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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
Selecting the target year
The Study on the Sim(心) in Buddhism Medicine, Sasang Constitutional Medicine, and Oriental Medicine for construction of mind and body cure
Kim, Geun-Woo ; Park, Seong-Sik ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~15
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.1.001
Objectives : The objective of this study is the Basic research for mind and body cure protocol construction through the Sim(心) study at Buddhism Medicine, Constitutional Medicine, and Oriental Medicine. Methods : 1. The Sim(心) in Buddhism is a target of spiritual culture and subjective awareness of An ascetic person in interior psychology. In this research, the Sim(心) has been modified within a concept of Early Buddhism and You-sic in order to have medical logicality. 2. Since the study deep into Sim(心) within Confucianism has various aspects, each Confucian`s theory argument or era. We limited the significance of the Sim(心) to be associated with the category of the Sim(心) in Sasang Constitutional Medicine which is a product of practical Confucianism. 3. The criteria of debate for the Sim(心) is based on the "Hwang-je-nae-gyoung", because "Hwang-je-nae-gyoung" is founded to definite the term regarding spirit or mind in Oriental medicine Results : 1. "Hwang-je-nae-gyoung" which came from thought of You-Sic, thought of Taoism, and Early Buddhism becomes the theoretical basis for the Sim(心) in Buddhism Medicine, Sasang Constitutional Medicine, and Oriental Medicine. 2. The Sim(心) in the mind psychology of Buddhism Medicine, Sasang Constitutional Medicine, and Oriental Medicine has active aspects. but the visual thing // There are visual aspects being contrasted with `Sim(心)` of mind psychology and aspects of activity in Buddhism medicine, Sasang constitutional Medicine and Oriental Medicine; which are `Hrd`, `Hrdaya`, `four-large` `five base`, `chin, chest, navel and abdomen`, `head, shoulder, waist and buttocks` consisting `the body`, and the heart and `four interorgans` from the study of symbolical interorgans). In Buddhism Medicine, Sim(心)`s Epistemology is the most extensively understood fact about `Sim(心)`, and for Sasang Constitutional Medicine and Oriental Medicine. `Sim(心)` is limited as an `Element` that comprises the body. 3. The Functional area of the Sim(心) in the Buddhism Medicine, Sasang Constitutional Medicine, Oriental Medicine is composed with `consciousness(意識)` `manas-vij_na(末那識)`, `_aya-vij_na(阿賴耶識)`, `mind greed(心欲)`, `Li(理)` and `Sin(神)`, about the interpretive area of `Sim(心)`, `Sin(神)` of Oriental medicine is the most comprehensive concept, and on the side of the depth of `thinking` and `consciousness`, `_aya-vij_na(阿賴耶識)` from Buddhism Medicine in the key point. 4. The Sim(心) in the Buddhism Medicine, Sasang Constitutional Medicine, has the positive and negative aspects, such as the `Dukkha(煩惱)` and A merciful heart or Human Sim(心) and Taoism Sim(心).
A Review of Scalp Acupuncture on Patients with Insomnia -Focusing on Chinese Journals-
Ryu, Chun-Gil ; Kim, Soo-Jung ; Cho, A-Ram ; Seo, Joo-Hee ; Jeong, Seong-Sik ; Lee, Ji-Su ; Sung, Woo-Yong ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 1, 2012, Pages 17~29
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.1.017
Objectives : The study was designed to evaluate the effects of scalp acupuncture treatment on patients with insomnia in China. Methods : A journal search was performed using China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI) from 1994 to 2011. Key words used within the search were `insomnia` and `scalp acupuncture`. Results : 19 studies were selected. 9 RCTs and 2 case control studies showed that scalp acupuncture therapy reported better results than routine acupuncture, western medicine, and herbal medicine therapy. 8 case reports described a significant improvement in patients with insomnia by scalp acupuncture. Conclusions : There have been many studies regarding scalp acupuncture on patients with insomnia in China and these studies can be applied to clinical practices within Korea.
The Effects of Acupuncture Treatment on Hwa-byung patient`s Insomnia: Patient-assessor blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Clinical trial
Lee, Go-Eun ; Kim, Nam-Kwon ; Kim, Hang-Yi ; Kang, Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 1, 2012, Pages 31~48
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.1.031
Objectives: The purpose of this research is to examine the effects of acupuncture treatment on Hwa-byung patient`s insomnia. Methods: The study was performed through a patient-assessor blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial in which the volunteers, data collectors and analysts were unaware of individuals who were receiving the treatment. A total of thirty-seven volunteers were divided into 2 groups. 18 subjects were placed into a trial group and 19 subjects into a control group by a randomization table. The trial group was treated on bilateral Shigu, Ahnmyun, B62 (Shinmaek), and K6 (Chohae), while the control group was not given any other treatment. The ISI(Insomnia Severity Scale) was measured as the 1st evaluative instrument, and then a comparative analysis was conducted by comparing the results with those measured by a Likert scale for major symptoms of Hwa-byung, PSQI, Hwa-byung scale, BDI, STAI, and STAXI. Results: In the ISI, PSQI, and the Likert scale regarding major symptoms of Hwa-byung, Hwa-byung scale, BDI, and STAI, more significant decreases were found in those concerning the trial group compared to those of the control group from a statistical perspective. However, in the STAXI, regarding the trial group, there was no significant decrease compared to the control group. Conclusions: The results suggest that acupuncture treatment is effective in the treatment regarding Hwa-byung patients who suffer from insomnia.
The clinical trial for the significant effects of acupuncture on decreasing anxiety symptom of Hwa-Byung in a single institute- single-arm with Hwa-Byung, open lable
Jung, Duk-Jin ; Lee, Jae-Hyok ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 1, 2012, Pages 49~58
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.1.049
Objectives : The purpose of this research is to investigate the effects of acupuncture on the anxiety symptoms regarding Hwa-Byung. Methods : Acupuncture was applied on 15 participants, 4 males and 11 females. Hwa-Byung was diagnosed by Hwa-Byung Diagnostic Interview Schedule(HBDIS). Then clinical research STAI, BDI, VAS, HRV was carried out for investigation to analyze the change of each symptom between pre-acupuncture and post-acupuncture. Results : STAI, VAS were all significantly decreased. BDI decreased, but the decrease was not significant. All physical and psychological scores of HBDIS were significantly decreased excluding A2, B2, B3, B5, C1, C5. Subjects of HRV were different between pre-acupuncture and post-acupuncture, but the difference was not significant. Conclusions : The results suggest that acupuncture has positive effects on anxiety and other symptom of Hwa-Byung.
A Study on the Reliability and Factor analysis of Pattern Identification for Tic Disorders in children
Wei, Young-Man ; Lee, Go-Eun ; Jung, Song-Hwa ; Lee, Hee-Kyung ; Lyu, Yeoung-Su ; Kang, Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 1, 2012, Pages 59~82
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.1.059
Objectives : We purposed to objectify the pattern diagnosis of Tic disorders through factor and reliability analysis regarding a pattern identification questionnaire concerning Tic disorders in children. Methods : We chose and studied 144 children who were pattern-diagnosed out of 200 tic disordered children who visited H hospital in Seoul from January 2006 to April 2011. Results : 1. TTD (50%) was the most common type and the occurrence rate in male children was higher(4.76:1). Also, the rate of hospital visits was highest at the age 8(23.6%). 2. In results concering pattern diagnosis, Gan-poong-nae-dong was most frequently diagnosed in 53 patients (36.8%), and Dam-hwa-yo-sin (42 patients), Gan-sin-um-her (30 patients), and Bee-her-gan-wang (6 patients). 3. In an attempt to verify the reliability of the questionnaire, the coefficient regarding the whole questions (Cronbach
) came to 0.909. Moreover, the reliability coefficient foreach sub factor was 0.687 in Ganpoong-nae-dong, 0.817 in Dam-hwa-yo-sin, 0.851 in Bee-her-gan-wang, and 0.726 in Gan-sin-um-her, respectively. Thus, their consistency was ensured. 4. In exploratory factor analysis concerning the most common five questions in the questionnaire, the questions of Dam-hwa-yo-sin and Gan-poong-nae-dong appeared to be part of different factors. While, Gan-sin-um-her and Bee-her-gan-wang questions showed that they belong to the same factors. 5. In factor analysis excluding both Gan-sin-um-her and Bee-her-gan-wang questions, both showed significant results; however, the one excluding Gan-sin-um-her showed improved results. Conclusions : From the above results concerning the Pattern Identification Questionnaire for Tic Disordered children, three separated patterns of Bee-her-gan-wang, Dam-hwa-yo-sin, Gan-poong-nae-dong are thought to be available for clinical use. However, further validity studies are needed.
Study about the Psychological Factors of Sasang Constitution Classified by QSCC II
Jung, Seung-Ah ; Kim, Seok-Hyun ; Yoo, Jun-Sang ; Lee, Seung-Gi ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 1, 2012, Pages 83~92
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.1.083
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the psychological factors of Sasang constitutions which are classified by QSCC II(Questionnaire for Sasang Constitution Classification II) using major personality tests which are based on western psychological theory. Methods: 151 college students completed the MMPI-2, MBTI, NEO-PI-R, TCI-RS, and QSCC II. The data were analyzed by ANOVA and post hoc testing to find which personality scale significantly differentiated each Sasang constitution style. Results: MMPI-2, scale 2(D), 5(Mf), 7(Pt), 0(Si) and introversion scale(INTR) showed significant differences between Soeumin and Soyangin. Also, on the dimension of introversion-extraversion in MBTI, and neuroticism(N) and extraversion(E) in NEO-PI-R, there were differences between Soeumin and the other two constitutions(Soyangin and Taeeumin). Finally, in TCI-RS, there were differences between Soeumin and Soyangin on the scale of novelty seeking(NS) and reward dependence(RD), and with regards to the harm avoidance scale(HA), Soeumin received a higher score than any other constitutions. Conclusions: The analysis demonstrates that the classification of QSCC II is most consistent between Soeumin and Soyangin across 4 major personality tests.
Evaluation on the Quality of Research Field with Traditional Herbal Prescriptions for Dementia Therapy
Heo, Eun-Jung ; Kang, Jong-Seok ; Kang, Hyung-Won ; Jeon, Won-Kyung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 1, 2012, Pages 93~114
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.1.093
Objective : This study aimed to review the performance of traditional herbal prescriptions for treating dementia and present a strategy for research on dementia therapy utilizing herbal medicine. Methods : A definition was made to clarify the technology regarding the development of herbal prescriptions for treating dementia. The queries were compounded based on the initial keywords provided by experts in the field, then applied to the Web of Science database search engines from January 1986 to September 2011 to search related scientific articles. Before performing the analysis, papers were extracted from the initial search reviewed by experts and 80 articles were selected. Then, the selected papers were analyzed in terms of publish year, country, and type of herbal prescriptions. Furthermore, the research performance evaluation for treating dementia by herbal prescriptions was also created in terms of country and organization based on forward citation analysis. In addition to, for the evaluation regarding research quality, we classified and reviewed papers into two types: clinical studies and experimental studies. Results : According to the quantitative information analysis of 80 articles, the number of papers has increased by 21.9% per the yearly mean from 1995, and Japan had the largest portion within this research field. There were 34 kinds of traditional herbal prescriptions, among them Ukgansan had the highest number of studies followed by Jodeungsan, Dangkisoosan and so on. In addition, quality index as calculated by cites per paper is higher than average in Switzerland, Turkey and Japan. In the view of the evaluation on quality there were 12 clinical studies, 8 RCT reported that herbal prescriptions had efficacy at cognition, behavioral & psychological symptoms (BPSD) and activity of daily life (ADL) in various type of dementia. In experimental studies most of the studies were performed using animal models. The studies using Ukgansan were aimed at improving BPSD. The papers studied with Jodeungsan and Dangkisoosan targeted vascular dementia. Conclusions : In this study, research to develop traditional herbal prescriptions for treating dementia has the potential to improve symptoms since herbal medicines work as both multi-function and multi-target in dementia with multiple pathological or neurotoxic pathways. Therefore, the results of the research should be used in order to establish strategies to develop technology for treating dementia with traditional herbal prescriptions in the future.
Preventive Effects of Santalum album L. Extracts on Oxidation, Platelet Aggregation and Thrombosis
Sung, Yung-Wei ; Lee, Ji-Hyun ; Song, Kyoo-Ju ; Koo, Byung-Soo ; Kim, Geun-Woo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 1, 2012, Pages 115~128
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.1.115
Objectives : To evaluate the in vitro scavenging activity, inhibitory effect of LDL oxidation of pro-oxidant reactive species, anti-platelet aggregative effects and anti-thrombosis effects in response to treatment with SA using various screening methods including biological and non-biological oxidants. Methods : The antioxidant activity concerning extract from SA was studied with in vitro methods by measuring the antioxidant activity by TEAC, measuring the scavenging effects on reactive oxygen species (ROS) [superoxide anion, hydroxyl radical] and on reactive nitrogen species (RNS) [nitric oxide and peroxynitrite] as well as measuring the inhibitory effect on
-induced human LDL oxidation and the inhibitory effect on thrombin-induced platelet aggregation and thrombosis. Results : SA extracts were found to have a potent scavenging activity regarding oxidative stress as well as an inhibitory effect towards LDL oxidation, platelet aggregation, and thrombosis. Conclusions : The SA extracts have anti-oxidative and anti-atherosclerotic effects in vitro system, which can be used for developing pharmaceutical drugs against oxidative stress and atherosclerosis.
Neuroprotective effects of Sohaphwangwon essential oil in a Parkinson`s disease mouse model
Kim, In-Ja ; Lee, Ji-Hyun ; Song, Kyoo-Ju ; Koo, Byung-Soo ; Kim, Geun-Woo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 1, 2012, Pages 129~143
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.1.129
Objectives : To evaluate the neuroprotective effects of the essential oil from Sohaphwangwon (SH), a Chinese traditional medicinal prescription in a Parkinson`s disease mouse model. Methods : 1. The neuroprotective effect of SH on primary neuronal cells was examined by using 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+). 2. The neuroprotective effect of SH was examined in a Parkinson`s disease mouse model. C57BL/6 mice treated with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP, 30 mg/kg/day), intraperitoneal (i.p.) for 5 days. SH inhalation was applied before MPTP treatment for 7 days and continued until 12 days after the first MPTP treatment. 3. To find out the intracellular target signal molecule(s) regarding the neuroprotective effect of SH essential oil, brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) and synaptic protein SNAP25 were examined by Western blot analysis. Results : 1. MPP+ induced a concentration-dependent decrease in cell viability. However, in the presence of 3 and 5 ug/ml of SH, MPP+-induced cell death was significantly reduced. 2. SH inhalation in MPTP mice led to the restoration of behavioral impairment and rescued tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive dopaminergic neurodegeneration. 3. In SH / MPTP mice, BDNF and SNAP25 increased. Conclusions : This experiment suggests that the neuroprotective effect of SH essential oil is mediated by the expression of BDNF. Furthermore, SH essential oil may serve as a potential preventive or therapeutic agent regarding Parkinson`s disease.
The Effects of Jeoreongchajeonja-tang(Zhulingjuqianzi-tang) on the βA and LPS Induced BV2 microglial cell
Ryu, Chang-Hee ; Jung, In-Chul ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 1, 2012, Pages 145~159
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.1.145
Objectives : This research investigates the effect of the JCT extract regarding Alzheimer`s disease. Methods : The effects of the JCT extract on IL-
, IL-6, TNF-
, COX-2, NOS-II mRNA, APP mRNA, BACE mRNA, Nitric oxide(NO), and
protein production in the BV2 microglia cell lines treated with LPS and
were investigated. Results : 1. The JCT extract suppressed the expression of IL-
, IL-6, TNF-
, COX-2, and NOS-II mRNA in BV2 microglial cell line treated with LPS and
. 2. The JCT extract suppressed the expression of BACE and APP mRNA in BV2 microglial cell line treated with LPS and
. 3. The JCT extract suppressed the expression of Nitric oxide(NO) in BV2 microglial cell line treated with LPS and
. 4. The JCT extract suppressed the expression of
protein production in BV2 microglial cell line treated with LPS and
. Conclusions : These results suggest that the JCT group may be effective for the treatment of Alzheimer`s disease. Thus, JCT could be considered among the future therapeutic drugs indicated for the treatment of Alzheimer`s disease.