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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
Selecting the target year
A review of non-pharmacological intervention efficacy in patients with mild cognitive impairment
Kim, Wu-Young ; Han, Chang-Hyun ; Heo, Eun-Jung ; Kang, Hyung-Won ; Jeon, Won-Kyung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 1~11
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.3.001
Objectives : As the number of patient with dementia increases, interest in mild cognitive impairment (MCI), which is a pre-dementia stage, has been expanding. In this study, we investigated the effects from selected clinical research articles to evaluate the effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions. Methods : We searched MCI related articles on MEDLINE and the Web of Science using keywords related to MCI. We selected 26 articles, and 13 evaluated efficiency using the Jadad score. Results : Physical exercise and cognitive remediation techniques were effective for improving MCI. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, taichi, and music belonged to "perhaps" effectiveness group. Many of the 13 articles that evaluated MCI using the Jadad score evaluated them as "good" or "poor", and only three articles evaluated MCI as "excellent". Conclusions : The present evidence suggests that cognitive remediation techniques to improve memory and physical exercise were effective for people with MCI. However, further studies are needed to identify the physical exercise effects.
Corelationship Study between Hwa-Byung and Coronary Heart Disease, by using Framingham Coronary Risk Score
Jeong, Ha-Ryong ; Koh, Sang-Baek ; Park, Jong-Ku ; Yu, Jun-Sang ; Lee, Jae-Hyok ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 13~22
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.3.013
Objectives : This study was to research the relationship between Hwa-Byung and Framingham coronary risk score(FRS), cardiovascular disease. Methods : 649 people participated in the community based cohort study in Wonju City of South Korea from July 2nd to August 30th in 2006. Educated investigators checked up systolic & diastolic blood pressure and surveyed Hwa-Byung Diagnostic Interview Schedule(HBDIS), cohort questionnaire about gender, age, smoking, diabetes. Blood sample was collected from participants to analyze total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol. FRS was calculated from collected data. 10-year prediction of coronary heart disease was determined from FRS by using score sheet that is estimated by Wilson et al. Collected data were analyzed by the chi-square test. Results : 1. Low risk number of people was 18(52.9%) in Hwa-Byung group, 263(42.8%) in non Hwa-Byung group. p-value was 0.472. Difference of the two group was invalid. 2. The number of people below or equal to average 10-year prediction of coronary heart disease as gnder & age, Hwa-Byung group was 19(55.9%), non Hwa-Byung group was 412(67.0%). p-value was 0.251. Difference of the two group was invalid. Conclusions : There was no correlationship Between Hwa-Byung and 10-year prediction of coronary heart disease.
A Study on Difference of Somatization Psychological Mechanism among Sasang Constitution(Four type constitution)
Lee, Go-Eun ; Park, Jang-Ho ; Lyu, Yun-Sun ; No, Dong-Jin ; Park, In-Sook ; Kang, Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 23~42
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.3.023
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference of somatization psychological mechanism among Sasang constitution. Methods : Subjects were seventy four students of Won-Kwang university responded the questionnaire. We evaulated the subjects using Minnesota Questionnaire for the Sasang Constitution Classification II(QSCC II), Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2(MMPI-2), 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), Somato-Sensory Amplification Scale(SSAS), Symptom Interpretation Questionnaire(SIQ) and The Ways of Stress Coping Questionnaire(SCQ). Results : From the results of Clinical scale of MMPI-2, the scores of 2nd, 9th, 10th scales was significantly difference. In Lesser Yin group 10th score was the significantly highest of the others, 1st, 3rd, 6th, 7th, 8th score were the highest but not significant. and From the results of PSY-5 scale(The Personality Psychopathology Five scale) of MMPI-2, In Lesser Yin goup, INTR(Introversion/Low Positive Emotion) score was significantly highest, PSYC(psychoticism), NEGE (Negative Emotionality/Neuroticism) was higher than the others. In TAS-20K, SSAS, SIQ and SCQ Lesser Yin group was not significantly difference. but Lesser Yin group had the tendency of difficulty describing feelings and externally oriented thinking and higher score in physical and psychological interpretation. We observed generally lower levels of stress coping strategy scores than the others. Conclusions : These results showed that Lesser Yin group tend to somatization compared other constitution.
The Correlation between JTCI3-6 and Mother`s SRI and BDI
Kim, Ji-Young ; Lee, Ji-Hyun ; Sung, Won-Young ; Myoung, Sung-Min ; Kang, Hyung-Won ; Kim, Ji-Hwon ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 43~54
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.3.043
Objectives : The purpose of this study was investigated that correlation between The Junior Temperament and Character Inventory (JTCI3-6) and Mother`s Stress Response Inventory(SRI) and Beck Depression Inventory(BDI). Methods : We investigated 48 cases of 3-6 year old infants. Mothers of infants answered that questionnaire about temperament, character of infants and stress, depression of themselves. JTCI3-6 and SRI, BDI were used to get to know that answers. Results : Infants of mothers with high stress levels were lower than infants of mothers with low stress levels in cooperativeness. Infants of mothers with high depression levels were lower than infants of mothers with low depression levels in cooperativeness. Stress of mothers was negative correlated with cooperativeness in temperament of infants. Depression of mothers was negative correlated with cooperativeness in character of infants. Conclusions : Stress and depression of mothers were negative correlated with cooperativeness in character of infants.
Temperament and Character Profiles of Sasang Constitution in Middle School Students
Sung, Won-Young ; Kim, Ji-Young ; Kim, Lak-Hyung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 55~64
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.3.055
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to compare the profiles of Junior Temperament and Character Inventory (JTCI) and Sasang constitution in middle school students. Methods : In this study, healthy 89 students(13 to 15 years old) except for 3 Taeyangin were analyzed; 37 Soyangin, 30 Taeeumin, 22 Soeumin. The Sasang Constitutional types were determined by the results of TS-QSCD(Two Step Questionnaire for Sasang Constitution Diagnosis) and the seven dimensions JTCI 12-18(The Junior Temperament and Character Inventory) were compared among the different Sasang types using analysis of variance(ANOVA). Results : In the temperament dimensions, Soyangin showed significantly higher score than Taeeumin and Soeumin in Novelty Seeking(NS). Soeumin showed significantly higher score than Soyangin in Harm Avoidance(HA). Soyangin showed significantly higher score than the others in RD(Reward Dependence) (Soyangin>Soeumin>Taeeumin). In the character dimensions, Soyangin showed significantly higher score than Soeumin in SD(Self-Directness). There were no significant differences in P(Persistence), and C(cooperativeness) and ST(self-transcendence). Conclusions : These results demonstrate that there are some differences of the temperaments and characters among Sasang types and could help adolescents to understand and develope themselves.
Influence of the Death Education Program on Meaning in Life, Death Anxiety and Attitude Toward Nursing Care of the Dying Patients among Nursing Students
Shin, Eun-Ju ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 65~74
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.3.065
Objectives : This study aims to examine the effects of death education program on meaning in life, death anxiety and attitude toward nursing care of the dying patients among nursing students. Methods : Subjects were 155 nursing students of the K college. Before and after the intervention, students responded a questionnaire developed to measure meaning in life, death anxiety and attitude toward nursing care of the dying patients. To analyse the data, Cronbach`s
, t-test, and paired t-test were used with an SPSS 12.0 program. Results : 1. Meaning in life and attitude toward nursing care of the dying patients levels significantly increased, death anxiety levels significantly decreased. 2. Meaning in life levels increased significantly in the 20-24 age group, female, first grade, no religion, no death experience of relatives. 3. Death anxiety levels decreased significantly in the 20-24 age group, female, no religion, no death experience of relatives, but increased significantly in a buddhist group. 4. Attitude toward nursing care of the dying patients levels increased significantly in the 20-24 age group, female, first grade, won buddhist, no death experience of relatives. Conclusions : This study, through the above result, shows that the death education program can be an effective nursing education to improve meaning in life and attitude toward nursing care of the dying patients and to decrease death anxiety. These results suggest that the death education program will be helpful for recognizing the values of themselves and their current lives and improving their nursing intervention care of the dying patients.
A Clinical Report of Three Patients with Acute Stress Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Treated by Oriental Medical Treatments
Hwang, Jeong-Hyun ; Ko, Jae-Sang ; Bae, Jae-Ik ; Koo, Byung-Soo ; Kim, Geun-Woo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 75~85
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.3.075
Objectives : In this case report, we will present three patients diagnosed with acute stress disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder improved by application of oriental medical treatments. Methods : We treated three patients with acute stress disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder by oriental medical treatments. The effect of oriental medical treatments were evaluated by STAI and clinical symptoms such as anxiety, insomnia, palpitation, startle response. Results : As a result of oriental treatments, clinical symptoms such as anxiety, insomnia, palpitation, startle response were improved, and STAI scores also decreased. Conclusions : These results suggest that oriental treatments may have an effect on acute stress disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Approach for The Couple Therapy in Oriental Psychotherapy
Kang, Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 87~100
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.3.087
Objectives : Neurosis, psychosomatic disease from which most of out-patients suffer originated marital problem in clinical setting, In Oriental medicine, concept and clinical cases of the couple therapy is insufficient. So we suggest the theoretical background and evidence of oriental medical approach. Methods : We searched the theoretical perspectives of recent couple therapy and suggested the psychotherapy with couples in oriental medicine and its clinical utilization. Results : 1. Advantages of the couple therapy in oriental medicine were easy to relationship and emotional communication. because oriental medicine were available to approach of symptom pattern about somatic symptom due to marital problem. 2. Oriental medical therapy, for example, acupuncture, moxibustion, cupping, herbal medicine, etc. connects doctors and the patients easily, unlike dialogue-centered western psychotherapy. 3. The Ii-Gyeung-Byun-Qi Therapy(移精變氣療法) resolve the marital suppressed feeling easily, Gi-Un-Go-Roen Therapy (至言高論療法) is useful in four principle-marital role, communication, sex life, theory of Hwa-Byung. 4. The principle of `sorrow restraints anger(悲勝怒)` and `pleasure restraints sorrow(喜勝悲)` in Oh-Ji-Sang-Seung Therapy(五志相勝療法) accords with forgiveness and recovery that is ultimate goal of the couple therapy. Conclusions : Except existing therapy for recovery of marital relation, We suggest the somatic symptom centered approach based on mind and body unification in oriental medicine. This principle would bring the benefit from the marital to familial relation. From now on, we should correct the theory, need the theorical systematization. Then we should develop the program for recovery of marital relation and examine the hypothesis.
Research Performance Evaluation Based on Quantitative Information Analysis in the Field of Herbal Medicine for Dementia Treatment
Jeon, Won-Kyung ; Han, Chang-Hyun ; Kang, Jong-Seok ; Heo, Eun-Jung ; Han, Joong-Su ; Lee, Young-Joon ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 101~113
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.3.101
Objectives : Trend of R&D of herbal medicine for dementia treatment was examined based on the quantitative information analysis for establishing the national strategy of research on dementia treatment with oriental medicine. Methods : Definition was made to clarify the technology for development of herbal medicine for dementia treatment. Based on the initial keyword provided by experts in the field, queries were compounded to conduct search in the search engines of WoS and DWPI. The raw data (papers or patents) extracted from the initial search were examined by expert-review before objects of analysis were determined. Then, the accumulated data was analyzed in terms of year, country and organization, which led to examination of the trend of R&D. And the research performance evaluation for dementia treatment technologies was also made in terms of country, organization and researcher based on the forward citation analysis. The international cooperation intensity was examined on the basis of analysis of network by researcher before analysis results were put together to select lead researchers. Results : According to the quantitative information analysis of 1,330 articles that were selected as analysis objects, the number of papers on natural products research for dementia treatment has increased by around 4.6 times in recent five years. This indicates that the intensive studies have been underway recently. It was found to be the US that had the highest level in research filed of herbal medicine for dementia treatment and the highest capacity of international cooperation for that purpose. On the contrary, Korea had the share of papers at 5.1%, the number of countries in cooperation research at 8, and the article quality index at 0.40, showing that the qualitative level was insufficient, compared to the quantitative outcome. In particular, Korea was found to have no intensity of international cooperation among researchers. In case of patent, the results of information analysis of 305 patents selected as analysis objects demonstrated that China had the highest share while Korea had the very low frequency of patent application quantitatively. Conclusions : In this study, the research to develop herbal medicine for dementia treatment has recently drawn much attention that has spread around the globe. Therefore, these results suggest establishing the strategy to develop technology for dementia treatment with oriental medicine in the future based on quantitative information analysis.
A Review of Clinical Studies for Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry - since 2001 to 2010 -
Heo, Eun-Jung ; Jeon, Won-Kyung ; Kim, Wu-Young ; Han, Chang-Hyun ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 115~125
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.3.115
Objectives : This study was aimed to review the trend of clinical studies in Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry since 2001 to 2010. Methods : We collected 260 clinical studies and analyzed them for publish year, sorts of disease or symptoms, pattern identification diagnosis, and classification of clinical studies. Among them, we selected 46 clinical experimental studies and these studies were further analyzed for publish year, research institution, sort of disease or symptoms, sorts of treatments, number of subject, and pattern identification diagnosis. Results : The number of clinical studies in Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry have increased since the year of 2001. There were 62 kinds of diseases and symptoms and Hwa-Byung had the highest number of studies followed by depression, headache, insomnia and so on. The clinical experimental studies, which took up 17% of the clinical studies, have increased since 2001 and was varied with year. There were 13 reserch institutions for clinical experimental studies and they studied about stress, dementia, Hwa-Byung, and so on. Most of studies researched treatment about acupuncture, herb medicine, and meditation treatment for persons under 144. There are only 22% of studies using pattern identification diagnosis. Conclusions : For the development of oriental medicine for psychiatric disease, we need more qualifying clinical studies like RCT. We hope more researchers for psychiatry disease of oriental medicine will be interested in the publication of clinical studies and this will serve to produce advance of oriental medicine as evidence based medecine.