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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
The Temperament and Character Inventory for Integrative Medicine
Lee, Soo-Jin ; Cloninger, C. Robert ; Cloninger, Kevin M. ; Chae, Han ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 213~224
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.3.213
Objectives: The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), initially developed by Dr. Cloninger in 1986, has been studied from various perspectives in many countries; however, its application in Korea has been limited due to a lack of information regarding the clinical use of integrative medicine. Methods and Results: A systematic review of previous studies on the theoretical development, structure, and content of temperament and character scales, as well as their stability and variability, is presented. In addition, the distinctive features of TCI as a biopsychosocial model and its clinical application regarding well-being, coherence therapy, and person-centered medicine were systematically reviewed. Discussion and Conclusion: The promotion of well-being with Cloninger's personality model and its importance for integrative medicine were discussed. This study would contribute to the clinical application of TCI in Korea.
The Study on Effects of M&L Self-Growth Meditation Program
Lee, Yu-Jin ; Kim, Jung-Suk ; Ko, Kyung-Suk ; Sue, Joo-Hee ; Oh, Jeong-Ran ; Kim, Mi-Yeong ; Kang, Hyung-Won ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 225~234
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.3.225
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of M&L Self-Growth Meditation Program with Euro QOL-5 Dimension (EQ5D), Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) and psychological test. Methods: 6 middle-age women have participated in the eight weeks of the M&L Self-Growth Meditation Program, and the program was executed once a week for about two hours. We evaluated EQ5D, FFMQ, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI) before and after the program in order to analyze the effects of M&L Self-Growth Meditation Program. Results: 1) EQ5D scores increased significantly (p<0.05), and overall physical condition scale( VAS) increased. 2) In the FFQM scores, value of Nonreactivity increased significantly (p<0.05), and total score increased. 3) Scores of BDI and STAI-S decreased significantly (p<0.05), and STAI-T, STAXI-S, STAXI-T, STAXI-O, STAXI-Su, and STAXI-R decreased. Conclusions: The results suggested that M&L Self-Growth Meditation Program improves the quality of life and mindfulness skill and has a positive responses to psychological problems-depression, anxiety, and anger.
The Effects of Acupuncture Treatment on the Autonomic Nervous Systems of Hwa-byung Patients' Insomnia
Bae, Dal-Bit ; Lyu, So-Jung ; Lee, Go-Eun ; Lee, Seung-Jae ; Kang, Hyung-Won ; Lyu, Yeoung-Su ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 235~242
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.3.235
Objectives: The purpose of this research is to examine effects of acupuncture treatment on the autonomic nervous systems of Hwa-byung patients with insomnia. Methods: The study was performed through a patient-assessor blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial in which the volunteers, data collectors, and analysts were unaware of which individuals were receiving the treatment. A total of thirty-seven volunteers were divided into 2 groups. Eighteen subjects were placed into a trial group and 19 subjects into a control group using a randomization table. The trial group was treated with bilateral Shigu, Ahnmyun, B62 (Shinmaek), and K6 (Chohae), while the control group was not given any other treatment. The ISI (Insomnia Severity Scale) was measured as the first evaluative instrument, and then a comparative analysis was conducted by comparing the results with those measured by ANS (BVP/HR, respiration rate, peripheral temperature, skin conductance, EMG). Results: In the BVP/HR, statistically significant decreases were found in those from the trial group compared to those of the control group. Skin conductance was found to be significantly increased in the trial group, as compared to the control group. However, there were no significant differences between the groups with respect to peripheral temperature, respiration rate, and EMG. Conclusions: The results suggest that acupuncture treatment is effective in the treatment of hwa-byung patients who suffer from insomnia due to their autonomic nervous systems.
The Verify of Memory Improvement by Gastrodia Elata Blume Depends on the Amount
Kim, Ha-Na ; Kim, Ji-Eun ; Jeong, Jong-Kil ; Kim, Jeong-Sang ; Kim, Kyeong-Ok ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 243~252
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.3.243
Objectives: This study was designed to investigate the dose-dependent effects of Gastrodia elata Blume for memory improvement. Methods: This study was a 12-weeks, double blind, and comparative clinical study. Those who were eligible worked with a group of healthy seniors, all 60 years of age or older. 22 subjects were randomized either to Gastrodia elata Blume powder form that was steeped in hot water or placebo. We measured the faculty of memory by using MMSE-K, Digit Span, Letter Fluency Test, Word List Memory Test, and Trail Making Test, and again after 12 weeks. Results: 1) Neither Gastrodia elata Blume groups nor control have a difference in MMSE-K, Digit Span, Letter Fluency Test, and Trail Making Test. 2) Gastrodia elata Blume group showed significant advances in immediate recall 1 and 2 of Word List Memory Test, and 3 g group show better results than the 4 g group. 3) 4 g Gastrodia elata Blume group showed significant advances in the recognition of Word List Memory Test. Conclusions: The results suggest that positive effects on memory improvement due to Gastrodia elata Blume depend on the amount.
3 Case Reports of Patients with ADHD Treated with the Oriental Medical Therapy and Art Therapy
Sung, Won-Young ; Yoo, Jong-Ho ; Hwang, Min-Young ; Kim, Nam-Yeol ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 253~262
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.3.253
Objectives: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a psychiatric disorder, characterized by the primary symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity. The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical efficiency of the oriental medical therapy combined with art therapy in the treatment of ADHD. Methods: This study is clinical reports of 3 patients with ADHD who are being treated with the oriental medical therapy (Herb-med, acupuncture) and art therapy. K-ARS (Korean ADHD Rating Scale) was compared before and after 1 month of treatment. Results: The Oriental medical therapy including herb-med and acupuncture is effective in improving ADHD patients. Also, art therapy is effective in decreasing patients' anxiety and tension and helpful for patients themselves to make an objective observation. Therefore, it is practically useful in the treatment of ADHD. Conclusions: The results show the oriental medical therapy in combination with art therapy is effective in the treatment of ADHD.
The Effect of Multidimensional Five Senses Treatment on Patients with Depression or Anxiety
Lee, Jae-Eun ; Heo, Eun-Jung ; Lee, Jung-Min ; Kim, Nam-Yeol ; Hwang, Min-Young ; Yoo, Jong-Ho ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 263~270
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.3.263
Objectives: This study aimed to examine the effects of multidimensional five senses treatment on patients with depression or anxiety. Methods: This study examined the effects of multidimensional five senses treatment for patients with depression or anxiety who visited the neuropsychiatric clinic of Korean medicine. STAI-X1,X2, BDI, BAI, PAS were used to determine whether the mood (depression or anxiety) of patients was improved. Results: Our results showed that multidimensional five senses treatment improved the depressive symptoms or anxiety symptoms. In addition, after the multidimensional five senses treatment, PAS score in patients with panic disorder was improved. Conclusions: The multidimensional five senses treatment was effective for the improvement of patients with depression or anxiety.
The Review for Studies of Neurofeedback Training
Lim, Jung Hwa ; Seong, Woo-Young ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 271~286
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.3.271
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical trial research trends in regards to the neurofeedback training (NFT) in Korean journals. Methods: We researched articles published in Korean journals from 2000 up to 2013 and were related to the NFT. We searched six electronic databases to find relevant articles, using the term 'neurofeedback'. Results: 1) 6 single group comparative studies and 31 randomized controlled trials were found. 2) Healthy volunteers and students were most frequently studied with neurofeedback training. Other studies included attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Poststroke, panic disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PDD), temporomendibular disorder (TMD), and obesity. NFT interventions were attempted in diverse training protocols and assessed with many different outcome measurements. 3) Most studies showed effective results after NFT. Conclusions: NFT is increasingly studied and used in various clinical fields. Also, there have been efforts to adopt NFT in Korean medical clinics and researches, and more rigorous and innovative studies are needed in the future.
The Current Status about Alzheimer's Dementia in the Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry for Evidence Based Medicine
Kim, Tae-Yoon ; Kum, Chang-Jun ; Oh, Jae-Woo ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 287~296
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.3.287
Objectives: Alzheimer's Dementia is somewhat common in clinical stages, and there are many reports and papers regarding this subject. We explain the present state of Alzheimer's Dementia in JON (The Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry) for the benefits of clinical practice. Methods: We searched for articles in JON from 1990 to 2014 and selected ones that were related to Alzheimer's Dementia; then, we analyzed the data and placed it in four categories, like experimental study, case study, Clinical Data-Analysis study, and clinical trial. Results: 1) We found 47 articles relating to Alzheimer's Dementia in JON from 1997 to 2014: 41 experimental studies, 1 case study, 1 Clinical Data-Analysis study, and 4 Clinical trials. 2) There were Chung-kyung Acupuncture Method, Auricular acupuncture, and Cha-rak Acupuncture Method to treat Alzheimer's Dementia. 3) There were many additional treatments, like aroma therapy. 4) In the experimental study, they reported on several herbs, including herbal prescriptions that affected the suppression of related mRNAs and genes. 5) There were 4 clinical trials regarding herbal prescription that was effective for treating Alzheimer's Dementia. Conclusions: In JON, regarding Alzheimer's Dementia, the majority dealt with experimental studies. Therefore, we also have to expand our sight into other fields of study. We need more clinical trials and case studies for the treatment of Alzheimer's Dementia in Oriental Neuropsychiatry.
Effects of Banhahubak-Tang Extract (BHTe) on Sociopsychological Stress
Won, Ho-Young ; Kim, Ha-Na ; Song, Young-Gil ; Kim, Kyeong-Ok ;
Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 297~310
DOI : 10.7231/jon.2014.25.3.297
Objectives: This study is designed to investigate the effects of Banhahubak-Tang Extract (BHTe) on stress. Methos: BHTe was fed to ICR male mice (
) orally with the dose of 100 mg/kg/day for five days. Mice were then exposed to sociopsychological stress by observing foot shock stressed mice for one hour for five days while restrained. Results: 1) The BHTe-administered group showed a tendency of decreasing of serum corticosterone secretion compared with the control group. 2) The BHTe-administered group showed an increase in noradrenalin secretions in the dorsal cortex of the brain, but it was not significant. 3) BHTe administration had no effect on the brain level of lipid peroxidation. 4) BHTe administration decreased the serum level of lipid peroxidation. 5) BHTe administration decreased the Cu,Zn-SOD in the brain. 6) BHTe administration had no effect on catalase activity in the brain. 7) BHTe administration had no effect on the brain level of GSH. 8) BHTe administration increased the serum level of DPPH free radical scavenging activity, but not significantly enough to make a comparison with BHT. 9) The elevated plus-maze test is designed to detect the effect of anxiolytic drugs. The BHTe group showed a significant increase in latency time. Conclusions: These results suggest that BHTe can effectively rid the subject of the effects of sociopsychological stress.