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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
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A Study on Comparison of Yangseng (Traditional Health Behavior), Depression, Anxiety and Cognitive Function between the Elderly Women Living Alone and the Aged in the Living with Family
Kang, Hee-Chul ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 123~132
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.2.123
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the levels of Yangseng (Traditional Health Behavior), depression, anxiety, cognitive function between the elderly women living alone and the aged in the living with family. Methods: The subjects of this study were 137 elderly women aged between 65 and 80. They were evaluated with the Tool in Measuring Yangseng (TMY), Korean Geriatric Depression Scale (KGDS), State-Trait Anxiety Inntory (STAI) and Korean of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMES-K). Depending on whether or not they lived alone, they were divided into two groups; group living alone (L.A.) and group living with family (L.F.). Results: In TMY score, there were statistically significant differences in characteristics of Mind, Diet, Sleep and total score between L.A. (63 persons) and L.F. (74 persons). Group living alone (L.A.) had significantly higher score in KGDS and STAI compared with other group (L.F.). The values of KGDS and STAI comparing to the values of Mind, Diet, Sleep, Exercise and total score in this study resulted in negative correlations which showed statistically significant. Conclusions: Above results suggest that between L.A. and L.F, there are significant difference in physical and mental health. TMY is enough to estimate health of the aged. These results can be used for Yangseng health promoting program based on Korean traditional medicine.
Effects of Excellent or Bad Handwriting on the Writing Assessment
Yu, Gyung ; Kim, Lak-Hyung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 133~142
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.2.133
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of handwriting on the writing assessment, according to whether the handwriting is excellent or bad. Methods: A total of 24 elementary and middle school teachers participated in this study and assessed 6 original writings and 6 transcriptions of the same original writings using the HWP 2007 program. Six writings were collected from elementary students of 4th to 6th grades, 3 of 6 students presented with excellent handwriting and 3 of 6 with bad handwriting. The assessments were done according to the standards of propositional knowledge assessment (You & Jeong, 2008). Results: In the excellent handwritings, the rules of orthography and the contents of introduction of the original writings were scored higher than those in the transcriptions. The difference between transcription and original writing showed minus scores in original writing assessments and plus scores in transcription assessments. In the propositional knowledge score and its subscales scores - content knowledge, text knowledge, language knowledge and text context knowledge -, were differences in transcription assessments significantly higher than those in original writing assessments. Several assessment indices - clarity of the ending, contents of introduction, appropriate contents, rules of orthography, structured composition and various vocabularies showed significantly higher differences in transcription assessments than those in original writing assessments. Conclusions: The excellent handwriting could be assessed high and the bad handwriting could be assessed low. These results suggest that we should consider the effects of handwriting factors on the results of writing assessment and that the transcription could be used for an accurate writing assessment.
A Study on Korean Medical Students` Perception Towards Complementary Alternative Medicine
Kim, Ji-Young ; Jung, Duk-Jin ; Lee, Jae-Hyok ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 143~152
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.2.143
Objectives: The purpose of this research is to examine the perceptions that current Korean medical students have towards the practice and efficacy of Complementary Alternative Medicine (CAM). Methods: A survey questionnaire was given to 91 Korean medical students assessing their attitudes towards CAM. Results: 1) Most students (82.4%) expressed concern about CAM. 2) Many students (59.3%) expressed a positive attitude towards the efficacy of CAM. No surveyed student (0%) thought the efficacy of CAM was due to the placebo effect. 3) Many students (75.8%) posited that Korean Medicine would ultimately absorb CAM to facilitate the development of Korean medicine. 4) Most surveyed students (87.9%) answered they planned to integrate the use of CAM in their clinical practice. Conclusions: The survey questionnaire results suggests that Korean medical students have a positive perception toward CAM. They also have an affirmative attitude towards the clinical use of CAM.
A Clinical Report about a Patient Suffering from Social Phobia and Treated by Herbal Medicine with Neurofeedback
Lee, Go-Eun ; We, Young-Man ; Seong, Ju-Won ; Kim, Dan-Young ; Kang, Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 153~164
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.2.153
Objectives: In this case report, we will show the effectiveness of herbal medicine with neurofeedback treatment on social phobia. Methods: First, we diagnosed the patient by interview and questionnaire as having social phobia and suffering from anxiety, shaking and palpitation in public places and fear to meet new people. Beside, we examined the pattern of brainwaves by QEEG-8 system. Second, we treated the patient by herbal medicine with neurofeedback treatment for 4 months. Then we conducted new assessments by SCL-90-R, BDI, BAI and QEEG-8 system. Results: The patient`s psychological and physiological symptoms were significantly improved. Conclusions: Herbal medicine with neurofeedback can be effective in the treatment of social phobia. Especially, it can be helpful to improve the patient`s sensitivity to its physiological symptoms.
Research Trend of Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome
Kim, Tae-Heon ; Jung, Jin-Hyung ; Choi, Yun-Hee ; Kim, Bo-Kyung ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 165~178
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.2.165
Objectives: This study was conducted to assess how Traditional Chinese Medicine treats the medical condition of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS). Methods: The authors searched for relevant articles through the CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure-www.global.cnki.net) with the following keywords: The main search was for the term `RLS,` with supportive words added such as `Acupunture`, `Acupoint`, `Meridian`, `Moxibustion`, `Massage`, `Acupoint injection`. Our search yielded a total of 233 articles; there were a total of 71 articles related to clinical fields. We then analyzed the chosen articles using a number of criteria including the study type used, the treatment method utilized, and the main effect of the treatment. Results: The 71 analyzed articles utilized the following type of study design: 4 were classified as Quasi-randomised trial, 22 as Randomized Controlled Trial, and 45 as a case report. Regarding the treatment used for RLS, 25 studies examined a single treatment modality, while 46 studies examined a complex treatment modality. There were a total of 10 types of acupuncture treatment used in treating RLS; several massage and acupoint injection method were also found. Finally, there were a few studies that used Moxibustion, as well as several supportive treatments like Cupping, Moxibustion, Steam-Washing, TDP (Teding Dancibo Pu) were found. Conclusions: Traditional Chinese Medicine has used a variety of different study designs and treatments vis-a-vis RLS. These treatments are also used to treat the condition in South Korea.
A Review Study on the Treatment of Postpartum Depression in Traditional Chinese Medicine
Kim, Moon-Jeong ; Lee, Jong-Nam ; Hong, Jin-Man ; Lim, Jung-Hwa ; Seong, Woo-Yong ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 179~190
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.2.179
Objectives: This study was performed to review the research trends regarding the treatment of Postpartum Depression (P.P.D) in the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Methods: We searched articles in CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure) from 2004 to 2013. Search key words were "产后抑郁症", "Postpartum Depression", and we selected 27 studies except for non-clinical studies, insufficient number of studies, unrelated studies and tests on animals. Results: We selected 27 articles with following results: 1) One study of Jadad Quality Assessment Scale score showed 3 points, 4 studies showed 2 points and 22 studies showed less than 1 point. Overall, the quality of the studies was low. 2) DSM - IV was frequently used as a diagnostic criteria and HAMD was mostly used as evaluation criteria. Diagnostic criteria and evaluation criteria were the same in HAMD and EPDS. 3) In TCM, there are various ways, such as herbal medicine, acupuncture, electro acupuncture, auricular acupuncture and/or massage to treat the postpartum depression. 4) The roots of Bupleurum falcatum Linne, Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch, Angelica gigas Nakai and Paeonia lactiflora Pall, the rhizome of Atractylodis macrocephala Koidz, the semen of Zizyphus jujuba Mill, the radix of Curcuma aromatica Salisb, the sclerotium of Poria cocos Wolf and the rhizomas of Cyperus rotundus L and of Cnidium officinale Makino are mainly used in the herbal medicine. BaekHoi (GV20) and Yindang (Ex-HN3) are mainly used in acupuncture points. 5) Most of the studies showed effective results. Some of the results were similar to those of the control groups which were cured by western medicine. Other results were better than those of control groups. Conclusions: Research on postpartum depression has been actively conducted in TCM and all studies showed effective results in the study group patients. Therefore, with this study, we hope to activate more clinical research on the treatment of patients in Korean traditional medicine.
The Anti-Depressive Effects of BanHaHuBakTang-kami (BHHBT) after Chronic Immobilization Stress in C57BL/6 Mice
Kim, Kook-Ki ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ; Jung, In-Chul ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 191~202
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.2.191
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the anti-depressive effects of BanHaHuBakTang-kami (BHHBT) on an animal model of depression induced by chronic immobility stress. Methods: Mice were treated daily with immobilization stress for 2 hours over a period of 21 days. To examine the effect of BHHBT, we performed behavioral, biochemical and histological analysis to measure immobility time (FST), brain neurotransmitter concentration (HPLC, ELISA), hippocampal damage (H&E staining) and CRF-R1 expression (immunohistochemistry). Results: BHHBT has reduced the immobility time of immobilization stress exposed mice in the forced swimming test. BHHBT has increased the amount of serotonin in the brain. BHHBT has increased the expression level of serotonin in the brain. BHHBT 540 mg/kg were sufficient to prevent tissue damage in the hippocampus region. BHHBT has reduced the expression level of CRF receptors in the hippocampus region. Conclusions: These results suggest that BHHBT may have anti-depressive effects on mice treated with immobilization stress by reducing immobility, increasing brain serotonin concentration and reducing CRF-R1 expression in the hippocampus region.
Conceptual Variation of TalYeong-SilJeong in the Medical History
Hong, Sae-Young ; Lee, Jae-Hyok ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 203~212
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.2.203
Objectives: The aim of this study is to bring new light on TalYeong-SilJeong (exhaustion of Yeonggi and loss of Essence) through the verification of both the original intention of Hwangjenaegyeong and the conceptual variation afterwards. Methods: Of various East Asian medical texts, those inferring to TalYeong-SilJeong includeing Hwangjenaegyeong itself were closely examined under the aspect of its conception. Results: TalYeong-SilJeong was suggested as the first representative tool and accurate diagnostic method of questioning in order to determine the mental state of a patient. However, medical scholars have suggested different levels of meaning. Some used the term for the broad coverage of mental illnesses, understanding Hwangjenaegyeong`s discrimination as symbolic gesture, while others projected an unchallenged value on it and weaved it into the concrete set of a disease. Conclusions: The treatment of TalYeong-SilJeong is suggested according to the varying viewpoints of each medical text. By understanding multiple layers of the conception beyond, a clinician is expected to gain an exuberant image of conception on the one hand and an insight for more effective treatment on the other hand.