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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
Selecting the target year
Recent Trends in Treatment for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Traditional Chinese Medicine
Son, In-Bong ; Lee, Seung-Gi ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 3, 2012, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.3.001
Objectives : This study was performed to review the research trends in treatment for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (O.C.D) in traditional Chinese medicine. Methods : We searched articles in CNKI(China National Knowledge Infrastructure) from 1995 to 2012 with key words, "强迫症", "强迫性神经症", "强迫神经", and "强迫性恐惧", and we selected 14 studies except for non-clinical, unrelated or insufficient number of case studies. Then we performed a systematic review of them. Results : 14 studies were divided into 8 case reports and 6 control studies. Most of the studies reported that one or more of Herbal medicine, Psychotherapy, Electroacupuncture therapy, Acupoint stimulating control, and acupuncture treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder were very effective. However, the quality of these clinical studies was not high. Conclusions : It seems that the researches for obsessive-compulsive disorder have been performed actively in traditional Chinese medicine. We hope that our study can activate clinical research for this disorder in Korean traditional medicine.
According to Depression Index, Difference of Response to Mental Stress and Effect to Aromatherapy
An, Tae-Han ; Koo, Byung-Soo ; Kim, Geun-Woo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 3, 2012, Pages 11~22
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.3.011
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to show the differences of mental stress measured with heart rate variability (HRV) and to evaluate the effects of Aromatherapy under mental stress, according to the depression index. Methods : The volunteers were allocated into 2 groups by BDI scores. Each group is divided into 2 subgroups again. After instrumentation and 10-minutes rest period, mental stress by operation was provided for 15-minutes. HRV was recorded before and after the mental stress. Then the control groups rested for 15-minutes. The experimental groups were treated with Aromatherapy. And then HRV was recorded. Results : 1. There were no significant differences in the mean HRT and SDNN between each group. 2. LF, HF, and LF norm showed different changes in each group. 3. LF/HF ratio showed significant changes. Conclusions : These results suggest that psychic factor makes an important rule under the mental stress and the effect of Aromatherapy, and Aromatherapy is effective to recover mental stress.
Clinical Validation of the Sasang Personality Questionnaire
Jang, Eun-Su ; Lee, Soo-Jin ; Park, Soo-Hyun ; Lee, Si-Woo ; Joo, Jong-Cheon ; Lee, Mi-Suk ; Kim, Yun-Hee ; Chae, Han ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 3, 2012, Pages 23~32
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.3.023
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to validate the Sasang Personality Questionnaire (SPQ), based on the diagnosis of Sasang constitutional medicine clinical specialist. Methods : We performed Sasang type differentiation of 103 college students by certified specialist, and analyzed biopsychological traits of each groups with SPQ, Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), Positive and Negative Affection Schedule (PANAS) and Body Mass Index (BMI). Results : The SPQ score of So-Yang (
), Tae-Eum (
) and So-Eum (
) Sasang groups showed significant differences from each other. The SPQ showed significant correlation with TCI Novelty-Seeking (r=.346), TCI Harm-Avoidance (r=-.348) and TCI Persistence (r=.346). But the BMI and PANAS did not show significant correlation with SPQ, although the PANAS Positive Affection (r=.332) has significant correlation with SPQ-Behavior. Conclusions : We confirmed the clinical validity of SPQ with clinical specialist and established biopsychosocial instruments. This study would contribute to a more objective diagnosis and studies on biopsychosocial mechanism of Sasang constitutional medicine.
Study the properties of Chiljung using Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule
Kim, Woo-Chul ; Kim, Kyung-Soo ; Kim, Kyeong-Ok ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 3, 2012, Pages 33~46
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.3.033
Objectives : Emotion is composed by several basic feelings. This basic feeling is called Chiljung in Oriental Medicine. This study examines the positive and negative affects related to Chiljung. Methods : A total of 199 students of Dongshin university oriental medicine were tested by Questionnaire for Sasang Constitution ClassificationII(QSCCII) and Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule(PANAS). This study is used 156 students' data, excluding 43 students' data. Of the enrolled 156 students, four groups were classified by QSCCII. The positive and negative properties of Chiljung were determined by PANAS. These data were analyzed by frequency, Pearson's chi-square test, Crosstabulation Analysis with SPSS windows 15.0. Results : 1. Joy(喜) and Anger(怒) has directly-opposed emotional properties. 2. Thought(思) difficult to tell the difference between positive and negative, but it is distinct from Anxiety(憂) and Sorrow(悲) 3. Anxiety(憂) and Sorrow(悲) are superior in negative emotional properties. 4. Fear(恐) and Fright(驚) are superior in negative emotional properties, and Fright(驚) is superior over Fear(恐) in positive emotional properties. Conclusions : This study may serve as the foundation in identifying the psychological traits of Chiljung.
A Study on the Correlation of the accompanying symptoms, Heart Rate Variability and Body Component Analysis in 350 Insomnia Patients
Ha, Ji-Won ; Kim, Bo-Kyung ; Jung, Jin-Hyeong ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 3, 2012, Pages 47~62
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.3.047
Objectives : This study is to figure the relations of the heart rate variability, body component analysis and accompanying symptoms of 350 insomnia patients. Methods : For this study we evaluated Heart Rate Variability(HRV) and body component analysis on 350 insomnia patients who visited Dongeui oriental hospital of Dongeui university from January 2008 to March 2012. The accompanying symptoms was collected based on each patient's progress note. Results : 1. There was no difference between PR, LF and VLF of male and female groups. HF was higher in the patients' of female group and LF/HF ratio was higher in the male group. The patients' group of age under 39 had higher HF, LF, VLF and LF/HF ratio than the group over 39. 2. The average of LF was the smallest, and the average of VLF was in the middle, while the average of HF was the largest. 3. Regarding patients' age and gender, as the patients' age increased, their HF, LF, VLF and LF/HF ratio decreased significantly. HF, LF, VLF, and LF/HF ratios were, however, independent on the patients' gender. As the patients' age increased, their BMI increased, while the patients' gender did not affect on their BMI. The amount of visceral fat increased with the patients' age, but wasn't dependent on the patients' gender. 4. As the patients' BMI increased, PR and LF decreased. As the patients' amount of visceral fat increased, PR, HF, LF and VLF decreased. 5. The most frequent accompanying symptoms of the insomnia patients was headache. Neither HF nor LF/HF ratio was dependant on any of the accompanying symptoms. Patients with anxiety showed significantly higher LF than those without anxiety. Patients with fatigue and physical pain showed significantly higher VLF than those without either of them. Conclusions : The study showed that as the insomnia patients age increased, the HF, LF, VLF, LF/HF ratio significantly decreased, but the BMI and visceral fat increased. The HF, LF, VLF, LF/HF ratio BMI, or the visceral fat was independent on the gender. As BMI increased, PR and LF decreased. As visceral fat increased, PR HF, LF and VLF decreased. Patients presenting anxiety had higher LF. Patients either with fatigue or physical pain had higher VLF. Neither HF nor LF/HF ratio had any significant correlation with any of the accompanying symptoms.
The Correlation of Psychological Scale Measurements in Depression, Anxiety, and Insomnia Patients and its Value
Park, Dae-Myung ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ; Jung, In-Chul ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 3, 2012, Pages 63~76
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.3.063
Objectives : The aim of this study was to investigate the value and efficacy of BDI, STAI, STAXI, ISI, and SCL-90-R in correlation with depression, anxiety, and insomnia patients. Methods : A total of 39 patients, who were diagnosed with depression, anxiety, and insomnia were evaluated using BDI, STAI, STAXI, ISI, and SCL-90-R. They were then statistically analyzed. Results : 1. BDI scores of depression patients were significantly different from other patients. 2. BDI scores of depression patients had strong positive correlation with STAI-S, and STAI-T scores. 3. STAI-S scores of anxiety patients had positive correlation with BDI, and ISI scores. 4. SCL-90-R depression subscale scores of depression patients had strong positive correlation with somatization, obsessive compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, anxiety, hostility, phobic anxiety, paranoid ideation, psychoticism, global severity index, and positive symptom total subscale scores. 5. SCL-90-R anxiety subscale scores of anxiety patients had strong positive correlation with somatization, obsessive compulsive, depression, phobic anxiety, and global severity index subscale scores. Phobic anxiety subscale scores had strong positive correlation with anxiety, global severity index, and positive symptom total subscale scores. Conclusions : The result findings are expected to serve as a useful resource in future stress-related depression, anxiety, and insomnia case reports and clinical research in oriental neuropsychiatry.
Study of on Academic Stress Responses According to Sasang Constitutions of Oriental Medicine College Students
Chang, Jun-Yong ; Kim, Kyoung-Shin ; Kim, Byoung-Soo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 3, 2012, Pages 77~88
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.3.077
Objectives : This study was founded to identify the differences of stress responses, according to Sasang Constitutions (the Taeyangin, Taeumin, Soyangin and Soumin) of highly stressed oriental medicine college students. Methods : The subjects were 76 students who majored in oriental medicine. We processed 'University students Stress Scale', and 'Medical Stress Scale'. We selected 30 students who stressed higher than average. We then processed 'QSCC II (Questionnare for the Sasang Constitution Classification II)' and 'Scale for the Stress Response'. Collected data was analyzed with the SPSS 19.0 for windows statistical program. Results : The university students stress score of oriental medicine students was 1.97 that was higher than the other college students. The medical stress score was 2.77, which was similar with other medical college students. The symptoms of stress score was 2.53, which was higher than the others. Particularly, the depressive syndrome and rage syndrome were highly ranked. The frequently appearing symptoms of each type of Sasang Constitutions (the Taeyangin, Taeumin, Soyangin and Soumin) showed as follows. The Soyangin's symptoms of stress showed in order of Anxiety, Depression, and Emotional irritability. The Soumin's symptoms of stress showed in order of Depression, Emotional irritability, and cognitive disorganization. The Taeumin's symptoms of stress showed in order of Anxiety, Depression, and Emotional irritability. However, there was were no significant differences among the results of each constitution. Conclusions : The results show that oriental medicine students have as much stress as other medical college students and there was tendency of showing different patterns of stress response, according to Sasang Constitution, but it's not significantly different.
The Effects of Incense Smokes of 'Cheung-Woon' on HRV
Uhm, Ji-Tae ; Kim, Kyoung-Shin ; Kim, Byoung-Soo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 3, 2012, Pages 89~98
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.3.089
Objectives : This study aims to assess the effects of incense smokes of 'Cheung-Woon'(consists of several kind of herbal powder) on autonomic nervous system activity and attention in healthy individuals. Methods : A total of 48 healthy volunteers participated in this study. The volunteers were examined with heart rate variability (HRV) before and after incense smokes inhalation of 'Cheung-Woon'. HRV measured the mean RR, mean HR, SDNN, VLF, LF, HF, TP, norm LF, norm HF, and LF/HF ratio. 'Cheung-Woon' consists of 7 herbal powders, known for useful effect on attention. Results : After inhalation smokes of 'Cheung-Woon', the mean RR, and mean HR were decreased and SDNN, VLF, LF, TP were increased, but it's not significant. Further, HF, and norm HF were decreased, and LF/HF ratio, and norm LF was increased significantly (p<0.01). Conclusions : This results (Ed note: 'this result' or 'these results') show that incense smokes inhalation of 'Cheung-Woon' is an effective way of decreasing parasympathetic nervous activity and increasing sympathetic activity and attention.
The Case Report of 3 Dementia Patients Treated by Needle-Embedding Therapy
Bae, Dal-Bit ; Park, Jang-Ho ; Lyu, Yun-Sun ; Lee, Go-Eun ; Jung, Hyun-Gook ; Kang, Hyoung-Won ; Lyu, Yeoung-Su ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 3, 2012, Pages 99~116
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.3.099
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of Needle-Embedding Therapy on dementia patients. Methods : We recruited 3 dementia patients who have been experiencing memory disorder and orientation disorder. The patients had been evaluated with Mini-Mental State Examination-K (MMSE-K), Global Deterioration Scale (GDS) and Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR). The patients were treated with herbal medication (Sunghyangjunggi-san) and acupuncture. After 15 days, the patients were added to Needle-Embedding Therapy. We measured MMSE-K, GDS and CDR for every 15 days. The effects of additional Needle-Embedding Therapy were compared with the effects of acupuncture and herbal medicine. Results : After Needle-Embedding Therapy was added, Patients' memory and orientation have been improved and the score of MMSE-K ascended. The grade of GDS and CDR were maintained or decreased. Conclusions : This study suggests that Needle-Embedding Therapy is significantly effective on Dementia patients.
Two Cases of Diplopia and Ptosis from Cerebrovascular Disease Treated with Joganiknoe-tang
Lyu, Yun-Sun ; Park, Jang-Ho ; Bae, Dal-Bit ; Lee, Go-Eun ; Kang, Hyoung-Won ; Lyu, Yeoung-Su ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 3, 2012, Pages 117~128
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.3.117
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of Joganiknoe-tang on diplopia and ptosis from cerebrovascular disease. Methods : We recruited 2 patients who have diplopia and ptosis because of cerebrovascular disease. In addition, the patients had been administrated by Joganiknoe-tang. Diplopia and ptosis of patients had been estimated with VAS (Visual Analogue Scale) and difference of both eye's interpalpebral fissure. We measured VAS (Visual Analogue Scale) and difference of both eye's interpalpebral fissure for every five days Results : After the treatments, symptoms were decreased and almost disappeared. In both cases, diplopia patients complained decreased from VAS 10 to VAS 1, and difference of both eye's interpalpebral fissure disappeared Conclusions : This study suggests that Joganiknoe-tang is significantly effective on diplopia and ptosis because of cerebrovascular disease.
A Case Report of a Essential Tremor Patient Aggravated by Hwa-byung
Ko, In-Sung ; Ryu, Ho-Sun ; Park, Se-Jin ; Ahn, Hyo-Jin ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 3, 2012, Pages 129~142
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.3.129
Objectives : The essential tremor (ET) is characterized by a tremor of the whole body, including both arms. Recent studies suggest that its psychiatric and cognitive factors are more important for treatment and management than motor symptomsymptoms. This study was performed to report the effects of Korean medicine for essential tremor aggravated by Hwa-byung. Methods : We treated a 42 year- old man with Korean medicine (acupuncture, herb-medication and moxibustion) and mental therapy. The effects of the treatment for tremor and skin symptoms were measured by VAS and Severity score (3 level). We used SCL-90-R, BDI, BAI, PSQI and instrument of oriental medical evaluation for Hwa-Byung score (IOMEHB) for a psychological condition. Results : After treatments, tremor, Hwa-byung and accompanying symptoms have improved and subsided. VAS, SCL-90-R, BDI, BAI, PSQI, and IOMEHB have decreased. Conclusions : This result suggests that Korean medical treatment and mental therapy might be effective for the essential tremor aggravated with Hwa-byung.
A Thirteen Week Repeated Oral Dose Toxicity Test and A Four Week Recovery Test of ACM(Added Chongmyung-tang) in Sprague-Dawley Rats
Park, Dae-Myung ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ; Lim, Jong-Soon ; Kim, Seung-Hyung ; Jung, In-Chul ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 3, 2012, Pages 143~160
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.3.143
Objectives : To provide information on the safety of ACM, we carried out a 13-week repeated oral dose toxicity and a 4-week recovery test of ACM in Sprague-Dawley rats. Methods : Female and male rats were treated with ACM with oral doses of 800, 2000, and 5000 mg/kg. The ACM was administered for 13 weeks. Mortality, clinical signs, body weight changes, food consumption, ophthalmologic findings, urinalysis, hematological and biochemical parameters, gross findings, organ weights and histological markers were monitored during the study period. Moreover, the rats were monitored for 4 extra weeks to determine recovery time after the study period. Results : We found no mortality and no abnormalities in clinical signs, body weight, food consumption, ophthalmologic findings, urinalysis, hematological and biochemical parameters, gross findings, organ weights and histological markers in any of the rats tested. Conclusions : The no-observed adverse effects level (NOAEL) was considered as over 5000 mg/kg for male and female rats.
The Literature Review on Procedure of Historical Changes on Herb Medicines in Chapter Sinmun Jeonkwang of 『Donguibogam』
Kim, Tae-Heon ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 3, 2012, Pages 161~174
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.3.161
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to study as reference for practical application in clinics, examine the procedure of historical changes and compare components and their doses of herb medicines, which are recorded in the chapter, Sinmun Jeonkwang of "Donguibogam". Methods : I examined 19 Herb Medicines (Ed note: no need to capitalize the 'h' and 'm') in Chapter Sinmun Jeonkwang of "Donguibogam". Fourteen books, which were noted in Chapter Sinmun Jeonkwang of "Donguibogam" and 16 books in Jeonkwang part of "The Eastern Medical Textbook of neuropsychiatry" and 25 books were mentioned in same part of "Uibujeonrok", were selected as reference. Results and Conclusions : Fourteen documents were referred to the 19 Herb Medicines in Chapter Sinmun Jeonkwang of "Donguibogam". Seventeen Herb Medicines were recorded in the source book but 2 Herb Medicines were not recorded. Fourteen Herb Medicines among 19 were recorded in the source book, which were directly quoted from the firstly appeared books, and 3 Herb Medicines were re-quoted from the other books that succeeded the source books. I suspect that the components and dosages of the Herb Medicines were revised, according to the author's clinical experience and circumstances.
The Literature Review on Procedure of Historical Changes on Herb Medicines in Chapter Sinmun Jeongan of 『Donguibogam』
Kim, Tae-Heon ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 3, 2012, Pages 175~190
DOI : 10.7231/JON.2012.23.3.175
Objectives : The purpose of this study is To to study as reference (Ed note: 'study as reference' is awkward and unclear) for practical application in clinics, examine the procedure of historical changes and compare components and their doses of herbal medicines, which are recorded in Chapter Sinmun Jeongan of "Donguibogam". Methods : I examined 23 Herb Medicines in Chapter Sinmun Jeongan of "Donguibogam". Fourteen books, which were noted in Chapter Sinmun Jeongan of "Donguibogam" and 14 books were mentioned in the same part of "Uibujeonrok", which were selected as reference. Results and Conclusions : Fourteen documents were referred to as the 23 Herb Medicines in Chapter Sinmun Jeongan of "Donguibogam". A total of 21 Herb Medicines were recorded in the source book, but 2 Herb Medicines were not recorded. Eleven Herb Medicines among 21 were recorded in the source book, which were directly quoted from the firstly appeared books and 10 Herb Medicines were re-quoted from other books that succeeded the source books. I suspect that the components and dosages of the Herb Medicines were revised, according to the author's clinical experience and circumstances.