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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
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The Review for Studies of Aromatherapy, Relaxation Therapy and Exercise Therapy on Depression
Hwang, Ji-Yeon ; Jung, In-Chul ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.4.001
Objectives : This study is to evaluate the efficacy of aromatherapy, relaxation therapy and exercise therapy on depression. Methods : Survey of on nonpharmacotherapies on depression - related articles was done through online paper databases from 1998 to 2010 published in Korean journals. Results : 1. We found 30 articles from 1998 to 2010 published in Korean journals: Aromatherapy(16), Relaxation therapy(6) and Exercise therapy(8). 2. 14 of the 16 articles on aromatherapy reported that aromatherapy was effective in the decrease of depression. 3. 5 of the 6 articles on relaxation therapy reported that relaxation therapy was effective in the decrease of depression. 4. 6 of the 8 articles on exercise therapy reported that exercise therapy was effective in the decrease of depression. Conclusions : In this study, it seems that aromatherapy, relaxation therapy and exercise therapy were effective on reducing depression.
A Review Study of Scalp Acupuncture for Parkinson's Disease in China
Kim, Woo-Kyung ; Kim, Lak-Hyung ; Jang, In-Soo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 11~20
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.4.011
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to obtain some knowledge about the scalp acupuncture treatment on Parkinson's disease for the future practice and the research from the clinical studies in China. Methods : The literatures were searched using the database-China Academic Journals(CAJ) (2006-2011). Clinical studies of scalp acupuncture for Parkinson's disease-Randomized controlled trial(RCT), case control study, case series, case report- were included. Results : Of 65 articles, 12 Clinical studies met our inclusion criteria. Three case series reported a significant improvement in the patients with Parkinson's disease by scalp acupuncture, and 9 RCTs reported a significant effectiveness of scalp acupuncture as a monotherapy or as a combination therapy with Madopa Tablet(Levodopa + Benserazide HCl) treatment. Conclusions : The results of this study could be used for the future study about scalp acupuncture for Parkinson's disease.
Recent Trends in Treatment for Acute Alcohol Intoxication in Traditional Chinese Medicine
Son, In-Bong ; Lee, Seung-Gi ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 21~30
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.4.021
Objectives : This study was performed to review the research trends in treatment for acute alcohol intoxication in traditional Chinese medicine. Methods : 19 studies were selected by searching CNKI(China National Knowledge Infrastructure) from 2006 to 2011, and we performed a systemic review of them. Results : All studies are controlled clinical trials using pharmacopuncture therapy. Each experimental group was given various kinds of pharmacopuncture therapy, whereas each control group was given another western medicine or treatment. Emergent treatment was used in both groups. The results of 15 studies showed that pharmacopuncture therapy has an effect on the treatment of acute alcohol intoxication. However the quality of these clinical trials wasn't high. Conclusions : It seems that the researches for acute alcohol intoxication have been performed actively in traditional Chinese medicine. We hope that our study can activate clinical research for this disorder in Korean traditional medicine.
A Review of Clinical Studies with Herbal Medicine for Depression - Based on Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial -
Lee, Jae-Eun ; Kwon, Yong-Ju ; Cho, Seung-Hun ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 31~39
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.4.031
Objectives : This study aimed to investigate frequently used herbal materials among herbal prescription for depression focusing on randomized controlled trial. Methods : Every article relevant to depression was initially obtained from China National Infrastructure(CNKI), Korean database and book hand-searching. Searching keywords were 'depression', 'herbal medicine' and 'randomized controllled trial(RCT)'. Results : Among comorbidity with depression, the most accompanied disease was that of circulatory system. Among sixty-five articles, depression with cerebral vascular disease was twenty-eight. Article about mood disorder was twenty-four. High frequently used herbal materials were Bupleuri Radix(41times), Curcumae Radix(34 times), Acori Graminei Rhizoma and Cnidii Rhizoma(24 times). Conclusions : According to this study, we could know select frequent-used herbal medicine. In a clinical treatment, herbal materials can be added herbal prescription related to depression. As these results, it can be helpful to develop new drugs.
A Retrospective Study: Influence of Beck Depression Inventory Score to a Patient under the Early Stages of Oriental Medical Treatment for Low Back Pain
Hong, Nam-Jung ; Lee, Je-Kyun ; Lee, Tae-Gyu ; Park, Jong-Hoon ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 41~50
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.4.041
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to know that Beck Depression Inventory(BDI) score to effect on improvement degree of low back pain after oriental medical treatment. Methods : We analyzed charts of 33 inpatients who were treated in Ja-Seng Hospital of Oriental Medicine and Bu-Cheon Ja-seng Hospital of Oriental Medicine. Subject is divided into Group A(BDI<10) and Group B(BDI
10). Numerical Rating Scale(NRS) and Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) were checked on admission, after 1 week, NRS and ODI were rechecked to estimate the efficacy of treatments. Results : 1. In both groups, NRS was significantly decreased(p<0.05). Analyzed result of the interaction between the two groups didn't show significant difference(p=0.197). 2. In Group A, ODI was significantly decresed(p<0.05). In Group B, ODI wasn't significantly decreased(p=0.058). The interaction analysis between the two groups didn't show significant difference(p=0.173). 3. Analyzing patients with chronic back pain longer than 6 months by the presence of depression tendency and NRS, ODI decrease after 1 week of ambulation, while the NRS reduction showed relevancy by the depression tendency (p<0.05), the ODI reduction didn't(p=0.272). Conclusions : 1. Although improvement of pain before and after the treatment and degree of functional recovery in high-level BDI group was less than low-level BDI group, but it was stastically insignificant. 2. High BDI score of patients with chronic low back pain is the factor of disturbing pain improvement.
Study of the Correlation of the Percepted Maternal Love Scale and the MMPI scale on the 46 Oriental Medical University Students
Ha, Ji-Won ; Kim, Tae-Heon ; Kim, Bo-Kyung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 51~61
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.4.051
Objectives : This study was to investigate the correlation of the Percepted Maternal Love and the characteristics of personality showed on MMPI scale, of the Oriental Medical University students. Methods : For this study we carried out the MMPI profiling and Percepted Maternal Love Scale on self-check test term, among 46 senior students who are attending Oriental Medical University. After collecting the data, we studied the correlation between the two measures. Results : 1. As the Percepted Maternal Love score increased, the Depression and Social Introversion score decreased conversely. 2. As the Percepted Maternal Love score increased, the Avoidant personality disorder score decreased. 3. As the Percepted Maternal Love score increased, Narcissistic personality disorder score increased as well. 4. As the scale of percepted mother's increased, the depressed, socially introverted character, and avoidant personality of the children decreased, and the self-loving personality character increased on the contrary. Conclusions : By the above results, we can come to the conclusion that in order to nurture the children to be self-loving and not to be depressed or intimidated, the mother must try to make sure that her children actually do perceive how much they are loved.
The study of Emotion Traits in Sasang Constitution by Several Mood scale
Kim, Woo-Chul ; Kim, Kyeong-Su ; Kim, Kyeong-Ok ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 63~75
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.4.063
Objectives : One's mind is turned over by environment and personal relationship. This Emotion is called Chiljung in Oriental Medicine. Sasang Constitution is sorted each Emotion by Nature & Emotion(性情). So, this study aimed at figuring out the relations on Sasang Constitution, and emotion traits of oriental medicine students by EEQ and CISS(as named Mood scale). Methods : 199 students of Dongshin university oriental medicine were tested by Questionnaire for Sasang Constitution ClassificationII(QSCCII) and Mood scale. In this study is used 156 students' data, except 43 students' one for research. 156 students are classified four groups by QSCCII. The degree of emotion was determined by Mood scale. These data ware analyzed by frequency, t-test, ANOVA, Multiple comparison, Correlation, Regression with SPSS windows 15.0. Results : 1. Soeumin has high score on EEQ more than Soyangin. 2. Sasang constitution make no difference on CISS, except emotion-oriented coping in not classify group. 3. It has influence on Emotional express by Sasang constotution that Task-oriented coping, EEQ and CISS. Conclusions : Sasang constitution has significant difference on Emotional express.
Oriental medical Intervention Research for Post traumatic stress disorder - A Model of Oriental medicine for Disaster Mental Health -
Kwon, Yong-Ju ; Cho, Seung-Hun ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 77~86
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.4.077
Objectives : These days assaults and other natural and human disasters are increasing. But oriental medical treatment researches in Korea are limited in car accident PTSD patients only. Our object is to explore an oriental medical intervention model for the evidence-based approach to PTSD after diverse trauma including disasters. Methods : Domestic papers for Korean researches are obtained from oriental medical related journals by internet searching. International materials are obtained from PubMed searching and a publication from Department of Veterans' Affairs. After assorting searched articles into RCTs and non-RCTs, we analyzed the articles according to the elapsed time from trauma. Results : We confirmed that acupuncture, CBT, and PMR were effective in acute stage after traumatic event. And EMDR, EFT, and relaxation therapy were effective in chronic stage after traumatic event. Building on the findings, we proposed a model of oriental medicine for Disaster Mental Health. Conclusions : Analyzing previous researches about oriental medicine on PTSD, several interventions were confirmed the effectiveness on specific treatment stage. We could find the possibility of Oriental Medicine as a Disaster Mental Heath and proposed a model of Oriental medicine for Disaster Mental Health.
Relationship between Heart Rate Variability(HRV) and BDI, STAI and STAXI
Kim, Sang-Young ; Seo, Hyun-Wook ; Kim, Jong-Woo ; Chung, Sun-Yong ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 87~100
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.4.087
Objectives : This study aims to evaluate the relationship between HRV indices and scores of emotional questionnaires and to find out the effective way to assess patients emotional and physical condition. Methods : We selected 144 patients who had both HRV data and BDI, STAI and STAXI scores on the chart among outpatients from July 2006 to December 2010. The relationship between the scores rated from the questionnaires and HRV indices are analyzed. And the HRV indices of patients included in the top 30 percent group and the bottom 30% group are compared. Results : 1. There were no significant correlations between HRV indices and scores of BDI, STAI and trait anger of STAXI. 2. SDNN and TP of HRV significantly decreased with higher state anger scores of STAXI. The top 30 percent group of state anger had lower SDNN, TP, LF, HF and HRV-index and higher pNN50 than the bottom 30 percent group. 3. RMSSD of HRV significantly decreased with higher anger-in scores of STAXI. The top 30 percent group of anger-in had lower RMSSD than the bottom 30 percent group. Conclusions : HRV can be used to evaluate emotional and physical changes related to state anger and inappropriate anger expression.
A Preliminary study for the evaluation of the effects of EFT-I(EFT program for insomnia) for insomnia in the elderly
Lee, Jung-Hwan ; Suh, Hynu-Uk ; Chung, Sun-Yong ; Kim, Jong-Woo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 101~109
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.4.101
Objectives : The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of EFT-I(EFT program for insomnia) for insomnia in the elderly as a preliminary study. Methods : This study was a single group pre-post comparative study that involved 10 elderly women(mean age=
), who visited a senior welfare center, complained of insomnia symptoms. Subjects received 8 sessions(twice a week for 4 weeks and 1 hour for each session) of EFT-I group training. Insomnia severity, depression, state-anxiety, and life satisfaction of each subject were evaluated twice at pre and post of EFT-I. Korean Sleep Scale, Short form of Geriatric Depression Scale(SGDS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory(STAI), and life satisfaction scale were used as evaluation tools. The data were analyzed using paired-samples T-test. Results : Insomnia severity, life satisfaction, depression, and state-anxiety were significantly improved by EFT-I. Conclusions : Result of this study showed that EFT-I can be a useful treatment program for elderly insomnia. Larger clinical trials are needed to verify effect of EFT-I as a community based insomnia management program for the elderly.
A Case Series of Insomnia Patients Treated with Ondam-tanggami(Wendan-tangjiawei)
Park, Dae-Myung ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ; Jung, In-Chul ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 111~124
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.4.111
Objectives : This case series was conducted to report the efficacy of Ondam-tanggami for insomnia. Methods : Insomnia patients with more than 15 points on Insomnia Severity Index scale were assessed using SCL-90-R, STAI, STAXI, BDI. Being treated with Ondam-tanggami after 2 weeks, ISI, STAI, STAXI, BDI were re-measured to determine the progress of insomnia. It is measured that total sleep time, number of awaking times during sleep, satisfaction of sleep daily. Results : After treatment, quality of sleep has improved and ISI, STAI, STAXI, BDI score have decreased. Conclusions : According to the study, treatment with Ondam-tanggami for insomnia has shown positive results. Further use of Ondam-tanggami is much anticipated for future treatment of insomnia cases.
A Case Report of Insomnia Improved by Jawon(Ziuan)'s Purgative Action
Park, In-Sook ; No, Dong-Jin ; Lee, Go-En ; Jo, Hee-Geun ; Kang, Hyung-Won ; Ryu, Yung-Su ; Park, Bo-Ra ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 125~134
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.4.125
Objectives : This study was designed to report the effect of Jawon(Ziuan)'s purgative action for insomnia. Methods : A 60 year-old male patient has been suffered from insomnia for 2 years and has been on taking sleeping tablets during about a year and a half. We administered Sihogayonggolmoryeo-tang because we thougt that the disease was So-Yang-Bing Li Jeung. And Jawon was added for quick improvement. Results : 1. The score of PSQI(Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) decreased from 18 to 16 after the patient tooks Sihogayonggolmoryeo-tang. 2. After 23 days, the patient tooks Sihogayonggolmoryeo-tang with Jawon at the same time. With the purgative action with Jawon appearing, the score of PSQI decreased from 16 to 4 extremely and accompanying symptoms were also improved. Conclusions : In this case, for the patient taking Sihogayonggolmoryeo-tang with Jawon at the same time is far more effective than only doing Sihogayonggolmoryeo-tang. The result was more improved with appearing the effect of purgative action.
A Clinical Study on the Case of Ophthalmoplegic Migraine Treated with Electroacupuncture
Lyu, Yun-Sun ; No, Dong-Jin ; Park, Jang-Ho ; Lee, Go-Eun ; Park, In-Sook ; Kang, Hyoung-Won ; Lyu, Yeoung-Su ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 135~142
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.4.135
Objectives : The purpose of this case was to investigate the effectiveness of electroacupuncture for ophthamoplegic migraine. Methods : We provided electroacupuncture therapy and prescribed oriental medicine, Joganiknoe-tang daily. We measured patient's pain by VAS(Visual Analogue Scale) and eye movement with a ruler every five days. Results & Conclusions : Any patient who has a headache with paresis of the extraocular muscle should be considered for ophthalmoplegic migraine. To diagnose ophthalmoplegic migraine, family history, past medical history, associated symptoms and signs, neurologic examinations and neuroimaging tests are needed. The symptoms of patient improved gradually within 26days from the first day of admission, and we can see her complete recovery.
One case of combination therapy of acupuncture, herbal medication, counseling and autogenic training on convulsion of conversion disorder
Seo, Deok-Won ; Ahn, Hyo-Jin ; Ryu, Ho-Sun ; Lee, Su-Bin ; Ko, In-Sung ; Park, Se-Jin ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 143~155
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.4.143
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to suggest that psychotherapy must be considered when treating conversion disorder patient with convulsion. Methods : We treated the patient with counseling and autogenic training in psychotherapies, not only traditional methods. Results : In this study, we found difference between when counselling and autogenic training is combined and when they are not practiced. Conclusions : Counseling and autogenic training is good treatment at patient with convulsion of conversion disorder.
A Case Report of Dementia with Lewy bodies
Ko, Jae-Sang ; Hwang, Jeong-Hyun ; Kim, Seung-Hyeon ; Koo, Byung-Soo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 157~168
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.4.157
Objectives : In this case report, we will present a patient with dementia with Lewy bodies improved by application of oriental medical treatments. Methods : A 82 year-old female patient has been suffered by dementia with Lewy bodies for 7~8 years. We treated the patient with Herbal medication and acupuncture. The effects of treatment were measured by MMSE-K (Mini-Mental State Examination-K). Results : As a result of oriental treatments, the quality of sleep was improved, also the level of cognition was improved. Conclusions : These results suggest that oriental treatments have an effect on Dementia with Lewy bodies.
A Literature Study on the Dream in Oriental Medicine
Kang, Min-Jeong ; Lee, Seung-Hwan ; Lim, Jung-Hwa ; Seong, Woo-Yong ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 169~183
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.4.169
Objectives : This study explores perspectives, reasons, functions of dreams in order to develop a treatment model. Methods : We searched CNKI, KISS, NDSL. Papers published since 2002, which are classified in categories. Results : 1. The Recognitions about the dream of Oriental Medicine is based on "Hwangjenaegyeong Eumsabalmong(黃帝內經 淫邪發夢)". 2. By each era, There are a variety of etiological causes, stages. 3. Dreams are generated by the internal stimuli Physiological activities of the Jangbu(臟腑),Deficiencies of yin and yang(陰陽), Pathological changes in the Jangbu(臟腑), Pathology products, external stimuli Yukeum(六淫), Eumsiksang(飮食傷), and unusual feelings. 4. Spirit(神) comes from brain(腦), not heart(心). So what we call brain spirit(腦神) is right. Dreams are the mental activity related to the brain. 5. Dreams are the reflection of the pathological changes of the human body. And it shows the development, changes and prognosis of disease. Dreams sometimes illustrate the incidence of the disease Conclusions : We organized perspectives, Causes and Functions of dreams mentioned in Oriental Medicine Literatures. Health is closely related to the dream. Therefore, we propose that the dream is worth for the diagnosis and treatment in oriental medicine.
Nootropic and Anti-amnestic Effect of PPA on scopolamine-induced Cognitive Impairment in Mice
Kim, Soo-Hyun ; Chung, Dae-Kyoo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 185~199
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.4.185
In the present study, we assessed the effect of the PPA (Polygala japonica Houtt., Polygala tenuifolia WILLD. and Acorus gramineus SOLAND. mixed preparation), a traditional herbal prescription, on the learning and memory impairments induced by scopolamine. The cognition-enhancing effect of PPA was investigated using a passive avoidance test, Y-maze test and the Morris water maze test in mice. Drug-induced amnesia was induced by treating animals with scopolamine (1 mg/kg, i.p.). A single PPA (400 and 800 (mg/kg)) administration significantly reversed the scopolamine-induced cognitive impairments in the passive avoidance test (P<0.05). On the Y-maze test, PPA (400 and 800 (mg/kg)) also significantly reversed scopolamine-induced cognitive impairments in mice (P<0.05). PPA also improved escape latencies in training trials and increased swimming times and distances within the target zone of the Morris water maze (P<0.05). These results suggest that PPA attenuates amnesic state induced by scopolamine and that these Effect are mediated by enhancing the cholinergic dysfunction.
The Dose-dependent Effects of Guibi-Tang on Focal Brain Ischemic Injury in Rats
Gug, Yun-Jai ; Park, Jang-Ho ; Kim, Jin-Hyung ; Kim, Hyang-Yi ; Kang, Hyung-Won ; Lyu, Yeoung-Su ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 22, issue 4, 2011, Pages 201~218
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2011.22.4.201
Objectives : The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Guibi-Tang(GBT) on focal brain ischemic injury induced by intraluminal filament insertion in rats. Methods : The ischemia was induced by intraluminal filament insertion into middle cerebral artery. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups, normal group(n=8); control group was ischemia induced and no treatment(n=8); GBT 1X group was ischemia induced and administrated 42.2 mg/ml/kg of Guibi-Tang orally(n=8); GBT 3X group was ischemia induced and administrated 126.6 mg/ml/kg of Guibi-Tang orally(n=8); GBT 6X group was ischemia induced and administrated 253.2 mg/ml/kg of Guibi-Tang orally(n=8) for 21 days. mGluR5, Bax, Bcl-2 and cytochrome C were investigated to observe the effects of Guibi-Tang on apoptosis. The effects of Guibi-Tang on neuroprotective/apoptotic agents in cresyl violet, choline acetyltranferase(ChAT) with ischemic injury were investigated. Results : The intensity of mGluR5 mRNA in the hippocampal CA1 was increased in normal and GBT(Guibi-Tang) 1X groups compared with the control group. The intensity of Bax mRNA in the hippocampal CA1 was decreased in normal and GBT 1X groups compared with the control group. However it was increased unexpectedly in GBT 3X group. The intensity of Bcl-2 mRNA in the hippocampal CA1 was increased in normal and GBT 1X groups compared with the control group. The intensity of Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in the hippocampal CA1 was decreased in normal and GBT 1X groups compared with the control group. The intensity of cytochrome C protein in the hippocampal CA1 was decreased in normal, GBT 1X and GBT 6X groups compared with the control group. The density of neurons stained by cresyl violet and ChAT was increased in normal and GBT 1X groups compared with the control group. Conclusions : These results suggest that Guibi-Tang may have protective effect on vascular dementia.