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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
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Research on Change of Heart Rate Variability and Psychological Scale by Sasang Constitution according to before and after of the Meditation Programs (α version)
Kim, Geun-Woo ; Bae, Hyo-Sang ; Son, Han-Bum ; Lee, Pil-Won ; Kim, Byoung-Soo ; Park, Seong-Sik ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.1.001
Objectives: In this study, the meditation programs (
version), which are properly coordinated according to the motion, breathing, and relaxation, are evaluated and researched upon to have positive effects on stress and in the area of psychology. Methods: Approved by the Clinical Trials Deliberation Committee in Oriental Medicine, Dongguk University, Ilsan Hospital, this study collected data according to the applicant's consents, demographic information and anthropometry for the Sasang Constitutional diagnosis. Sasang Constitutional diagnosis measured the beta tools by Institute of Oriental Medicine and a decision tree was made for the Sasang Constitutional questionnaires. The STAI, STAXI, BDI, and HRV were measured before and after the meditation in order to compare the effects of meditation according to Sasang Constitution. The HRV was used as a ProComP KM Tech (co). Results: 1) The positive changes available in the Time-domain analysis of heart rate variability assessment showed that the peace of mind is increased. By analyzing the Sasang constitution, So-eum In's peace of mind included a physical stability of the autonomic nervous system. 2) According to the psychological scale evaluation, each depression scale, trait anger, anger-in, state anxiety and trait anxiety index proved significantly positive effects. By analyzing the Sasang constitution, Eun-In which involved So-eum In and Tae-eum In, had positive effects. 3) The psychological scale changed the group of diagnosed depression or anxiety, it did not mean that the psychological scale changes in the depression group, but the index of the anxiety group had been significantly reduced. This program had clinical effects for anxious patients and Eum-In which involved Tae-eum In and So-eum In according to the analysis of Sasang constitution. 4) Correlations between the gender of each psychological scale showed that women have overall low correlations, but, there were no significant changes. Conclusions: The meditation program developed by adequately mixing Action, relaxation and breathing shows that it is effective for overall Eum-in physical and mental relaxation and concentration. In the future, It will have to be developed Meditation program to show the same effect for all people.
Case Series of Panic Disorder Patients Treated by Oriental Medical Treatments and EFT
Lee, Sang-Won ; Lee, Yu-Jin ; Yoo, Song-Wun ; Lee, Ru-Da ; Park, Se-Jin ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 1, 2014, Pages 13~28
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.1.013
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of EFT on panic disorder patients. Methods: The three patients with panic disorders were treated with oriental medical treatments which involved acupunctures, herb-medications, moxibustion and emotional freedom techniques. The patients have been predicted with panic disorder twice through diagnosis and statistical manual (DSM-IV), Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck's Anxiety Inventory (BAI) upon their admission and discharge. Results: After the treatments, both the physical and psychological symptoms have decreased. Conclusions: This study suggested that the EFT is an effective way for treating patients who are suffering panic disorders.
Qualitative Analysis for the Influences of Emotion Freedom Techniques (EFT) Group Treatment Program for Hwa-Byung Patients
Song, Seung-Yeon ; Lee, Jung-Hwan ; Suh, Jin-Woo ; Kwon, Chan-Young ; Kim, Jong-Woo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 1, 2014, Pages 29~38
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.1.029
Objectives: The objective of this study is to examine the effects of Emotion Freedom Techniques (EFT) group treatment program for Hwa-byung patients. Methods: Thirteen Hwa-byung patients have participated in the four weeks program of EFT group treatment and the program was executed once a week, for about one hour. After every session, the participants performed EFT by themselves in order to control their symptoms. Four weeks after the program ended, we interviewed the participants by using the semi-structured interview method to observe changes of Hwa-byung. All the data collected was summarized through the qualitative analysis method. Results: Results showed effects of the EFT group treatment program, with regards to the physical, cognitive and emotional aspects. Most of the participants experienced reliefs of Hwa-byung symptoms like chest tightness, hot flashes, insomnia and so on. Their ability to cope with stress improved and their re-experiences of past memories decreased. And their distorted self-images were also restored. Lastly, there was a decrease in negative emotions and an increase in positive emotions experienced by the participants. The participants could control their symptoms by performing self-enforcement. In addition, regarding the form of group therapy, the treatment was effective as it helped the participants to feel solidarity and social support. Conclusions: The EFT group treatment program can relieve the physical, cognitive and emotional symptoms of Hwa-byung. This program can be applied to the psychotherapy of Hwa-byung.
The Study on Effects of Breath-Counting Meditation According to Personal Characteristics
Jung, Duk-Jin ; Lee, Jae-Hyok ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 1, 2014, Pages 39~46
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.1.039
Objectives: The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of Breath-Counting Meditation according to Personal Characteristics through the changes of Vital Signs (V/S) and Heart Rate Variability (HRV). Methods: 41 adults were classified according to gender and A-type behavior, then each group was compared for the changes on V/S and HRV through Breath-Counting Meditation of 10 minutes. Results: 1) Systolic and diastolic blood pressure were both significantly decreased in females, and the respiration level decreased significantly in both the male and female groups. 2) Respiration level decreased significantly in both the A-type and Non-A-type groups. 3) LF decreased significantly in both the male and female groups. HF increased significantly in both the male and female groups. 4) TP, LF and LF/HF increased significantly and HF decreased significantly in the Non-A-type group. Conclusions: Breath-Counting Meditation has respiratory effects for all groups and HRV of male, female and Non-A-type groups.
A Pilot Study on the Psychological and Physical Responses of Breath - Counting Meditations
Lee, Jae-Hyok ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 1, 2014, Pages 47~54
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.1.047
Objectives: The purpose of this research was to analyze the responses of breath-counting meditations with the psychological test and the physical index. Methods: Breath-counting meditation was applied to 10 normal adults. Then, clinical research State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), State-Trait Anger eXpression Inventory (STAXI), Psychosocial Well-being Index Short Form (PWI-SF), Brief Encounter Psychosocial Instrument-Korean version (BEPSI-K), Heart Rate Variability (HRV), and Vital Signs (V/S) were carried out to analyze the responses of breath-counting meditations. Results: 1) Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) decreased on the fifteenth day of breath-counting meditation, and Body Temperature (BT) increased on the fifteenth day. In addition, respiration decreased throughout the period of breath-counting meditation. 2) Standard deviations of N-N interval and Total Power (TP) of HRV all significantly increased on the fifteenth day of breath-counting meditation. 3) Scores of STAI1, STAXI1, STAXI2, and PWI-SF decreased after the breath-counting meditation. Conclusions: The results suggested that breath-counting meditations have positive responses to anger, anxiety and stress.
A Study on the Relationship with Nicotine Dependence and Mental Health -Focusing on SCL-90-R (Symptom Checklist-90-Revision)-
Kang, Hee-Chul ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 1, 2014, Pages 55~62
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.1.055
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship of nicotine dependence and mental health. Methods: The subjects of this study were 153 male smokers in their 20s, 30s, 40s and 50s who visited Wonmi Public Health Center. They were evaluated with Fagerstorm's test for nicotine dependence (FTND) and Symptom Checklist-90-Revision (SCL-90-R). Using the FTND score, the participants were divided into three groups; mild nicotine dependent group, moderate group and severe group. Results: In the SCL-90-R score, there were statistically significant differences in the characteristics of Somatization, Obsessive-Compulsive, Interpersonal Sensitivity, Depression, Global Severity Index (GSI) and Positive Symptom Test (PST) among the three groups. Comparing the values of FTND and the amounts of Daily Smoking to the values of Somatization, Obsessive-Compulsive, Interpersonal Sensitivity, Depression and GSI in this study resulted in positive correlations, thereby demonstrating a statistical significance. Conclusions: The above results suggest that there are significant relations between nicotine dependence and the level of mental health. These results can be used for planning the smoking cessation program and mental health promoting program based on Korean traditional medicine.
A Review of Diagnostic Methods on Neurologic Symptoms by Non-organic Causes: A Case of a Patient
Cho, Min Kyoung ; Lim, Jung Hwa ; Park, Seung Chan ; Kim, Do Hyung ; Kim, So Yeon ; Choi, Jun Yong ; Han, Chang Woo ; Park, Seong Ha ; Hong, Jin Woo ; Kwon, Jung Nam ; Lee, In ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 1, 2014, Pages 63~72
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.1.063
Objectives: The objective of this study is to review the diagnostic methods of neurologic symptoms by non-organic causes. Methods: We experienced a case of a motor and sensory disturbance patient without abnormal findings in the diagnostic tests. Using this process, we became aware that it is important to remember some of the methods when treating patients who are suspicious of neurologic symptoms by non-organic causes. Results: First, we should perform a variety of diagnostic tests to exclude the organic causes. Second, we should persistently observe a consistency of the patient's symptoms and attitude. Finally, we should perform a neurological examination in order to acquire the objective physical findings. Conclusions: Because there are limitations in the methods above, we have to be aware of making a mistake regarding the disability by organic causes as that by non-organic causes.
A Case Report for PTSD Patients Based on Mindfulness & I-Jeong-Byeon-Gi Therapy
Park, Jong-Min ; Lee, Go-Eun ; Sue, Joo-Hee ; Bae, Dal-Bit ; Choi, Sung-Youl ; Kang, Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 1, 2014, Pages 73~84
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.1.073
The purpose of this study was to introduce a PTSD patient who experienced significant effects of mindfulness meditation and Ii-Gyeung-Byun-Qi therapy. Our psychotherapy was executed five times a week for the 14-year-old male patient who attended middle school and was diagnosed by DSM-IV Diagnostic Criteria for PTSD, and then the MMPI-A was evaluated to determine the effects after 3 months. The results showed normal profiles of MMPI-A validity scales and Clinical Scales profile after his treatment, positive changes in content scales, and significant decreases of PSYC (psychoticism) and NEGE (negative emotionality) in PSY-5 scales. This study made through a case report on the treated psychotherapy for PTSD by the applications of modern psychological techniques in the Korean psychotherapy. We expected that this case report will have a role in development of standardized psychotherapy programs for PTSD.
Study of Pathologic Mechanism Related Chiljeong-Based on a Literature Review of Donguibogam
Lee, Go-Eun ; Lyu, Yeoung-Su ; Kang, Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 1, 2014, Pages 85~108
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.1.085
Objectives: Chiljeong means the basic emotions containing joy, anger, anxiety, depression, fear and fright in Korean traditional medicine. Chiljeong was considered as a cause diseases or syndrome. The pathology of Chiljeong described the action of the gi and the principle of eumyangohaeng. When we treat the psychiatric symptoms in Korean traditional medicine, we need to understand the pathologic mechanism of Chiljeong. Methods: We extract the sentences regarding Chiljeong, Oji, Chilgi and Gugi along with the related words in Donguibogam. We analyze the selected sentences and classify the pathologic mechanism according to the general and seven emotions. Results: We found that several parts were related to Chiljeong, except the Sinmun, including the psychiatric symptoms in Donguibogam. Conclusions: The most frequently mentioned affected areas of basic Jangbu are Sim and Gan. The pathologic mechanism of general emotion was categorized by sentences into 4 groups, Giul, Dameum, Hwa and Heo.
A Preliminary Study on the Development of the Core Emotion Assessment Instrument Based on the Chiljeong
Lee, Go-Eun ; Park, Bo-Young ; Kim, Hang-Yi ; Lyu, Yeoung-Su ; Kang, Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 1, 2014, Pages 109~122
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.1.109
Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate the core emotion assessment instrument based on the Chiljeong. Methods: We searched for a literature review of oriental medicine and established the operational definition. Based on the existing psychological scale measurement, we selected the items and analyzed the reliability through a two-step preliminary study. Results: 1) Through the analysis of reliability after the two-step preliminary study (first: 170 items, n=63, second: 152 items, n=42), we had excellent internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha > 0.70) as well as good test-retest reliability (>0.70). Thus, we demonstrated that this scale had reliability. 2) Analyzing the correlation of each emotion, we had a comparatively strong positive-correlation (>0.6), except for Hui, and found a particularly high correlation of Sa, U and Bi. Conclusions: We developed the final 141 items of the core emotion assessment instrument through the two-time preliminary study. In the future, the main study on the clinical and non clinical groups of various ages should be continued.