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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
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Present Application Status of Diagnostic Equipment in Clinical Studies in the Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Lee, Seung-Gi ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 4, 2012, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2012.23.4.001
Objectives : This study aims to evaluate the current status of clinical use of diagnostic equipment in oriental neuropsychiatry. Methods : Thirty clinical studies using diagnostic equipment out of 223 papers in the journal of oriental neuropsychiatry in the 10 years from 2003 to 2012 were reviewed. Results : Ten diagnostic apparatuses were used in 30 papers. HRV (Heart Rate Variability) was used the most, but the results of papers were not consistent. ADS (ADHD Diagnostic System) and ERP (Event Related Potential) were effective in clinical research. Conclusions : Diagnostic equipment might be useful and effective to treat mental disorders if they are to be used properly and followed by well-designed studies.
The Current Status about Sleep Disorder in the Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry for Evidence Based Medicine
Jung, Jin-Hyeong ; Ha, Ji-Won ; Kim, Bo-Kyung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 4, 2012, Pages 11~36
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2012.23.4.011
Objectives : Sleep Disorders are very common in clinical stages and there are many reports and papers regarding this subject. I try to understand the present state of sleep research in JON (The Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry) for the benefits of clinical practice. Methods : We searched and read every article on JON from 1990 to 2012 and selected ones that are related to Sleep Disorder; then analyzed the data to 5 categories, like literature study, case study, Clinical Data-Analysis study, experimental study, and clinical trial. Results : 1. We Found 41 articles relating to sleep disorder in JON form 1999 to 2012, and there were 9 literature studies, 13 case studies, 13 Clinical Data-Analysis studies, 4 experimental studies, and 2 clinical trials. 2. There were Sa-Am Acupuncture Method, Pharmacopuncture, electroacupuncture, and Auricular acupuncture to treat Sleep Disorder. 3. There were many additional treatments like Purgative Therapy, etc. 4. They reported the ordinary sleep pattern of Soeumin and Soyangin, too. 5. In the experimental study, they reported several herbs, herbal prescription on the expression of melatonin receptors, and Punsimgeimgamibang on insomnia, anxiety, emotionality in rats. 6. There were 2 clinical trials, one for Hwabyung-patient with insomnia by acupuncture treatment and another for insomnia in the elderly by ETF-I program. 7. There were 2 case of other sleep disorder (enuresis, sleepwalking) and 2 literature study of dream. Conclusions : In JON regarding sleep disorder, the majority was due to insomnia. Therefore, we also have to expand our sight into other sleep diseases. We need more clinical trials and experimental researches for the construction of EBM Sleep Disorder in Oriental Neuropsychiatry.
Review of Clinical Trials about Herbal Medicine for Vascular Dementia
Kim, Ka-Na ; Cho, Seung-Hun ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 4, 2012, Pages 37~48
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2012.23.4.037
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate the frequently used herbal materials among herbal prescription for vascular dementia. Methods : Every article relevant to vascular dementia was initially obtained from a Korean database and PubMed. Keywords searched were 'vascular dementia', 'herbal medicine' and 'human'. Results : Clinical study, which vascular dementia were treated with herbal medicine, were 12. Among these 12 articles, 6 were case study, 1 was Controlled Clinical Trial and 5 were Ramdomized Controlled Trial (RCT). High frequently used herbal materials were Ginseng Radix (9 times), Cnidii Rhizoma (8 times), Glycyrrhizae Radix, Citri Pericarpium, Astragali Radix and Angelicae Gigantis Radix (6 times). Conclusions : We could know frequent-used herbal medicine for vascular dementia. To be aware of the frequently used herbal medicine for vascular dementia can be helpful in adding herbal materials to prescription in a clinical treatment and development of new drugs.
The Study on the Korean Traditional Medical Treatment and System of Collaborative Practice Between Korean Traditional Medicine and Western Medicine for Dementia: Based on Analysis of Questionnaire Survey in Professional Group
Lee, Go-Eun ; Jeon, Won-Kyung ; Heo, Eun-Jung ; Yang, Hyun Duk ; Kang, Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 4, 2012, Pages 49~68
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2012.23.4.049
Objectives : Recently, the elderly population and dementia prevalence have been rapidly increasing in Korea. Dementia is a concept of syndrome composed of characteristic symptoms. However, there have been no approved treatments for dementia with proven efficacy. Therefore, we investigated Korean traditional treatment being used in clinic and collaborative practice for dementia in the professional group. Methods : We conducted a survey using questionnaires to professors of oriental neuropsychiatry for a month. Items of the questionnaire consisted of overall Korean traditional medical treatment for dementia, which included herbal medicine, acupuncture, moxibustion, cupping, psychotherapy and others. Results : 1. It was shown that Yukmijihwangtanggamibang, Jowiseungcheongtang, Seonghyangjeonggisan have been used the most in herbal medicine. 2. Chechim, Saamchimbeop, and scalp acupuncture have been used the most in acupuncture treatment. 3. In Korean traditional psychotherapy, Ijeongbyeongi, Jieongoronyobeop, Gigongyobeop have been used, and effective in anxiety, agitation, improvement of comprehension for caregiver and environment. 4. Most professors answered that collaborative practice between Korean traditional medicine and western medicine has been needed for dementia. They suggested that herbal medicine, followed by acupuncture, and moxibustion can be used with western medicine simultaneously. Conclusions : The survey revealed that professors use herbal medicine and acupuncture as main treatments for dementia. They share perspective regarding the need of long period to treat dementia patients, and there are needs of collaborative practice for dementia.
The Effect of Herbal Medicine and Clinical, Demographic Characteristic for Tic Disorder children
Wei, Young-Man ; Lee, Go-Eun ; Jung, Sane ; Park, Bo-Young ; Park, Bo-Ra ; Lyu, Yeoung-Su ; Kang, Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 4, 2012, Pages 69~94
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2012.23.4.069
Objectives : The goals of the present study are to assess children with tic disorders, their clinical characteristic and to prove the effectiveness of herbal treatments of tic disorders. Methods : The present study was conducted from January 2006 to April 2011, with 200 out-patient children between the age of 6 to 12 diagnosed with tic disorder (after excluding 10 children who could not be clearly diagnosed) at the "H'herbal medicine clinic located in Seoul. Of these 200 children, we have evaluated the epidemiology and clinical manifestation, and analyzed the results of herbal medicine treatments. Results : 1. Among the children diagnosed with tic disorder, TTD was most prevalent (43.3%) and males were more likely than females to express tics (5.45:1). Children with TD sought help significantly later (average age of 9.03 years) than the other types. 2. The analysis results of herbal medicine treatments are as follows. Compared to the pre-treatment assessment, children who received herbal medicine treatment for more than three months (n=52) showed a marked decrease in symptoms of motor tics (the number of motor tics, frequency, severity, complexity) and vocal tics (the number of vocal tics, frequency, severity), in the impairment level of combined tics (motor and vocal tics together) and in the overall score. Conclusions : In conclusion, we apprehended demographic and clinical characteristics of tic disorder patients who visited a Korean traditional medicine clinic by analyzing the psychological assessment results. Furthermore, we identified the effectiveness of herb formula in tic disorder.
Study on Personality Traits of Sasang Constitution with TCI and EPQ
Sung, Won-Young ; Kim, Woo-Kyoung ; Song, Jeong-Mo ; Kim, Lak-Hyung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 4, 2012, Pages 95~106
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2012.23.4.095
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to study the personality traits of Sasang constitutions by comparing the profiles of Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ). Methods : A total of 110 healthy people (20 to 40 years old), except for 2 Taeyangin (TY type), were analyzed; 45 Taeeumin (TE type), 32 Soyangin (SY type), and 31 Soeumin (SE type). A Sasang constitutional medicine specialist diagnosed the Sasang constitution after analyzing the result of a Two Step Questionnaire for Sasang Constitution Diagnosis (TS-QSCD), the external appearance, temperament and symptoms. The dimensions of TCI and EPQ were compared among the different Sasang constitutions, using an analysis of variance, and correlations between TCI and EPQ were analyzed by a Pearson correlation method. Results : Among the four temperament dimensions of TCI, SY type showed a significantly higher score than the SE type in Novelty Seeking. SE type showed significantly higher score than TE and SY type in Harm Avoidance. SY type showed significantly higher score than SE type in Reward Dependence. TE and SY type showed significantly higher score than SE type in Persistence. There were no significant differences in the character dimensions of Self-directness, Cooperativeness and Self-Transcendence. Among the seven dimensions of EPQ, TE and SY type showed significantly higher score than SE type in Extraversion. SE type showed significantly higher score than SY type in Lie. SY type showed significantly higher score than TE and SE type in Impulsiveness. Conclusions : The results demonstrated that there are some significant differences of personality traits among Sasang constitutions. This could help diagnose and understand each Sasang constitution.
Personality Profiles of Patients Who Visit Oriental Neuropsychiatric Clinic : Analysis of Temperament and Character Inventory(TCI)
Kim, Sang-Young ; Song, Seung-Yeon ; Chung, Sun-Yong ; Kim, Jong-Woo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 4, 2012, Pages 107~122
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2012.23.4.107
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to examine the general personality profiles of patients who visited an oriental neuropsychiatric clinic and to investigate the specific profiles of patients diagnosed with Hwa-byung. Methods : We analyzed the profiles of 122 patients who completed TCI-RS questionnaire for the purpose of counseling. Patients were divided by sex, age and diagnosis related groups. Scales and subscales of each group were compared by an independent t-test and ANCOVA with SPSS windows 16.0. Types of temperament and character were classified by percentile ranks of the total patients and diagnosis related groups. Results : 1. Total patients were classified as the high harm avoidance type of temperament and of low self-directedness type of character. 2. Male patients showed significantly higher scores on NS, all subscales of NS, P2 and P3 than female patients. HA4 and C5 scores were significantly higher in the female group. Younger patients showed significantly higher scores on NS, all subscales of NS, HA1 and P3. However, older patients had significantly higher scores on SD4, SD5, ST2 and ST3. 3. Between diagnosis related groups, Hwa-byung group had significantly higher scores on RD, ST, SD3 and ST2. However P3 score of non-hwa-byung patients was higher than hwa-byung patients. In typical classification, both hwa-byung and non-hwa-byung groups were classified as the same types as total patients. Conclusions : This study showed that the patients visited an oriental neuropsychiatric clinic and had similar personality with that of general psychiatric disorders. Hwa-byung patients exhibited higher RD and ST scores than other disorders, but they had no typical differences.
A Study of the Correlation Between the Siblings Relation and the Personality Characteristics on the Oriental Medical University Students by MMPI Profiling
Ha, Ji-Won ; Jung, Jin-Heong ; Kim, Bo-Kyung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 4, 2012, Pages 123~132
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2012.23.4.123
Objectives : This study aims to investigate the correlation between the characteristics of personality on MMPI scale, and the siblings relation, number of current family living with, gender and age of the Oriental Medical University students. Methods : For this study, we carried out the MMPI profiling and gathered information regarding the sibling relation of the subjects. We studied the correlation between the two measures, and the correlation between MMPI scales and the subjects' gender and age. Results : 1. The group without siblings had higher STY figures then the groups with siblings. 2. There was no significant differences in MMPI profiles among the only child group, first-born group, second-born group, and third-born group. 3. The married group showed higher Pd, Pt, Sc, BDL figures than the unmarried group. 4. As the number of family members currently living with increased, the BDL and STY figures decreased. 5. The male group had higher Hs, Hy, Pa, Ma, NAR, BDL, ANT, CPS, PAR, and SZD figures, while the female group had higher D, Pd, Mf, Pt, HST, PAG, and DEP figures. 6. As the subjects' age increased, the figure of Hs, D, Pt, Sc, Si, AVD, and SZD increased, while the HST figure decreased. Conclusions : By the above results, we can assume that the sibling relations and the order one is born in the family does not affect one's personality much in grown-ups; whereas the gender and age affect the personality.
Interim Report about The Effect of Sihogayonggolmoryeo-tang on the Anxiety of Hwa-byung
Choi, Woo-Chang ; Park, Dae-Myung ; Kang, Wee-Chang ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ; Jung, In-Chul ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 4, 2012, Pages 133~152
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2012.23.4.133
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Sihogayonggolmoryeo-tang on the anxiety of Hwa-byung. Methods : In this randomized, double blinded, placebo-controlled study, we planned to give Sihogayonggolmoryeo-tang or controlled medication for anxiety of Hwa-byung. Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A) was measured as the 1st evaluative instrument, and Korean State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-K), Likert scale for major symptom of Hwa-byung, Hwa-Byung Scale Score, Korean Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI-K), Korean State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI-K), Insomnia severity Index (ISI), Instrument of Oriental Medical Evaluation for Hwa-Byung, WHO Quality of Life Avvreviated (WHOQOL-BREF), genral self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory (SRE) and Heart Rate Variability (HRV) were also measured as the 2nd evaluative instrument before treatment. Results : Clinical characteristics-vital signs and demographic characteristics showed no significant difference between both groups. The characteristics of disease-chief complaint, pattern Identification, period, etiological factor, and etc, also showed similarity of distribution in both groups. The results of Chest PA, EKG and clinicopathologic examination showed no significant difference between both groups. There were no significant difference between both groups in all valuation scales; HAM-A was measured as the first evaluative instrument, and STAI-K, Likert scale for major symptom of Hwa-byung, Hwa-Byung Scale Score, BDI-K, STAXI-K, ISI, Instrument of Oriental Medical Evaluation for Hwa-Byung, WHOQOL-BREF, GSES, SRE and HRV. Conclusions : We considered that establishment of the experimental group and controlled group was objective and worth conducting this research. In addition, this methodology is expected to be applied to the subsequent research. Further, we hope to make up for this study through various study and discussion.
Qualitative Analysis of the Experiences in Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction(MBSR) on Hwa-Byung Patients
Song, Seung-Yeon ; Cho, Hyun-Ju ; Kim, Sang-Young ; Kim, Jong-Woo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 4, 2012, Pages 153~158
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2012.23.4.153
Objectives : The objective of the study is to examine what effects the Mindfulness-based stress reduction program can have on Hwa-byung patients. Methods : Ten Hwa-byung patients have participated in this 8-week Mindfulness-based stress reduction program for Hwa-byung. In addition, participants were interviewed regarding the experiences from the changes during meditation or everyday life. Data were collected though a consumer panel and individual interviews. Responses were coded using Consensual Qualitative Research (CQR) methodology. Results : The experiences were categorized into 7 domains and divided to 23 categories. Results showed the psychotherapeutic effects of Mindfulness-based stress reduction program, specifically, positive cognitive changes, emotional stability, and changes in attitude. Also, all participants reported improvement of anger management skill and feeling of tranquility. This means that the Mindfulness-based stress reduction program can relieve the symptoms of Hwa-byung. Conclusions : Mindfulness-based stress reduction program makes changes about emotion, physical symptoms, cognition and personal relationship. This program can be applied to psychotherapy for Hwa-byung.
The Effects of Forests Healing for Hwa-Byung
Hong, Soon-Sang ; Lee, Jae-Eun ; Kim, Ho-Cheol ; Cho, Seung-Hun ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 4, 2012, Pages 169~182
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2012.23.4.169
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of a 3 day Hwa-Byung forests healing program, which consists of helpful contents of Korean medicine. Methods : This study examined the effects of forests healing for Hwa-Byung patients, visited Korean medicine hospital neuropsychiatry clinic for outpatients. The Hwa-Byung forests healing program was run with 20 participants; 4 of them quit in the middle of the program and excluded in data analysis. The Hwa-Byung forests healing program consisted of 3 day helpful Korean medicine contents. The primary outcome measurement was Hwa-Byung symptom score, which measured various symptoms of Hwa-Byung. Results : The results of this study showed that Hwa-Byung symptoms were significantly alleviated. General psychological states, including depression, anxiety, and anger, were significantly improved. Quality of life was also enhanced after 3 day program. These results indicate that the 3 day Hwa-Byung forests healing program was effective for the overall improvements of Hwa-Byung patients. Conclusions : The 3 day Hwa-Byung forests healing program were shown to be an effective intervention in improving the overall aspects of Hwa-Byung patients, including symptoms, depression, anxiety, anger, and Quality of life.
Case Series of Hwa-Byung Patients with Facial Spasm - by Using Oriental Medical Treatment with Melonis Calyx Vomiting Therapy
Ryu, Ho-Sun ; Ahn, Hyo-Jin ; Lee, Su-Bin ; Park, Se-Jin ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 4, 2012, Pages 183~198
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2012.23.4.183
Objectives : This case series aims to report the efficacy of using oriental medical treatment with Melonis Calyx Vomiting Therapy for Hwa-Byung. Methods : Patients were diagnosed with Hwa-Byung through Hwa-Byung Diagnostic interview schedule (HBDIS). They were treated with Oriental medical treatment (Acupncture, Herb-medication) and Melonis Calyx Vomiting Therapy (MCVT). MCVT is a traditional treatment, which induces vomiting by eating Melonis Calyx powder with water. We used VAS score and Scott scale for the symptoms of patients and IOMEHB (instrument of oriental medical evaluation for Hwa-Byung), BDI, STAI for the psychological conditions of the patients. Results : After treatment, the chief complaint and other symptoms of Hwa-Byung have improved. The scores of IOMEHB, BDI, and STAI have decreased. Conclusions : This result suggests that using MCVT with Oriental medical treatment have a positive efficacy for Hwa-Byung.
The Clinical Study of 3 Menopausal Disorder Patients with Hot Flush and Depression Treated by Daeyeongjeongami-bang
Baek, Dong-Gi ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 4, 2012, Pages 199~214
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2012.23.4.199
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of Daeyeongjeongami-bang on menopausal disorder patients. Methods : We recruited 3 menopausal disorder patients who have been suffering from hot flush, fatigue and depression. In addition, the patients had been administrated Daeyeongjeongami-bang. The patients of menopausal disorder had been estimated with Kupperman's index, Menopause rating scale, Beck's depression Inventory, Self rating depression scale, Visual analogue scale and Heart rate variability. We measured Kupperman's index, Menopause rating scale, Beck's depression inventory and Self rating depression scale for every seven days. Heart rate variability was estimated twice, before and after the treatment. Results : After the treatments, symptoms of menopausal disorder were decreased. Conclusions : This study suggests that Daeyeongjeongami-bang is significantly effective on menopausal disorder patients with hot flush, fatigue and depression.
A Case Report on Psychosomatic Disorder Cause by Maladjustment of Interpersonal Relationship
Kim, Nam-Yeol ; Yoo, Jong-Ho ; Kim, Geun-Woo ; Bae, Jae-Ik ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 4, 2012, Pages 215~228
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2012.23.4.215
Objectives : This study aims to research the effect of oriental psychotherapy and treatments for reduction of Psychosomatic disorder symptoms caused by maladjustment of interpersonal relationship. Methods : We treat a patient with Oriental medical treatment (acupuncture, moxibustion, cupping and aroma therapy, oriental psychotherapy and Herb-medication) and follow up the changes of stress index for 3 times per 8 days. Results & Conclusions : After oriental psychotherapy and treatments, clinical symptoms of the patient were improved and the patient overcoming psychosomatic disorder can go back to the workplace. It is suggested that oriental psychotherapy and treatments are effective on psychosomatic disorder.
A Case of Conversion Disorder with Blackout
Ko, Jae-Sang ; Yoo, Jong-Ho ; Lee, Chia-Hung ; Lee, Jin-Hee ; Koo, Byung-Soo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 23, issue 4, 2012, Pages 229~242
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2012.23.4.229
Objectives : This case report presents a 68-year-old female patient. Her chief complaint was fatigue and depressed mood. During the therapeutic period, she experienced a sudden onset of unconsciousness. After two days, she became alert. We diagnosed her with conversion disorder. Methods : We treated her with Korean traditional herbal medicine (Chungsimyeonja-eum, Soum-In Bojungyikgi-tang, Hyeongbangjiwhang-tang) and oriental psychotherapy for 21 days. The effects of treatment were measured by Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Zung Depression Rating Scale (SDS), and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-X-1). Results : After treatment, the chief complaint and accompanying symptoms have been subsided and improved. Further, BDI, SDS, STAI-X-1 score were decreased. Conclusions : In this case, we recognized that Korean traditional herbal medicine and oriental psychotherapy could be effective for clinical symptoms of conversion disorder.