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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 24, Issue spc1 - Apr 2013
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
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Guidelines for the Reliability and Validity of the Instrument on Pattern Identifications for Hwa-byung
Kim, Kook Ki ; Seo, Bok Nam ; Kang, Wee-Chang ; Jung, In Chul ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 4, 2013, Pages 331~342
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.4.331
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to examine the validity, the test-retest reliability and to provide guidelines for the Instrument on Pattern Identifications for Hwa-byung. Methods: Participants are 97 patients with Hwa-byung who were diagnosed by Hwa-Byung Diagnostic Interview Schedule. Participants were tested twice within one week. Results: The test-retest reliability of the Instrument on Pattern Identifications for Hwa-byung was examined for 97 patients and calculated to be 0.3146. The reliability of the Instrument on Pattern Identifications for Hwa-byung was 0.605 with a difference of 5% or more for the first and the second. To confirm the validity of the Instrument on Pattern Identifications for Hwa-byung, we analyzed the relevance between symptoms, Pattern Identifications that belong to the group and other Pattern Identifications that do not belong. Conclusions: It can be diagnosed in the first pattern identification by the Instrument of Pattern Identifications for Hwa-byung when there is a difference of 5% or more in the first and second pattern identification. Based on this result, we derived an Instrument for Pattern Identifications of Hwa-byung that has been further modified through additional studies.
Recent Reports in Treatment for REM Sleep Behavior Disorder in Traditional Chinese Medicine and Kampo in Japan
Choi, Yoon-Hee ; Jung, Jin-Hyeong ; Kim, Bo-Kyung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 4, 2013, Pages 343~352
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.4.343
Objectives: This study was performed to review the research trends in treatment for REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and Kampo in Japan. Methods: We searched articles in CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure) under the key words, "RBD", and Chinese words related with it in Traditional Chinese Medicine, Traditional Chinese Medicinal Herbs and Combination of Traditional Chinese Medicine With Western Medicine` field, and also in CiNii (Citation Information by NII); we also searched articles in Kampo Square in Japan under the key words, "RBD" and Japanese words related with it. We found 10 papers, and then selected 6 of them except the non-clinical and unrelated studies. We then analyzed their way of diagnosis, treatments, study type and etc.. Results: 6 studies were divided into 4 case reports, one control study, and one literature review study. All of the studies reported that Herbal medicine for RBD was effective as much as Western medicine like clonazepam and paroxetine. However, the quality and the quantity of these clinical studies were not enough. Conclusions: It seems that the researches for RBD have gradually been performed in TCM and Kampo. We hope that our study can activate/push forward clinical research for this disorder in Korean traditional medicine.
The Effects of the Activity Program for Preventing Dementia Against Depression, Cognitive Function, and Quality of Life for the Elderly
Park, Kum-Sook ; Jeong, Heon-Young ; So, Sun-Yoe ; Park, Young-Hee ; Yang, Hee-Jung ; Jung, Kyoung-Ran ; Moon, Soon-Joo ; Kim, Hae-Kyoung ; Cho, Jung-Hee ; Yang, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 4, 2013, Pages 353~362
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.4.353
Objectives: This study is conducted to identify the effects of the activity program for preventing dementia against depression, cognitive function, and quality of life for the elderly. Methods: A non-equivalent control group with pretest-posttest design was used on 50 elderly who were assigned to the experimental and control group (25 for each group). Results: Cognitive function was significantly different between the two groups of the pretest and posttest (Z
Preliminary Study on the Usefulness of Psychological Scale Measurements in Depression Symptoms
Choi, Woochang ; Kim, Nahyun ; Choi, Sungwon ; Jung, Inchul ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 4, 2013, Pages 363~372
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.4.363
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the usefulness of psychological measurements in depression symptoms as compared with non-depressions and hwabyung. Methods: A total of 21 patients, who were diagnosed with depression and hwabyung, were evaluated by using the SCL-90-R, BDI, STAI, STAXI, ISI, HRSD, 20-Item Alexithymia Scale, BSDS and NEO-PI. Thereafter, they were statistically analyzed. Results: 1) In the results of SCL-90-R, the PST score group of hwa-byung group without depression was significantly higher when compared to the score from the depression group without hwa-byung. 2) In the results of NEO-PI, the NEO-PI-O score of hwa-byung group without depression was significantly higher when compared to the score from the depression group without hwa-byung. 3) In the results of 20-Item Alexithymia Scale, the total score and score of difficulty for identifying feelings scale from the depression group was significantly higher when compared to the score of non depression group. Conclusions: The results found are expected to serve as a useful resource for future studies when developing the instruments of oriental medical evaluations for hwa-byung.
A Qualitative Research on the Cognition of the Initiation of Diseases of North Korean Refugees in South Korea
Cho, A-Ram ; Ryu, Chun-Gil ; Park, So-Im ; Seong, Woo-Yong ; Sue, Joo-Hee ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 4, 2013, Pages 373~384
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.4.373
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to understand the cognition of the initiation of diseases of North Korean refugees in South Korea. Methods: 9 North Korean refugees hospitalized in Oriental Neuropsychiatry of National Medical Center participated in the interview. The statements were analyzed by using the phenomenological research methodology and Giorgi`s analytical method, in particular, was applied. Results: A total of 4 categories and 15 sub categories were derived from the participants` descriptions. North Korean refugees who thought their diseases have begun while living in North Korea coming to South Korea, have fire disease because of the strict social system, limitations imposed on their actions, and the violence of their husbands. And who thought during escaping from North Korea, have anxiety about being killed, found and transferred to North Korea. They also suffered from a sense of guilt towards their family who were left behind as well as from depression. Consequently, they thought their skeletal diseases have begun during this period. Who thought during their period in Korea, their diseases like fire disease and depression have been worsen because of unfamiliar circumstances and doctors who said their problems had been caused by psychiatric disorder. Nevertheless, they did their jobs, felt happy and had a will to be cured thingking possibilities of overcoming diseases. Conclusions: These results suggest that various factors during different periods in the life of North Korean refugees could have an effect on their present diseases.
A Case of Acute Leukoencephalopathy Patient with Akinetic Mutism and Cognitive Dysfunctions
Kim, Bo-Eun ; Chung, Dae-Kyoo ; Kim, Sang-Ho ; Lee, Kyung-Suk ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 4, 2013, Pages 385~392
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.4.385
This case report presents a 34-year-old female patient. Her chief complaints are akinetic mutism and cognitive dysfunctions. We have diagnosed her with leukoencephalopathy. She was treated with Korean traditional herbal medicines (Joojackwhan) for 33 days continuously. The effects of treatment were measured by the Korean Mini - Mental State Examination and Modified Bathel Index. After treatment, her chief complaints have been improved. Furthermore, the K-MMSE, MBI scores increased. From this case, we deduced that the Korean traditional herbal medicines (Joojackwhan) could be effective for cognitive dysfunctions and akinetic mutism caused by leukoencephalopathy.
A Case Report of a Patient with ADHD and Learning Disorders Treated with Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy and the Oriental Medical Therapy
Lee, Su-Bin ; Lee, Ru-Da ; Lee, Sang-Won ; Park, Se-Jin ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 4, 2013, Pages 393~402
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.4.393
Objectives: This study is a clinical report of a patient with ADHD and learning disorders who is being treated with hyperbaric oxygen, scalp acupuncture, cognitive enhancement therapy and speech-language therapy. Methods: The BASA-R, BASA-M and REVT tests were used for the diagnosis of learning disorders. For the treatment, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, scalp acupuncture, cognitive enhancement therapy and speech-language therapy were all being used. The Raven`s matrix tests were compared for between before and after the abovementioned therapies. Results: After the treatment, Raven`s matrix test grade improved from 4 to 5. The improvement of the patient`s concentration, communication, motion, confidence, and sleep conditions were observed. Conclusions: These therapies including the hyperbaric oxygen therapy are efficient for the treatment of ADHD and learning disorders.
A Case Report on the Communicating Hydrocephalus and Brain Lesions with Mental Retardation
Kim, Nam-Yeol ; Ko, Jae-Sang ; Kim, Se-Won ; Lee, Dong-Hwa ; Kim, Seng-Hyeon ; Kim, Geun-Woo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 4, 2013, Pages 403~410
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.4.403
This study researches the effects of oriental treatments for brain lesions and communicating hydrocephalus of patients with mental retardations. We treated the patients with acupuncture and herbal medication, and then followed up the results 3 times. After treatment, K-MBI is significantly increased but the MMSE-K is not. Although results indicate its significance to brain lesions, the oriental treatment is insufficient to cure mental retardation.
A Clinical Report of the Patient Appealed Various Somatization Symptoms by Marital Conflict
Ko, Jae-Sang ; Kim, Se-Won ; Lee, Dong-Hwa ; Koo, Byung-Soo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 4, 2013, Pages 411~418
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.4.411
This study researches the effect of oriental psychotherapy treatments for various somatization symptoms by marital conflict. We treat Acupuncture, Herb-medication and oriental psychotherapy, and follow up the result for 3 times. Through an understanding of marital, The symptoms of the patient decreased. Oriental psychotherapy treatments is effective for Somatoform Disorders by Marital Conflict.
The Recovery Effects of Joojakwhan - A Traditional Korean Medical Poly-herbal Drug for the Cognitions and Motor Functions in Mild Stroke Rat Model by Using Transient Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion
Kim, Bo-Eun ; Kang, Seok-Bong ; Chung, Dae-Kyoo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 4, 2013, Pages 419~434
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.4.419
Objectives: The object of this study is to observe the cognition and motor function recovery effects of Joojakwhan (JJW), a traditional Korean poly-herbal formula for treating various neuropsychiatric diseases such as dementia, for the mildly stroke rats, with 60 minutes of reperfusion transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO). Methods: In the present study, 125, 250 and 500 mg/kg of JJW were orally administered, once per day for 10 continuous days 2 hours after the tMCAO. The body weight changes, infarct sizes under 2% 2, 3, 5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) stain, sensorimotor functions and cognitive motor behavior tests were serially monitored with cerebral caspase-3 and cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-immunoreactivities and histopathological changes. The effects of tMCAO on sensorimotor functions were evaluated by using of limb placing and body-swing tests, and the cognitive motor behaviors were also observed with water maze tests. Results: From the results of tMCAO, with marked decreases of body weights, disorders of sensorimotor functions increases the limb placing test scores, and decrease the numbers and percentages of body swings to the ipsilateral sides. The cognitive motor behaviors increases the distances and time to reach the escape platform which included the inhibitions of the decreases with repeated trials that were observed with focal cerebral cortex infarct volumes. In addition, the marked increases of the atrophy, numbers of degeneration, caspase-3- and PARP-immunoreactive cells around peri-infarct ipsilateral cerebral cortex were also observed in tMCAO controls when compared with the sham control rats, respectively. Conclusions: The results obtained from this study suggest that oral administrations of JJW indicate obvious cognitions and motor function recoveries of the rats with tMCAO, mild strokes, which are mediated by neuro-protective effects through known antioxidant effects of components.
Preliminary Study to Develop the Instrument on Pattern Identifications for Depression
Lee, Eun Hee ; Choi, Woo Chang ; Jung, In Chul ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 4, 2013, Pages 435~450
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.4.435
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to develop a standard tool for pattern identifications in Korean Medicine for depression. Methods: The advisor committee for this study was organized by 15 Korean Medicine neuropsychiatry professors from 11 Colleges of Korean Medicine. The items and structure of the tools were based on reviews of published literature. In order to develop the tool, we took the consultation from discussions with the advisor committee twice and also incorporated additional advices from e-mail correspondences. Results: 1) We divided the symptoms and signs of depression into 11 pattern identifications. 2) We obtained the mean weights which reflected the standard deviations from each symptoms of the 11 pattern identifications which were scored on a 100-point scale by 15 experts. 3) We designed the Korean medicine pattern identification tool for depression. It was composed of 66 questions in the question- and-answer format. Conclusions: There are some points which should be considered in this study. First, we couldn`t reach a complete agreement on the concept of 11 patterns. Second, each pattern identification has a different number of symptoms and signs. In addition, the items of symptoms and signs of each pattern identification are unequal. Third, as we did not set any clinical trials when using this tool, it was not possible to test its validity and reliability. Although there are some limits in this study, the development of pattern identification tools for depression through discussions with the advisor committee is meaningful. If the validity and reliability of the Korean Medicine pattern identification tools for depression are confirmed through clinical trial,s this tool is expected to be applied to the subsequent researches in the future.
A Study of Chiljeong in the Canon of Internal Medicine
Seong, Woo-Yong ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 24, issue 4, 2013, Pages 451~468
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2013.24.4.451
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to clearly understand the emotion theory in the Canon of Internal Medicine and correctly apprehend the concept of chiljeong. Methods: To perform a comparative study on the emotion theory between the Canon of Internal and recent studies published at papers and specialty publications for emotion within oriental medicine. Results: A number of advanced opinions on the relationships between chiljeong, five emotions and ohsin were obtained. Conclusions: Chiljeong is the most fundamental theory in the psychology of oriental medicine, and therefore, deserves a thorough and enthusiastic study.