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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 24, Issue spc1 - Apr 2013
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
The Current State of Clinical Studies for Herbal Medicine of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) -Focusing on Chinese Journals-
Ryu, Chun-Gil ; Cho, A-Ram ; Seo, Joo-Hee ; Jeong, Seong-Sik ; Lee, Ji-Su ; Sung, Woo-Yong ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.1.001
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to take around herbal medicine for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in China. Methods : A journal search was performed using China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) from 2007 to 2012. Key words searched were 'ADHD'. Results : 25 studies were selected. Case control studies showed that herbal medicine treatment reported better results than the western medicine treatment group. 12 case reports reported a significant improvement in herbal medicine treatment for patients with ADHD. Frequently used herbal materials were Rhizome of Polygalae Radix and Rhizome of Acori Gramineri Rhizoma (16 times), Root of Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch (14 times), Root of Rehmanniae Radix et Rhizoma Preparata and Sclerotium of Poria cocos Wolf (12 times). Conclusions : There have been many studies regarding herbal medicine for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in China, and these studies can be applied to the clinical practices in Korea.
A Review Study in the Correlation between Pattern Identification of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine Examination -Research on CNKI-
Yun, Young-Ju ; Cho, Young-Joo ; Lee, Ji-Hye ; Lim, Jung-Hwa ; Seong, Woo-Yong ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 1, 2013, Pages 13~26
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.1.013
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlation between pattern identification of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and western medicine, examined by a systematic research of Chinese medicine papers. Methods : We searched for the papers regarding pattern identification of TCM published from 1994 to 2012 in CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure http://www.cnki.net) at April, 2012. Results : A total of 30 studies were finally included; 18 studies of them were related to stroke (cerebral infarction) and there were 12 studies regarding other diseases, such as hypertension, chronic colonitis, vascular dementia, mild cognitive impairment and etc. All 30 studies were analyzed and classified by diseases, differentiation of syndromes, numbers of subjects, the instrument of pattern identification, items of western medicine examination and statistical results. Conclusions : According to our study, there are some correlations between pattern identification of TCM and various items of western medicine examination. The result suggests a possibility of using the western medicine examination data for pattern identification of TCM.
The Verify of Memory Improvement by Gastrodia Elata Blume
Kim, Woo-Chul ; Jeong, Jong-Kil ; Kim, Jeong-Sang ; Kim, Kyeong-Ok ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 1, 2013, Pages 27~44
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.1.027
Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the effects of Gastrodia elata Blume on the improvement of memory. Methods : This study was a 12 week, double blind, comparative clinical study. There were eligible who worked with a group of healthy seniors, all 60 years of age or older. 50 subjects were randomized either to Gastrodia elata Blume in powder form and steep in hot water or placebo. We measured the faculty of memory by using K-DRS, MMSE-K, Digit Span, Letter Fluency Test, Word List Memory Test, and the Trail Making Test, and after 12 weeks we measured the faculty of memory again using the same methods. Results : Gastrodia elata Blume steeps in the hot water group significantly increased. Initiation, perseveration level, and Memory level of K-DRS and MMSE-K score. There were no considerable differences between three groups in Digit Span and Trail Making Test score. Gastrodia elata Blume group showed significant advances in Letter Fluency Test and recognition of Word List Memory Test. Conclusions : The results suggest that Gastrodia elata Blume may have positive effects on memory improvement and function of the frontal lobe activation.
A Preliminary Comparison of Efficacy of Needle-Embedding Therapy with Acupuncture for Chronic Tension-type Headache Patients
Bae, Dal-Bit ; Lyu, Yun-Sun ; Park, Jong-Min ; Kang, Hyoung-Won ; Lyu, Yeoung-Su ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 1, 2013, Pages 45~62
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.1.045
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of Needle-Embedding Therapy with Acupuncture for Chronic Tension-type Headache (CTTH) patients. Methods : The study recruited Chronic Tension-type Headache patients. A total of twenty-six patients were divided into 2 groups. 13 subjects were placed into a needle-embedding therapy group and 13 subjects into an acupuncture therapy group by a randomization table. The needle-embedding therapy group was treated with needle-embedding at Fengchi (GB20), while the acupuncture therapy was acupunctured at Fengchi (GB20). Then, a comparative analysis was conducted by comparing the results with those measured by a Blood pressor, Heart rate variability (HRV), Henry Ford Headache Disablity Inventory (HDI) Internet Headache Impact Test (HIT), and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Results & Conclusions : As a result of evaluation by using the self-rating headache index (VAS, HDI, HIT), pain score declined in both groups. But they were not difference between the two groups.
The Effects of Forests Healing for Cognitive Function
Hong, Soon-Sang ; Kim, Ho-Cheol ; Cho, Seung-Hun ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 1, 2013, Pages 63~74
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.1.063
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of 3 day Forests healing programs for cognitive improvement, which consists of helpful contents of Korean medicine. Methods : This study examined the effects of forests healing for mild cognitive impairment patients, who visited a Korean medicine hospital neuropsychiatry clinic for outpatients. The Forests healing programs for cognitive improvement was run with 24 participants, in which 9 of them quit in the middle of the program, so excluded in data analysis. The Forests healing programs for cognitive improvement was consisted of 3 day helpful Korean medicine contents. The primary outcome measurement was a Computerized Neurocognitive Test (CNT), which measured the cognitive functions with computer programs. Results : The results of this study showed that CNT scores were not significantly changed after 3 day forests healing. General psychological states, including depression, anxiety, and anger, were also checked. Among them, depressive mood significantly improved. Quality of life (QOL) was also enhanced after 3 day program. These results indicate that the 3 day Forests healing programs for cognitive improvement was effective for depressive mood and QOL of mild cognitive impairment patients, but not enough for cognitive functions directly. Conclusions : The 3 day Forests healing programs for cognitive improvement were shown to be an effective intervention in improving some aspects of mild cognitive impairment patients, including depressive mood, and QOL. We suggest that repeated participation of this program can enhance cognitive function of mild cognitive impairment patients.
A Study on the Various Factors of Hwa-Byung -Focusing on the Residents in the Gangwon-do in 2007-
Jung, Duk-Jin ; Park, Jong Ku ; Lee, Jae-Hyok ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 1, 2013, Pages 75~92
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.1.075
Objectives : The objective of this study is to investigate various factors concerning Hwa-byung Methods : The research for various factors of Hwa-Byung was carried out for 686 female Participants. Hwa-Byung was diagnosed by Hwa-Byung Diagnostic Interview Schedule (HBDIS). Results : The rate of Past History about Chronic Bronchitis, Peptic Ulcer, Chronic Hepatitis/Hepatic Cirrhosis, Allergy, Arthritis, Hyperlipidemia is high in the Hwa-Byung group compared with the Control group. In the study of external environments, Hwa-Byung has tendency diagnosed in monthly income under 2,000,000 won, doing regular occupation, marriage, below graduation from high school. In the study of personal relationship, Hwa-Byung has tendency more influenced by negative influencing people than by positive influencing people. In the study of personal factors, Hwa-Byung has a short sleeping time, does not exercise regularly, feels more overburdened, and understimates their own condition to do easy tasks. Conclusions : According to the below results, in the study of Past History, the rate of Chronic Bronchitis, Peptic Ulcer, Chronic Hepatitis/Hepatic Cirrhosis, Allergy, Arthritis, and Hyperlipidemia is high in the Hwa-Byung group compared with the Control. Hwa-Byung has a tendency to be diagnosed by various factors such as the external environment, personal relationships, and personal factors.
A Study on the Practice Level of Yangseng (Traditional Health Behavior) according to Nicotine Dependence
Kang, Hee-Chul ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 1, 2013, Pages 93~102
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.1.093
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate the practice level of Yangseng according to nicotine dependence. Methods : The subjects of this study were 137 male smokers in their thirties and forties, who visited Wonmi Public Health Center. They were evaluated with Fagerstorm's test for nicotine dependence (FTND) and Tool in Measuring Yangseng (TMY). By FTND score, they were divided into three groups; the mild nicotine dependent group, moderate group and severe group. Results : In TMY score, there were statistically significant differences in the characteristics of Diet, Activity & Rest, Sleep and total score among the three groups. The value of FTND comparing the values of Mind, Diet, Activity & Rest, Sleep and total score in this study resulted in negative correlations, which showed statistical significance. Conclusions : The above results suggest that there are significant relations between nicotine dependence and the practice level of Yangseng. These results can be used for planning a smoking cessation program and a Yangseng health promotion program based on Korean traditional medicine.
A Study on Applying a Korean Medical Integrative Program for Sleep Disorder
Lee, Jae-Eun ; Cho, Seung-Hun ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 1, 2013, Pages 103~108
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.1.103
Objectives : Korea's average life expectancy is getting longer and longer and the pace of change in society has increased every year as people experience stress more easily. Under this situation, chronic sleep disorder is increasing, but there is no specific program for the treatment of sleep disorder in Korean medicine. Therefore, we studied a Korean medical treatment program for sleep disorder to apply to outpatient clinic patients. Methods : For this study, we evaluated the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), BDI, STAI, FSS on 29 insomnia patients who visited Kyunghee Korean medical hospital from July 2010 to May 2012. Herbal medicine, acupuncture, herbal acupuncture, moxibustion, sleep hygiene, and medical qigong were applied. We compared ISI scores before treatment and after 4 weeks of treatment. Results : ISI score was improved after Korean medical treatment for sleep disorder. Before the treatment ISI score was 18.1, which means clinical insomnia. After the Korean medical treatment, the score was 7.5, which means no clinically significant insomnia. Conclusions : The study showed a significant effect on the Korean medical treatment program for sleep disorder to apply to outpatient clinic patients. ISI score was improved and the patients were satisfied with the treatment, so it would be more helpful to apply in sleep clinics.
Research for the Buddhist Thought of Ancient Medical Record -Focus on Medical Ethics and Psychotherapy-
Kim, Geun-Woo ; Park, Seo-Yeon ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 1, 2013, Pages 109~122
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.1.109
Objectives : To research the needed Buddhistic ethical beliefs and psychotherapy from representative medical records of oriental medicine. Methods : The baseline data this research used is Myeong-Ui-Lyu-An, Sok-Myeong-Ui-Lyu-An, Ui-Bu-Jeol-Lok and from the variety of medical records; we extracted 22 medical records that refer to Buddhist thoughts. The sequence of medical records is determined by analyzing the contents of all medical records and grouping them by their categories. Results : The representative ethical mind that a doctor needs is the 'mercy thought' from Buddhism. This way, the doctor has 'pity' on patients and expects no reward for what he had done. 'Spells and religious beliefs developed into medical treatment procedures by Buddhism and oriental medicine psychotherapy. Using the belief that everything is made of the mind, which is the point of the 'Hwa-Eum' theory and the realization that the psychotic factors have a big role in the occurrence and progress of sicknesses, we emphasized supportive psychotherapy or more specifically, the suggestive therapy. 'Anguish' is an important point in the occurrence and progress of illnesses. To solve this, we used 'Zen family's 'Zen self-discipline' and ascetic life from Buddhism. According to Buddhism, a human's metal conflict and love or malingering from obsession is the cause of all mind illnesses. To heal these, a doctor must have an insight of the patient's mind more than the symptoms. Conclusions : Buddhistic thoughts suggested clearly the mentality necessary for oriental medical psychotherapist and medical ethics for a doctor.
The Protective and Recovery Effects of Peucedanum Japonicum Thunberg for Vascular Dementia
Kim, Ka-Na ; Choi, Min-Ji ; Lee, Younghyurk ; Cho, Seung-Hun ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 1, 2013, Pages 123~130
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.1.123
Objectives : During several thousand years, Peucedanum Japonicum Thunberg has been considered as a vegetable side dish in Korea. There is folk knowledge that Peucedanum Japonicum Thunberg prevents vascular disease such as stroke. To identify the effects Peucedanum Japonicum Thunberg, we made up its extract and named it as KH020. Then, we employed common carotid artery ligation (CCAl) surgery for vascular dementia model (VDM), and two types doses of per os (per oral: p.o) treatment. Methods : To confirm prevention and recovery effects for vascular dementia, we treated two doses (100, 400 mg/kg) KH020 in male C57BL/6 mouse during 7 days. After treatment, animals were CCAl operated, and given time to recover. Then, animal were tested in a Y-maze and passive avoidance test. Results : Y-maze results demonstrated that cognition and memory performance were decreased in the VDM group, compared to the sham group. KH020 treatment abolished these effects significantly. The results from the passive avoidance test showed the same phenomenon, but it was not statically significant. Conclusions : Therefore, KH020 prevents the onset of vascular dementia. In future studies, we will evaluate KH020 in regard to alzheimer dementia.
Single Oral Dose-increasing Toxicity Test and Four Weeks Repeated Oral Dose Determinating Test of ACM (Added Chongmyung-tang) in Beagle Dogs
Lim, Jung-Hwa ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ; Jung, In-Chul ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 1, 2013, Pages 131~144
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.1.131
Objectives : To provide information on the safety of ACM, we carried out a single oral dose-increasing toxicity and 4-weeks repeated oral dose determining test of ACM in beagle dogs. Methods : In a single oral dose-increasing toxicity test, beagles were treated with ACM orally increasing dose level (1,000, 2,000, 5,000 mg/㎏) at interval of 3 days. After administration, signs of toxicity were observed for two weeks. In 4-weeks repeated oral dose determinating test, beagles were treated with ACM with oral dose 500, 1,000, 2,000 mg/kg for 4 weeks. Mortality, clinical signs, body weight changes, food consumption, urinalysis, hematological and biochemical parameters, organ weights, necropsy findings, and histological findings were monitored during the study period. Results : In a single oral dose-increasing toxicity test, we found no mortality, abnormalities in clinical signs, body weight, and necropsy findings during the study period. In 4-weeks repeated oral dose determinating test, we found no mortality, abnormalities in clinical signs, body weight, food consumption, urinalysis, hematological and biological parameters, gross findings, organ weights, necropsy findings, and histopathological findings in any of the beagles tested. Conclusions : The results obtained in these studies suggest that maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of ACM in male and female beagle dogs was supposed to be over 5,000 mg/kg. For the future studies of toxicity, it is advisable that high dose and low dose are set at 2000 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg, respectively.