clinical guideline. Acupuncture, moxibustion, negative therapy and psychotherapy were selected, and herbal therapy was excluded in this study. Methods : 27 questions were composed to investigate nonherbal therapy of Hwabyung. They were answered by the experts. They are the professors of oriental neuropsychiatry in Korea. Results and Conclusions : Most experts use acupuncture mainly in treating Hwabyung. They think that acupuncture therapy is needed by all means. Moxibustion, negative therapy and psychotherapy are also utilized mainly or partially to treat Hwabyung, Moxibustion and negative therapy are usually done for somatic symptoms, and psychotherapy is for mental symptoms.
Development of Clinical Practice Guideline for Hwabyung (1) - Purpose, Development Strategy and Procedure -
Kim, Jong-Woo ; Chung, Sun-Yong ; Cho, Seung-Hun ; Whang, Wei-Wan ; Kim, Bo-Kyung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 143~152
Objectives : Hwabyung is one of well-known mental health problems like depression in Korea and it's concept is generated from oriental medicine. We suggest that clinical practice guideline should reflect the Hwabyung's characteristics, clinical environment and Oriental medical doctor's need. Methods : We use the general development method of clinical practice guideline and also apply the oriental medicine's properties. Results : We need to refer to the western psychiatric field, especially the clinical guideline of depression. And we should base on the clinical survey and trial with the selected core subject considering oriental medicine's character. Conclusions : From this development, we expect the application of proper clinical decision by medical team, the objectification of oriental medicine, and the improvement of medical quality in the clinical field of oriental medicine.
Development of Clinical Practice Guideline for Hwabyung (2) - Tools for Development -
Chung, Sun-Yong ; Kim, Jong-Woo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 153~162
Objectives : The approach to Hwabyung from all angles is needed to develop the clinical practice guideline. To achieve this approach, various tools should be used practically and systematically. Methods : We gather the tools based on multi aspects of Hwabyung's characteristics. The tools will be used to each steps of clinical practice guideline development. Results : For the clinical practice guideline, there should be applied many kinds of tools, such as for decision and assesment, survey with oriental medicine property, collecting individual stress information, mental and psychological trait, and related or following disease. Conclusions : Application of many objective tools provides the evidence-based medical approaches for development of clinical practice guideline for Hwabyung.
The Systematic Review of Clincal Trial(s) Intervening Traditional Korean Herbal Medicine: Extension of Developing Clinical Guideline for Hwa-byung
Kim, Seok-Hwan ; Park, Bo-Ra ; Choi, Keum-Ae ; Lim, Hyun-Ju ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ; Jung, Dae-Gyu ; Kim, Rak-Hyung ; Kim, Tae-Hun ; Kim, Kyung-Ok ; Jung, In-Chul ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 163~176
Objectives : To address most probable and suitable method for designing clinical trial intervening Traditional Korean Herbal Medicine on hwa-byung. Study Design : A systematic review of research studies of complementary and/or alternative medical(CAM) treatment of depression, and of domestic clinical trials of Traditional Korean Medicine, and of Chinese clinical trials of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Methods : Randomized, controlled trials(RCTs) of treatment of depression intervening herbal medicine were searched through MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and CNKI databases. Also, domestic RCTs intervening Traditional Korean Herbal Medicine were searched through Korean Traditional Knowledge Portal and Korean studies Information Service System(KISS). Studies were evaluated using Iadad scale and self-designed tool for this study. Results : Thirty four RCT studies( 10 from MEDLINE, 16 from CNKI, 8 domestic studies) of herbal medicine met inclusion criteria. Mean Jadad score of studies published in English was 2.8
0.79, in Chinese 1.94
0.77, and in Korean 2.75
0.71. Twenty one percent of studies included pattern differentiation in their inclusion criteria. Twenty nine percent of studies used combined treatment of herbal and conventional medicine. Among studies on depression, 9% included Complementary Medical assessing tools. Conclusions : There is shortage of domestic clinical trial involving herbal medicine. In China, studies tend to focus on investigating effect of Combined treatment of herbal and conventional medicine on depression. Clinical trial(s) of hwa-byung should provide good internal validity by describing methodology for randomization, double-blinding, and attrition. Also, specific guideline for clinical trial, including Traditional Korean Medical aspects across inclusion criteria, and assessing tools is needed.
A Clinical Report of Two Patients with Depression and Menopausal Symptoms Improved by Korean Traditional Treatment and Psychotherapy
Kang, Hyun-Sun ; Lee, Jin-Hwan ; Kim, Jin-Yi ; Sung, Woo-Yong ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 177~186
Objectives : We investigated if korean traditional treatment and psychotherapy is effective in patients with depression and menopausal symptoms. Methods : We treated two patients with typical korean traditional medical treatment( Acupuncture, Giungoroen therapy(至言高論療法), Moxibustion ) and progressive muscle relaxation. Results : After treatment, the chief complaint and accompanying symptoms were subsided and improved. BDI score and Kupperman's index were decreased. Conclusions : We may conclude that korean traditional treatment and psychotherapy is effective in patients with depression and menopausal symptoms.
A Case Report of Panic Disorder with Functional Gastrointestinal Disturbance
Ryu, Ki-Jun ; Kim, Ji-Hyung ; Han, Chang ; Park, Jong-Hun ; Kwon, Seung-Ro ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 187~196
Objectives : This study was performed to report the effect of oriental treatments for panic disorder with functional gastrointestinal disturbance. Methods : In this case, a 30 year-old female patient has been suffered by panic disorder with functional gastrointestinal disturbance for 10 years. This case can be caused by KanKiUlKyul(肝氣鬱結), KanKiBeomYi(肝氣犯胃) and KanKiSeungBi(肝氣乘脾). We treated the patient with Herbal medication, Cognitive-behavioral therapy and Relaxation therapy. The effects of treatment were measured by GSRS(Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale), BPI(Brief Pain Inventory) and VAS(Visual Analog Scale) Results : As a result of oriental treatments, the symptoms of Panic Disorder with Functional Gastrointestinal Disturbance was improved. Conclusions : These results suggest that oriental treatments have an effect on Panic Disorder with Functional Gastrointestinal Disturbance.
A Case Report of Conversion Disorder Patient with Globus Hystericus and Swallowing difficulty
Hwang, Eun-Young ; Suh, Jin-Woo ; Suh, Hyun-Uk ; Chung, Sun-Yong ; Kim, Jong-Woo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 197~206
Objective : This study was designed to research the effect of the korean traditional herbal medicine and oriental psychotheraphy on globus hytericus and swallowing difficulty caused by conversion disorder. Methods : A 10 years old male patient suffer from globus sensation and swallowing difficulty for 2 months. We treated him with the korean traditional herbal medicine(Banhahubak-tang) and oriental psychotheraphy for 27 days. Results : After this treatment, globus sensation and swallowing difficulty were decreased and appetite were increased. In addition, compulsion had been severe and it was improved after this treatment. Conclusions : Psychiatrists have reported that conversion disorder is not common in children especially under 10 years old. Globus hystericus, dysphagia is symptoms of conversion disoder but globus hystericus is very rare in childhood. In this case, we recognized that the korean traditional herbal medicine and oriental psychotheraphy could be effective for the clinical symptoms of globus hystericus and swallowing difficulty.
A Case Report of a Schizophreniform Disorder Treated by Oriental Medical Treatment and Emotional Freedom Techniques.
Lee, Ji-Won ; Cha, Hye-Jin ; Seo, Young-Min ; Seo, Deok-Won ; Park, Se-Jin ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 207~216
Objectives : Schizophreniform Disorder can be put as pre-stage of Schizophrenia, which is known as one of the most common mental disorder. Many studies have shown that Antipsychotic Treatment for Schizophrenia has many side effects such as EPS(Extrapyramidal Symptoms), and recently it has been found that even Non-Antipsychotic Treatment has side effects such as weight gain. This clinical study was aimed to search the therapeutic effects of Oriental medicine in Schizophreniform Disorder, and in reducing the side effects of Western medicine. Methods : We treated the patient diagnosed as Schizophreniform Disorder, whose chief complaint was auditory hallucination, with herbal medicine and acupuncture. Improvement in her clinical symptoms were recorded daily. We also used Emotional Freedom Techniques to control her anxiety effectively. Results : Auditory hallucination and extrapyramidal symptoms such as tremor disappeared. The patient's anxiety was controlled by Emotional Freedom Techniques effectively. Conclusions : From the above results, we conclude that Oriental medical treatment is effective in treating clinical symptoms of Schizophreniform Disorder, as well as in reducing the side effects of Western medicine.
A Case of Multiple Sclerosis with Depression
Heo, Eun-Jung ; Kim, Ji-Hyon ; Yoon, Chang-Jun ; Lyu, Heui-Yeong ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 217~227
Objectives : Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelination disease of central nervous system, presenting a various neurological disorders depending on the lesion. In the view of oriental medicine, MS is similar to Flaccidity-syndrome(痿證). Also, since MS is a chronic disease which repeats the recurrences with periods of remission of the symptoms in between, it may usually be accompanied by depression. However, the etiology, treatment, and cause of recurrence of MS remain unknown, and also, as the recurrences of MS have been repeated, disease burden has been accumulated, which aggravates disorder. This case of MS experienced depression after the patient had been diagnosed as bad consequence based on the past 5 times recurrences of multiple sclerosis. Methods : We saw the causes as vicera and bowels functional disorder which might have come from a poor diet. Thus, we diagnosed this case as dual deficiency of spleen and kidney(脾腎兩虛), stagnant qi transforming into fire(氣鬱化火) and liver-kidney deficiency(肝腎不足) and treated it with Herb medication, acupuncture therapy, and supportive therapy, making the patient better. Results : We have improved the patient's condition to the time before 5th recurrence. Conclusions : This result suggests that our oriental medical treatments was effective on multiple sclerosis with depression.
A Case Study on the Effect of the Art Therapy through the Self Expression and the Interpersonal Relations by a Schizophrenic Adolescent I
Park, Soo-Jung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 2, 2009, Pages 229~242
Objectives : This article aims to find how effective the art therapy is on the improvement of the self expression and the interpersonal relations with others, as medium for verbal communication of schizophrenic patients. Methods : The subject of this study was one schizophrenic patient who had been treated with drugs for five years in W university hospital, as well as counseled by an art therapy oo counsel office in J city. The art therapy had been performed the total 25 sessions, fifty minute per session, one session per week, from November 28 in 2008 to April 27 in 2009. The test was by HTP. Results : The results of this study are as follows: First, in the pretest of HTP, the subject showed a little lethargy, painting very simple house-shaped figures and too simple rectangular figures corresponding to those painted by 4 or 5-year-old children. In the post-test, however, the structures of houses were described concretely and three-dimensionally, and the descriptions of people were changed into concrete figure, by which we could see the improvement effect on the self expression and the interpersonal relations. Second, in the earlier stage, there was little verbal self expression, and little self respect, staring into space and showing passive attitude without positive assertion and expression. In the later stage, however, there were positive assertion and expression, even showing sense of humor. Lastly, in the earlier stage, there were few interpersonal relations. In the later stage, however, eye contacts and the interpersonal relations were increased during conversation and in the art work process, respectively. Conclusions : These results suggest that the art therapy can be effective on improvement of the self expression and the interpersonal relations with others, as medium for verbal communication of schizophrenic patients.