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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
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The Basic Study for Building the Depression Prescription Guideline of Gamiguibi-Tang - The Evaluation of Reliability and Validity of the Depression Pattern-Identification Questionnaire -
Koo, Byung-Soo ; Lee, Sang-Jae ; Han, Chang-Ho ; Kim, Ho-Jun ; Park, Se-Hwan ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 1~13
Objectives : As depression falls into the category of Wuljeung, Gamiguibi-Tang(Jiaweiguipitang) is the standard prescription to cure Wuljeung. This study develops a questionnaire for building the guidelines to administer Gamiguibi-Tang to depression and evaluates reliability and validity of questionnaire. Methods : With extracting the text related to depression and Gamiguibi-Tang through total 9 Korean medicine books and consulting the experts, the study selected 80 items and converted them into a questionnaire. It surveyed the neuropsychiatry professors and the medical specialists three times by Delphi method, and lastly selected 21 final items of a questionnaire. On the basis of the questionnaire, it collected total 216 samples and tested their reliability and validity. Results : 21 items all didn't reduce total Cronbach alpha coefficient and satisfied test-retest reliability. As a result of factor analysis, totally 5 factors were extracted such as mental state, sleep, accompaniment, fatigue and weakness. Finally, in comparing a depression group with a normal control group, two groups all showed meaningful difference in each 21 items' point, the sum of factor 1 to 5 items' points, and the sum of 21 items' points. Conclusions : The questionnaire on the updated depression prescription guideline of Gamiguibi-Tang satisfied both of reliability and validity. Later it can help objectifying to apply Gamiguibi-Tang to depression cure.
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Profile of Headache Patients after Traffic Accident
Kim, Ji-Young ; Heo, Seong ; Heo, Su-Jeong ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 15~29
Objectives : This study was investigated to find out psychological characteristics of headache patients after traffic accident(TA). also It was identified headache after TA as predictor of posttraumatic stress disorder(PTSD). Methods : Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory(MMPI) was administered to 26 TA patients, We divided them into four groups according to headache and sex and headache duration. Results : 3-1 profile was found by total mean of T score of each MMPI scale in all patients. 3-4 profile was found in headache group, 1-3 profile was found in female Group, female to have headache group. 3-1 profile was found in headache to continue more than 7 days. Conclusions : Female group, female to have a headache group, headache to continue more 7 days group showed 1-3/3-1 profile. it was similar to PTSD profile. The results indicate that in the above three groups, headache was predictor of PTSD and they must be treated more carefully.
The Connection between Symptom Checklist-90-R(SCL-90-R), Self-Efficacy Scale(SES) and Qi-gong
Kim, Soo-Hyun ; Park, Sun-Young ; Chung, Dae-Kyoo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 31~52
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the connection between Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R), Self-Efficacy Scale(SES) and Qi-gong. Methods : We investigated 141 oriental medical students in Daegu consisted of 36 subjects training Qi and 105 subjects not training. We had all subjects to reply to demographic questimnaire, SCL-90-R questimnaire and SES questimnaire. We made the Qi-training group write the kinds and periods of Qi seperately. Results & Conclusions : 1. The lower SCL-90-R score, the subjects had higher SES score. Total Self-Efficacy score was connected Somatization, Interpersonal Sensitivity, Depression, Paranoid Ideation, Paranoid Ideation score significantly. General Self-Efficacy score was connected Somatization, Obsessive- Compulsive, Interpersonal Sensitivity, Paranoid Ideation, Paranoid Ideation score significantly. Social Self-Efficacy score was connected Interpersonal Sensitivity, Depression, Anxiety score significantly. 2. The Qi-training group's mean all the details of SCL-90-R lower than the non-training's significantly in Somatization, Obsessive-Compulsive, Interpersonal Sensitivity, Depression, Hostility, Paranoid Ideation, Psychoticism. And the Qi-training group's mean all the details of SES higher than the non-training's, significantly in General Self-Efficacy. 3. In Qi-training group, as training longer, mean Somatization, Interpersonal Sensitivity, Depression, Anxiety, Hostility scores get lower and mean Total Self-Efficacy score get higher significantly.
Relationship of Actual Health and Yangseng in the Urban Elderly
Kim, Lak-Hyung ; Kim, Young-Hee ; Ahn, Ok-Hee ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 53~61
Objectives : Yangseng is a traditional healthcare regimen on the promotion of health and prevention of illnesses by means of specific principles and methods for the purpose of living a long and healthy life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of actual health and Yangseng in urban elderly for the promotion of health and prevention of illness. Methods : The subjects of this study were 393 elderly (male 139, female 254) who lives in Kochang, Cheonbuk, Korea. The questions about their health and Yangseng was asked by survey personnels. Results : In this survey, many of the urban elderly have osteoarthritis 54.45%, Herniated nucleus pulposus 45.04%, osteoporosis 32.06%, hypertention 37.40%, diabetes 17.05%. Most of them had pain in the body 82.7%, and reported fatigues 78.63%, stress 18.32%, and depression and anxiety 49.11%. The score of Yangeng was significantly higher in the group who don't have osteoarthirtis, fatigue, depression and anxiety than in the group who have those. The average of the total score of Yangsen was
. There was significant difference in Yangseng score according to osteoarthritis, fatigues, and depression and anxiety, while the score of Yangsen in the diabetes group was higher than that in the non-diabetes group. Conclusions : Above results could be used for planning the public healthcare programs and Yangseng promoting program based on Korean traditional medicine.
The Effect of an Essential Oil Fragrance from Radix Angelica Sinesis on Differentiation and Proliferation of Neural Stem Cells of Rat
Park, Se-Hwan ; Kang, Jae-Hyun ; Jung, Young-Su ; Kim, Geun-Woo ; Koo, Byung-Soo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 63~77
Objectives : In this study, an essential oil fragrance from Danggwi was administrated into the neural stem cell and the effect of the essential oil on the differentiation and proliferation of the neural stem cells were observed. Methods : The establishment of the neural stem cell was identified via Nestin, DAPI dye. An essential oil fragrance from Danggwi was administrated with a proved optimum level for the survival of the cell through MTT assay. Also, according to the analysis of Western blot, the essential oil fragrance from Danggwi promotes the phosphorylating of Akt, Erk, ERM protein. Results : MTT assay showed increased in GFAP. The result indicates that the differentiation to astrocyte is promoted. The phosphorylation levels of ERM, Erk and Akt were increased at 60 min after addition of 5 ug/ml of essential oil fragrance from Danggwi and sustained to 48 hours. These imply that essential oil fragrance from Danggwi may induce the survival and the proliferation of the differentiated cells. Conclusions : These results suggest that the essential oil fragrance from Danggwi can be effective for the in vivo study of degenerative neuronal disease using neural stem cell.
The Recent Trends of Clinical Research on General Anxiety Disorder in Chinese Herbal Medicine
No, Dong-Jin ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ; Jung, In-Chul ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 79~89
Objectives : To address suitable method for designing clinical trial intervening Traditional Korean Herbal Medicine on General anxiety disorder through the recent clinical research in Chinese Herbal Medicine. Methods : Randomized, controlled trials(RCTs) of treatment of general anxiety disorder intervening herbal medicine were searched through CNKI databases. We examined several item of studies and evaluated using Jadad scale. We searched articles in CNKI with the key word "General anxiety disorder or 廣範性焦慮症", among them we selected the clinical trial studies related with herbal medicine except for case reports, studies of acupuncture therapy or west medicines. Results : 11 RCT studies of herbal medicine met inclusion criteria. The Studies used CCMD-3, HAMA as inclusion tool and mainly HAMA as a evaluation tool. Studies were progressed for 2-8 weeks, mostly used various positive control. Experiment medicine were mainly 理氣劑, 安神劑. In most studies, experiment group made similar or higher efficacy in comparison with control group. Mean Jadad score of studies was
, and only one study was double-blinded among 11 studies. Conclusions : RCT studies on general anxiety disorder of chinese herbal medicine tend to focus on investigating effect of herbal medicine through setting positive control group with CCMD-3 and HAMA. But, most studies had low quality of trial, for lack of pattern identification, evaluation and inclusion tool of chinese medicine. Clinical trials of general anxiety disorder should provide good quality by randomization, double-blinding, and multi-site trial.
A Review of Electroacupuncture on Patients with Insomnia in Chinese Medicine
Sung, Won-Young ; Kim, Lak-Hyung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 91~101
Objectives : The study was designed to evaluate the effect of electroacupuncture on patients with insomnia in China. Methods : We performed systematic review of case-control studies of electroacupuncture on patients with insomnia published from 1994 to 2009 in CNKI(中國知識基礎施設工程 http://www.cnki.net). Results : 17 studies were selected. The electroacupuncture points frequently used were Sinmun(神門), Sameumgy(三陰交), Baekhoe(百會), Sasinchong(四神聰), etc. G6805 electroacupuncture instrument were mostly used in those studies and the treating methods of electroacupuncture were various according to each study. Combination of both Electroacupuncture and other therapy reported better results than simple therapy such as simple electroacupuncture or acupuncture, western medicine, herbal medicine, auricular therapy. Conclusions : There have been many studies of electroacupuncture on patients with insomnia in China and these studies can applied to the clinical practices in Korea.
Auricular Acupuncture Treatment of Insomnia in Traditional Medicine
Nam, Ji-Sung ; Jeong, Hyun-Suk ; Lee, Dae-Hyun ; Jang, In-Soo ; Kim, Lak-Hyung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 103~113
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to review the auricular acupuncture treatment of insomnia in current traditional medicine. Methods : We reviewed the 18 studies about auricular acupuncture of insomnia which were published from 2005 through 2009. We selected those studies from PubMed, ScienceDirect, CNKI, KMbase, Korean studies Information Service System, and Korean traditional knowledge portal. Results : Selected 18 studies were divided into 8 case reports and 10 control studies. Auricular acupuncture points frequently used were Sinmun(神門), Heart(心) and acupuncture points frequently used were Baekhoe(百會, GV20), Sinmun(神門, HT7). According to specific parts of symptom, some points were added. Most of studies reported that Auricular acupuncture treatment of insomnia were very effective. Conclusions : There have been many auricular acupuncture treatment of insomnia in traditional medicine, and we believe that these studies could be applied to the clinical practices in Korea.
Decision Making Style and Learning Style according to Sasang Constitution
Shin, Eun-Ju ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 115~126
Objectives : This study was performed to investigate the relationship between decision making style and learning style according to Sasang constitution. Methods : The subjects were 213 nursing students of K college in Jeonbuk, and the period of data gathering was limited from 1 Sep. 2009 to 7 Sep. 2009. The instrument tools included QSCC II, decision making style, and learning style. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS-PC programme. Results : 1. Decision making style: Soeumin group had significantly high score in rational score compared with Soyangin(F=7.174 p=.001), and in dependent score compared with Taeumin and Soyangin (F=3.414, p=.035). 2. Learning style: Soyangin group had significantly high score in cooperation score compared with Taeumin(F=5.688 p=.004), and Taeumin group had significantly high score in emulous score compared with Soeumin and Soyangin (F=.148, p=.002). Conclusions : In conclusion, it was found that decision making style and learning style are significantly different according to Sasang constitution. Therefore, these results suggest that nursing educational program needs to be developed considering Sasang constitution.
A Pilot Study about The Effect of Chunwangbosim-dan(天王補心丹) on Heart Rate Variability of Healthy Subjects
Kang, Rae-Yeop ; Kim, Hyun-Jin ; Han, Hyo-Jung ; Park, Eun-Young ; Jang, Jeong-A ; Seo, Ho-Seok ; Kim, Jin-Won ; Kang, Hyun-Sun ; Kim, Jee-Hoon ; Cho, So-Hyun ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 127~135
Objectives : This study was conducted to assess the effect of Chunwangbosim-dan(CB) on the autonomic nervous system by using heart rate variability measurement. Methods : The eligible subjects were composed of the healthy female group of ages 25 to 30 years. They were divided into two groups, the CB group(n=16) and the control group(n=16). We measured the heart rate variability respectively for 3 times at 14:00, 16:00, and 17:00. In the CB group, subjects were administered CB at 15:00. For the measurement values, Mean Heart Rate and SDNN(standard deviation of the NN intervals) were used as time domain analysis, and HF(high frequency), LF(low frequency), and LF / HF ratio were used as frequency domain analysis. Results : The degree of LF changes in the CB group was significantly lower than control group at 1 hour after administration. Conclusions : We suggest that Chunwangbosim-dan may be useful for stabilization of the autonomic nervous system by controlling sympathetic nerve in healthy people.
The Trends in Clinical Trials about Effects of Acupuncture on Anxiety, Depression and Mental Stress - In Medline, Pubmedcentral & Oriental Medicine Journal since 2004 -
Kang, Hee-Chul ; Lee, Seung-Gi ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 137~148
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to review the recent trends in the clinical trial studies that have been published since 2004. Methods : We reviewed the Medline & Pubmedcentral databases by using searching word of "acupuncture". Then 20 articles were selected within total 803 articles. In oriental medicine journals in Korea, we investigated 6 journals represented Korean Oriental medicine and chose 13 articles. Results & Conclusions : 1. We found 33 articles in journals. 2. The patterns of study were as follows: Randomized Controlled Trials(18), Single case series clinical study(9), Case-Control clinical study(4), Randomized crossover Trial(1) and Prospective Clinical analysis(1). 3. The fields of study were as follows: Combined anxiety, depression & other psychiatic symptoms(18), Stress & heart rate variablity(5), The single study of anxiety(5), The single study of depression(3), Stress & pupil variablity(1), Stress and heart rate & pupil variablity(1). 4. The methods of acupuncture were as follows: Acupuncture on points of 14 meridians(24), Auricular acupuncture(3), Electro acupuncture(2) and Both Auricular & Electro acupuncture(1). 5. Stomach meridian(足陽明胃經) and ST36(足三里) were used mostly.
A Case Report of Hwa-Byung with Menopausal Symptoms
Park, Se-Hwan ; Kim, Jee-Hoon ; Kim, Geun-Woo ; Koo, Byung-Soo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 149~159
Objectives : This study was performed to report the effect of Korean traditional treatments for Hwa-Byung with menopausal symptoms. Methods : In this case, a 48 years old female patient has been suffered by Hwa-Byung with menopausal symptoms for 3 years old. We treated the patient with Korean traditional treatments (acupuncture, herb-medication and aroma theraphy), mindfulness and Korean traditional psychotherapy. The effects of treatment were measured by Beck Depression Inventory(BDI), Zung Depression Rating Scale(SDS), Kupperman Index(KI), Menopause Rating Scale(MRS). Results : After treatment, the chief complaints and accompanying symptoms were subsided and improved. And BDI, SDS, KI and MRS score were decreased. Conclusions : According to this study, the Korean traditional treatment such as acupuncture, herb-medication is effective for the cure of Hwa-Byung with menopausal symptoms.
A Case Report on Hwabyung Patient with Blepharoptosis
Hwang, Jeong-Hyun ; Kim, Jee-Hoon ; Koo, Byung-Soo ; Kim, Geun-Woo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 161~172
Objectives : This study was designed to research the effect of oriental treatments for Hwabyung with Blepharoptosis. Methods : A 51 year-old female patient has been suffered by Hwabyung for 5 months and by Blepharoptosis for 2 weeks. We treated the patient with Herbal medication, oriental psychotherapy and acupuncture. Results : As a result of oriental treatments, Blepharoptosis was disappeared, and the symptoms of Hwabyung was improved gradually. Conclusions : These result suggest that oriental treatments have an effect on Hwabyung with Blepharoptosis.
A Clinical Report of Two Patients with Insomnia by Korean Traditional Treatment and Progressive Muscle Relaxation
Lee, Jin-Hwan ; Kang, Hyun-Sun ; Kim, Jin-Yi ; Sung, Woo-Yong ; Kang, Rae-Yeop ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 173~183
Objectives : This study was designed to report the effect of Korean traditional treatment and progressive muscle relaxation for insomnia. Methods : We treated two patients scored more than 15 point at insomnia severity index by korean traditional treatment and progressive muscle relaxation. Results : After treatment, sleep duration and sleep quality was improved. Insomnia Severity Index, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index score were decreased. Conclusions : We may conclude that korean traditional treatment and progressive muscle relaxation is effective in patients with insomnia.
A Case Report about Treatment of Childhood Conversion Disorder with Psychotherapy of Oriental Medicine -The Giungoroen(至言高論), Supportive Psychotherapy and Behavioral Therapy-
Suh, Hyun-Uk ; Suh, Jin-Woo ; Hwang, Eun-Young ; Kim, Jong-Woo ; Jung, Sun-Young ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 185~196
Objectives : This case report presents a 7-year-old female patient diagnosed with conversion disorder improved by application of oriental medical psychotherapy, the Giungoroen. Her chief complaint was dysesthesia of anal. Methods : Through interview and several psychological testing such as HTP test, DAF test, JTCI 7-11, we assessed her psychological state and seek for the psychological reason induced her physical symptom, dysesthesia of anal. After assessment we concluded her main psychological problem was loss of love relationship with her parents. So we decided to use supportive psychological therapy and behavioral therapy-like changing upbringing attitudes of her parents, for example- with Herbal medicine treatment. Results : After 2-month of therapeutic period, chief physical symptom of patient-dysesthesia of anal-was reduced to 20% compared with first visit day. Conclusions : The Giungoroen corresponds to supportive psychotherapy and behavioral therapy. And this oriental medical psychotherapy is fairly effective on the treatment of conversion disorder in childhood.
A Case Report of Various Oriental Medical Therapy in Combination with Learning Therapy on School Underachievement Child caused by ADHD
Wy, Young-Man ; Kang, Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 20, issue 4, 2009, Pages 197~209
Objectives : Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) is a psychiatric disorder, characterized by the primary symptoms of inattention and/or impulsivity and hyperactivity. the aim of this study is to investigate the clinical efficiency of Various Oriental Medical Therapy combinated with Learning therapy in the treatment of ADHD. Methods : This study is a clinical report of 1 ADHD child treated with Various Oriental Medical Therapy(Herb-med, acupunture, etc.) in Combination with Learning therapy. CAR(Conner's abbreviated Rating Scale), K-CBCL, ADS(ADHD Diagnostic System) were compared between before and after treatment. Results : The results show the Various Oriental Medical Therapy in Combination with Learning therapy is efficient in the treatment of ADHD. Conclusions : Various Oriental Medical therapy including herb-med, pharmacopuncture, electroacupuncture is efficient in improvement of ADHD child. also In case of combination with Learning therapy, it is more effective in child's school life and school work. therefore, it is practical useful in the treatment of ADHD.